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HARVARD UNIVERSITY. 




LIBRARY 

OF THB 

MUSEUM OF COMPARATIVE ZOOLOGY 

Bequest of 
WILLIAM BREWSTER 



<rjJu\Aju 



ol^i IQ^O. 



OAU ^/. IQ 




WILLIAM BREWSTER 



FEB 21 



THE 

Y 



Humming Bird 



A QUARTERLY 



SCIENTIFIC, ARTISTIC and INDUSTRIAL REVIEW. 



Edited by 



A. BOUCARD. 



VOLUME V. 



Spring Vale, 1895. 

Entered (it Stationer^^ Hall, All rights reserved. 



i-' 



Wat p^nmmîng 





IMPORTANT NOTICE. 

^ITH this part ends the publication of the HUMMING 
Bird. In future, all my time will be exclusively 
devoted to the preparation and publication of a Genera OF 
Birds for which I have already accumulated a large quantity 
of materials, and I hope that all my Colleagues, Travellers 
Naturalists, all my friends. Proprietors, Directors and Curators 
of public and private Museums, and all others interested in 
Ornithology will help me in adding to my materials as many of 
the Genera as they will be able to get, amongst those which I 
do not possess, and of which I give a list in the present Part. 
I wish to compare and study as many of them as possible, 
and for this, I ask the help of all. 

Either loans, gifts, or exchanges of specimens will be 
cordially accepted and acknowledged in my work. For those 
who will be willing to give or to exchange for some of the 
Genera, which I require, I shall repay them amply with some 
good and rare species, which I have still by me ; or with some 
copies of my works on Zoology, and others. 

I thank cordially all my friends, contributors, and sub- 
scribers to the Humming Bird, who have had the welfare of 
this Review at heart, and who have assisted in various ways 
in promoting its circulation. 

For the convenience of intending purchasers I am willing 
to supply, separately, the Travels of a Naturalist, Vol. I. ; 
or the Genera of Humming Birds. A. B. 



HONORIFIC DISTINCTIONS. 

By decree promulgated in Diario de Goberno, dated 2nd 
day of March, 1875, His Majesty the King of Portugal has 
been pleased to nominate Mr. Adolphe Boucard, Cavalleiro 
DA Antigua, Nobilissima e Esclarecido Ordem de Sao 
Thiago, do merito scientico, literario e artistico. 

The Professors of the Paris Museum in their general 
Assembly, held on the 19th of March, 1895, have unanimously 
elected Mr. Adolphe Boucard, Naturalist, Corresponding 
Member of the Paris Museum. 



4 The Humynîng Bird. 

BOUCARD'S 
ORNITHOLOGICAL COLLECTION. 

On the occasion of the Centenary of the Jardin des 
Plantes, our Chief Editor, Mr. Adolphe Boucard, made the 
princely gift of his most valuable and priceless specific 
Collection of named Bird Skins to the Paris Museum, with the 
sole conditions that it will be kept separately by itself, that 
the labels attached to each bird will always be preserved, and 
that the Collection will always be easy of access to all 
Ornithological Students and Specialists. These conditions 
have been accepted by the Director and other Authorities of 
the Paris Museum. 

A large quantity of his duplicates he has offered to the 
United States National Museum and to the Royal Museums of 
Madrid and Lisbon, where they will be always accessible to 
Students. 

About 25,000 specimens have already been distributed, 
and the remainder, including the Trochili, are nearly ready, 
and will be forwarded in the course of a few weeks to their 
respective destinations. 

Mr. Boucard has still in his possession a certain number 
of rare species which he is willing to exchange for Genera, 
which he requires for the preparation of his work, the Genera 
of Birds, on which he is actually working. 

A list of the Genera still wanted by Mr. Boucard. and 
another of the duplicates of rare species which he can dispose 
of, appears in this part, and will be sent to all Ornithologists 
and Collectors who will apply for them, at the following 
address : 

Mr. a. Boucard, 

Spring Vale, 

Isle of Wight, 

England. 



DESCRIPTION OF A SUPPOSED NEW 
SPECIES OF PLUSIOTIS, 

FROM MEXICO. 

Plusiotis HOGEI, sp.n. 

P. hogei. — Oblonga parallela, supra veridi-aurea, capita 
thoraceque viridi-aureis subtiliter, punctulatis ; elytris viridi- 



The Humming Bird. 5 

aureis fortiter punctatis, margine aureo ; infra cupreo micante 
tibiis cupreo-violacis ; tarsis caerulei virescentibus ; antennis 
fuscis. 

Long, I inch 4 lines. 

Male. — Upperside golden-green. Head and thorax minutely 
and profusely punctured all over ; clypeus of the same colour, 
and also minutely punctured ; elytrae strongly punctured all 
over; some of these punctures are irregular, others disposed 
in five longtitudinal striae, the base of the elytrae and pygi- 
dium more golden than the rest, the last one with a bright 
golded margin. Underside brilliant metallic coppery-red ; 
tibiae dull coppery-purple with brilliant green spots where 
they join ; tarsi and claws metallic verditer-blue, almost 
purple-blue in certain lights ; antennae rufous. 

Female. — Of the same colour, but more oval in form and 
slightly shorter ; the striae on the elytra not so apparent ; 
the underside very brilliant, not so coppery as in the male, 
more golden ; tibiae greenish ; tarsi and claws like the male, 
excepting in one specimen in which they are dark metallic 
green with a very slight bluish tinge. 

Types in Boucard's Museum. 

This fine new species of Plusiotis was collected at 
Natlanqui and Tulancigo, Mexico, and was sent to me by the 
well-known collector, Mr. Hoge, to whom I have the pleasure 
to dedicate it. 



LIST OF HUMMING BIRDS COLLECTED 

AT CALI AND RIO DAGUA, COLOMBIA, 

BY W. H. Rosenberg. 

Mr. W. H. Rosenberg, a new Zoological Collector, 
just returned from Colombia w^ith a fine Collection of Zoolo- 
gical Specimens, chiefly Coleoptera, Lepidoptera, Reptiles, 
and Birds, containing many new species, has disposed of his 
birds in my favour. I intend to publish a complete list of the 
species as soon as possible, but meanwhile I give the list of 
the Humming Birds which he collected at my special in- 
stigation. Among them are two remarkable new species, 
which I have just described in the GENERA OF HUMMING 
Birds, now concluded. The places where Mr. Rosenberg 



6 The Humming Bird. 

chiefly resided are : — Cali, a town of importance, situated at 
about seventy miles from Buenaventura ,\\\ç. Pacific Columbian 
port. Cali may be considered as a temperate country. Its 
elevation over the sea is about 3,000 feet, and is surrounded by 
mountains. Rio Dagua is only a sort of rancheria, used as a 
halting-place by those who go from Buenaventura to Cali. It 
is about midway between the two, and belongs to the hot 
regfion. It is well wooded and watered. 

Here Mr. Rosenberg was attacked with intermittent fever. 
This, unfortunately kept him indoors a great part of the six 
months of his residence there, and even now, he is suiïering 
from it at times. It was in this insalubrious locality that he 
made his new discoveries in Birds, Reptiles, and Insects. Of 
the last he collected a large number, and many of them are 
new to science. The most important novelty among the 
Coleoptera is what I consider a new genus, of a gigantic size, 
belonging to the family of HiSPiDAE. 

The Collection of Mr. Rosenberg can be seen at his place 
of residence, Trenton Villa, 109, Fernhead Road, St. Peter's 
Park, Paddington, London, W. 

THALURANIDAE. 

Thalurania fanniae, Bourc. and Del., Rev. Zool, 1846, 
p. 310. 

Several specimens of both sexes of this fine species were 
collected at Rio Dagua, Colombia. 

AMAZILliDAE. 
POLYERATA ROSENBERGI, Boucard, Gen. Hum. Bird, 

p. 399- 

Several specimens of both sexes of this remarkable new 

species were collected at Rio Dagua, Colombia. 

At first sight, I took them for P. amobilis ; but in 

comparing them with that species, I was agreeably surprised to 

find that they were quite distinct, and even more beautifully 

coloured on the underside than P. amabilis and decorata. 

Uranomitra FRANCIAE, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc. 
Ayr., Lyons, 1846, t. ix., p. 324. 

Several specimens of this well-known Columbian species, 
collected at Rio Dagua, Colombia. 

EUCEPHALA GRAYI, Del. and Bourc, Rev. Zool., 1846, 

P- 307- 



The Humming Bird. 7 

One single specimen which I believe to be a junior male, 
collected at Rio Dagua, Colombia. 

Saucerottia SOPHIAE, Bourc, and Muls., Aun. Soc. 
Agric, Lyons. 1846, t. ix., p. 318. 

Several specimens of both sexes of this well-known 
species collected at Cali, Colombia. 

Amazilia fuscicaudata, Fras., P.Z.S., 1840, p. 17. 

Several specimens of this common Columbian species, 
collected at Rio Dagua, Colombia, where it seems to be 
abundant. 

PETASOPHORIDAE. 

Petasophora delphinae, Less., Rev. ZooL, 1839, p. 44. 

Only one specimen of this extensively distributed species, 
collected at Rio Dagua, Colombia, where it seems to be very 
rare. 

LAMPORNIDAE. 

Hypuroptila buffoni, Less., Trochilidae, 1831, p. 34. 

Several specimens of this well-known species, collected 
at Rio Dagua, Colombia, where it is common. 

PHAETHORNIIDAE. 

Glaucis AENEA, Lawr., Proceed, Acad. Nat. Scien. Phil., 
1867, p. 232. 

Two specimens of this species were collected at Cali, 
Colombia. 

Glaucis columbiana, Boucard, Gen. H.B., p. 402. 

Only two specimens, male and female, of this new and 
beautiful species, were collected at Rio Dagua, Colombia. It 
is the smallest and the most beautiful species known of that 
genus. 

Threnetes rucheri, Bourc, P.Z.S., 1847, P- 46- 

Only one specimen of this rare species, collected at Rio 

Dagua, Colombia. I think that it is the first time that this 

species is recorded from that country. 

Eremita STRIIGULARIS, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 37. 

Two specimens of this species were collected at Rio 
Dagua, Colombia. 

On the whole I think Mr. Rosenberg was very lucky in 
securing two new species, amongst the twelve, which he 
collected. A. B. 



The Huftîmïncr Bird. 



PROTECTION OF BIRDS. 

Lately much has been written and said on this subject, 
which has had also its special Congress, and it is a good omen 
that this question is so much taken up at the present 
time, but it is my opinion that decrees are not sufficient 
for the extinction of the evil. Better results can be 
obtained by persuasion and instruction, than by threats of 
the law. 

For centuries, birds have been caught in traps, nets, 
and otherwise, for the purpose of food, etc. ; eggs and young 
birds have been hunted for, by boys and girls, for pleasure's 
sake, and the only practical way that I see to remediate this 
is by teaching the first elements of Natural History in all 
schools, especially Primaries, and to impress on all children 
and others the importance of not destroying the eggs, or kill- 
ing young birds. Special books on the subject, with coloured 
plates, if possible, should be written by specialists, and dis- 
tributed freely to all, especially in the country. 

As I have advocated before in the Humming Bird, 
local Museums should be erected everywhere, even in the 
smallest villages possessing a school, which could be 
used to that effect, and rewards should be awarded to the 
teachers and to boys or girls, who should contribute in gather- 
ing the best specimens, and help most in the formation of these 
small local Museums. 

Little by little, they should be taught the first notions of 
Natural Historv, and would learn the importance of preserving 
not only the Birds, but also the Mammals, and the Insects, 
which are so useful to Agriculture. 

This is a task of which every teacher ought to be proud, 
and, besides, what a source of enjoyment tor all. I defy any- 
one to contradict me when I say that nothing in this world 
can be compared to the study of Nature. Here all is enjoy- 
ment, there is no drawback, and, besides, there is no better 
opportunity for anyone to show his talents of observation, 
and in doing this, for ever so little that he may do or discover, 
he will have the satisfaction to know that he has been working 
for the welfare of All. 



The Humming Bird. 9 

NICARAGUA AND PANAMA CANALS 

PROSPECTS. 

A British Expert Declares Them Excellent, and 
Believes the U.S. Government Should Build. 

Mr. Archibald Ross Colquhoun, a well-known explorer, 
and first Governor of Mashonaland, has returned from several 
months' mission to Nicaragua, where he thoroughly inspected 
the Nicaragua Canal route and visited the Panama Canal. 
He was present at Managua during the British occupation of 
Corinto. 

Asked if the canal scheme was practicable, Colquhoun 
emphatically replied : '' Undoubtedly it is practicable. I feel 
certain of that. But there are many points of engineering 
importance requiring consideration and full discussion. The 
American Commission is composed of men of the highest 
ability, and will, I believe, issue an impartial report, not in 
any way based on party lines. 

" The total length from Greytown, on the Atlantic, to 
Brito, on the Pacific, 1245: miles will be unimpeded navigation 
of the River San Juan and Lake Nicaragua. Twenty-one and 
one-half miles will be through artificial basins, making the 
total distance 142^ miles in which ships can travel with little 
or no restriction. There will be only twenty-six and three- 
fourths miles of actual digging to be done. 

" From what I have seen of Nicaragua, and in a 
lengthened visit to the United States (especially the Southern 
States), I am more than ever convinced of the immense im- 
portance to the United States of this project. I feel sure 
that it is only under the auspices of the United States 
Government that this great enterprise can be carried through 
as it should be. That is, by overcoming all difficulties in 
regard to execution, and throwing the proposed waterway 
open as an international channel to the world's commerce. 

"The canal, in my opinion, will be universally of greater 
importance than the Suez Canal, and will largely revolutionize 
the shipping routes of the world. For the United States the 
canal will have the effect of developing the trade of the Pacific 
slope and the Southern States." — Twice-a- Week World. 

I am exactly of the same opinion as Mr. Archibald Ross 
Colquhoun, and as I have said before, not many years will pass 
before the opening, not only of the Nicaragua Canal, but also 



10 The Hummiyig Bird. 

of the Panama Canal. At the latter place, according to a 
traveller just returned from Panama, they are working 
steadily ; but I am not at all certain that they will be able to 
complete the work without the aid of the European and 
American Governments, because a large sum of money will 
still be required, and according to my judgment, and the talk 
which I have had lately in Paris with some of the principal 
shareholders and bondholders, it will be very difficult to raise 
the said money in France. They have been so much imposed 
upon, not to put it in more explicit words, that it will be 
quite useless to ask them for more capital. 

The only way, I think, would be to convene an Inter- 
national Congress, composed chiefly of Governmental repre- 
sentatives, and celebrated engineers, to discuss the ways and 
means of conjointly completing these gigantic and marvellous 
works. A. B. 



OBITUARY. 

Ferdinand Grut, Honorary Librarian of the Entomolo- 
gical Society of London, died on the 19th July, 1891, aged 71. 
He was born at St. Peter's Port, Guernsey. He w^as educated 
at Edinburgh University, and afterwards was clerk under his 
father, who was then Secretary of the Palladium (Insurance 
Office). 

In 1852, he was appointed Secretary to Marshall's 
Charity, which position he held until his death. 

For several years he suffered from angina pectoris, which 
caused his very sudden death. 

In 1863, he was elected Vice-President of the Entomolo- 
gical Society of London. He was one of the Secretaries from 
1871 to 1877. 

In 1872, he was elected into the Linnean Society. 

Mr. Grut amassed an extensive library, and he also 
formed a valuable Collection of Coleoptera, chiefly Carabidae. 

He was most genial and cordial in social intercourses. 

His valuable Collection of Carabidae was offered for sale 
at Stevens' shortly after his death, and I bought the greater 
part of it. Among many great rarities 1 found what I con- 
sidered a new species of Manticora, which I described in 
the Humming Bird, vol. ii., part 6, p. 45, and dedicated to 
his memory. 



The Humming Bird. 1 1 

John Obadiah Westwood, Professor of Entomology 
at Oxford University, died on the 2nd of January, 1893, 
at the great age of 87 years. He was born at Sheffield on 
December 22nd, 1805. He was at first articled to a solicitor, 
but although he obtained his admission to the Bar, he never 
did much in that line of business. All his energy was devoted 
to the study of Entomology and in drawing insects. These 
drawings of insects were masterpieces of accuracy and are 
ranked among the first of this epoch. All orders of insects 
were familiar to him and many are the monographs which he 
published, especially on small and difficult families, such as 
the Paussidae, and others. He was invincibly attracted by all 
the extraordinary forms found amongst the insects. These 
early papers appeared in the Natural History Journals of the 
period. In 1833, the Entomological Society of London was 
founded, and Westwood identified himself with it from its 
commencement. He was elected Secretary in 1834, and con- 
tinued such for several years; he was President on three 
periods of two years each, and on the occasion of the Jubilee 
of the Society in 1883 was appointed Honorary Life President. 

There is scarcely a family of Insects in any Order on 
which he did not treat, and this, with the accuracy for which 
he was well known. 

His separate works were many. Among them his 
Introduction to the Modern Classification of Insects can be 
considered as a masterpiece. This work gained him the Royal 
Medal of the Royal Society in 1855. 

In 1856, his friend, Mr. Hope, presented his collections 
to the University of Oxford, and endowed a Professorship, 
which he intended should be of Entomology, but a difficulty 
was put in the way, and it was compromised by instituting 
a Chair of Invertebrate Zoology. Westwood was the first 
Hope Professor. He soon became a striking feature in the 
LTniversity, and under his charge the entomological collection 
increased vastly. 

I had the pleasure of making his acquaintance at the 
University of Oxford in 1865, and he received me and my 
friend Salle with the utmost cordiality. I kept an amicable 
correspondence with him nearly up to the time of his death, 
and I saw him in London only a few days before this sad 
event. 

A good portrait and a good biography of Westwood by 
McLachlan appeared in the Entomologists' Monthly Magazine 
of February, 1893. 



12 The H 117)1711171 g Bird 



t, 



DOCTOF^ Emin Pasha. — This eminent man was born at 
Opella in Silesia, on March 28th, 1840, and was killed by the 
Arabs in the Manyema country in 1893. Everyone who has 
read Stanley's last work on "Equatorial Africa" is well 
acquainted with the name of the celebrated traveller, E77iin 
Pasha ; but few are those who are aware that he was an 
enthusiastic collector. Many are the Birds and Insects col- 
lected by him and sent to England or to Germany. 

He discovered many new species of Birds and Insects 
which were described by MM. Hartlaub, Shelley, Reichenow, 
Bates, and others. 

Lately, his papers and body were recovered and brought 
to his native country. 

His name is commemorated in Ornithology by the genus 
Eminia of Hartlaub. Seven different species of Birds have 
also been dedicated to him. 

J. T. M. Bigot, French Entomologist died in Paris on 
the 14th of April, 1893. He had been a member of the 
Entomological Society of France since 1844, and his first 
paper appeared in its annals in 1865. During his life-time he 
formed a magnificent collection of Diptera, and described 
several score of new species, chiefly in the Annals of the 
French Entomological Society. His last paper, written just 
before his death, appeared in the Hu77i7ni7i^ Bird, vol. ii., No. 
7, p. 49. It was the description of a large new Parasite 
Diptera, Ornithomyia geniculata, found by myself on the body 
of the beautiful Trogon bird, Pharomacriis costaricensis. 
Bigot formed also a very valuable collection of grotesque old 
Japanese figurines. When I saw him last in Paris, he had a 
very large cabinet crowded with them. Bigot in his social 
intercourse was very cordial and a true gentleman. 

Francis Polkinghorne Pascoe, English Zoologist, 
died at Brighton on the 20th of June, 1893. He was born at 
Penzance on September ist, 1813. He was educated at the 
Grammar School of his native town, and subsequently entered 
at St. Bartholomew's Hospital as a student. In 1835 he was 
appointed in the Navy as Surgeon. In 1843 he married Miss 
Glasson, of Falmouth, and retired from the service. In 185 1 
he was left a widower, and settled in London, devoting his 
attention to Natural History generally. He travelled nearly 
over the whole of Europe, North Africa, Madeira, &c., and 
once made a voyage to Lower Amazons to study the marvels 



The Humming Bird. 13 

of that rich region. His favourite study was the Coleoptera, 
of which he formed a very extensive collection, especially rich 
in Cerambycidae and Curculionidae. Many are the new 
species which he described of these two families. Among his 
many papers, Longicornia Maloyana, enumerating and des- 
cribing the species collected by Wallace, is very valuable. 
This collection of Coleoptera, shortly before his death, he sold 
to the British Museum. It contains about 2,500 type specimens 
of species described by him. This shows better than anything 
else what amount of work Pascoe has been doing. He was 
very active and laborious. In 1880 he published Zoological 
Classification, in which a very large amount of useful infor- 
mation is compressed into a small compass. 

He was elected President of the Entomological Society 
of London in 1864, was a Fellow of the Entomological 
Societies of France, Belgium, Stettin, and other foreign 
Societies. He became a Fellow of the Linnean Society in 
1852, and was for many years on the Council of the Royal 
Society and the Scientific Committee of the Royal Horti- 
cultural Society. In private life he was very amiable, and 
preferred the society of other Naturalists, like himself, above 
all others. 

Herman August Hagen, Entomologist, died at Cam- 
bridge, Massachusetts, United States, on the 9th of November, 
1893. He was born at Konisberg, East Prussia, on May 
30th, 18 1 7. In 1840, he wrote his Dissertatio Inauguralis, 
the subject of which was the synonymy of European Dragon- 
flies. After this, he wrote manv hundreds of articles on 
Neuroptera. In 1 86 1 appeared his Synopsis of the Neur- 
optera of North America. In 1867 he was asked by Louis 
Agassiz, the Director of the Zoological Museum of Harvard 
University, Cambridge, United States, to take charge of the 
Entomological Section. Subsequently he became Professor 
of Entomology at the University. I had the pleasure to make 
his acquaintance there in 1876. With pride he showed to 
me, and to my friend Salle, the extensive and valuable ento- 
mological collection of the University under his charge. In 
1882, at the age of 65, he joined a long and arduous expedi- 
tion, and accumulated much materials, one outcome of which 
was a paper on the genus Colias, which attracted much 
attention. For three years he remained in very poor health 
and finally died of the results of an attack of influenza, 



14 The Hninming Bird. 

Henry Whitely, Traveller-Naturalist, died on the nth 
of July, 1893, in the interior of British Guiana, at the early 
age of 49 years. Whitely was born at Woolwich, England, 
on June i8th, 1844. He made his first expedition to Japan in 
1864, and the ornithological results were published in the Ibis. 
But it was in Peru, on the Amazons, and in British Guiana, 
where he resided mostly, and made many wonderful discoveries 
of new species of birds. Among them may be cited : — 
Oreonympha NOBILIS, Gould, one of the rarest and finest 
species known. LOPHORXIS PAVONINUS, Salv., another 
remarkable and fine species; Hylocharis giiianensis, Boucard; 
Uranomitra whitelyi, Boucard; Amazilia cupreicauda, Salv.; 
Aglaeactis caiimatonata, Gould; I olaema whitely ana, Gould; 
Hemistephania guianeiisis, Boucard ; Milornis rupiiyiinii, 
Boucard ; Eremita ivhitelyi, Boucard ; and many others. 

The result of his collectina- was described chieflv in 
Gould's Monograph of the Humming Birds, the Ibis, Pro- 
ceedings of the Zoological Society of London, and in the 
Humming Bird. 

** • • • 

Besides birdskins he also made large collections of insects, 
chiefly Colcoptera and Lepidoptera, among which were many 
new species. He was a prince among collectors, and all 
that he collected was in the finest condition. The make up 
of his birdskins cannot be surpassed. 

I was fortunate enough to acquire from his father, Mr. 
Henry Whitely, a very large series of skins prepared by 
his son, and I rank them among the most precious of my 
collection. 

The death of Whitely in the prime of his life is a great 
loss to science. 

Marie Francois Sadi Carnot, President of the French 
Republic, died at Lyon on the 25th of June, 1894, at twenty- 
minutes-past-twelve in the night, from a wound inflicted by 
the vile murderer Casario. 

It was with the utmost stupefaction and distress, not only 
in France, but in all the world that the death of Carnot was 
heard of. 

Of all the men, Carnot was the last one for whom a fatal 
end could have been expected. No one has ever been more 
popular than him and more fitted to occupy the Presidency of 
the French Republic. He was a gentleman among gentlemen, 
always worthy, affable, and courteous to all who approached 



The Humming Bird. 1 5 

him. I shall never forget his visit to the Guatemala Pavilion, 
the day of its inauguration, during the Paris International 
Exhibition of 1889. He was most cordial to all of us 
Commissioners of that Republic. 

Mr. Crisanto Medina, our President, at the end of his 
reception handed him, for Madame Carnot, as a memorandum 
of the day, a beautiful filigram silver Casket on which I had 
stuck a fine specimen of Comètes phaon of my own collection, 
displaying all the beauty of its tail. They were so much 
pleased with it that in the Garden Party at the Elysées, which 
took place a few days after, they were more than gracious to 
all of us. 

Carnot, who will be always remembered in the future as 
a great patriot, was born at Limoges on the 24th of August, 
1837. He began his studies in the Lycée Bonaparte. From 
there, he went to the Polytechnic School. In i860, he passed 
first in his examinations as Engineer. He was nominated 
Major in 1863. Until 1870 he worked as Engineer. 

During the elections of 1871, he was elected Member of 
the National Assembly by the Department of Côte d'Or with 
a great majority. Successively, he was Minister of Public 
Works and of Finances. It is when he had the last portfolio 
that he refused to acquiesce to the solicitations of Mr. Wilson. 

This act of independence was chiefly the cause of his 
nomination to the Presidency of the French Republic. 

Everyone knows what he did during his Presidency. 

The death of Carnot has been a national disaster to 
France. 

George Newbold Lawrence, Ornithologist, died at 
his house in New York on the 17th January, 1895, at the 
old age of 89 years. Lawrence was born in the city of New 
York, where he resided all his life. Although engaged in 
commercial pursuits of importance, he found time to gather a 
very valuable Ornithological Collection, exclusively American. 
In the space of fifty years he amassed a collection embracing 
about 8000 specimens, among which were 300 types of new 
species described by him. This collection is now the property 
of the American Museum of Natural History. 

During fifty years, he published scientific Ornithological 
papers of much interest, chiefly in the annals of the Lyceum 
of Natural History of New York, the Proceedings of the 
Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, the Proceedings 



1 6 The Humyning^ Bird, 



ti 



of the United States National Museum, and others. His 
various writings aggregate the respectable total of 121, of 
which a complete account has been published in No. 40 of the 
Bulletin of the United States National Museum, with a very 
good portrait of him. Messrs. MacLeaman and Ober, two 
energetic collectors, sent him a large quantity of specimens 
from Panama and the West Indies, in which Lawrence found 
a good number of remarkable and new species, which he 
described in the journals mentioned above. 

I had the pleasure to make the acquaintance of Lawrence 
in the year of the Centennial, in 1876, on my way, with my 
friend Salle, to Philadelphia, and I have kept amicable relations 
with him, up to the time of his death. 

From him, I received a certain number of typical speci- 
mens collected by Messrs. MacLeaman and Ober. These 
are now in the Paris Museum. I have also found him a very 
good friend, and always willing to help his scientific colleagues. 
His death is a great loss to Science. In memory of our 
friendship I have made the new Genus Lawrencius with the 
beautiful and rare Humming Bird, formerly known as 
E. cup}'eiceps^ Lawrence. 

William Ruxton Davison, Curator of the Raffles 
Museum, Singapore, died on the 25th of January, 1895, at 
his post. He was born at Burmah, India, where he resided 
up to the time of his death. At first he was employed by 
Mr. A. C. Hume, the celebrated Indian Ornithologist, as a 
collector, and in this, he was very successful. He collected 
extensive series of birds, amonor which were manv new 
species, which were subsequently described by Mr. Hume. 
Many beautifully-prepared skins of Indian Birds which I have 
in my collection were prepared by him. A good portrait of 
Davison will be found in the third volume of Oates' Edition of 
Hume, Nests and Eggs of hidian Birds, published in 1890. 

Edward Hargitt, died on the 19th of March, 1895. 
He was born on May 3rd, 1835, at Edinburgh. At an early 
age, he studied in the schools of the Royal Scottish Academy, 
under Robert Scott Lander, and soon became a painter of 
merit, and his works, chiefly in water colours, were frequently 
to be seen in Burlington House. It is during his travels as 
an artist that he acquired the taste of Ornithology, which he 
kept up until his death. His favourites were the Wood- 
peckers. In 1890, he produced the Picidae, vol. xviii. of the 



The Humming Bird. 17 

Catalogue of Birds, published by the British Museum ; a very- 
good and valuable work. At the time of his death, he was 
actively engaged in the preparation of a Monograph of these 
birds, and he had already a large number of coloured plates 
representing nearly all the species known. It is to be hoped 
that his work will not be lost to Science. 

Pasteur died on the 28th of September, 1895. He was 
born at Dole, in Jura, December 22nd, 1822. At the early 
age of 18, he was a teacher in the College of Besancon. 
Then he entered at the Normal School, where he attained 
successively all his university degrees ; Aggregate of Science 
in 1846, Doctor in 1847, he was appointed Professor of 
Physics to the Lycée of Dijon in 1848, Professor of Chemistry 
in the faculty of Strasburg in 1849, ^"<^ Professor in 1852. 

In 1862, he was elected a Fellow of the Academy of 
Sciences, and the Rumford Medal was awarded to him by the 
Royal Society of London for his work on the affinities of the 
polarisation of light with the hyemedry of crystals. Soon 
after, Pasteur received from the Austrian Ministry of Agri- 
culture a prize of 10,000 florins for his discovery on the means 
of struggling with the disease of silk worms. 

Successively he received a prize of 12,000 francs from 
the Society of Encouragement to Sciences, for the whole of 
his works on silk worms, wines, vinegars, and beers ; and an 
annual pension of 12,000 francs was granted to him by the 
National Assembly. 

But Pasteur will always be still more remembered as a 
universal benefactor for his magnificent discovery of the virus, 
curing hydrophobia. When this discovery of his, was made 
public, it provoked an universal cry of admiration. An inter- 
national subscription was made, and the money came so 
readily, that he was soon able to build what is known as 
Pasteur s Institute, where patients of all nationalities are 
attended with the utmost care by his clever pupils. 

Many are the Institutes built all over the world on 
Pasteur's principles, all of them doing good work. 

On the 27th of December, 1892, a very important cere- 
mony took place in the Sorbonne Ampitheatre of Paris, to 
celebrate the jubilee of the great scholar. Over 6000 persons 
were present at that grandiose ceremony, presided by Carnot, 
the President of the French Republic. 

Praises were then addressed to him, not only by Mr. 
Dupuy, Minister of Public Instruction, but also by all the 
Foreign Delegates, who came especially for that purpose, 
B2 H.B, 



1 8 The Hu?n?nincr Bird. 



t> 



These eulogiums greatly affected Pasteur, who could 
only reply with a few words of thanks. 

In 1868, Pasteur had a severe illness, the result of over- 
work, and it was thought^tjthe^time that he was going to die, 
but his strong constitution saved him, although he remained 
paralysed on his left side, and never recovered entirely the 
use of his limbs. Fortunately his brain remained intact, and 
he was able to pursue his important studies nearly up to the 
end of his life. 

Henry Seebohm, Ornithologist, died at his residence in 
South Kensington, on the 26th November, 1895. He was 
born at Bradford, in 1832. Seebohm was not only a mere 
collector, but he made many scientific expeditions in Europe 
and Asia, and collected many rare specimens of birds 
and studied their habits. His best captures were made in 
Siberia. In consequence of the affinity existing between the 
Siberian and Japanese species, he was very enthusiastic in 
the study of the birds of the latter country, and in 1890, he 
published The Birds of the Japanese Empire, a very 
good and valuable work. He was also the author of the 
Vol. V. Catalogue of Birds, published by the Trustees of 
the British Museum, treating of the C1CHLOMORPHAE, Part ii., 
and containing the family TURDIDAE, a special favourite 
family with him. Many are the memoirs and papers written 
by him on birds. They appeared chiefly in the Proceedings of 
the Zoological Society, the Ibis, the Zoologist, and other peri- 
odicals. The very fine collection of Birds, which he formed 
during his lifetime, he has liberally bequeathed to the British 
Museum. 

The death of Seebohm is a great loss to Science. 



<4^-i--r^ 



Genera of Birds Wanted. 



19 



GENERA OF BIRDS WANTED 
BY Mr. a. BOUCARD. 



:i.iG 



Falconidae. 
Cariama 
Serpentarius 
Urotriorchis 
Nisoides 
Buteola 

Harpyhaliaetus 
Thrasaetus 
Lophotriorchis 
Dryotriorchis 
Helotarsus 
Gypohierax 
Nauclerus 
Lophoictinia 
Gypoictinia 
Henicopernis 
Machaeramphus 
Harpagus 
Poliohierax 
Spiziapteryx 
Harpa 
Polioaetus 

BUBONIDAE. 

Scotopelia 

Surnia 

Heteroglaux 

Gymnasio 

Sceloglaux 

Micrathene 

Phodilus 

CORVIDAE. 

Heterocorax 

Corvultur 

Rhynocorax 

Microcorax 

Phyrocorax 

Macrocorax 

Temnurus 

Uroleuca 

Struthidea 

Paradiseidae. 
lanthothorax 
Parypophorus 
Astrarchia 



Lamprotorax 

Prionodura 

Cnemophilus 

Loria 

Xanthochlamys 

Scaenopetes 

DiCRURIDAE. 

Dissemuroides 
Dicranosteptus 

Prionopidae. 

Eurocephalus 

Poeoptera 

Cuphopterus 

Bradyornis 

Melaenornis 

Hypocolius 

Campophagidae. 
Campochaera 
Pterodopocys 
Clamidochaera 
Lobotus 
Symnorphus 
Artomyias 
Erythromyias 
Poliomyias 
Smicrornis 
Chasiempis 
Muscylva 
Lanioturdus 
Metabolus 
Heteromyias 
Hyliota 
Lioptilus 
Stenostira 
Aethomyias 
Chloropeta 
Cyanomyias 
Chenorhamphus 
Clytomyias 
Erythrocercus 
Trochocercus 
Neomyias 
Zeocephus 
Elminia 



20 



Genera of Birds Wanted. 



Megabias 
Smithornis 
Poinarea 
Cassinia 

TiMELIIDAE. 

Pinarocichla 

Poliolophus 

Trichophoropsis 

Troglodytidae. 

Ondotorhynchus 

Urocichla 

Spelaeornis 

Sphenocicla 

Uropsila 

Pnoepyga 

MiMIDAE. 

Cinclocerthia 
Ramphocinclus 
Neocichla 
Platycichla 

Thamnobiae. 
Callene 
Pentholaea 
Pinarochroa 
Cichladura 
Erythropygia 
Liopotila 
Hodgsonius 
Cereotrichus 

Bradypteri. 
Psamathia 
Bebrornis 
Sphenura 
Amytis 
Schoenicola 
Phlexis 
Bradypterus 
Euryptila 
Rhopophilus 
Laticilla 
Chaetornis 
Calamocichla 
Calamonastes 

Eremomelae. 
Apalis 
Euprinodes 
Dryodromas 



Drymocichla 

Phyllolais 

Eroessa 

Eremomela 

Hylia 

Sliphrornis 

Cisticolae. 
Saya 

Thamnornis 
Spiloptila 
Graminicola 
Sericornis 

Crateropodes. 
Pycnoptilus 
Drymaoedus 
Babax 
Pterorhinus 
Acanthoptila 
Megalurulus 
Pinarornis 
Xiphoramphus 
Stactocichla 
Melanocichla 
Neocichla 
Aethocichla 
Chlenasicus 
Chalornis 

Timellae. 
Dumetia 
Elaphrornis 
Pellorneum 
Scotocichla 
Crossleyia 
Macrosphenus 
Ortygocichla 
Gyprosphila 
Trichostoma 
Xanthomixis 
Kenopia 
Ptilopyga 
M alia 

Crateroscelis 
Corythocichia 
Turdinulus 
Rim at or 

LlOTRICHES. 

Fulvetta 
Moiipinia 
Dendrobiastes 
Liocichla 



Genera of Birds Wanted. 21 

Paridae. Motacillidae. 
Psaltria Xanthocorys 

Aegithalus Oreocorys 

Sphenostoma 

COEREBIDAE. 

Regulidae. Oreomanes 

Leptopoccile Xenodacnis 

Laniidae. Tanagridae. 

Xenopirostris Hypophaea 

Laniellus Delothraupis 

Cyanicterus 

V1REONIDAE. Chlorothraupis 

Neochloe Creurgops 

Laletes Malacothraupis 

Cypsnagra 

Certhiidae. Urothraupis 

Salpornis Microspingus 

Nerospingus 

S1TTIDAE. Conothraupis 

Hypositta Lamprospiza 

Orchesticus 

Nectariniidae. Oreothraupis 

Drepanorhynchus 

Icteridae. 

Meliphagioae. Clypeicterus 

Plectrorhynchus Ocyalus 

Entomophila Nesopsar 

Oedistoma 

Moho Fringillidae. 

Pycnopygius Camarhynchus 

Cactornis 

DiCAEiDAE Chaunoproctus 

Hemignathus . Neorhynchus 

Drepanis Piezorhina 

Himatione Dolospingus 

Loxioides Amaurospiza 

Loxops Pyrrhuloxia 

Psittirostra Loximitris 

Pinarolaxias Acanthidops 

Oreocharis Rhynchostrutus 

Parmoptila Poliospiza 

Pholidornis Pyrrhospiza 

Lobornis Urocynchramus 

Urocharis Porphyrospiza 

Ramphocharis Haplospiza 

Saltatricula 

HiRUNDiNiDAE. Coryphospiza 

Cheramoeca Nesospiza 

Idiopsar 

Mniotiltidae. Spodiornis 

Leucopiza Xenospingus 

Ligia Lophospingus 



22 



Genera of Birds Wanted. 



Schistopiza 

Tiaris 

Rhodospingus 

Aetamidae. 

Pseudochelidon 

Sturnidae. 
Sturnornis 
Ampeliceps 
Charitornis 
Cosmopsarus 
Cinnamopterus 
Pilorhinus 
Hagiopsar 
Pyrrhocheira 
Coccycolius 
Heteropsar 
Fregilupus 

Ploceidae. 

Tetraenura 

Linura 

Philacterus 

Pyrenestes 

Cryptospiza 

Ortygospiza 

Stictospiza 

Emblema 

Pytelia 

Stictoptera 

Bathilda 

Granatina 

Icteropsis 

Plocella 

Histurgops 

Textor 

Alaudidae. 

Heterocorys 

Chersophilus 

Ramphocorys 

Spizocorys 

Spilocorydon 

Spizalauda 

Heliocorys 

Lullula 

Ammonomanes 

Atrichiidae 
Atrichia 

Tyrannidae. 
Ochthornis 



Ceratroticcus 

Pseudotriccus 

Orchilus 

Hemitriccus 

Culicivora 

Pogonotriccus 

Leptotriccus 

Ernpidagra 

Sublegatus 

Conopias 

Sirystes 

Cnipodectes 

Lawrencia 

Pittidae. 

Anthocincla 
Coracopitta 

COTINGIDAE. 

Chirocylla 

Doliornis 

Haematoderus 

Pittidae. 

Coracopitta 

Xenicidae. 
Xenicus 

Eurylemidae. 

Sarcophanops 

Dendrocolaptidae. 
Geobates 
Clibanornis 
Xenerpestes 
Coryphistera 
Anumbius 
Limnornis 
Berlepschia 
Dendrexetastes 
Hybexetastes 
Nasica 
Drymornis 

Formicariidae. 
Tliamnistes 
Neoctantes 
Clytotanctes 
Tereniira 
Psiioramphus 
Percnostola 

Pteroptochiae. 
Lioscelis 
Rhinocrypta 



Genera of Birds Wanteds 



4^ 



Irrisoridae. -: 


"^ Microdynamis 


■' ,'3 fi-'^ 


Scoptellus 1;::^^.:. 


Ramphomantis 
Hyetornis : 




Caprimulgidae. 


Rhynococcys 


'i4:T'MÂ 


Otophanes 


Dryococcyx 


Siphonorbis 


Neomorphus 




Heleothreptus 




- --' ''4âff3 


Cosmetornis 


MUSOPHAGIDAE. 


r^f-rf 


Nyctiprogne 


Gymnoschizorhis 




Meropidae. 


PSITTACIDAE. 


; 


Dicrocercus. ' 


Cyanopsittacas 






Pachynus ' -^^''^' 




Alcedinidae. 


Geopsittacus 




Ceycopsis 


COLUMBAE. 




Myioceyx 


Phabotreron 




Bucerotidae. 


Drepanoptila 




';. Serresius 




Bucorax 

•I-v • 1 ' 


Phaenorhina 




Dichoceros 


Nesoenas 




Aceros 


Turturaena 




Anorrhinus 


Coryphaenas 




Berenicorms 
Rhinoplax 


Ectopistes 

Nesopelia 

Columbula 




1 ROGONIDAE. 

Euptilotis 


Uropelia 
Oxypella 




Picidae. 


. •'. Histriophaps 
Petrophassa 




Geocolaptes 
Xenopicus 


Lopophaps 
Oxyphaps 




Dendrocoptes 
Thripias 


J k: I. 

Eutrygon 
Sturnaenas 




Sapheopipo 


T^ 




Verreauxia 


Phasianidae. 
Ammoperdix 




Indicatoridae. 


Pternistes 




Indicator. 


Rhizothera 


-y -^ - %-M 


Prodoticus. 


Perdicula 
Microperdix 


•V- ?:tlW 


Capitonidae. 


Haematortyx 




Erythrobucco 


Caloperdix 




J 

Smilorhis 


Banibusicola 




Stactolaema 


> Galloperdix 
Ophrysia 




Bucconidae. 


Acomus 




Micromonacha 


Chalcurus 




Hapaloptila 


Philortyx ^'''•■ 






Cyrtonyx 


'^ '--■.' -54 >^ 


Cuculidae. 


Rhynchortyx 




Pachycoccyx 


!''n''-.n> Megapodidae. 




Cercococcyx 


Eulipoa 


' '.n^^'-'-'H''!' 


Mesocalius 


LipOa :;?;: 


hU^'^::^ ■" 



24 



Genera of Birds Wanted. 



Cracidae. 

Nothocrax 

Pauxis 

Aburria 

Rallidae. 
Cabalus 
Eulabeornis 
Tricholimnias 
Aramidopsis 
Megacrex 
Habroptila 
Aphanopteryx 
Diaphorapteryx 
Hiiuantornis 
Canirallus 
Castanolimnas 
Stictolimnas 
Crecopsis 
Oenolimnas 
Amaurolimnas 
Zapornia 
Pennula 
Aphanolimnas 
Thryorhina 
Ortygops 
Porzanula 
Rougetius 
Neocrex 
Tribonyx 
Pareudiastes 
Porphyriornis 
Psammocrex 
Notornis 
Aptornis 

Heliorithidae. 
Podica 

Aramidae. 
Aramus 

Mesitidae. 
Mesites 

Rhinochetidae. 
Rhinochetus 

Parriuae. 

Hydralector 

Otididae. 
Lophotis 
Compsotis 
Heterotetrax 
Neotis 
Lissotis 
Houbaropsis 



Houbara 
Eupodotis 

Limicolae. 
Carvanaca 
Hemiparra 
Tylibyx 
Lobipluvia 
Pluviorhynchus 
Zonibyx 
Podarocys 
Aegialeus 
Thinornis 
Anarhynchus 
Plegornis 
Stiltia 

Galachrysia 
Rhinoptilus 
Chalcopterus 
Oreophilus 
Attagis 

Chionidae. 
Chionis 

Haematopodidae. 
Melanybix 
Aphriza 
Pluvianellus 

Phalaropidae. 
Phalaropus 
Steganopus 

SCOLOPACIDAE. 

Symphenia 

Erythroscelus 

Prosobonia 

Tryngites 

Cladorhynchus 

Micropelama 

Arquatella 

Pseudoscolopax 

Nemoricola 

Lymnocryptes 

Coenocorypha 

Xylonota 

Philohela 

Ibidorhyncha 

Ardeidae. 

Balaeniceps 

Tinamidae. 
Taoniscus 
Calodromas 
Tinamotis 



List of Duplicate Bird Skins. 



25 



LIST OF DUPLICATE 
NAMED BIRD SKINS FOR EXCHANGE. 



Scops japonicus, Schl. 
Cyanopolius cyaneus, Pall. 
Garrulus japonicus, Schl. 
Xanthura yucatanica, Dub. 
Heteralocha acutirostris, Gould 
Ptilorhis paradisea, Sw. 

,, magnifica, Vieill. 
Drepanornis albertisi, Sclat. 
Epimachus speciosus, Bodd. 
Paradigalla carunculata, Less. 
Paradisea mariae, Reich. 

,, minor, Shaw 
Uranornonis rubra, Shaw 
Cicinnurus regius, L. 
Schlegelia wilsoni, Cass. 
Semioptera halmaherae, Salv. 
Phonygama keraudreni, Less. 
Manucodia chalybata, Penn. 
Sericulus melinus, Lath. 
Ptilonorhynchus violaceus, V. 
Chlamydodera cerviniventris 
Analcipus traillii, Vig. 
Sphecotheres flaviventris, Gould 

,, viridis, Vieill. 

Irena puella, Lath. 
Euryceros prevosti. Less. 
Terpsiphone princeps, Tern. 
Arses telescopthalmus, Gam. 
Piezorhynchus alecto, Tacz. 
Peltops blainvilli, Garn. 
Geocichla varia, Pall. 
Merula cardis, Tern. 
Mystacornis crossleyi, Sharpe 
Parus minor, Tern, and Schl. 

,, varius ditto 

Cracticus cassicus. Gray 
Vireolanius pulchellus, Sclat. and 

Salv. 
Aethopyga saturata, Hodgs. 
,, siparaja, Raffl. 

,, ignicauda, Hodgs. 

Cmnyris chloropygia, Jard. 
„ soui manga, Gmel. 
,, superba, Shaw 
,, splendida, Shaw 
,, notata, Mull, 
cuprea, Shaw 
zeylonica, L. 
aspasiae. Less, 
verticalis, Lath, 
frenata, Mull. 






»» 

M 



J» 
M 



tl 



Cinnyris pectoralis, Horsf. 
,, gutturalis, L. 
,, fuliginosa, Shaw 
Anthothreptes collaris, Vieill. 

,, malaccensis. Scop. 

Zosterops japonica, T. and H. 

,, palpebrosa, T. 
Ptilotis analoga, Reich. 
,, sonoroides. Gray 
,, auricomis. Lath. 
Meliornis novoe hoUandiae, Lath. 
Prosthemadura novoe zelandiae, Gm. 
Euthyrhynchus gymnops, Sclat. 
Dacnis ultramarina, Lawr. 
,, angelica, Philipi. 
,, egregia, Sclat. 
Coereba lucida, Sclat. and Salv. 
Certhiola mexicana, Sclat. 
Chlorophonia longipennis, Dubus. 
,, pretrii, Bp. 

,, occipitalis, Dubus. 

,, callophrys. Cab. 

Euphonia elegantissima, Bp. 

xauthogastra, Swnd. 
minuta. Cab. 
„ typica, L. 
,, gouldi, Sclat. 
Chlorochrysa calliparia, Tsch. 
Calliste tricolor, Gmel. 
„ schranki, Spix. 
,, guttata, Cab. 
,, aurulenta, Lafr. 
,, icterocephala, Bp. 
,, vitriolina, Cab. 
,, cayana, L. 
,, versicolor, Lawr. 
,, gyroloides, Lafr. 
,, nigriviridis, Lafr. 
,, larvata, Dubus. 
,, francescae, Sclat. 
,, nigricincta, Bp. 
,, granadensis, Sclat. 
,, ruficervix, Prév. 
,, labradorides, Boiss. 
Ramphocoelus dimidiatus, Lafr. 
„ passerinii, Bp. 

,, icteronotus, Bp. 

Phlogothraupis sanguinolentus, Less. 
Tachyphonus luctuosus, Lafr. 
Buarremon gutturalis, Lafr. 
„ schistaceus, Boiss. 



26 



List of Duplicate Bird Skins. 



Arremon auranturostris, Lafr. 
Psitospiza riefferi, Boiss. 
Saltator atriceps, Less. 
Schistochlamys atra, Gmel. 
Pytilus poliogaster, Dubus. 
Cassicus miciorhynchus, Sclat. and 

Salv. 
Amblycercus holosericeus, Licht. 
Molothrus atronitens, Cab. 
Agelaeus thilius Mol. 

,, icterocephalus, L, 
Leistes guianensis, L. 
Xanthocephalus longipes, Sw. 
Icterus bullochi, Sw. 

,, chrysocephalus, L. 
,, laudabilis, Sclat. 
,, prosthemelas, Strickl. 
,, igneus, Ridgw. 
,, auricapillus, Cass. 
,, mesomelas, Wagl. 
,, giraudi, Cass. 
„ xanthornus, Gmel. 
,, auratus, Bp, 
,, jamacaii, Gmel. 
,, gularis, Wagl. 
,, pustulatus, Wagl. 
,, leucopteryx, Wagl. 
Scolecophagus cyanocephalus, Wagl. 
Dives sumichrasti, Sauss. 
Chloris kawarahiba, T. and S. 
Hedymeles ludovicianus, L. 

,, melanocephalus, Sw. 

Guiraca concreta, L. 

,, cyanea, L. 
Oryzoborus torridus, Sw. 
Spermophila moreleti, Bp. 

gutturalis, Licht. 
luctuosa, Lafr. 
corvina, Sclat. 
Phonipara pusilla, Sw. 
Volatinia jacarina, L. 
Cardinalis coccineus, Baird 
Fringilla montifringilla, L. 
Chrysomitris columbiana, Lufr. 

,, spinus, L. 

Leucosticte brunneinucha, Brandt. 
Petronia flavicollis, Frankl. 
Passer rutilans, Tem. 
Carpodacus erythrinus, Pall. 

„ roseus, Pall. 

Loxia curvirostra, L. 
Pyrrhula rosacea, Secb. 
Uragus sanguinolentus, Tem. & Schl. 
Emberiza yessoensis, Swinh. 
,, rustica, Pall. 
,, fucata, Pall. 
,, personata, Tem. 
,, ciopsis, Bp. 



If 



Cyanospiza ciris, L. 

,, cyanea, L. 

,, amoena. Say. 

,, rositae, Lawr. 

Pseudochloris aureiventris. Ph. & Lan. 
Phrygilus aldunatii. Gray 

,, fruticeti, Kittl. 

,, alaudinus, Kittl. 
Diuca grisea, Less. 
Coryphospingus pileatus, New. 
Artamus leucogaster, Valenc. 
,, superciliosus, Gould 
Poliopsar cineraceus, Tem. 
Sturnia violacea, Bodd. 
Temenuchus pagodarum, Gmel. 
Mino dumonti, Less. 
Hartlaubius madagascariensis, Bodd. 
Pholidauges leucogaster, Gmel. 
Aplonis cantoroides. Mull. 
Calornis metallica, Tem. 
,, chalybea, Horsf. 
Lamprotornis caudatus. Mull. 
Lamprocolius splendidus, Bonn, and 

Vieill. 
Scissirostrum dubium. Lath. 
Penthetriopsis macrura, Gmel. 
Pyromelana flammiceps, Sw. 
,, franciscana, Isert. 

Munia oryzivora, L. (albinos.) 
Uroloncha acuticauda, Hodg. (albinos) 
Foudia madagascariensis, L. 
Nelicurvins nelicourvi, Soun. 
Hyphantornis cucullatus, Finsch. 
Malimbus malimbicus, Daud. 

,, scutatus, Cass. 

Alauda liopus, Hodgs. 
Pyrrhulauda grisea, Scop. 
Taenioptera pyrope, Kittl. 
Mecocerculus leucophrys, d'Orb 
Sayornis pallida, Sw. 
Fluvicola pica, Bodd. 
Arundinicola leucocephala, L. 
Muscisaxicola macloviana, Garn. 
flavinucha, Lafr. 
rubricapilla, Phil. 
Centrites niger, Bodd. 
Platyrhynchus cancrominus, Rclat. 
Todirostrum cinereum, L. 

,, schistaceiceps, Sclat. 

Oncostoma cinereigulare, Sclat. 
Serphophaga parvirostris, Gould 
Anaeretes parulus, Kittl. 
Cyanotis azarae, Licht. 
Mionectus oleaginus, Licht. 
Tyrannulus elatus. Lath. 
Elainea albiceps, d'orb 
Legatus albicolis, Vieill. 
Myozetetes texensis, Gir, 



M 



List of Duplicate Bird Skins. 



27 



Rhynchocyclus cinereiceps, Sclat. 
Pitangus derbianus, Sclat. 
,, rufipennis, Lafr. 
,, maximiliani, Cab. 
Myodinastes luteiventris, Bp. 
Megarhynchus pitangua, L. 

,, mexicana, Sclat. 

Myiobius sulphureipygius, Sclat. 

,, cinnamomeus, d'Orb 
Pyrocephalus mexicanus, Sclat. 
Myarchus mexicanus, Kaup. 

,, nigricapillus, Ridgw. 
Tyrannus pipiri, L. 

,, vociferans, Sw. 
„ melancholicus, Vieill. 
Milvulus tyrannus, L. 
Ceratopipra cornuta, Spix. 
Cirrhopipra filicauda, Spix. 
Masius chrysopterus, Lufi. 
Pipra aureola, L. 

,, rubricapilla, Briss. 
,, mentalis, Sclat. 
,, auricapilla, Licht. 
,, leucocilla, L. 
,, velutina, Berlp. 
,, suavissima, Salv. 
,, leucorhoa, Sclat. 
Machaeropterus striolatus, Bp. 
Chiroxiphia pareola, L. 

,, lanceolata, Wagl. 

,, linearis, Bp. 

,, caudata, Shaw. 

Chiromachaeris manacus, L. 

,, gutturosa, Desm. 

,, flaveola. Cuss. 

,, candaei, Parz. 

Tityra cayana, L. 

,, semifasciata, Spix. 
Hadrostomus aglaiae, Kaup. 
Pachyramphus polychropterus, Vieill. 

,, major. Cab. 

Lathria cinerea, Vieill. 
Lipaugus holerythrus. Selat. 
Attila cinereus, Gmel. 
Phoenicocercus carnifex, L. 
Rupicola peruviana. Lath. 
Ampelion areuatus, Lafr. 
Pipreola riefferi, Boiss. 
Cotinga caerulea, Vieill. 

,, cayana, L. 
Xipholena pompadora, L. 
Heliochera rubricristata, d'Orb 
Querula cruenta, .Bodd. 

,, granadensis, Lafr. 
Cephalopterus ornatus, Geoff. 
Philepitta jala, Buffon; 
Pitta maxima. Mull. 

,, granatina, Tem* - 

Pitta mackloti, Tem. 



Eurylaemus ochromelas, Raffl. 
Corydon sumatranus, Raffl. 
Cymborhynchus macrorhynchus, G.R. 
Geositta cunicularia, Vieill. 
Cinclodes fuscus, Vieill. 
Phloecryptes melanops, Vieill. 
Leptasthenura aegithialoides, Kittl. 
Synallaxis erythrothorax, Sclat. 
Siptornis sordida, Less. 
Pseudocolaptes boissoneauti, Lafr. 
Automolus cervinigularis, Sclat. 
Anabazenops striaticollis, Sclat, 
Xenops genibarbis. 111. 
,, rutilus, Licht. 
Margarornis perlata, Less. 
Glyphorhynchus cuneatus, Licht. 
Dendrornis eburneirostris, Less. 
,, erythropygia, Sclat. 

,, lacrymosa, Lawr. 

Xiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus, L. 
Picolaptes lacrymiger, Desm. 
Xiphorhynchus trochilirostris, Licht, 
Dendrocincla turdina, Licht. 
Cymbilanius Imeatus, Leach. 
Thamnophilus melanocrissus, Sclat. 
,, major, Vieill. 

„ naevius, Gmel. 

,, doliatus, L. 

,, multistriatus, Lafr. 

,, palliatus, Licht. 

Myrmotherula surinamensis, Gmel. 

,, melaena, Sclat. 

Formicivora intermedia, Cab. 

,, boucardi, Sclat. 
Ramphocaenus rufiventris, Bp. 
Cercomacra tyrannina, Sclat. 
Pyriglena leucoptera, Vieill. 
Pithys albifrons, Gmel. 
Grallaria squamigera, Prév. 
„ rufula, Lafr. 
,, ruficapilla, Lafr. 
Conopophaga melanops, Vieill. 
Pteroptochus albicollis, Kittl. 
Upupa epops, L. 
Calypte costae, Bourc. 
Selasphorus scintilla, Gould 
,, flammula, Salv. 

Acestrura mulsanti, Bourc. 
,, heliodori, Bourc. 
,, decorata, Gould 
,, rosae, Bourc. 
Tilmatura duponti, Less. 
Dorycha enicura, Vieill. 

,, bryanthae, Lawr. 
Calliphlox roraimae, Boucard 
Lophornis ornatus, Bodd. 
,, magnificus, Vieill. 

„ helenae, Del. 

stictolophus, Salv. 



t> 



28 



List of Duplicate Bird Ski?is. 



Lophornisdelattrii, Less. 
Gouldia popelairii, Dubus. 

,, conversi, Bourc. 
Cephalolepis delalandii, Vieill. 
Bellona cristata, L. 

,, superba, Boucard 
,, exilis, Gmel. 
,, emigrans, Lawr. 
Eustephanus fernandensis, King 
Oxypogon gueiini, Briss. 

,, cyanolaemus, Salv. 

Eupogonus herrani, Bp. 
Lampropogon ruficeps, Gould 
Metallura quitensis, Gould 
Avocettinus eurypterus, Lodd. 
Adelomyia melanogenys, Eras. 
Urosticte benjamini, Bourc. 
Ramphomicron microrhynchum, Boiss. 
Sappho sparganura, Shaw 

,, phaon, Gould 
Lesbia gouldi, Lodd. 
,, gracilis, Gould 
„ aequatorialis, Boucard 
Cyanolesbia gorgo, Reich 

„ meridana, Boucard 

,, mocoa, Del. 

Thalurania columbiana, Bourc. 
fanniae, Bourc. 
furcata, Gmel. 
nigrofasciata, Gould 
Chlorostilbon pucherani, Bourc. 

angustipennis, Eras, 
melanorhynchus, Gould 
,, assimilis, Lawr. 

Prasitis prasina, Less. 
Panychlora euchloris, Reich, 
poortmani, Bourc. 
stenura, Cab. 
Damophila typica, Bp. 
Cyanophaia caeruleigularis, Gould 

,, goudoti, Bourc. 

Chrysuronia aenone, Less. 
Polyerata amabilis, Gould 
Hylocharis guianensis. Boucard 

,, viridiventris, Berlp. 

Agyrtria rnaculicauda, Gould 
Uranomitra, franciae, Bourc. 
whitelyi. Boucard 
niveipectus. Cab. 
Leucochloris albicollis, Vieill. 
Aithurus polytmus, L. 
Eupherusa eximia, Del. 
Polytmus viridissimus, Vieill. 
Basilinnaleucotis, Vieill. 
Eucephala grayi, Del. 
Chlorestes caerulea, Vieill. 
Saucerottia erythronota, Less. 
„ hoffmanni, Cab. 

-,, cyanifrons, Bourc. 



n 
»> 






>» 






ft 

1» 



M 



Amazilia fuscicaudata, Eras, 
viridigaster, Bourc. 
cupreicauda, Salv. 
,, mariae, Bourc. 
Clytolaema rubinea, Gmel. 
,, rubinoides, Bourc. 

,, aequatorialis, Gould 

Panoplites flavescens, Lodd. 

,, matthewsi, Bourc. 

Topaza pella, L. 
Lamprolaema rhami, Less. 
Delattria viridipallens, Bourc. 
Oreopyra leucaspis, Gould 
,. calolaema, Salv. 
Warszewiezia viola, Gould 
Heliotrypha exortis, Eras. 
Heliangelus clarissae, Long 

,, strophianus, Gould 
Aglaeactis cupripennis, Bourc. 

,, pamela, d'Orb 
Lafresnaya flavicaudata, Eras. 
Engyete alinae, Bourc. 
Spathura underwoodi, Less. 
Threptria aureliae, Bourc. 
Eriocnemis vestita, Long. 

cupreiventris. Eras, 
luciani, Bourc. 
Diphlogaena hesperus, Gould 
Helianthea eos, Gould 
Hypochrysia bonapartii, Boiss. 
,, helianthea, Less. 

Homophania torquata, Boiss. 

fulgidigula, Gould 
conradi, Bourc. 
Bourcieria prunellii, Bourc. 

,, wilsoni, Del. 

Leadbeatera grata, Bp. 
Heliodoxa henrici, Lawr. 
Lepidolarynx mesoleucus, Temc. 
Eloricola longirostris, Vieill. 
,, pallidiceps, Gould 
Hemistephania ludoviciae, Bourc. 
,, johannae, Bourc. 

Schistes geoffroyi, Bourc. 
Heliothrix auritus, Gmel. 
Petasophora cyanotis, Bourc. 
thalassina, Sw. 
anais. Less. 
,, delphinae, Less. 

Hypuroptila buffoni, Less. 

,, caeruleiventi"is, Reich. 

Lampornis mango, L. 

,, gramineus, Gmel. 

,, nigricollis, Vieill. 

,, prevosti. Less. 

Eulampis jugularis, L. 
Sericotes holosericeus, L. -^ 

,, chlorolaemus, Gould 

Florisuga mellivora, L. 



1» 






List of Duplicate Bird Skins. 



29 



Oreotrochilus chimborazo, Del. 

,, pichinchae, Bourc. 

Eupetomena macroura, Gmel. 
Phaeochroa cuvieri, Del. 
Campylopterus hemileucurus, Licht. 
Saepiopterus lazulus, Vieill. 
Glaucis hirsuta, Gmel. 

,, aenea, Lawr. 
Eutoxeres aquila, Bourc. 
Threnetes cervinicauda, Gould 
Phaethornis superciliosus, Less. 
„ longirostris, Less. 

„ guianensis, Boucard 

,, anthophilus, Bourc. 

Anisoterus augusti, Bourc. 
Chaetura caudacuta, Lath. 
Attelornis pittoides, Lafr. 
Coracias indicus, L. 
,, garrulus, L. 
„ abyssinicus, Bodd. 
,, caudatus, L. 
Eurystomus glaucurus, Gray 

,, australis, Sw. 

Merops apiaster, L. 

,, superciliosus, L. 
,, philippinus, L. 
„ ornatus, Lath. 
„ albicollis, Vieill. 
,, viridis, L. 
Nycthiornis athertoni, Jard. 
Ceryle maxima, Pall. 
,, alcyon, L. 
,, americana, Gmel. 
Alcedo bengalensis, Gmel. 

,, ispida, L. 
Syma torotoro, Less. 
Carcineutes pulchellus, Horsf. 
Sauromarptis gaudichaudi, Quoy. 
Halcyon smyrnensis, Less. 
,, pileatus, Bodd. 
senegalensis, L. 
saurophagus, Gould 
diops. Tern, 
macleayi, Jard. 
sanctus, Vig. 
,, vagans, Less. 
„ chloris, Bodd. 
Tanysiptera margaritae, Hein. 

,, galatea. Gray 

Eumomota superciliaris, San. 
Momotus momota, L. 

,, subrufescens, Sclat. 
,, lessoni, Less. 
,, mexicanus, Sw. 
Hylomanes momotula, Licht. 
Rhytidoceros plicatus, Forst. 
Pharomacrus mocinae, la Llave 
,, costaricensis, Cab. 

antisianus, d'Orb 



»> 



»> 
I) 



» 



Pharomacrus auriceps, Hartl. 
Prionotelus temnurus, Tern. 
Trogon personatus, Gould 
,, collarts, Vieill. 
,, puella, Gould 
,, variegatus, Spix. 
,, viridis, Briss. 
„ caligatus, Gould 
,, atricollis, Vieill. 
,, tenellus, Cob. 
,, melanocephalus, Gould 
,, melanurus, Sw. 
,, massena, Gould 
,, clathratus. Salv. 
Colaptes mexicanus, Sw. 
Gecinus awokera, Tem. 

,, occipitalis, Vig. 
Chloronerpes yucatanensis. Cabot 
Melanerpes flavifrons, Vieill. 
,, pucherani, Malh. 

Dendrocopus cissa, Pall. 

,, japonicus, Blak. 

,, subcirris, Stej. 

Melanobucco vieilloti, Leuch 
Gymnobucco calvus, Lafr. 
Megalaema marshalorum, Swinh. 
Chotorhea versicolor, Raffl. 
Cyanops asiatica, Latt. 
Mesobuco duvauceli, Less. 
Xantholoema haematocephala. Mull. 
Capito maculicoronatus. Lawr. 
,, richardsoni. Gray 
,, granadensis, Shelley 
Ramphastos vitellinus, Licht. 
Pteroglossus wiedi, Sturm 

,, pluricinctus, Gould 

,, torquatus, Gmel. 

Aulacoramphus prasinus, Licht. 

,, albivittatus, Boiss. 

,, caeruleigularis, Gould 

Galbula ruficauda, Cab. 

,, chalcocephala, Deville 
,, chalcothorax, Sclat. 
Jacamerops grandis, Gmel. 
Bucco tamatia, Gmel. 
,, radiatus, Sclat. 
Coccystes coromandus, L. 
,. jacobinus, Bodd. 
Cacomatis flabelliformis. Lath. 
Chalcococcyx basalis, Horsf. 
Eudynamis honorata, L. 

„ cyanocephala. Lath. 

,, melanorhyncha, Mull. 

Centropus menebiki, Less. 
„ sinensis, Steph. 

,, javanicus, Dup. 

,, celebensis, Quoy. 

Piaya cayana, L. 
Rhinorthia chlorophae, Rafi^. 



30 



List of Duplicate Bird Skins. 






>» 



Ramphococeyx calorhynchus, Tern. 
Urococcyx erythroc^nathus, Hartt. 
Ceutmochares flavirostris, Sw. 
Coua caerulea, L. 
Crotophaga major, Gmel. 

,, ani, L. 

Turacus persa, L. 
Musophaga violacea, Isert. 
Nestor notabilis, Gould 

,, meridionalis, Gmel. 
Chalcopsittacus scintillatus, Tern. 
Trichoglossus cyanogrammus, Wagl. 
,, massena, Bp. 

novoe hollandioe, Gmel. 
ornatus, L. 
Psitteuteles meyeri, Wald. 
Glossopsittacus concinnus, Shaw 

,, pusillus, Shaw 

Charmosynopsis pulchella, G. R. Gr. 
Cyclopsittacus desmaresti, Germ. 
Cacatua leadbeateri, Vig. 
Ara macavuana, Gmel. 
Conurus solstitialis, L. 
,, nenday, Wagl. 
aztec, Souan. 
aeruginosus, L. 
ocularis, Sclat. 
pertinax, L. 
Pyrrhura picta, Mull. 
,, luciani, Dev. 
,, egregia, Sclat. 
Psittacula conspicillata, Laf. 

,, passerina, L. 

Brotogerys jugularis. Mull. 

,, chrysopterus, L. 

Chrysotis albifrons, Sparm. 
Pionus menstruus, L. 

,, fuscus. Mull. 
Pionopsittacus coccineicollis, Lawr. 
Poeocephalus versteri, Goff. 
Dasyptilus pecqueti, Less. 
Eclectus pectoralis, Salv. 
Geoffroyus rhodops, G. R. Gr. 
Prioniturus flavicans, Cass. 
Tanygnathus muelleri, Tem. 
Paleornis cyanocephala, Briss. 
Polytelis melanura, Vig. 
I.oriculus exilis, Schl. 

,, stigmatus, Mull. 
Barnardius barnardi, Lath. 
Nanodes discolor, Shaw 
Stringops habroptilus, G. R. Gr. 

,, greyi, G. R. Gr. 
Vinago australis, L. 
,, calva, Tem. 
,, delalandii, Bp. 
Osmotreron vernans, L. 
,, olax, Tem. 

Ptilopus swainsoni, Gould 

And a lot of 



Alectraenas spanzini, Verr. 
Megaloprepria magnifica, Tem. 
Carpophaga pinon, Quoy. 
Lopholaemus antarcticus, Shaw 
Columba livia, Bonn. 

,, rufina, Tem. 

,, nigrirostris, Sclat. 
Macropygia doreya, Bp. 
Reinwardthœnas reinwardti, Tem. 
Zenaida auriculata, Desm. 
Melopelia leucoptera, L. 
Turtur orientalis. Lath. 

,, tigrinus, Tem. 
Chamaepelia rufipennis, G. R. Gr. 
Chalcopelia afra, L. 

,, stephani, Reich. 

Leptotila plumbeiceps, Sclat. 

,, cerviniventris, Sclat. 
Geotrygon montana, L. 

,, lawrencii, Salv. 

Leucosarcia picata, Lath. 
Otidiphaps nobilis, Gould 
Goura victoriae, Fraser 
Caccabis petrosa, Gmel. 
Ithagenes cruentus, Hardw. 
Lophophorus refulgens, Tem. 
Lophura ignita, Shaw 
Phasianus versicolor, Vieill. 
Gallus gallus, L. 
Argusianus grayi, Elliot 
Meleagris ocellata, Cuv. 
Lophortyx californicus, Shaw. 
Eupsychortyx nigrogularis, Gould 
Megapodius forsteni. Term. 
,, jobiensis, Schl. 

,, duperreyi. Less. 

Talegalus cuvieri, Tem. 

,, jobiensis, Meyer 
Ortalis vetula, Wagl. 
Rallus indicus, Blyth. 
Hypotaenidia philipensis, L. 
Tetrax tetrax, L. 
Vanellus cristatus, Merz. 
Aegialitis nigrifrons, Cuv. 
Aegialophilus cantianus. Lath. 
Glareola pratincola, L. 
Thinocorus rumicivorus, Esch. 
Cinclus intrepres, L. 
Rhyacophilus glareola, L. 
Gambetta calidris, L. 
Glottis glottis, L. 
Tringoides hypoleucus, L. 
Schoeniclus cinclus, L. 
Ancylocheilus subarquatus, Gould 
Spilura japonica, Bp. 
Rhynchaea chinensis, Bodd. 
Phaeopus variegatus. Scop. 
Nettapus auritus, Bodd. 
Radjah radjah, Garn. 

other species. 



Contents of Volume V. 



31 



NEW SPECIES OF BIRDS AND INSECTS 
Described in Vol. V. of The Humming Bird. 



AVES.— Trochili. 
POLYERATA ROSENBERGI, Boucard, Gen. H. Bird, page 399. 
Glaucis COLUMBIANA, Boucard, Gen. H. Bird ... ,, 402. 

INSECTA. — COLEOPTERA, RUTELIDAE. 
PluSIOTIS HOGEI, Boucard, Hum. Bird ... ... page 3. 



CONTENTS OF VOLUME V. 

Important Notice 

Honorific Distinctions 

Boucard 's Ornithological Collection ... 

Description of a supposed new species of Plusiotis from Mexico 

List of Humming Birds collected at Cali and Rio Dagua, Columbia, 

by W. H. Rosenberg 
Protection of Birds ... 
Nicaragua and Panama Canals Prospects 



PAGE 

3 
3 

4 
4 

5 
8 



OBITUARY. 






Grut, Ferdinand 


10 


Westwood, John Obadiah 






.. II 


Emin Pasha... 






.. 12 


Bigot, J. T. M. 






.. 12 


Pascoe, Francis Polkinghorne 






.. 12 


Hagen, Herman August 






• 13 


Whitely, Henry 






• 14 


Carnot, Marie François Sadi ... 






• 14 


Lawrence, George Newbold ... 






• 15 


Davison, William Ruxton 






. 16 


Hargitt, Edward 






. 16 


Pasteur 






• 17 


3eebohm, Henry ... ... 


• 1 ••» 




, 18 



32 



Contents of Voluîne V. 



Genera of Birds wanted by Mr. A. Boucard 

List of Duplicate Bird Skins for Exchange 

Genera of Humming Birds ... 

Including the following Families 
Heliangelidae 
Heliantheidae 
Heliodoxidae 
Floricolidae 
Hemistephanidae 
Petasophoridae ... 
Lampornidae 
Oreotrochilidae... 
Campylopteridae... 
Phaethorniidae ... 

Systematic Index of Genera ... 

Xlrl X^cIla ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• 

Alphabetical Index of Genera 



PAGE 

19-24 

25-30 
203 to end. 

... 207 

... 263 

... 282 

... 298 

••• 305 
... 309 

... 322 

••• 343 

••• 349 
... 361 

vii.-xiv. 

... 403 

... 404 



3Î' 






Vol. V. Part I.] 



MARCH, 1895. 



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Published by A. Boucard, Nevis Villa, Spring Vale, Isle of Wight ; and by Messrs. Wesley Sl Son 

Essex Street, Strand, London, W.C. 






© © © © 

e.^ Chance of Address, k^ 



MESSRS. 

Boii.ca*i:*d9 Potties & Co., 

1Raturali6t9 an& Ipbilatcli6t9, 

T^EG to announce to their Patrons, Friends, and Corres- 
■J-^ pondents, that they have Removed from London to the 
Isle of Wi^ht. 

From this date all Letters, Books, Parcels, etc., should be 
directed as under : — 

Messrs. BOUCARD, POTTIER & Co., 

Nevis Villa, 

Spring Vale, 

Isle of Wight. 



GENERA AVIUM. 



XytR. BOUCARD begs to inform his scientific Friends and Correspondents, 
^^* that he is preparing the manuscript of a GENERA AVIUM, and being 
very anxious that the said work should be as complete and as perfect as 
possible, he will consider it a great favour, if any of his Correspondents can 
procure him some of the Genera mentioned in the adjoining list : — 



PSITTACIDAE. 

Cyanopsittacus 

Pachynus 

Geopsittacus 

Capitonidae. 
Erythrobucco 
Smilorhis 
Stactolaema 

BUCCONIDAE. 

Micromonacha 
Hapaloptila 

CUCULIDAE. 

Pachycoccyx 

Cercococcyx 

Mesocalius 

Microdynamis 

Ramphomantis 

Hyetornis 

Rhynococcys 

Dryococcyx 

Neomorphus 



MUSOPHAGIDAE. 

Gymnoschizorhis 

Trogonidae. 
Euptilotis 



Alcedinidae. 
Ceycopsis 
Myioceyx 



Meropidae. 
Dicrocercus. 



Bucerotidae. 
Bucorax 
Dichoceros 
Aceros 
Anorrhinus 
Berenicornis 
Rhinoplax 



PiCIDAE. 

Geocolaptes 

Xenopicus 

Dendrocoptes 

Thripias 

Sapheopipo 

Verreauxia 



COTINGIDAE. 

Chirocylla 

Doliornis 

Haematoderus 



PiTTIDAE. 

Authocincla 
Coracopitta 



Genera of Humming Birds. 203 

Hemithylaca niveiventris, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., 
i860, t. iii., p. 37. 

Erythronota niveiventris, Gould, Mon. Troch., 1861, vol. 
v., p. 319- 

Leucodora niveiventris, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. i., p. 313- 

White-breasted Erythronote^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. v. p. 

319- 

Le Leucodore à ventre d'un blanc de neige, Muls., Hist. 
Nat, Ois. Mou, 1874, t. i., p. 314. 

Habitat. — Veragua, Panama. 

Maie. — Exactly like the preceding species, from which it 
•differs by the colour of its tail, w^hich is purplish-black, and 
the undertail-coverts brownish-bronze, margined with white. 

Total length, 3|in. Wing, 2^. Tail, i^. Culmen, f. 

This species was discovered in Panama by M. Seemann. 

292. Amazilia cupreicauda, Salv. and Godm., Ibis., 1884, 

P- 452. 

Copper-tailed Amazili, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl. 1886, 
p. 88. 

I'Amazili à queue bronzée 

Habitat. — Roraima, B. Guiana. 

Male. — Top of head brilliant metallic green. Upperside 
bronzy-green, passing to coppery-red on rump and uppertail- 
coverts. Median and lateral rectrices, dark cinnamon ^vith 
purple tips, outermost one cinnamon with reddish-bronze tip. 
Underside brilliant metallic green. A patch on flanks and 
thighs white. Undertail-coverts cinnamon. Wings purplish. 
Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour with black tip. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing, 2^. Tail, i|-. Culmen, \^. 

Female. — Similar to the male, but less brilliant and slio-htlv 
smaller. Centre of abdomen dusky-brown. Median and 
lateral rectrices tipped with bronze. 

This species was discovered in British Guiana by the well- 
known collector, Mr. H. W^hitelv. 
T 



204 Genera of Humming Birds. 

293. Amazilia beryllina, Licht. Preiz. Verz. Thier., 1830, 

No. 26. 

Ornismya arsinoe, Lesson, Suppl. Ois. Mou., 1829, pp. 

154-156. 

Polytmiis arsinoe, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 109. 

Amazilins arsinoe, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p. 

77- 

Pyrrhophaena berylinna. Cab. and Hein, Mus. Hein, i860, 
t. iii., p. 36. 

Berylline Amazili, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. v., p. 312. 

Le PyrropJiL'tie d' Arsinoe, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, t. i., p. 304. 

Habitat. — Mexico. 

Maie. — Upperside shining green, golden in certain lights. 
Rump and uppertail-coverts bronzy-violet. Median rectrices 
purplish-bronze, laterals chestnut-red with purplish-bronze 
reflections, outermost chestnut. Throat, breast and flanks 
metallic green with golden reflections. A patch of white 
feathers on sides of flanks. Lower part of abdomen fawn in 
very adult males, in others reddish-gray. Undertail-coverts 
rufous margined with white. Primaries and secondaries 
chestnut at base, remainder purplish-brown. Maxilla black. 
Mandible flesh colour with black tip. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing 2^. Tail, if. Culmen, -|. 

Female. — Exactly like the male, but less bright on throat 
and breast, and more reddish-gray on abdomen and flanks. 
I collected many specimens of this species in Mexico. 

^294. Amazilia, Ocai, Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 1859, voL 

iv., p. 96. 

Pyrrhophena ocai. Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860 t., iii., 
p. 36. 

Hemistilbon ocai, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 150. 
D'Oca's Amazili, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. 5, p. 289. 

Le Pyrrophène d' Oca, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t. i., p. 302. 

Habitat. Jalapa, Mexico. 

Maie. — Crown, sides of the head, throat, and breast glitter- 
ing grass-green, with a few of the white bases of the 



Genera of Humming Birds. 205 

feathers showing on the centre of the throat ; back of the 
neck, and upper part of the back deep green ; upper and 
under wing-coverts, flanks, lower part of the back, uppertail- 
coverts, and tail greenish-bronze ; under surface of the base 
of the outer tail-feathers, reddish-buff ; wings, purplish- 
brown ; base of the secondaries, reddish-buff ; abdomen, pale 
brown ; undertail-coverts, light bronze margined with white ; 
bill black, lighter beneath ; feet brown (Gould, Mon. Troch). 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2. Tail, i^. Culmen, \^. 

This very rare species was discovered near Jalapa, by the 
Mexican Naturalist, Mr. Montes de Oca. It was dedicated to 
him, by Gould. 

295. Amazilia SUMICHRASTI, Salv., Ann and Mag. Nat. Hist.,, 

1891, p. 376. 

Su m ich rasfs Amaz Hi. 

l'A mazili de Su m ich rast. 

Habitat. — Tehuantepec, S. Mexico. 

Male. — Upper surface shining grass-green, darker on the 
head, more golden-bronze on the rump and upper tail-coverts ; 
throat and breast glittering grass-green, the white bases of 
the feathers hardly showing anywhere ; abdomen and flanks 
shining grass-green ; undertail-coverts rufous ; tail rich lustrous 
coppery-bronze ; bases of the inner primaries and secondaries 
chestnut ; maxilla black ; mandible flesh colour, the tip black. 

Total length, 3-8in. Wing, 2-1. Tail, 1-2. Bill, 0-9. 

In some respects, this species resembles to A. ocai, but the 
richer, more coppery colour of the tail, the dull coloured 
crown and uniform green throat readily distinguish it. 

Type in British Museum '' Ex. Coll. Godman and Salvin." 

This species was discovered in Mexico, by my late friend,. 
Sumichrast. 

296. Amazilia mariae, Bourc, Ann. Soc. Agr. Lyon., 1846, 

t. ix., p. 319. 

Trochilus devillei, Bourc, Rev. ZooL, 1848, p. 272 

Hylocharis mariae, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i.,. 
p. 74. 

Smaragdites mariae, Reich., Aufz. der Col., 1855, p. 7. 



2o6 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Saiicerottia maria, Bon., Rev. and Mag. ZooL, 1854, 
P- 255- 

CJilorestes, mariae, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1865, p. 4. 

PanycJilora mariae, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 49. 

Amazilia dumerili, Salv., Ibis., i860, p. 270. 

Eran7ia devillei, Heine, Journ. fur Ornith., 1863, p. 188. 

Deville's AmaziLi, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. v., p. 313. 

Le Pyrrhophène de Deville, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. 'Mou., 
1874, t. i., p. 306. 

Habitat. — Guatemala. 

Male. — Head metallic green. Neck and back dark shining 
green. Lower part of back and rump reddish-bronze. Upper- 
tail coverts dark bluish-purple. Tail brilliant red-purple, with 
bluish-purple tips and margins on all the feathers. Under- 
side brilliant metallic green. Tuft of white between flanks 
and rump. Tibiae enveloped in white down feathers. Under- 
tail-coverts rufous with grayish edges. The base of the 
primaries and secondaries, both above and beneath, chestnut- 
red, rest purplish-brown. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh 
colour with black tip. 

Total length, 3iin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, ■§■. 

Female. — Exactly like the male, but not so brightly coloured, 
lateral rectrices chestnut-purple, with a slight gray margin on 
tips, undertail-coverts, pale brown edged with white. 

This species was discovered in Guatemala, by Delattre. 

^297. Amazilia cyanura, Gould, Mon. Troch, 1850, vol. v., 

P- 315- 

Hemithylaca cyanura^ Cab. and Hein, Mus. Hein, i860, 
t. iii., p. 38. 

Pyrrhophaena cyanura ^ Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 60. 

Blue-failed Amazili, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. 5, p. 315. 

Le Pyrrhophène cyanure, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t. i., p. 308. 

Habitat. — Guatemala, Nicaragua. 

Maie. — The only difference between this species and A 
mariae, consists in the colour of the tail and upper and under- 



Genera of Humming Birds. 207 

tail-coverts which are dark steel blue, the under-coverts 
fringed with gray. 

Total length, 3èin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Bill, |. 

The type of this species is in the British Museum. 



FAMILY IX. HELIANGELIDAE, 

OR Family of Sun-Angel Humming Birds. 

Size from small in the genus Steganura to large in the 
genera Panoplites, Clytolaema, and Topaza. Bill of medium 
size, curved or straight, excepting in the genus Lafresnaya, 
in which it is long. Sheath of both maxilla and mandible 
smooth. Nasal covers partly exposed. Wings long and 
narrow, reaching nearly the end of tail. Outermost primary 
in the genera Lafresnaya and Aglaeactis very narrow. Tail 
more or less forked. In the genera Erebenna, Aglaeactis, 
and Lafresnaya the outermost rectrices are acutely pointed 
and curving inwardly. In Stega?tura they are long and 
ending with spatules. Tibiae more or less clothed, as in 
many of the species of the preceding family. In many 
species the tibiae are so enveloped with downy feathers that 
I was inclined to make a special family of them ; but after 
careful consideration, I have come to the conclusion that it 
was better not to do so. Throat usually brilliant. Sexes 
usually unlike but not always. 

Type : Heliangelus, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 132. 
Range — Mexico to Bolivia and South Brasilia. 

Genus LXXXIII. Margarochrysis, Reich., Aufz der, 

Colib, 1854, p. 1 1. 

Polyplaneta, Heine, Journ. fur Ornith., 1863, P- 1^2. 
Type : T. . aurescens, Gould. 

Bill short, stout and straight, slightly longer than the head. 
Nostrils covered by frontal plumes. Wings long, narrow and 
pointed, reaching nearly the end of tail. Tail short, slightly 
forked. Rectrices narrow. Median shortest, the next one 
slightly longer, the rest slightly longer than the last one, and 
of the same length. Tarsi partly clothed. Sexes unlike in 
colouration of plumage. 

Habitat — Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 



2o8 Genera of Humming Birds. 

298. Margarochrvsis aurescens, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, 

p. 88. 

Polytmus aurescens, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Lampornis aurescens, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., 
p. 72. 

Caynpylopteriis aurescens, Bon. Rev. and Mag, Zool., 1854» 
p. 250. 

Clytolaetna aurescens^ Gould, IMon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 250. 

Banded Ruby, Gould, j\Ion. Troch, vol. iv., p. 250. 

Le Clytolème à bande bleue sur le front, Muls. Hist. Nat., 
Ois. Mou. 1876, t. ii., p. 225. 

Habitat. — Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

Male. — Forehead metallic greenish-blue, terminating in a 
point on the crown. IJpperside dark green passing to shining 
green on the rump and undertail-coverts. Median rectrices 
bronze-green, laterals chestnut-red tipped and margined with 
bronze-green. Chin black. Throat glittering green, golden 
on the sides. Breast deep rufous. Abdomen, flanks, and 
undertail coverts dark green, golden in some specimens. 
Vent grayish-white. Wings purple. Bill black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2\. Tail, \\. Culmen, ^. 

Female. — Upperside dark shining green. Median rectrices 
bronze-green, laterals chestnut tipped and margined with 
bronze-green, outermost ones chestnut, pale at tips. Chin 
brownish-black. Throat metallic golden-green. Breast 
rufous. Flanks and abdomen golden-green. Vent grayish- 
white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4-|in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, \\. Culmen, |-. 

Type of female in my collection. 

I have specimens of both sexes of this extremely rare 
species from Pebas. They were collected by Mr. Hauxwell. 
I have also two male specimens collected by Buckley, in 
Ecuador and in Bolivia. 

It is a genus quite distinct from Clytolaema. 

Genus LXXXIV. Clytolaema, Gould, Int. Troch., p. 134. 
Heliodoxa, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853, P- 9- 
Phaiolaima, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853, P- 9- 



Genera of H umming Birds. 2og 

Phaeolema, Gould, Mon. Troch., 1858,!. iv., pi. 268. 
Type : T. rubineus, Gmelin. 

Bill stout, straight, longer than the head. Nostrils covered 
by frontal plumes. Wings long, pointed, reaching the end of 
tail. Tail slightly forked, median rectrices shorter, laterals 
very slightly and gradually longer. Tarsi partly clothed. 
Hind toe and nail shorter than fore toe and nail. Sexes 
unlike. I have united the Genus PHAIOLAIMAto ClytolaemA 
being unable to see any difference between them. 

Habitat. — Brazil, Columbia, Ecuador. 

299. Clytolaema rubinea, Gmel. Syst. Nat., 1788, vol. i., 

P- 493- 

Trochilus obscurns, Gmel. Syst. Nat., 1778, p. 495. 

Trochilus ruficaudatus, Vieill. Nouv. Diet. vol. xxiii.,p. 422. 

Ornismya rubinea, Less. Ois. Mouch., 1829, p. 146. 

Mellisuga rubinea, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Heliomaster rubineus, Vieill. Ois. Dorés., pi. 27. 

Heliodoxa rubinea, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853, p. 9. 

Calothorax rubineus, Burm. Th. Bras., 1856, vol. ii., p. 340. 

Brazilian Ruby, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 249. 

le Clytolème rubis-émeraude, Muls., Hist. Nat., Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 228. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Forehead brilliant metallic green, terminating in a 
point on the crown. Rest of crown and nape bronze-green. 
Rest of upperside reddish-golden. Median rectrices bronze 
with a line of rufous along the shaft of external web, termin- 
ating gradually before reaching the tips. Laterals deep chest- 
nut tipped and margined on external webs with blackish 
bronze-green. Throat metallic ruby-red appearing black on 
chin in certain lights. Spot behind the eye white. Breast 
and sides of neck shining metallic emerald-green. Abdomen 
and flanks dull golden-green, showing the gray base of 
feathers. Undertail-coverts golden-green edged with rufous. 
Wings purplish-brown, base of inner webs of secondaries 
rufous. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2. Culmen, f. 



210 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green. Underside rufous, paler 
on throat. Flanks and sides of breast sparingly washed with 
golden-green. Lateral rectrices paler chestnut than in male, 
with tips pale buff. Rest of plumage like the male. 

This species is common in Brazil. 

Type of Hcliomaster rubineus, Vieillot, in my Collection. 

300. Clytolaema rubinOIDES, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc, 

Agri. Lyon., 1846, p. 322. 

Mellisuga ruhinoides, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Heliomaster ruhinoides, Bon. Consp. Gen Av., 1850, p. 70. 

Phaiolaima ruhinoides, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 9. 

Heliodoxa ruhinoides, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855, p. 6. 

Phaeolaema granadensis, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., 
i860, t. iii., p. 30. 

Lilac Throat, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 268. 

le Phaeolème rubinoide, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 222. 

Hahitat. — Columbia. 

Male. — Head dark grass-green, with the front and a line in 
the centre of the crown brilliant metallic green. Upperside 
dark green. Uppertail-coverts bronze, coppery in some 
specimens. Tail bronzy-green. Shafts of rectrices reddish- 
orange. Chin and sides of neck shining green. Spot behind 
the eye white. Centre of throat metallic purple. Underside 
dark bufï glossed with green on sides of breast and flanks. 
Undertail-coverts pale green, margined with buff. Base of 
inner web of secondaries and outer web of first primary 
rufous. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2. Culmen, i-|. 

Female. — Differs from the male by its throat, gray minutely 
and profusely spotted with green, and a minute pale buff 
spot on tips of lateral rectrices. It is also slightly smaller. 

This species is common in Columbia. 

301. Clytolaema aequatorialis, Gould, Mon. Troch, i860, 

vol. iv., p. 269. 

Phaeolcma ruhinoides, Selater, P.Z.S., 1859, p. 145. 
Equatorial Lilac-throat, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. 4, p 269, 



Genera of Humming Birds, 21 1 

le Phaeolème de P Equateur, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. 2, p. 223. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Very closely allied to the preceding species, but 
larger. It has no metallic feathers on the crown of the head, 
which is dark green. The metallic spot of throat is of a rose 
colour, between purple and ruby. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2^. Tail, 2. Culmen, i|-. 

Female. — Like the male, excepting the throat, which is 
pale rufous, spotted with green. 

Total length, /[\\v[. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, |-. 

My specimens were collected in Ecuador, by Buckley. 

^302. Clytolaema cervinigularis, Salv,. Ann. Mag. Nat. 

Hist., 1891, p. 377. 

Phaeolema cervinigularis, Salv., Ann., Mag. Nat. Hist., 

i89i,p. 377. 

Rosy-throat. 

le Phaeolèîne à gorge rose. 

Habitat. — Ecuador ? 

Male. — Similar to O. rubinoides, as to the colour of the 
crown, which has a central glittering green stripe. In size, it 
equals O. aequatorialis, but differs from that species in the 
colour of the crown, and from both, in having the chin pale 
chestnut, like the sides of the throat, with hardly a trace of 
green. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2-g. Tail, 2. Bill, 1-3. 

Only two specimens are known, one " Ex Gould Coll.," and 
the other, from Mess. Godman and Salvin Museum, both now 
in the British Museum. 

Genus LXXXV. Panoplites, Gould, Mon. Troch., 1854, 

pt. 8. 

BoiSSOXEAUA, Reich., Aufz des Col., 1854, p. 1 1 (descrnulla). 

Galenia, Muls. and Verr., Class. Troch., 1865, P- 47- 

Callidice, Muls. and Verr., Class. Troch., 1865, p. 65. 

Alosia, Muls., Ann. Soc. Lynn. Lyon., 1875, vol. xxii., 
p. 213. 



212 Genera of Hummijig Birds. 

Type : P. flavescens, Loddiges. 

Bill stout, straight, slightly longer than the head. Nostrils 
exposed. Wings long, pointed, reaching the end of tail. 
Tail forked, rectrices wide, the middle ones shorter, lateral 
and outermost ones gradually longer. Size large. Tarsi 
clothed. Sexes similar in plumage. 

Range. — Venezuela, Columbia, Ecuador, and Peru. 

303. Panoplites flavescens, Lodd, P.Z.S., 1832, p. 7. 

Ornismya paradisea, Boiss, Rev. Zool., 1840, p. 6. 

M ellisiiga flavescens, Gray, Gen., Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Amazilia flavescens, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i,p. 78. 

Boissonncaua flavescens, Reich., Troch., Enum., p. 8. 

Panoplites flavescens, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. iii. 

Yellow-fronted Panoplites, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., 
p. III. 

le Panoplite flavescent, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t- ii, P- 335- 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. 

Male. — Crown of head and throat brilliant golden-green. 
Upperside shining dark green. Uppertail-coverts purplish- 
bronze. Median rectrices greenish-bronze. Laterals light 
bufï, margined and tipped with greenish-bronze. Sides of 
throat and breast dark green, appearing black in certain 
lights. Flanks and abdomen green, edged with grayish buff. 
Vent and line on sides of flanks white. Undertail-coverts 
pale buff with light green in centre. Base of secondaries, 
outer web of first primary, and undervving-coverts chestnut. 
Wings purple-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4Hn. Wing, 3. Tail, 2^. Culmen, |. 

Female. — Like the male without the bright metallic colour 
of head and throat, which are dark green. 

1 have specimens of this species from Columbia, Ecuador 
and Merida, " Venezuela." 

304. Panoplites matthewsi, Bourc, P.Z.S., 1847, P- 43- 
Mellisuga matthewsi. Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 
Heliodoxa matthewsi, Reich., Aufz. der Col., 1853, p. 9. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 213 

Boissonneaua matthewsi, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855, p. 8. 
Panoplites matthewsi, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 112. 
Matthew's Panoplites, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 112. 

le Clytolème de Matthews, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii-, p. 231. 

Habitat. — Ecuador, Peru. 

Male. — Head and throat brilliant metallic golden-green. 
Upperside dark golden-green, coppery-bronze on lower 
part of uppertail- coverts. Median rectrices greenish-bronze. 
Laterals cinnamon, tipped with greenish-bronze. Spot behind 
the eye buff. Underside deep chestnut-red, washed with 
golden-green feathers on flanks. Anal region white. Thighs 
and undertail-coverts buff. Wings purplish-brown ; base of 
inner webs of secondaries, and web of first primary chestnut- 
red. Bill black. 

Total length, 4Hn. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, |-. 

This rare species was dedicated by Loddiges to his traveller, 
Mr. Matthews, who died of fever in South America. 

305. Panoplites jardinei, Bourc, Compt. Rend., 1851, 

t. xxii., p. 187. 

Florisîiga jardinei, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 14. 

Panoplites jardinei, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. li., p. no. 

Jardine's Panoplites, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. iio. 

le Panoplite de Jardine, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 

t. ii., p. 334. 
Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Crown of head brilliant metallic dark blue with 
purplish reflections. Rest of head and neck velvety-black. 
Rest of upperside brilliant metallic bluish-green. Uppertail- 
coverts and median rectrices purple-bronze. Laterals white, 
margined and tipped with purplish-bronze. Chin very dark 
blue. Throat and sides of neck velvetv-black. Breast and 
abdomen dark brilliant metallic purple-blue. Sides of breast 
and flanks glittering green. Undertail-coverts purplish-black 
edged with grayish-white. Upper wing-coverts shining 
golden-green. Wings purplish-brown, inner webs of 
secondaries, outer web of first primary, and under wing- 
coverts chestnut. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2. Culmen, -|. 



214 Genera of Humming Birds. 

This splendid species was discovered in Ecuador by Bourcier, 
who dedicated it to Sir William Jardine, the celebrated 
Ornithologist. My specimens were collected in Ecuador, by 
Buckley. 

Genus LXXXVI. Topaza, Gray, List. Gen. Birds, 1840, 

P- 13- 
POLYTMUS, Boié. Isis., i83i,p. 545. 

Lamporxis, Reich., Syst. Av. Nat., 184g, t. xxxix. 

Type: T. pella,U\nné. 

Bill stout, curved and acutely pointed, longer than the head. 
Wings long reaching the tips of lateral rectrices. Tail 
pointed. Median rectrices of the same length as outermost 
ones. Eeather next to the middle one, narrow and 

elongated, twict- as long as the longest lateral, and crossing 
each othrr at the tips of the other rectrices, the two next to the 
outerinust, slightly and gradually longer than the middle and 
outermost ones. Tarsi bare. Feet large. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Guiana and Rio Neorro on the Amazon. 



't>' 



306. Topaza Pella, L., Syst. Nat., 1766, vol. i, p. 189. 

Trochilus paradiseiis, L., Syst. Nat., 1766, vol. i, p. 189. 

Falcinellus guttiire viridi, Klein., Aves. N. xv., p. 103. 

Polytmiis surinamensis, Briss. Orn., t. iii., p. 690. 

Certhia suri?iamensis, Spal., Vog., t. i., p. 13. 

De Topaz Kehlige Kolibri, Schmid., Vog., t. xlviii., p. 61. 

Colibri à longue queue de Cayenne^ Buff, Hist. Nat. Ois., t. 
vi., p. 46. 

Lampornis pella, Jard, Nat. Libr. Hum. Birds, vol. ii., p. 155. 

Topaz Humming Bird, Shaw, Zool., Misc., pi. 513. 

Crimson Topaz, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 66. 

Le Colibri-topaze, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1875, t. ii., 
p. 124. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 

Male. — Head, lores, and a broad line encircling the throat 
jet-black. Upperside shining purple-red, changing to orange- 
red on rump. Uppertail-coverts shining gold. Median 



Genera of Hutnming Birds. 215 

rectrices shining gold, greenish at tips, next one on each side, 
dark purple passing to brownish-black on the elongated parts, 
the other three, including outermost one, reddish-buff. Throat 
glittering metallic gold with topaz hue in the centre. Lower 
part of throat, abdomen, and flanks metallic crimson. Wings 
dark purple; inner primaries, excepting the tips and the 
secondaries, cinnamon. Bill black. 

Total length, yfin. Wing, 3|. Tail, 3|^. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Upperside shininggreenwith bronze tinge. Upper- 
tail-coverts shining green. Median rectrices dark greenish 
bronze at base, passing to purplish-black at tips, the two next 
purplish-black with buff tip on the last, the two outermost 
ones purplish at base, rest buff. Underside shining green 
with golden tinge. Centre of throat metallic-red. Wings 
purplish-brown. Underwing-cov^erts chestnut. Bill black. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 2|-. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

This handsome species is not rare in Guiana. It frequents 
the densest parts of the tropical forests, near the rivers. 

307. TOPAZA PYRA, G-^uld, P.Z.S., 1846, p. 85. 

Fiery Topaz, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 67. 

le Colibri pyra, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1875, t. ii., 
p. 128. 

Habitat. — Rio Negro, Upper Amazon. 

Male. — Head and neck velvety-black. Upperside including 
upperwing-coverts glittering red, passing to orange-red on 
rump. Uppertail and undertail-coverts, luminous golden-green. 
Median rectrices bronze-green, darker at tips. Laterals, 
including the elongated ones, deep purple. Throat brilliant 
golden-green, bright orange-topaz in centre. A broad band 
•of velvety-black on breast, and sides of neck encircling the 
throat. Lower part of breast, abdomen, and flanks, metallic 
fiery-red. U'nderwing-coverts, deep buff. Wings, bro-\ n 
with a bronzy tinge. Bill black. 

Total length, yfin. Wing, 3!-. Tail, 4|-. Culmen, f 

Female. — Similar to that of T. pella ; but has the lateral 
rectrices dark violet, the inner webs of the external feathers 
rufous, and the medians, greenish-bronze at base, with tips 
violet-black. 

This species is extremely rare. It was discovered by Mr. 
Thirion, on the Upper Rio Negro. 



2i6 Genera of Hiimjning Birds. 

Lately, Buckley sent some specimens, which he collected on 
the Upper Amazon. 

My specimens were collected by him. 

Genus LXXXVII. Lamprolaema, Reich., Aufz. de^ 

Colib., 1853, p. 9. 

Type : O. rhami, Lesson. 

Bill straight, slender, with tip acute, and about the length 
of the head. Feathers of forehead projecting on culmen and 
partially hiding the nostrils. Wings long, ample, reaching 
the end of tail. Tail long, and forked, rectrices broad. Median 
shortest, laterals slightly, and gradually longer, pointed at tips. 
Feet laree. Tarsi clothed. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Mexico and Guatemala. 

308. Lamprolaema rhami, Less., Rev. Zool., 1838, p. 315. 
Mellisuga rhami, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i, p. 112. 
Lampornis rhami, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, p. 72. 
Delattria rhami, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, p. 253. 
De-Rham's Garnet^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii, p. 61. 

le Lamprolèjue de Rham, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876,. 

t. ii., p. 2 [8. 

Habitat. — Mexico and Guatemala. 

Male. — Upperside shining green, golden in some speci- 
mens on back, rump, and uppertail-coverts. Tail purple. A 
spot behind the eye white. Throat metallic amethyst-red, 
surrounded with velvetv-black. Breast brilliant metallic dark 
blue. Rest of underside blackish-brown washed with green, 
Undertail-coverts purplish-brown washed with green. Greater 
wing-coverts, secondaries, and basal two-thirds of primaries,, 
chestnut-red with brownish tips, remainder purplish-brown. 
Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2\. Culmen, -i-i-. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green. Underside grayish- 
brown washed sparingly with green on sides of breast and 
flanks. Very adult specimens have in the centre of throat a 
spot of metallic amethyst-red feathers. Tail purple, with tips- 
of the two outermost ones dark gray. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 217 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2\. Tail, i|. Culmen, \^. 

Young Male. — Scarcely out of nest, has the colouration of 
an adult male, the wings longer than the tail and the chin 
black. 

Total length, 3iin. Wing, 2 J. Tail, i^. Culmen, -^-q. 

This very fine species was discovered by Delattre. 

I have collected fine series of both sexes in the temperate 
and cold countries of Mexico, where it is abundant. 

Genus LXXXVIII. Coeligena, Less., Ind. and Syn. Ois, 

Gen. Troch, 1832, p. 18. 

Type : — O clemenciae, Lesson. 

Bill straight, longer than the head. Wings long reaching^ 
the end of tail. Tail ample. Rectrices broad, rounded, and 
of even size. Laterals in both sexes, broadly tipped with 
white. Tarsi clothed. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Mexico. 

309. Coeligena clemenciae, Less.. Ois. Mouch., 1829^ 

p. 216. 

Lampornis clemenciae^ Less., Tratié. Ornith., 1831, p. 279 

Mellisuga clemenciae, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Delattria clemenciae, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, p. 70. 

Blue-throated Cazigue, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 60. 

le Coeligène de Clémence, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t. i., p. 181. 

Habitat. — Mexico. 

Maie. — Upperside bronzy-green, brownish on rump. Upper- 
tail-coverts greenish-black. Tail purplish-black, the two 
outermost rectrices broadly tipped with white. Throat 
metallic azure-blue. Lines from maxilla under the eye, and 
one behind, white. Ear-coverts brown. Underside dark 
ashy-gray, washed with green on sides of throat, breast, and 
flanks. Vent white. Undertal-coverts greenish-gray edged 
with white. Wings silky-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2|. Culmen, i. 



2i8 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Female. — Upperside like the male. Underside gray spar- 
ingly washed with green feathers on breast and flanks. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2f. Tail 2. Culmen, i. 

Young Male. — Coloured like the female with a yellowish- 
erev throat. 

This species was dedicated by Lesson to his wife, Mrs. 
Clémence Lesson, daughter of Mr. Dumont de Sainte Croix, 
author of the Ornithological Notices in the Dictionary of 
Natural Sciences. 

It is common in Mexico, where I collected many specimens 
in the high lands of that country. 

Genus LXXXIX. Delattria, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av., 1850 

vol. i., p. 70. 

Ch.\RIESSA, Heine, Journ. furOrnith., 1863, P- ^ 7^- 

HiMELiA, Muls., Cat. Ois. Mouch., 1875, p. 7. 

Type : O. henrica, Lesson. 

Bill short, straight, scarcelv longer than the head. Wings 
long, reaching the end of the tail. Tail very slightly forked, 
median rectrices slightly shorter than the lateral, all of them 
pointed at tips. Tarsi clothed. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Mexico, Guatemala and Nicaragua. 

This genus was dedicated by Bonaparte, to Delattre, the 

celebrated Traveller Naturalist. 

310. Delattria henrici. Less, and Delatt. Rev. Zool, 

1839, p. 17. 

Topaza henrici, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. no. 

Lamprolaema henrici, Reich., Aufz. derColib, 1853, p. 9. 

Coeligena henrici, Cab. and Hein, Mus. Hein, i860, t. iii., 

P- 15- 

Chariessa henrici, Heine, Journ. fur Ornith., 1863, p. 178. 

Henri Delattre' s Cazique, Gould, Mon Troch., vol. ii., 
p. 62. 

le Coeligène de Henri, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t. i., p. 183. 

Habitat. — Mexico, Guatemala. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 219- 

Male. — Upperside bronzy-green passing into brownish- 
purple on rump. Uppertail-coverts and tail silky black with- 
a purplish tinge. Throat metallic lilac-red. Behind the eye, 
a stripe of white. Ear-coverts black. Underside dark gray 
washed with greenish-bronze feathers on sides of throat,, 
breast, and flanks. Undertail-coverts dark bluish-bronze 
margined with gray. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 44in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, \. 

Female. — Upperside bronzy-green, brownish on head. Tail 
purplish-black, laterals broadly tipped with gray. Underside 
brownish-gray, buffy on throat. Smaller than male. 

This rare species was discovered by Delattre, and dedicated 
by him and Lesson, to Henri Delattre, brother of the former. 

I have collected a fine series of this species in the highlands 
of Mexico. It takes its food chiefly on the flowers of orchids 
and bromeliacae, so common on the oak and pine trees. 

■^311. Delattria MARGARITAE, Salv. and Godm. Ibis, 1889 

P- 239- 
Margarite's Cazique, 

le Cacique de Marguerite, 

Habitat. — Omilteme, in Sierra Madre del Sur, Mexico,. 
Pacific side. 

Male. — D. henrici, affinis, sed gutture violaceo (nee 
rosaceo) facile distinguenda. 

This rare species was dedicated to Mrs. Herbert Smith, by 
Messrs. Godman and Salvin. 

Type in the British Museum. 

312 Delattria viridipallens, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc 

Lyon., 1846, p. 321. 

Polytmus viridipallens, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Delattria viridipallens, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, p. 70.- 

Agyrtria viridi-pallens, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853, p. ^^• 

Thaumantias viridi-pallens, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool.,. 
1854, p. 255. 

Chariessa viridipallens, Heine, Journ. fur Ornith., 1863^ 
p. 178. 

u 



220 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Coelicreiia viridipallens, Mul., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
vol. i., p. 185. 

Green-throated Cazique, Gould, Mon.Troch., vol. ii., p. 63. 

le Coeligène vert d'eau, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
vol. i., p. 185. 

le Cacique, du Guatemala. 

Habitat. — Guatemala. 

Male. — Top of head metallic dark green. Upperside 
bronzy-green changing to coppery-green on the rump. 
Median rectrices brownish-gray with purplish reflections. 
Laterals gray. Throat pale metallic green. Stripe behind the 
eye white. Ear-coverts brownish-green. Breast white. 
Abdomen grayish-white with a rufous tinge. Sides of breast 
and flanks shining green, washed with gray on the latter. 
Undertail-coverts greenish-gray edged with pale gray. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|-in. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, ^. 

Female. — Upperside bronzy-green. Underside white, washed 
with green on sides of breast and flanks. Rest of plumage 
like the male. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2|. Tail, i|-. Culmen, |. 

This species was discovered in Coban, Guatemala, by 
Delattre. 

The types are now in the New York Museum of Natural 
History (Ex. Coll. Elliott). 

"^313. Delattria svbille, Salv and Godm. Ibis, 1892, p. 327. 

Nicaraguan Cazique. 

le Cacique du Nicaraqua. 

Habitat. — Matagalpa " Nicaragua." 

Male. — D. viridipallenti proximè affinis, sed pectore et 
hypochondriis viridibus nee albis gula fere concoloribus ; 
tectricibus subcaudalibus et rectricibus pallide griseis, et dorso 
imo viridi nee cupreo tincto, facile distinguenda. 

Long tota, 4-5, poll. Angl., alae, 2-6, candal, rectr med, 1-3, 
rect. lat-, 1-7. 

Female. — Unknown. 

This species is closely allied to D. viridipallens. It was 
discovered at Matagalpa, Nicaragua, by Mr. W. B. Richardson. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 221 

Genus XC. Oreopyra, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 141. 

Type : O. leucaspis, Gould. 

Bill short, stout, straight, scarcely lonorer than the head. 
Wings long, reaching nearly the end of the tail. Tail long, 
forked. Median rectrices the shortest, lateral and outermost 
ones slightly and gradually longer, and pointed. Tarsi clothed. 
Feet small. Sexes unlike.. 

Habitat. — Guatemala, Costa Rica, Veragua. 



314. Oreopyra leucaspis, Gould, Mon.Troch., vol.iv., p. 264. 

White-throated Oreopyra, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 
264. 

rOréopyre à s^orge blajiche, Muls., Hist. Xat. Ois. Mou., 
1878, t. iv., p. 161. 

Habitat. — Chiriqui. 

Male. — Top of head brilliant metallic silvery-green. Upper- 
side shining green, golden in some lights. Uppertail- 
coverts dark shining green.- Tail bluish-black. Throat silkv- 
white. Stripe behind the eve white. Breast and upper part 
of abdomen brilliant metallic green. Abdomen and flanks 
grayish-brown. Undertail-coverts brownish-green, edged with 
white. Wings purple-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2%. Tail, i|-. Culmen, -|. 

Fe?nale. — Probably like the male, but paler in colouration. 
Contrary to the opinion of many authors, I think that the 
female of this- species is not buff underside. However, 
until I can ascertain if I am right or wrong, I shall give the 
•description of the bird which I have in my collection, sent to 
me bv Arcé, as a female. 

Upperside golden-green. Uppertail-coverts shining green. 
Median rectrices bronze-green. Laterals bronze-green at base, 
passing to bluish-black with broad white tips on the two 
outermost ones. Line behind the eye white. Ear-coverts 
black. Underside reddish-buff. Bill black. 

This rare species was discovered by Mr. Warzewicz, on the 
Volcano of Chiriqui, Veragua. 



222 Genera of Humming Birds. 

315. Oreopvra CINEREICAUDA, Lawr.. Ann. N.Y. Lye. Nat. 

Hist., vol. viii., p. 485. 

Grey-tailed Huniniing-bird, Gould, Mop. Troch. Suppl., 
1886, p. 10. 

l'Oréopyre à queue cendrée, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1878, t. iv.. p. 165. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica. 

Male. — Very much like the preceding species, from which 
it differs only by the tail^ which is longer and ashy-white with 
dark tips. 

This extremely rare species was discovered by Mr. Garcia, 
near Cartago, Costa Rica. I have only one specimen which I 
killed at Navarro, Costa Rica, in May, 1877. 

Female. — Unknown, although it has been described as 
O. castaneiventris, by Lawrence ; but I am in doubt about it 
as for the female of O. leucaspis. 

316. Oreopvra hemileuca, Salv., P.Z.S., 1864, p. 584. 
Oreopyra hemileuca, Boucard, P.Z.S., 1878, p. 69. 
Coeligena hemileuca, Elliot, Syn. H. Birds, 187g, p. 31. 

White-bellied Cacique, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886, 
P-8. 

l'Oréopyre d gorge d^un lilas violacé, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois, 
Mou., 1878, t. iv., p. 167. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica. 

Male. — Top of head brilliant metallic green. Neck dark 
green, black in certain lights. Back dark shining green 
passing to golden on rump and uppertail-coverts. Median 
rectrices bronze-green. Laterals bronze-green, darker near the 
tips which are whitish-gray. Chin and sides of throat 
metallic green. Throat metallic amethyst. Breast and 
abdomen pure white. Sides of breast and flanks golden- 
green. Undertail-coverts pale greenish-brown in centre^ 
edged with white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4^-in. Wings, 2|. Tail, if. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Same as the male, excepting the throat which is 
white, spotted with green. 

This beautiful and exceedingly rare species was discovered 
by Arcé, at Turrialba, Costa Rica. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 223 

I collected two male specimens at Naranjo, Costa Rica, in 
April, 1877. 

317. Oreopyra calolaema, Salv., P.Z.S., 1864, p. 584. 

Metallura castaneiventris, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853, 
p. 8. 

Anthocephala castaneiventris, Gould. Mon. Troch., vol. iii., 
p. 203. 

Purple-throated Humming-bird, Gould, Mon. Troch., 
Suppl., 1886, p. 9. 

l'Oréopyre à queue d'un bleu d^ acier , Muls., Hist. Nat., 
Ois. Mou., 1878, t. iv., p. 165. 

Habitat. — Veragua. 

Male. — Top of head brilliant metallic silvery-green. Upper- 
side dark shining bronzy-green. Uppertail-coverts dark 
shining green. Tail bluish-black. Throat metallic violet-red. 
White line behind the eye. Auriculars verv dark green, 
appearing almost black. Breast shining green, passing to 
golden-green on flanks. Abdomen brown. Undertail-coverts 
dark green, margined with grayish-white. Wings purplish- 
brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing. 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Upperside shining grass-green. Median rectrices 
bronze-green. Laterals bronze-green at base, passing to bluish- 
black, the two outermost ones tipped with grayish-white. 
Underside reddish-buff. Undertail-coverts brownish-green, 
margined with gray or buff. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, -|. 

This fine species was discovered by Arcé, in Veragua, and 
it is to this species, and to the next, that I attribute all the 
reddish-buff females. 

318. Oreopyra pectoralis, Salv., Ann. Mag., Nat. Hist., 

i89i> P- 377- 
Oreopyra calolaema, Boucard, P.Z.S., 1878, p. 69. 

Lilac throated Humming-Bird. 

r Oréopyre à gorge lilas. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica. 

Male. — Similar to that of O. calolaema, in all respects, 



224 Genera of Humming Birds. 

except that the breast, when viewed from in front, is nearly 
black, and not glittering green. 

Total length, 45in. ^^ ing, 2|. Tail, i^. Culmen, J. 

Young Male. — Has the plumage of the adult male, with 
onlv a few metallic feathers on throat. 

1 collected a line series of this handsome species in 1877, 
at Nav^arro, Rancho redondo, and on the V^olcano ot Irazu, 
Costa Rica. 

I am of the same opinion as Mr. Salvin, that it can be con- 
sidered as a distinct species of O.calolaema, among which it 
has been improperly mixed by myself and others. 

Gexus XCI. Warszewiczia, Nov. Gen. 

Type : H. viola, Gould. 

Bill straight, slender, shorter than the head. Feathers of 
forehead projecting on culmen, and covering the nostrils. 
Wings moderately long, reaching between the second and 
third lateral rectrices. Tail long and much forked in males, 
median rectrices broad and shortest, the two next gradually 
longer, the third lateral, one fourth longer than the second, 
and the outermost one twice as long as the medians. Tarsi 
partially clothed. Sexes similar. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

319. Warszewiczia viola, Gould, P.Z.S., 1853, p. 61. 

Parzudukia viola ^ Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 12. 

Heliotrypha viola ^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 241. 

Heliotryphon viola, Cab. and Heine, Mus. Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 74. 

Viola Star-frontlet, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 241. 

l' Héliotryphe violette, Muls., Hist. Nat., Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 98. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Forehead luminous dark green. Upperside dark 
shining green with golden reflections, when viewed from 
behind. Median rectrices bronze-green, the two next bronze- 
green on outer webs, with tips purplish-black, outermost 
one purplish-black, with a very slightly marked green-bronze 
tip. Throat metallic amathyst with purplish reflections. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 22^ 

Breast luminous bluish-green. Flanks and abdomen shining 
green. Vent rufous. Undertail-coverts green, edged with 
rufous. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2f. Tail, 2^. Culmen, |. 

Female. — Coloured like the male, but not so brilliant, the 
luminous feathers of forehead are of a lighter green. The 
throat is dark green, appearing brownish-black in certain 
lights, with the centre metallic bluish-violet, the lower part of 
the abdomen and undertail-coverts rufous with the centre of 
feathers green. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2\. Culmen, \. 

This fine species was discovered in Ecuador by Mr, 
Warszewicz, to whom we are indebted for many new species 
of humming birds, chiefly from Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, 
Veragua, etc. Being sufficiently distinct in generic forms 
from Heiiotrypha, I have made with it a new genus, w^hich I 
have named Warszewiczia, in memory of that eminent Collector 
and Naturalist. 

Genus XCII. Heliotrypha, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, 

p. 131. 

Parzudakia, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 12. 

Heliotryphon, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii., 
p. 74. 

NODALIA, Mulsant, Cat. Ois. Mou., 1875, p. 23. 

Helymus, Muls., Cat. Ois. Mou., 1875, p. 23. 

Type : T. exortis, Frazer. 

Bill straight, slender, about the length of the head. Wings 
long, nearly reaching the end of tail. Tail long and forked. 
Rectrices broad and rounded at tips, median shortest, lateral 
and outermost ones gradually longer. Tarsi partially clothed. 
Hind toe shorter than the middle one. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 

320. Heliotrypha exortis, Eraser, P.Z.S., 1840, p. 14. 

Ornis?nya parzudaki, Long, and Parz., Rev- Zool., 1840, 
p. 72. 

M ellisiiga parzudaki, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 



226 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Heliangelus parzudaki, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, 
vol. i., p. 76. 

Eriopus exortis, Bon. Consp. Gen. A\i., 1850, p. 80. 

Parzudakia dispar, Reich. Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- 12. 

Heliotrypha parzudaki, Bon. Rev\ and Mag. Zool., 1854, 
p. 252. 

Hcliotryphon parzudaki, Cab. and Hein. Mus. Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 74. 

Parzudaki's Star-frontlet, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., 
p. 240. 

/' Héliotryphe de Parzudaki, Muls., Hist., Nat. Ois, Mou., 
1876, t. iii., p. 96. 

Habitat. — Colombia, and Ecuador. 

Male. — Spot on forehead luminous green. Upperside 
shining dark green, with a bronzy tinge on head and upper- 
tail-coverts. Median rectrices dark bronzy-green, laterals 
purplish-black. Chin dark metallic green appearing almost 
black, and followed by a spot metallic purplish-blue. Centre 
of throat, beginning just under the blue of chin, metallic 
purple-crimson, surrounded with black. Breast and sides of 
neck brilliant metallic green. Abdomen and flanks shining 
green, nearly black in certain lights, in the centre of abdomen, 
the feathers are edged with grayish buflf. Vent and undertail- 
coverts pure white. Wings purple. Bill black. 

Total length, 4Ïin. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, \. 

Female. — Upperside bronzy green. Tail like the male with 
tips of laterals, narrowly edged with white. Throat white, 
with small brownish spots, and encircled with brownish-black, 
remainder of underside shining green or golden-green with 
buffy-gray on centre of abdomen. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2|. Tail, if. Culmen, \. 

This species is very abundant in Colombia. 

321. Heliotrypha micrastur, Gould, Ann. and Mag. 

Nat. Hist., 1872, p. 195. 

Helymus micrastur, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 93. 

Ecuadorian Star-frontlet, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 
1886, p. 31. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 227 

r Hélyme à gorge brillante^ Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. iii., p. 94. 

Habitat' — Ecuador. 

Male. — Spot on forehead luminous green. Upperside 
shining bronzy-green, bronzy on uppertail-coverts. Median 
rectrices dark bronzy-green. Laterals bronzy-black. A small 
spot behind the eye white. Chin and sides of throat dark 
green appearing almost black. Centre of throat metallic 
fiery-red. Breast flanks and abdomen dark shining green, 
most brilliant on breast in certain lights, centre of abdomen 
grayish-buff. Undertail-coverts white. Wings purplish-brown. 
Bill black. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2f .. Tail, 2. Culmen, -^. 

Female- — Like the male excepting the throat which is white 
in the centre, surrounded with green feathers appearing dark 
brown in certain lights. This fine and rare species was 
discovered in Ecuador, by Buckley. My specimens are 
from him. 

322. Heliotrypha barrali, Muls. and Verr. Ann. Soc. 
Linn. Lyon., 1868, vol. xvii., p. 106. 

Heliangelus squamigularis, Gould, P-Z-S., 1871, p. 503. 

Nodalia barrali^ Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1877, 
vol. iii., p. 100. 

Olive throated Humming-bird, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 
1886, p. 32. 

la Nodalie de Barrai, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1877, 
vol. iii., p. 100. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Top of head very dark green, almost black in 
certain lights. Throat pale metallic olive-green, silvery in 
certain lights, margined with black. Rest of plumage shining 
grass-green, most brilliant on breast. Wings purplish-brown. 
Median rectrices bronzy-green, laterals blue-black. Under- 
tail-coverts green in the centre, edged with grayish-white. 
Bill black. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Unknown ; but probably like the preceding 
species. 



228 Genera of Humming Birds. 

The type of this rare species is in the Museum of New 
York.— '* Ex Coll. Elliot." 

I possess a line male of this species, from which my 
description was made. 

323. Heliotrvpha SPECIOSA, Salv., Ann. and Mag., Nat. 

History, i8gi, p. 376. 

Olive-green throated Star-fontlet. 

la Nodalie à ^orcre d'un vert-olive. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Very similar to //• baralli, but with a longer bill, 
and the throat of a more glittering olive-green without the 
leaden or silvery hue of that species, the feathers of the 
breast are rather more conspicuously white at the base, but 
this character is also seen in H . barrali. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2-5. Tail, central rectrices, 1-45; 
lateral, 1-6. Bill, i. 

Type, Ex. Coll. Salvin and Godman, in the British Museum. 

324. Heliotrvpha simoni ; Boucard, Humming Bird, 1892, 

vol. ii., p. 76. 

Si?no?i^s Star Frontlet. 

la Nodalie de Simon. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Spot on forehead liminous golden-green. Upper- 
side shining green with bronze reflections. Median rectrices 
bronze-green, lateral and outermost ones steel-blue. Throat 
luminous pale golden -green, very brilliant, sides of throat very 
dark green, appearing almost black. Breast, abdomen, and 
flanks shining green. Undertail-covets gray w-ith green tips. 
Wings bluish-purple. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. ^^'ing, 2|-. Tail, 2. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Unknown. It is closely allied to H. speciosa, 
Salv; but the colour of the throat is distinct. It is a good 
species if H. speciosa, is considered as distinct from H. 
barrali, if not, the two must be considered as varieties of 
//. barrali. 

Type in Boucard's Museum. 



Genera of Hu^nming Birds. 229 

Genus XCIII. Heliangelus, Gould., Int. Troch., 1861, 

p. 132. 

Anactoria, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 12. 
Dïotïjnïa, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- 12. 
Peratus, Muls., Cat. Ois. Mou., 1875, p. 23. 

Type : O. clarrzsae, Longuemare. 

Bill straight, slender, about the same length as the head. 
Wings long, reaching the end of tail. Tail slightly forked. 
Median rectrices slightly shorter than the others. Tarsi 
partially clothed. Hind toe and nail of the same length as 
the middle toe and nail. Gorget luminous in males, and 
encircled beneath with a band ot white or buff in both sexes. 
Sexes unlike in plumage? 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and 
Bolivia. 

325. Heliangelus clarissae. Long, Rev. ZooL, 1841, 

p. 306. 

Mellisuga clarissae, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Anactoria clarissae, Reich., Aufz. der Colib-, 1853, p. 12. 

Anactoria libussa, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^2. 

Heliangelus tacz anew ski, Pelz., Ibis., 1877, p. 338. 

Sun Angel. Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 242. 

r Héliangèle de Clarisse, Muls., Hist. Nat., Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 85. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Spot on forehead, luminous dark green. Upper- 
side dark bronzy-green, appearing almost black on head in 
certain lights. Median rectrices bronzy-green, next two, 
black with the edge of external webs bronzy-green, the two 
outermost ones black. Chin, lores, and sides of head black. 
Throat metallic amethystine-violet, beneath which is a narrow 
band of white, succeeded by one of luminous green. Abdomen 
and flanks shining-green, mottled with buff. Undertail- 
coverts white with the centre bronzy-green. Wings purplish- 
brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2\. Tail, \\. Culmen, f. 



230 Genera of H u pruning Birds. 

Female. — ? Upperside like the male with very minute white 
tips on lateral rectrices. Throat black with metallic 
amethystine-lilac feathers in the centre, rest like the male. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, ij. Culmen, f. 

I think that the specimens described by all the authors as 
females with the throat black with mottled brown are only 
young ; because I have lately received authentic females from 
the two species, H. spencei and H. 7navors with the colours 
exactly disposed as in these species. It is abundant in Colom- 
bia. It was dedicated by Mr. de Longuemare, to Mrs. 
Clarisse Parzudaki. 

326. Heliangelus henrici, Boucard, H. Bird, 1891, vol. i., 

p. 26. 
Whit el y s Sun Angel. 

I' Héliangèle de Whit el y. 
Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Spot on forehead luminous dark-green. Upper- 
side, including tail-coverts golden-green. Median rectrices 
bronzy-green as in //. C/^r/j'j-rt'é'. Laterals bluish-black. Chin, 
lores, and sides of neck very dark green, almost black in 
certain lights. Throat metallic amethystine-red, with purple 
reflections, surrounded with a narrow band of dark-green, 
beneath which, is a wide pure white band crossing all the 
breast. Abdomen and flanks shining green. Undertail- 
coverts pale golden-green edged with white. Wings purplish- 
brown. Bill black. 

Total length, \^\Vi. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, \. 

Female. — Unknown. 

Type of species in my Collection. 

This species comes between H. clarissae and strophianus. 

327. Heliangelus strophianus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, p. 45. 

Mellisuga strophianus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i-, p. 112. 

Anactoria strophania,^ç\c\\, Aufz dcr Colib, 1853, p. 12. 

Gorgeted Sun Angel, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 243. 

r Héliangèle à rectrices d^ un bleu-noir, Muls, Hist. Nat. 
Ois. Mou., 1876, t. iii., p. 87. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 231 

Male. — Exactly like H . henrici., excepting the tail which is 
entirely bluish-black. 

Total length, 4|^in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, \. 

Female or Young Male. — Head, lower part of back, and 
uppertail-covets bronzy-green, back shining green. Tail,, 
bluish-black with a bronzy-tinge at base of medians. Throat, 
white, spotted, and surrounded with black, under which is a 
narrow white band. Breast, abdomen, and flanks, dark 
green, base of feathers grayish-black. Undertail-covets 
white. Wings purple-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 3|in. Wing, 2f . Tail, i|-. Culmen, \. 

My specimens of this species were collected in Ecuador, by 
Buckley. 

•^328. Heliangelus violicollis, Salv., Ann. and Mag. 

Nat. Hist., 1891, p. 376. 

Blue-throated Sun Angel. 

r Héliangèle a gorge d^un bleu-violet. 

m 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Similar to that of H. strophianus, but the upper 
surface of a darker more rufescent brown, especially in the 
middle of the back ; the abdomen too has a more bronzy hue ; 
the most obvious difference is in the colour of the throat 
which is glittering violet-blue, without any red or rosy tint. 

Young male. — Has the feathers of throat black, with white 
edges ; amongst these, the glittering violet feathers of the 
adult appear. 

Type in British Museum. 

■^329 Heliangelus laticlavius, Salv., Ann. and Mag. Nat. 

Hist., iSgi, p. 376. 

Ecuadorian Sun Angel. 

V Heliangéle de V Equateur. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Very similar to that of H. clarissae, and with the 
upper surface and tail coloured in the same manner ; on the 
undersurface the white pectoral band is much wider, more 
than double the width of that of the allied form ; there is no- 
band of glittering green feathers below the white, and the 



232 Genera of Hiiinming Birds. 

middle of the abdomen is more distinctly buff ; the under 
tail -coverts are white with wider dusky shaft- stripes. 

Type in the British Museum. 

330. Heliangelus spfncei Bourcier, P.Z.S., 1847, P- 46- 

Mellisnga speucei, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Diotima spejicei, Reich, Auzf. der Colib, 1853, P- 12. 

Spence's Suii Angel, Gould, M-^n. Troch., vol. iv., p. 244. 

r Hélliangèle de Spence, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii.. p. 89. 

Habitat. — Venezuela. 

Male. — Spot on forehead metallic silvery-green. Head, 
lores, and sides of neck very dark green, almost black in 
certain lights. Upperside shining green, golden on upper- 
tail-coverts. Median rectices bronzy-green, laterals bronzy- 
brown, paler on outermost ones. Throat metallic amethystine- 
red, bluish-purple on chin. A broad pure white band across the 
breast. Lower part of breast, abdomen, and flanks shining 
ofolden-ereen. rufous in the centre of abdomen. Undertail- 
coverts eolden-orreen in centre, marg-med with s^ravish-white. 
Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length. 4^in. Wing, 2^in. Tail. ijin. Culmen, -^. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green. Median rectrices shin- 
ingbronzv-green, laterals bronzy-brown . darker on internal webs 
and near the tips. Tips of lateral and outermost ones grayish- 
white. Lores, throat, and sides of neck very dark green 
appearing brownish-black in certain lights. Upper part of 
throat metallic violet-red. Under the black of the throat is a 
wide band of pure white crossing the breast. Lower part of the 
breast and flanks golden-green. Abdomen grayish buff. 
Undertail-coverts pale green in centre, margined with 
grayish-buff. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2f. Tail, i^. Culmen, — . 

I have a young male of this species exactly coloured as the 
female, but the metallic part of the throat ends in a point, 
reachinof the band across the chest. This band is buff as in 
H. aynethysticollis. 

This rare species was dedicated by Bourcier to Mr. Spence, 
the celebrated Enorlish Entomoloo[^ist. I have a fine series of 
both sexes collected in Merida, Venezuela, by Mr. S. Briceno. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 233 

331. HelianGELUS AMETHYSTICOLLIS, d'Orb and Lafr., Syn. 

Av., 1838, p. 31. 

Lamporms amethysticollis, Tsch. Faun. Peru, 1844, p. 246. 

Mellisiiga amethysticollis, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Anactoria amethysticollis, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, 
p. 12. 

A7nethystine Sun-Angel, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 245. 

r Héliangèle à cou d'améthyste, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. iii., p. 91. 

r Héliangèle à gorge améthyste. 

Habitat. — Peru and Bolivia. 

Male. — Spot on forehead metallic dark green. Upperside 
shining green, golden on rump and uppertail-coverts. Median 
rectrices bronze-green, laterals bronzy-black. Chin bluish- 
black. Throat metallic amethyst, beneath which is a broad 
band buff. Lower part of breast and flanks golden-green. 
Abdomen buff, mottled with green. Undertail-coverts pale 
bronze in centre, margined with grayish white. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2f . Tail, 2. Culmen, f. 

Female, or Youncr Male. — Less brilliant than the male. 
Throat deep buff, mottled with brownish black. 

This very rare species was discovered in Bolivia, by Mr. 
Alcide d'Orbigny. I have only one specimen from Peru, and 
one female or young male, collected in Bolivia, by Buckley. 

332. HELIANGELUS MAYORS, Gould, P.Z.S., 1848, p. 12. 

Mellisuga Tnavors, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. iii., p. 5. 

Trochilus mavors, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 12. 

Mars Sun Angel, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 246. 

V Héliangèle de Mars, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
vol. iii., p. 92. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, and Colombia. 

Male. — Spot on forehead metallic fiery-red. Upperside 
shining green, very dark on head, appearing black in certain 
lights. Uppertail-coverts golden-green. Median rectrices 
shining bronzy-green, laterals bronzy-green, dark on inner 
webs, outermost ones, bronzy-brown with a buffy-white spot on 



234 Genera of Hurnmiyig Birds. 

inner web of tips. Throat metallic fiery-orange-red, beneath 
which is a band of buff. Spot behind the eye white. Line 
under the eye, and lores dark green, almost black. Lower 
part of breast and flanks green mottled with buff. Abdomen 
buff. Undertail-coverts bronze, margined with buff. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, ^fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i-|. Culmen, |. 

Female. — Coloured like the male, but the throat is metallic 
orange-red, only a little more than half its length, and 
margined beneath with a broadband of bronzy-brown, appear- 
ing black in certain lights. Under that band, a broad buff 
band crossing the breast; lateral and outermost rectrices, with 
tips narrowly margined with buffy-white, rest like the male. 

This extremely rare and fine species was discovered in the 
parama of Postachuela, Columbia, by M. M. Funckand Schlim. 
My specimens were collected in the paramo el Tarnbor, near 
Merida, Venezuela, by Mr. Solomon Briceno. 

333. Heliangelus ROTSCHILDI, Boucard, Hum. Bird, i "^ 2,. 

P- 77- 
Rotschild^ s Sun Anorel. 

r Hélian^èle de Rotschild. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Upperside, including tail, lustrous purple. Outer- 
most rectrices slightly tipped with buff. Throat luminous 
coppery-gold, with reddish reflections ; sides of throat silky- 
black. Breast grayish-buff. Centre of abdomen grayish, 
spotted with dark bronze-green, rest of the abdomen and 
flanks purple. Undertail-coverts white. A white spot behind 
the eyes. Tail dark lustrous bluish-purple underside. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill and feet black. 

Total length, 3{fin. Wing, 2\. Tail. i|-. Culmen, -^-^. 

Fetnale. — Unknown. 

Type : Unique in my Collection. 

Genus XCIV. Panterpe, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., 

i860, t. iii., p. 43. 

Type. — P. insignis, Cabanis and Heine. 

Bill straight, slender, about the length of the head. Nostrils 
exposed. Wings long reaching near the end of tail. Tail 



Genera of Humming Birds. 235 

even. Rectrices of same length and pointed. Feet large. 
Sexes nearly alike. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica. 

334. Panterpe insignis, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860y 

t. iii., p. 43. 

Costa Rican Humming-bird, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol v.^ 

P- 336. 
le Panterpe insigne y Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1875,. 

t. ii., p. 26. 

Habitat. — Volcano of Irazu, Costa Rica, and Veragua. 

Male. — Crown of the head brilliant metallic blue. Neck 
and upper part of back dark brownish-green appearing black 
in certain lights, lower part of back and rump shining green.. 
Uppertail-coverts brilliant bluish-green. Tail steel-blue. 
Throat and sides of breast brilliant metallic gold, fiery in the 
centre. A patch of shining metallic blue feathers in the- 
centre of the breast. Rest of underside brilliant yellowish 
green. Wings purpUsh-brown. Maxilla black. Mandible 
flesh colour for half its length from the base, remainder 
black. 

Total length, 4|in, Wing, 2|. Tail, i|. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Coloured like the male, the bill slightly longer^. 

I collected a fine series of both sexes of this magnificent 
species on the volcano of Irazu, Costa Rica, in 1877 ; but,, 
nevertheless, it is very rare. I know of several other col- 
lectors who went there after me, and were glad to come back 
with one or two specimens. It was discovered by Doctor 
Hoffmann. 

Genus XCV. Aglaeactis, Gould, P.Z.S., 1848, p. 2. 

Aglaiactis, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii., p. 69. 

Type : T. cupripennis, Bourcier. 

Bill short, straight, about the length of the head. Wings 
long, primaries falcate. Tail ample, and forked ; median 
rectrices broad, rounded, and shortest ; laterals acutely pointed 
at tips, each one, very slightly and gradually longer. Tarsi 
partially clothed. Hind toe and nail longer than the middle 
V 



236 Gefiera of Hiunrning Birds. 

toe and nail. Lower part of back and rump brilliantly 
coloured in males. Sexes similar. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

335. Aglaeactis CUPRIPENXIS, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc. 

Agr. Lyon, 1843, t- vi., p. 46. 

Mellisucra ctipripennis^ Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 212. 

Helianthea cupripennis, Reich. Troch. Enum, 1855, p. 6. 

Aglaiactis aeqiiatorialis, Cab. and Heine, Mus. Hein, 1860, 
t. iii., p. 70. 

Aglaéactïs parvula, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 106. 

Shining Sun-beam, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iii., p. 179. 

l' Aglaéacte à rectrices bronzées, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois, 
Mou., 1876, t. iii., p. 24. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 

Male. — Head, neck, and back, dark bronzy-brown. A 
narrow band of rufous on neck. Rump and back, viewed from 
behind, metallic purple-crimson, passing to greenish-gold on 
uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices rufous at base, passing to 
bronze, shaft very apparent for two-thirds of its length pale 
rufous, laterals rufous, margined and tipped with bronze. 
Shaft of external wing feather rufous and very apparent 
nearly to the end. Underside rufous, excepting a pale buff 
spot on the breast. Wings purplish-brown. Maxilla black. 
Mandible flesh colour at base, rest black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 3^. Tail, 2\. Culmen, f. 

Fetnale. — The onlv difference with the male consists in 
having the wings shorter, less brilliant on back, rump, and 
uppertail-coverts, the band of rufous on neck is broader, and 
the rufous of the underside is paler. 

Total length, 4f in. Wing, 3^. Tail, 2\. Culmen, |-. 

There is no difference whatever in the size or colouring 
between the specimens from Colombia and Ecuador. 

^336 Aglaeactis Caumatonota, Gould, P.Z.S., 1848, p. 12. 
HeliantJiea caiunatonota, Reich. Troch, Enum., 1855^ p. 5. 

Aglaeactis olivaceo-cauda, Lawr., Aun. N.Y. Lye. Nat. 
Hist., 1867, p. 470. 



1 



Genera of Humming Birds. 2%'i 

Aglaiactis caumatonota, Cab. and Heine., Mus. Hein, i860, 
t. iii., p. 70. 

Black-throated Sun-beam, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 
1886, p. 67. 

r Aglaéacte à dos bronzé, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. iii., p. 26. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Male. — Top of head, back, cheeks, and throat brownish- 
black. Loral space and spot behind the eves rufous. Lower 
part of back and rump, when viewed from behind, dark 
crimson, shading into green on the uppertail coverts. Upper 
part of breast, and sides of neck deep buff. Tuft of buff 
feathers on the breast. Lower part of breast and flanks dark 
bronzy-green, almost black. Abdomen and undertail-coverts 
reddish-buff. Greater wing-coverts olive-green, primaries 
and secondaries purplish-brown. Shaft of outer primaries 
rufous for three-fourths of its length. Base of central rectrices 
bright rufous, remaining portion dark olive-green, the lateral 
feathers have two-thirds of the basal portion of inner webs 
rufous, the rest is dark olive-green. Bill and feet black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wings, '^\. Tail, 2J. Culmen, W. 

Female. — Lighter coloured than the male. Head, back, 
throat, and breast pale brown. Lower part of back less 
brilliant, rest of plumage like the male. 

This rare species is one of my desiderata. 

337. Aglaeactis CASTELNAUDI, Bourc. and Muls., Rev. 

Zool., 1848, p. 270. 

Trochiliis castelnaudi, Gray, Gen. Birds, 184g, vol. iii., 
app., p. 30. 

Helianthea castelnaudi, Reich., Troch., Enum., 1855, p. 6, 

Aglaeactis castelnaudi, Cab. and Heine., Mus. Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 69. 

Castelnau's Sun-beam, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iii., p. 180. 

V Agléacte de Castelnau, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 22. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Male. — Upperside dark bronzy-brown. Lower part of 
back and rump, viewed from behind, luminous metallic 



238 Genera of Humming Birds. 

liliaceous-purple. Median rectrices rufous at base and on 
shaft, rest bronze-green ; laterals rufous, margined and tipped 
with bronze-green. Throat, breast, and flanks dark bronzy- 
brown. Loral space, spot behind the eye, and centre of 
throat rufous. A tuft of elongated feathers on the breast pure 
white. Centre of abdomen buiï. Undertail-coverts rufous. 
Wing-coverts olive-green ; primaries and secondaries purplish- 
brown. Shaft of first primary rufous for two-thirds of its basal 
length. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour at base, rest 
black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2J. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Upperside not quite so dark as in the male, 
A band of rufous on neck. Some metallic liliaceous-purple 
feathers on uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices rufous at 
base, remainder bronze-green ; laterals rufous on inner webs 
for two-thirds of their length, remainder bronzy-green. Loral 
space and spot behind the eye rufous. Underside brownish- 
>rufous, with the centre of throat rufous. The tuft of elongated 
feathers on breast is pale rufous edged with brown. L'nder- 
tail-coverts pale buff. Underwing-coverts and shaft of first 
primary deep rufous. Upperwing-coverts bronzy-green, pri- 
maries and secondaries purplish-brown. Maxilla black. 
Mandible fiesh colour at base, rest black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2. Culmen, |-. 

1 have two specimens, male and female, of this rare species 
collected in Peru, by Mr. Whitely. 

This species was discovered near Cusco, by Mr. Deville. 

It was dedicated to Mr. de Castlenau, by Messrs. Bourcier 
and Mulsant. 

338. Aglaeactis PAMELA, D'Orb and Lafr, Syn. Av., 1838, 

vol ii., p. 29. 

Hylocharis pamela, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i, p. 114. 

Heliantliea pamela, Reich., Troch., Enum., 1855, p. 6. 

Pamela's Sunbeam, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iii., p. 181. 

l'Aglaéacte de Pamela, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876^ 
t. iii., p. 19. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — Upperside jet-black, passing to glittering golden- 
green on lower part of back and uppertail-coverts. Tail 



Genera of Humming Birds. 239 

chestnut, edged and tipped with brownish-black. Underside 
jet-black, with the exception of a tuft of pure white feathers 
on the breast. Undertail-coverts chestnut. Wings dark 
bronze-green, excepting the primaries which are purplish- 
brown. Shaft of first primary, from base to half its length, 
-dark chestnut. Bill black. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, i|^. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Exactly like the male, but not so bright, the 
black of upper and underside inclining to brownish-black, the 
luminous colour of lower part of back and uppertail-coverts is 
not quite so bright as in the male, and not so green. There 
is a bronzy tinge on each side of shaft of the median rectrices. 

This handsome and rare species was discovered in Bolivia, 
by Mr. Alcide d'Orbigny. 

I have a fine series collected in Bolivia, by Buckley in 1874. 

Genus XCVI. Lafresnaya, Bon., Compt. Rend., 1850, 

p. 380. 

Calothorax, Gray, Gen. Birds, 1848, vol. i., p. no. 

Entima, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii., p. 51. 

EUCLOSIA, Muls. and Verr., Class. Trochil, 1865, p. 63. 

Type : T.Jlavïcaudata, Fraser. 

Bill narrow, long, curved, much longer than the head. 
Wings long, pointed, reaching the end of tail, primaries 
curving inwardly, outer web on the first hardly perceptible, 
inner webs very narrow. Tail slightly forked in the males. 
Rectrices pointed, outermost ones longer than the rest. 
Undertail-coverts reaching two thirds the length of rectrices. 
Feet moderate. Tarsi clothed. Sexes different in plumage. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. 

339. Lafresnaya flavicaudata. Fraser, P.Z.S., 1840, 

p. 18. 

Trochilus lafresnayi, Boissonneau, Rev. Zool., 1840, p. 8. 

Calothorax lafresnayi, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. no. 

Entima lafresnayi, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 51. 

Euclosia lafresnaya, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
vol. ii., p. 187. 



240 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Buff-tailed Velvet-breast^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 85. 

r Euclosie de Lafresnaye, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876. vol. ii., p. 188. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Upperside dark shining green. Median rectrices 
shining bronze-green. Laterals pale buff margined and tipped 
with bronzy-green. Throat, breast, and flanks metallic grass- 
green. Abdomen velvety-black. Undertail-caverts bronze- 
green with the base of feathers pale bulî. Wrings purplish- 
brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green. Median rectrices 

golden-bronze, the two next pale buff, tipped with bronze, the 
two outermost ones pale buff tipped with purplish-brown, all 
the rectrices of the same length. Underside buff, washed 
with green feathers. Throat minutely spotted with green. 
Abdomen pale buff. Undertail coverts buff, with green tips 
on the longest feathers. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total, length, 4-|in. W^ing, 2|-. Tail, if. Culmen, i. 

Young Male. — Like the female, but the underside is washed 
with bright green feathers. 

This species was probably discovered by Boissonneau. in 
Colombia, and was dedicated by him to Mr. Lafresnaye, who 
had a fine Ornithological collection. Although the name of 
T. lafresnayi, Boissonneau, ought to have the priority on 
L. flavicaudata, Fraser. I have adopted the generical name 
of Lafresnaya , of Bonaparte, and the specific name of Fraser, 
consideringr this eenerific name more honorific for the late 
Baron de Lafresnaye. 

It is abundant in Colombia. 

340. Lafresxava CINEREORUFA, Boucard, H. Bird, 1891, 

vol. i., p. 25. 

Gray-rufous brested Lafresnaye. 

le Lafresnaye a paitrine gris-roussâtre. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Female ? — Head dark golden green. Upperside ashy-gray 
passing to rufous on rump, each feather edged with black or 
rufous. Tail rufous for three-thirds of its length, rest dark'' 



Genera of Humming Birds. 241 

gray, with bronzy tips on medians and purplish-black tips on 
laterals. Underside rufous with sides of breast and abdomen 
grayish-white. Undertail-coverts rufous with pale golden- 
green in centre. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 44in. Wing, i|. Tail, i|. Culmen, i. 

Type unique in my Collection. 

Count Berlepsch thinks that it is only an accidental variety 
of L. flavicaudata. 

341. Lafresnaya gayi, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc. Agri, 

Lyon., 1846, p. 325. 

Trochiius saulae, Bourc. and Delatt., Rev. Zool., 1846,. 
p. 309. 

Calothorax gayiy Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. no. 

Lafresnaya saulae, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., vol. i., p. 68. 

Entinia gayi, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii., p. 51, 

Euclosia gayi, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, vol. ii.,. 
p. 190. 

White-tailed Velvet-breast, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii.^ 
p. 86. 

/ Enclosie de Gay, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, vol. ii., 
p. 190. 

Habitat. — Veuezuela and Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside shining dark green, sometimes with a 
golden tinge. Median rectrices shining bronze-green. Laterals 
white with bronze tips, outermost ones white, margined on upper 
half of external web, and tipped with purplish-brown, some- 
times all the tips of laterals are purplish-brown. Throat, breast^ 
and flanks metallic grass-green. Abdomen velvety-black. 
Undertail-coverts shining green, with the base of feathers 
white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2\. Tail, i-|. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Exactly like the male, excepting the tips of 
lateral and outermost rectrices which are broader, and the 
underside which is white, washed with green. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, i|-. Culmen, i. 

This species is rare. It was dedicated by Messrs. Bourcier 
and Mulsant, to Mr. Claude Gay, Naturalist, who explored 
Chili, during fifteen years. 



242 Genera of Hiimviing Birds. 

% 

Genus XCVII. Erebenna, Muls. and Verr., Class. Troch., 

1865, P- 66. 

Type : T. dcrbyi, Delattre and Bourcier. 

Bill straight, longer than the head, rather stout for all its 
length. Nostrils exposed. Wings long, narrow, and pointed, 
reaching the end of tail. Tail forked and acutely pointed. 
Tarsi clothed. Sexes dissimilar. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 

342. Erebenna derbiana, Delatt. and Bourc, Rev. Zool., 

1846, p. 306. 

Eriopus derbyi, Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, p. 17. 

Tlireptria derbyi, Reich., Aufz. der Col., 1859, p. 3. 

Eriocnemis derby anus, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, 
p. 252. 

Derby's Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 279. 

r Eriocnemis de Derby, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 60. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside shining golden-green, bronzy on neck 
and uppertail-coverts. Uppertail-coverts luminous metallic 
gold. Tail brownish-black, with a bronze tinge on base of 
feathers. Underside brilliant golden-green. Undertail-coverts 
luminous golden-green. Tarsal tufts black. Wings purplish- 
brown. Feet and bill black. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing, 2\. Tail \\. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Forehead shining greenish-blue. Upperside 
shining green, bronzy on neck and rump. Underside metallic 
golden-green, showing the white base of feathers on the 
throat and breast, and more so, on centre of abdomen. Tarsal 
tufts white. Rest as male. 

Total length, 3 Jin. Wing, 2|. Tail, \\. Culmen, -|. 

This excessively rare and fine species was discovered on 
the volcano of Puracé, near Popayan, by Delattre. It was 
dedicated by him and Bourcier, to Lord Edward, thirteenth 
Earl of Derby, who during his lifetime, was one of the most 
liberal Patrons of natural sciences. 

My female specimen of this species was collected at Pasto, 
by the celebrated alpinist, Mr. E. Whymper. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 243 

Genus XCVIII. Engyete, Reich., Syst. Av., 1849, p. xi. 

Type : E. ali?tae, Bonrcier. 

Bill straight, slender, longer than the head, nostrils 
exposed. A bright metallic spot on forehead. Wings long, 
pointed, reaching the end of tail. Tail forked, rectrices 
narrow, pointed at tips, brilliantly coloured. Median shorter, 
laterals and outermost ones gradually longer. Upper surface 
similarly coloured. A large white patch on breast. Tarsi 
clothed. Tuft on anal region black. Sexes nearly similar. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. 

343. Engyete ALINAE, Bourc, Ann. Soc. Agr. Lyon, 1842, 

P- 343- 

Hylocharis alinae, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 114. 

Erlopus alinae, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p, 80. 

Engyete alinae, Reich., Aufz. der Col., p. ix. 

Metallic Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 280. 

V Eriocnemis d'Aline, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 31. 

Habitai. — Colombia, and Ecuador. 

Male. — ^Upperside shining grass-green. Forehead luminous 
green. Underside, excepting a white spot on centre of breast, 
brilliant metallic green. Tarsal tufts white. Wings purplish 
brown. Bill black. 

Total lengt^l», 3fin. Wing, 2. Tail, if. Culmen, -|. 

Female.— S\^\\y tinged with more white on breast, and 
throat. V 

I have two specimens marked, Delattre, Panama, with the 
forehead patch and all the underside of the most brilliant 
golden-green, quite different from the Colombian and Ecua- 
dorian specimens ;\but I consider them as only a variety of 
colouration. I bougat them at Bourcier's sale, and one of them 
is probably the typebf the species. 

This pretty specieWas dedicated by Bourcier to his wife. 

My specimens from\Ecuador, were collected by Buckley. 



244 Genera of Huînming Birds. 

^344. Engyete DYBOSKii, Tacz., P.Z.S., 1882, p. 39. 

Eriocncmis dyboskii, Tacz., P.Z.S., 1882, p. 39. 

Dyboski's Pîiff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl, 1886, p. 68, 

r Eriocnemis de Dyboivsky. 

Habitat, — Peru. 

Male. — Upperside coppery-golden with bluish reflections 
in certain lights. Tail deeply forked bronzy-green, more 
brilliant on median rectrices. Underside brilliant metallic 
green, especially on the abdomen with bluish reflections more 
accentuated than on the upperside. Centre of breast white at 
base, then green showing a small space white. Undertail- 
coverts shining green with the base of feathers buffy-vvhite. 
Thigh tufts pure white. Wing coverts golden-green. Wing 
purplis^-jfown. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour with 
black tip. 

Total length, 106 mill. Wing, 52. Tail 31. Culmen, 22. 

Female. — Similartothe male in colouration, the white spot on 
breast more apparent, washed with small green spots, the 
white base of the throat feathers more apparent, the feathers 
of the abdomen edged with white. 

This rare species was dedicated by Mr. Taczancwski, to 
Doctor Dybowski, the well-known Siberian explorer. 

Types in Warsaw Museum. 

This species was discovered in Peru, by the Avell-known 
collector Mr. Stolzmann. By the description, it looks exactly 
the same as my Ecuadorian specimens of E. alime. 

Genus XCIX. Spathura, Gould, Mon. Troch, pi. 164, 

June, 1849. 

OCREATUS, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, p. 86. 

Steganurus, Reich., Syst. Av. Nat., December 1849, pi. 40. 

Uralia., Muls. and Verr., Class Troch., 1865, p. 81. 

Type : — O. underwoodi, Lisson. 

Bill straight, about the length of the head. Nostrils 
exposed. Wings moderately long repassing slightly the 
median rectrices. Tail deeply forked. Median rectrices 
smaller, the next three gradually longa* and pointed, outermost 



Genera of Hu?nmïng Birds. 245 

one twice as long as the longest lateral rectrices, having the 
shaft bare of webs for a portion of its length, and terminating 
in a spatula. Tarsi hidden in a tuft of downy feathers. Hind 
toe and nail shorter than the middle toe and nail. Sexes 
unlike. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

345. Steganura UNDERWOODI, Less., Troch, 183 1, p. 105. 

Ornisinya kieneri, Less., Troch, 1831, p. 165. 

Metlisuga underwoodi, Grav, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 113. 
Stegamirus spatuligerus, Reich., Aufz., der Colib, 1853, 
p. 8. 

Spathiira underwoodi, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iii., p. 162. 

White-footed Racket-tail, Gould, Mon. Troch, vol. iii., 
p. 162. 

La Sténagure d'' Underwood, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1877, t. iv., p. 255. 

la Spathure d' Underwood. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Venezuela. 

Male. — Upperside shining green. Median rectrices bronze- 
green, laterals bronze-green on outer web, rest bluish-black, 
outermost ones brownish-black; shafts grayish-brown, very 
apparent up to the spatula, which is bluish-black with a 
bronzy dark bluish-green spot at tip. Chin jet black. 
Throat and breast luminous metallic grass-green. Rest of 
underside bronzy-green. Tarsal tufts white. Bill black. 
Feet flesh colour. 

Total lengtK, 5^in. Wing, i|-. Tail, 3|-. Culmen, \. 

Female. — Upperside shining green, bronzy on head. 
Median rectrices shining bronze-green, laterals bronze-green 
on outer webs, bKiish-black on inner, with white tips, outermost 
ones bluish-black\margined with brown on outer and inner 
webs, and with \vhite tips. Underside white spotted with 
green. UndertailVoverts rufous. 

Total length, 3in\ Wing, if. Tail, if. Culmen, \. 

Young Male. — Exactly coloured like the female, with more 
green spots on the underside and outermost rectrices, with 
spatula of the sameyength as adult males. The spatula 
is longer and narrower than in the adults, and sometimes 
margined with white at\ips. 



246 Genera of Hiiinrniyig Birds. 

The length of the tail varies slightly according to age. 

This species is very abundant in Colombia, but rare in 
Venezuela. 

It was probably discovered by Mr. Stokes, who sent a 
■drawing of this bird to Lesson, by Mr. Underwood, to whom 
he dedicated this beautiful and remarkable species. 

346. Spathura MELANANTHERA, Jard., Contr. Ornith., 185 1, 

p. III. 

Discura melananthera, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., 
p. 70. 

Ecuadorian Racket-tail, Gould, Mon. Troch.,vol. iii., p. 163. 

Oblong Racket-tail. 

La Stéganure à raquette oblongue, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. 
Mou., 1877, t. iii., p. 258. 

la Spat hu re à raquette ob longue. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — In colouration, this species is nearly identical with 
the preceding one, but can be easily distinguished by not 
having the chin jet black, as mentioned by Elliot, the two being 
exactly similar in that respect, but by the size of the tail 
which is much shorter, and also by the smaller size of the 
spatula, which is also more rounded than in S. underwoodi. 

In my specimens which were collected in Ecuador, by 
Buckley, the colour of the underside is more gjlden, but this 
don't amount to much, as I have also one specimen from 
Merida, Venezuela of the same colour, although undoubtedly 
being, S. Underwoodi. The colour of the ipperside is also 
slightly golden-green. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, if. Tail, 3! Culmen, \. 

Female. — Also like that of S. undervoodi, but with the 
underside white, excepting the flanks, vhich are sparingly 
spotted with green. 

Total length, 3in. Wing, if. Tail, i^^. Culmen, \. 

It is much rarer than the preceding species. 



Genera of Hu7nmtng Birds. 247 

•'^347. Spathura solstitialis, Gould, Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist.,. 

1871, vol. viii., p. 62. 

Ecuador Racket-tail, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl. p. 52. 

La Stéganure du solstice, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou.,. 
1877, t. iii., p. 260. 

la Spathure du solstice. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Uppersurface, abdomen, flanks, and undertail 
coverts dark grass-green. Throat and breast luminous grass 
green. Wings purplish brown. Tarsal tufts very deep buff. 
Tail dark brown, outer webs of all but the outermost rectrices 
washed with green. Spatules black. Bill black. 

Total length, 5iin. Wing, \\. Tail, 3. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Upperparts bronzy-green. Entire underparts 
white spotted with green. Undertail coverts buff. Middle 
rectrices bronzy-green, outermost one, on either side, brown, 
tipped with white, remainder brown on inner web, bronzy- 
green on outer. Bill black. 

Total length, 3iin. Wing, \\. Tail, i^. Culmen, f. 

This is a very rare species. The types of Gould are in the 
British Museum. 

■^348. Spathura addae, Bourc, Rev. Zool., 1846, p. 312. 

Ocreatus rufocaligatus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, p. 86. 

Mellisuga rufocaligata, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 113. 

Spathura addae, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av-, 1850, vol. i., p 80 

Red booted Racket-tail, Gould, Mon. Troch-, vol. iii-, p. 165. 

La Stéganure d' Adda, Muls., His. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1877, 

t. iii., p. 264. 

La Spathure d* Adda. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — Throat and breast brilliant green ; rest of body and 
middle rectrices bronze-green. Undertail-coverts bronze- 
green margined with buff. Tarsal tufts rufous. Tail brown ; 
spatules black. Bill black. 

* Total length, 4f in. Wing, if. Tail, 2|. Culmen, ■^-^. 

Female. — Upper parts and median rectrices bronze-green. 
Undersurface white spotted with green. Tarsal tufts and 



248 Genera of Htimming Birds. 

undertail-coverts rufous. Outermost rectrices brown tipped 
with white, rest brown on inner web, green on outer one. 
Bill black. 

Total length, 3iin. Wing, if. Tail, \\. Culmen, |. 

"Elliot's Syn. of H. Birds, p. 143." 

Type of male in Elliot's Collection, now in the American 
Museum of Natural History of New York. This rare species 
is represented in the collection of the British Museum by 
seven males, and three females. It is closely allied to St. 
solstitialis. 

349. Spathura ANNAE, Berl. and Stolz. Ibis, 1894, p. 398. 

Stegamira peruana, Tacz., P.Z.S., 1874, p. 541. 

Annans Racket Tail. 

la Spathure (V Anna. 

Habitat. — Chanchamayo, Peru. 

Male. — S. addae maxime affinis, difïert basibus plumarum 
corporis inferioris fuscis, minime albis et rectricibus externis 
cruciatis. 

Closely allied to S. addae. 

Types in Museum Branicki, Varsovia, and in Museum 
Berlepsch. 

■^350. Spathura peruana, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iii., 
p. 164. 

Peruvian Racket-tail, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iii., p. 164. 

La Stéganure du Pérou, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1877, 
t. iii., p. 262. 

La Spathure du Pérou. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Male. — Throat and breast metallic grass-green ; rest of 
plumage of body bronzy-green. Wings and tail brown ; the 
outer webs of all the lateral rectrices baonzy-green, outer 
web of outermosts steel-blue Bill black. Tarsal tufts buff. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, if. Tail, 3 J. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Upper surface and median rectrices bronzy- 
green. Under surface white spangled with green. Tarsal 
tufts and undertail coverts bufï. Outermost rectrices brown 



Genera of Humming Birds. 249 

tipped with white ; rest brown on inner web, green on outer 
one. Bill black. Wings brown. 

Total length, 3iin. Wing, if. Tail, \\. Culmen, |. 

The types of this rare species are in the British Museum, 
■" Ex Gould Collection." They have two males, two females, 
and one junior. It was discovered in Peru, by Mr. Matthews, 
in 1 83 1. 

^351 Spathura cissiura, Gould, P.Z.S., 1853, P- 109. 
Steganura cissiura, Gould, P.Z.S.^ i853j P- ioQ- 

Uralia cissiura, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1877, vol. iii., 
p. 265. 

Scissor-tailed Racket-tail, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iii., 
p. 166. 

rUralie à queue fendiie, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois .Mou., 1877, 
vol. iii., p. 266. 

La Spathure à queue fourchue. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Male. — General plumage bronzy-green ; wings purplish- 
brown ; central rectrices green, lateral steel-blue ; under 
surface green, paler on the throat ; thighs thickly plumed and 
of a reddish buff. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, if. Tail, 2|. Bill, f. 

'' Gould, loc. c.'' 

I have seen the types of this species in the British Museum, 
and was unable to see in what they differed from S. peruana. 

Genus C. Threptria, Reich, Aufz. derColib., 1854, p. 9. 

Type : T. aureliae, Bourcier and Mulsant. 

Bill straight, narrow, and acutely pointed. Nostrils exposed. 
Wings long, reaching the end of tail. Tail even, slightly 
rounded. Rectrices of uniform size, excepting the medians 
Avhich are shorter. Tarsi clothed. Sexes similar. 

Habitat. — Columbia, Ecuador, and Bolivia. 



250 Genera of Iiu?nming Birds. 

352. Threptria AURELIAE, Bourc. and Muls., Ann., SoC; 

Agr., Lyon, 1846, p. 315. 

Hylocharis aiirelioe^ Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 114. 

Eriopus aureliae, Bon., Consp.,Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i , p. 80. 

Eriocnemis aureliae^ Reich., Aufz. der Col., 1853, P-9- 

Aurelia's Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 283. 

I' Eriocnemis d' Aurélie, Muls. Hist., Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 52. 

Habitat. — Columbia. 

Male. — Forehead and back shining green. Head, lower 
part of back, and uppertail-coverts coppery-bronze. Tail 
bluish-black, underside metallic bronzy-green. Feathers 
on the vent fringed with white or pale gray. Tarsal tufts 
intermixed with pale chestnut and white. Undertail-coverts 
grass-green. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, i-g. Culmen, -J. 

Ee?nale. — Exactly like the male with more white on vent^ 
and the undertail-coverts margined with buff. This species is 
very abundant in Columbia. 

, It was dedicated by Messrs. Mulsant and Bourcier, to Miss 
Aurélic Favre, who married Mr. Jacques Louis Henon, a cele- 
brated Naturalist of Lyon. 

353. Threptria russata, Gould, P.Z.S., 1871, p. 505. 
BuffPuff-leg. 

r Eriocnéfjîis â tarses roux. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

This species is closely allied to T. aureliae, but larger. 
My specimen from Ecuador is more bronzy on back, less 
shiny on underside with tarsal tufts paler chestnut, and under- 
tail coverts bronze-green. 

It may be a female or a male not quite adult. 

Total length, 4§in. \A'ing, 2\. Tail, 2. Culmen, |-. 

354. Threptria assimilis, Elliot, Bull, Soc. Zool. France,. 

1876, p. 227. 

Brown-booted Puff-leg, 1886, p. 70. 
I' Eriocnemis de Bolivie. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 251 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — Head, neck, and uppertail-coverts coppery-bronze. 
Back and wing-coverts shining green. Wings purple-brown. 
Underside shining green with a coppery lustre. Abdomen 
buff. Undertail-coverts shining green, margined with buff. 
Tarsal tufts pale brown. Tail bronze at the base, passing to 
black at the tips. Bill black. Feet light brown. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, |. 

Female. — Slightly smaller and duller in colouration. Type 
in Elliotts Museum, now the property of the New York 
American Museum of Natural History. 

My specimens of this species were collected in Bolivia, 
1876, by Buckley ; and probably Elliot's type, was also from 
the same collector. 

355. Threptria LUGENS, Gould, Contr. Ornith., 185 1^ 

p. 140. 

Hoary Puff-legg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 282. 

r Eriocnémis demi deuil, Muls-, Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 54. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside bronzy-green inclining to coppery- 
bronze on the head and uppertail-coverts. Tail bluish-black. 
Underside dark laden-gray, washed with dark green on sides 
of abdomen and flanks, the feathers of the chin and 
throat are edged with white. Undertail-coverts dark greenish- 
bronze edged wdth gray. Tarsal tufts pure white. Wings 
purplish. Bill black. Feet pale brown, probably flesh-colour 
in life. 

Total length, 4|-. Wing, 2\. Tail, i|. Culmen, -J. 

It is a very rare species in the Collections. 

356. Threptria souamata, Gould, P.Z.S., 1869, p.. 311. 

Scaly Puff-leg^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 281. 

r Eriocnémis à ^orge écailleuse, Muls., His. Nat. Ois. Mou.,. 

1876, t. iii., p. 55. 
Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Precisely the same as T. lugens, except the tarsal 
tufts, of which the hind portion is buff. I doubt very much 
that it is a distinct species, 
w 



252 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Genus CI. Eriocnemis, Reich., Syst. Av., 1849, pl- xl. 

Eriopus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, P- ^^- Already employed 
for Lepidoptera. 

Threptria^ Reich., Syst. Av., 1854, pi. xi. 

Phemonoe, Reich., Syst. Av., 1854, pi. ix. 

Nania, Muls., Cat. Ois. Mou., 1875, p. 21. 

Eriona, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. iii., p. 28. 

Type : O. vestita^ Longuemare. 

Bill straight, slender, longer than the head. Nostrils 
exposed. Wings long, pointed, reaching nearly the end of tail. 
Tail forked. Median rectrices short and wide, laterals 
graduating in length up to the outermost ones, which are the 
longest. Tarsi thickly clothed. Feet small. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador. 

357. Eriocnemis nigrivestis, Bourc. and Muls. Ann. Soc. 

Agr. Lyon, 1852, p. 144. 

Eriocnemis nigriventris, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853, 
p. 9. 

Black-breasted Puff-lecrg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., 
p. 276. 

I' Eriocnemis à robe noire, Mul., Hist' Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 39. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Head black with bronze tinge. Upperside black 
with greenish reflections in certain lights, passing to dark 
green on rump. Uppertail-coverts dark indigo-blue. Tail 
bluish-black. Centre of throat metallic blue. Rest of 
underside black with a greenish tinge, more especially 
so, on abdomen, and flanks. Undertail-coverts shining indigo- 
blue. Tarsal tufts white. Wings purplish-black. Bill and 
feet black. 

Total length, 3.iin. Wing, 2|. Tail, if. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Upperside bronzy-green, becoming pure green on 
rump, and brilliant green on the uppertail-coverts. Throat 
blue. Breast golden-bronze. Rest of underside shining 
green. Undertail-coverts violet-blue. 

It is a very rare species. My specimens were collected in 
Ecuador, by Buckley. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 253 

•^358. ErioCNEMIS VENTRALIS, Salv. Ann. and Mag. Nat. Hist. 

1891, p. 378. 
Amethyst vented Puff-leg. 

V Eriocnémis à ventre améthyste. 
Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Upper surface shining grass-green, becoming 
bronzy-black on the hind neck and crown, and glittering 
olive-green on the rump, and uppertail-coverts ; under surface 
with the throat bronzy-black, a glittering blue gular patch ; 
breast glittering green shading into a glittering amethyst on 
the abdomen, undertail-covets glittering purplish-blue ; tail 
steel-blue, tibial tufts pure white ; bill black. 

Total length, 3'9in. Wing, 2-25. Tail, 1-65. Bill, 0"85. 

Type : Ex. Coll. Salvin and Goodman, now in the British 

Museum. 

35g. Eriocnémis Vestita, Longuem, Rev. Zool., 1838, p.3r4. 

Trochilus uropygialis, Fras. P.Z.S., 1840, p. 15. 

Hylocharis vestita^ Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i, p. 114. 

Orrtismya glornata^ Less, Echo du Monde Savant, 1843. 

Eriopus vestita, Bon. Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p. 80. 

Mellisuga ridolfi, Benv. Ann. R. Mus. Flor., 1865, p. 205. 

■Eriocnémis smaragdinipectus, Gould, Ann. Mag., Nat. 
Hist., 1868, p. 322. 

Glowing Piff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 275. 

L' Eriocnémis à plaque jugulaire d'un bleu-violet, Muls. 

Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. iii., p. 33. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, and Ecuador. 

Maie. — Upperside dark shining green. Rump and upper- 
tail-coverts most brilliant metallic golden-green. Tail bluish- 
black. Centre of throat metallic blue. Rest of throat and 
breast dark shining green, appearing black in certain 
lights. Lower part of breast, abdomen, and fianks glittering 
metallic golden-green. Tarsal tufts pure white. L^ndertail- 
coverts shining violet-blue. Wings purplish-brown. Feet 
and bill black. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2|. Tail, i|. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Upperside shining golden-green, very brilliant on 
rump and uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices bronze-green 



254 Geyiera of Humming Birds. 

passing to bluish-black at tips. Tail bluish-black. Centre of 
throat and undertail-coverts shining blue, lighter than in the 
male. Rest of underside shining golden-green, showing 
rufous base of feathers on throat and breast, and gray on 
abdomen. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2. Tail, i|-. Culmen, g-. 

This beautiful species is very abundant in Columbia, and 
Ecuador, much rarer in Venezuela. 

I have one male specimen from Columbia with the throat 
brilliant metallic pale blue, and under it, a wide band of dark 
rufous ; the breast brilliant dark green, rest of plumage as the 
other specimens. I think that it is only an accidental variety 
of colouration. 

I have not been able to see any difference between E. vestita, 
and E. smaragdinipectus. My adult male specimens, collected 
by Buckley, in Ecuador, are precisely like those from Colombia, 
and Venezuela, others not so adult, are brilliant green, up to 
the blue spot of throat. 



■'^360. Eriocnemis aurea, Meyer, Auk., 1890, vol. vii., p. 315. 

Golden Puff-leg. 

r Eriocncniis doré. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Differs from E. cupreiventris by the golden-bronze colour 
all over, and in part of a most lively tint, even on the shorter 
tail and wing coverts. The throat and upper breast are of a 
lighter green than in E. cupreiventris^ and in certain lights 
washed with bronze too, and each feather has a concealed 
white cross band as in E dybowski. Further, the long upper 
tail coverts are not greenish blue, but green, and the under- 
tail-coverts are not violet, but cobalt-blue, only in certain 
lights, they are hyacinth-blue, some margined with green. 
The colour of the wings as well as that of the tail is not as lively 
as in E. cupreiventris, and finally the white plumes on the 
thighs are much shorter, and not so abundant. It cannot be 
taken for a young cupreiventris , being much more brightly 
coloured on the whole body than the adult of this species. 
" Meyer loc- cit." 



Genera of Hiantnin^ Birds. 255 

361. Eriocxemis CHRYSORAMA, Elliot, Ann. and Mag. Nat. 

Hist., 1874, p. 375. 

Blue vented Puff-le^, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 18S6, 
p. 69. 

r Eriocnémïs à gorge dorée, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. iii., p. 44. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador ? 

Adult. — Upper and lower surface metallic fiery-copper 
colour. Chin and throat metallic vellowish-orreen, orolden- 
yellow in some lights. Uppertail-coverts luminous yellowish- 
green. Undertail-coverts white on their basal half, rest blue. 
Wings purplish-brown. Tail much forked, steel-black. 

Tarsal tufts pure white. Bill black. 

Total length, 4Jin. Wing, 2\. Tail, ij. Culmen, |. 

" Elliott's Syn. of H. Birds, p. 193." 

Type of male in Elliot's Museum, now in the American 
Museum of Natural History of New York. 

Female. — Upperside coppery-golden. Uppertail-coverts 
most brilliant coppery-gold. Median rectrices bronzy-green 
for two-thirds of their length, rest steel-blue. Lateral, and 
outermost ones steel-blue. Wings purplish-brown. Throat 
and undertail-coverts pale metallic-blue. Rest of underside 
coppery-gold, lighter on breast. Tarsal tufts pure white. 
Bill and feet black. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2\. Tail, i|. Culmen, |^. 

Type of female, unique in my Collection. 

362. Eriocnemisgodini, Bourc.,Compt. Rend., 185 1, t. xxxii., 

p. 186. 

Eriocnemis smaragdinipectus , Gould, Ann. Mag., Nat. 
Hist , 1868, p. 322. 

Codings Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 277. 

L' Eriocnemis de Godin, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 36. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside shining bronzy-green, becoming glitter- 
ing green on the rump, and uppertail-covertà. Underside 
glittering golden-green, more coppery on the abdomen, a 
glittering blue gular spot, gradually shading into the glittering 



256 



Genera of Humming Birds. 



green of the throat. Tibial tufts pure white, 
coverts glittering blue. Tail steel-blue. 

Female. — Like that of E. vestita. 



Under tail- 



•^363. Eriocnemis EVELINAE, Ernst, and Hart., Novit. Zool., 

1894, vol. i., p. 17. 

Eveline's Puff-Leg. 

r Eriocn êm is cT Eve lin e 

Habitat. — Rio Pastassa, Ecuador. 

Similis femina E. Godini, sed rostro breviore, mandibula 
ad basin carnea, caudae tectricibus splendidioribus, pectore 
obscuriore. 

Total length nearly 4in. Wing, 2*35. Lateral rectrices, i "6, 
Central, \'22. Bill r59. 

Dedicated to the sister of the Hon. Lionel Walter de 
Rotschild. 

Type unique in Tring Museum. 

I have not seen this species. 

364. Eriocnemis cupreiventris, Eras, P.Z.S., 1848, p. 15 

Ornysmia vestita, female, Longue, Rev. Zool., 1838, p. 314 

Eriopus simplex, Gould, P.Z.S., 1849, P- Q^- 

Hylocharis cupreoventris, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 114 

Phemonoe, cupreiventris, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853 
p. 9. 

Coppery-bellied Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv. p. 270 

Olive Coloured Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 271 

r Eriocnemis à ventre cuivreux, Muls., His. Nat. Ois. Mou. 
1876, t. iii., p. 46. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Venezuela. 

Male. — Upperside bronzy-green, passing into shining green 
on uppertail-coverts. Tail bluish-black. Throat and breast 
shining green, passing to golden on flanks. Abdomen brilliant 
metallic coppery-red. Undertail-coverts shining blue with 
purplish reflections in some specimens. Tarsal tufts white. 
Wings purplish-brown, with a bronze tinge on secondaries. 
Bill and feet black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2J. Tail, if. Culmen, f. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 257 

Female. — Exactly the same, but slightly less brilliant. 

It is a very common species in Colombia, but rare in 
Venezuela. From the last country, I have received several 
specimens from Merida. 

365. Eriocnemis ALBOGULARIS, Boucard, Hum. Bird, 1892, 

p. 78. 
White throated Puff -I eg- 

P Eriocnemis à gorge blanche. 

Male. — Upperside shining green, most brilliant on upper- 
tail-coverts. Tail steel-blue. Throat pure snow-white. 
Breast, upper part of abdomen, and flanks shining green. 
Lower part of abdomen metallic golden. Tarsal tufts pure 
white. Undertail-coverts shining blue. Wings purplish- 
brown. Bill and feet black. 

Total length, 3|in. Wing, 2|. Tail, i^. Culmen, -|. 

This species is allied to E. cupreiventris, but easily 
distinguishable by the colour of its throat. Possibly it may 
turn out to be a case of semi-albinism. 

Type unique in my Collection. 

366. Eriocnemis dyselius, Elliot, Ibis., 1873, p. 294. 

Eriocnemis dyselia, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. iii. 
p. 50. 

Black vented Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 1866, 
p. 69. 

I' Eriocnemis à sous caudales noires, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. 
Mou., 1876^ t. iii, p. 51. 

r Eriocnemis noir. 

Habitat. — Colombia (not Ecuador). 

Male. — Upperside black with a purple gloss. Tail bluish- 
black with purplish reflections. Wings glossy black. 
Underside black, with a purple gloss on throat. Tarsal tufts 
pure white. Bill and feet black. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Unknown. 

Type : (Elliott's Collection) now in New York Museum. 

I have only one very fine male specimen of this species, 
which is probably a melanism of E. cupreiventris. 



258 Genera of Humming Birds. 

"^367. Eriocnemis ixcuLTUS, Elliot, Auk, 1889, p.p. 209-210. 

Dark violet Pufl-leg. 

r Eriocnemis violet-obscur. 

Habitat.— Bogoi2i. (?) 

Crown of head, upper parts of body, and uppertail-coverts 
bluish-black ; the feathers on rump and uppertail-coverts 
margined with rufous. Throat and centre of breast dull lead- 
colour, feathers of the throat edged with white. Wings deep 
purple. Sides of breast bluish-black. Flanks black with a 
deep brownish reflection. Abdomen white spotted with 
brown. Tail steel-blue, nearly square at tip. Feathers of 
undertail-coverls gray in centre, glossed with green, and edged 
with white. Thiorh tufts white. Bill black, base of mandible 
flesh-colour. Feet black. 

Length of Wing, 2Y22i^- Tail, i^^. Culmen, -j^. 

(Elliot's loc. cit.). 

The specimen from which the above description was taken 
is unique in the American Museum of Natural History. It is 
not in fully adult plumage. It comes close to E. dyselius, 
which species, is from Colombia, not Ecuador, as stated by Mr. 
Elliot. 

In my opinion it is the same species, and probably also 
a melanism of E. cupreiventris. 

368. Eriocnemis simplex, Gould, P.Z.S., 1849, p. 96. 

Dark Puff -leg. 

r Eriocnemis obscur. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Much darker than E. cupreiventris^ and without 
any glittering colours, the general tint being very dark 
greenish olive-bronze, rather more rufescent on the upper 
surface, and darker on the crown. 

I am of the same opinion as Mr. Salvin about this bird, 
which is probably another doubtful form of E. cupreiventris. 

^369. Eriocnemis SAPPHiROPYGiA, Tacz., P. Z.S., i874,p. 139. 

Sapphire-vented Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 
1886, p. 71. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 259 

l'Eriocnémis à sous candales, couleur de saphir, Muls. 
Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. iii., p. 37. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Adult. — Upper parts bronzy-green, passing into pure 
green on the rump and uppertail-coverts. Wings purplish- 
black. Under surface glittering green. Undertail-coverts 
shining sapphire-blue. Tarsal tufts white. Tail dark blue. 
Bill black. 

Total length, 4çin. Wing, 2J. Tail, 2. Culmen, \\. 

This rare species was discovered in Peru by Mr. Jelski. I 
think it is unique in the Museum of Varsovia. In my opinion 
it may turn out to be only a variety of E. cupreiventris. 



^370. EriOCNEMIS GLAUCOPOIDES, d'Orb. and Laf., Syn. 

Av., 1838, t. iii., p. 27. 

Trochilus d'orbignyi, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Sc. Phys. 
Nat. Lyon, 1846, p. 320. 

Hylocharis d'orbignyi, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i. p. 114. 

Thalurania glaucopoides^ Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, 
p. 7. 

Phemonoe d^ orbignyi, Reich., Troch. Enum., p. 6, pi. 741, 
f. 4697. 

D' Orbigny s Puif-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 278. 

r Eriocnémis de d^ Orbigny, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. iii., p. 30. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — Forehead violet-blue, a white spot behind the eye. 
Uppersurface bronzy-green. Undersurface glittering golden- 
green, washed with blue on the throat and chest. Tail bluish- 
black. Bill black. Tarsal tufts white. Undertail-coverts 
shining blue. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2. Tail, i\. Culmen, |-. 

Type unique in the Paris Museum. 

This rare species was discovered in Bolivia, by the celebrated 
Naturalist, d'Orbigny. It was dedicated to him, by Messrs. 
Mulsant and Bourcier, but having been described eight years 
before by d'Orbigny and Lafrernaye under the name of 
Ornismya glaucopoides^ this name has the priority. 



200 Genera of Hununing Birds. 

371. Eriocnemis LUCIANI, Bourc, Ann. Soc. Agr. Lyon, 

1847, P- ^24. 

Hylocharis luciant, Gray. Gen. Birds, vol. i., p 114. 

Eriopus luciani, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p. 80. 

Buquef s Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 273. 

l' Ertocnérnis de Lucien, Mxûs. W'\st. ^2it. Ois. Mou., 1876; 
t. iii., p. 47. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Maie. — Forehead shining greenish-blue. Upperside shining 
golden-green passing to glittering green on rump and upper- 
tail coverts. Tail blue-black, with a greenish-bronze tinge 
on median rectrices on some specimens. Underside metallic 
golden-green, greener on throat. Undertail-coverts shining 
blue. Tarsal tufts white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill 
black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2^. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i|- 

It is a common species in Ecuador. 

It was discovered in that country, by Delattre, and dedicated 
to the late Mr. Lucien Buquet, who was for many years, 
Treasurer of the French Entomological Society. 

372. Eriocnemis MOSOUERAE, Bourc. and Delatt, Rev Zool., 

1846, p. 306. 

Hylocharis mosquerae, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 114. 

Eriopus mosquerae, Bon. Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., 
p. 80. 

Threptria mosquerae, Reich., Troch., Enum., p. 6. 

Mosquera's Puff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 274. 

r Eriocnemis de Mosquera, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. iii., p. 49. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 

Male. — Forehead, back, and rump bronzy-green, golden on 
neck, and luminous gold on uppertail-coverts. Median 
rectrices shining bronzy-green, laterals bronzy-green with 
black tips, outermost one nearly black with a bronze tinge. 
Throat metallic golden passing to reddish-gold on neck and 
breast. Flanks and abdomen shining golden-green. Tarsal 



Genera of Huimning Birds. 261 

tufts white. Undertail-coverts shining bluish-green. Wings 
purplish. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|-in. Wings, 2\. Tail, 2%. Culmen, |-. 

This rare species was discovered in Colombia, by Delattre, 
and dedicated by him and Bourcier, to General Mosquera, 
then President of the Republic of Colombia. 

373. EriOCXEMIS ISAACSONI, Parz. Rev. ZooL, 1845, p. 95. 

Hylocharis ïsaacsonî, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 114. 

Eriopus isaacsoni, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, p. 80. 

Eriocnémis isaacsoni, Bon. Rev. and Mag. ZooL, 1854., 
p. 52. 

Phemonoe isaacsoni, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 9. 

Heliajithea isaacsoni, Elliot, Ibis, 1874, p. 331. 

Saturia isaacsoni, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. ii., 
p. 299. 

Long-billed Piiff-leg, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 272. 

la Saturie d^ Isaacson, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 300. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Upper part of head dark metallic green ; a small 
spot of very luminous light grass-green upon the forehead. 
Back grass-green, inclined to bronze incertain lights. Wings 
like the back ; primaries purplish-brown. Rump and upper- 
tail-coverts brilliant metallic grass-green. Entire throat 
brilliant metallic grass-green. Breast metallic green, lighter 
than the throat. Rest of underparts metallic coppery-bronze, 
changing in certain lights to red upon the abdomen. Under- 
tail-coverts brilliant grass-green. Tail brownish-black with 
a purple shade. Bill black. Tarsi covered with short white 
feathers. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

This extremely rare species, dedicated by Parzudaki to Mr. 
Isaacson, is only represented in the Collections by three 
specimens, one the type, '' Ex Elliot Collection," is now in the 
New York Museum of Natural History, the second one is in 
the Liverpool Museum, and the third in my Collection. 



262 Genera of Humming Birds 

Genus CIL, Pterophanes, Gould, Int., Troch., 1861, p. 105. 

Lepidoria. Muls. and Verr., Class. Troch., 1865, p. 61. 

Type : O. temminckii^ Boisson neau. 

Bill cylindrical, narrow, longer than the head, slightly 
curved upward at the point. Wings very large, falcate, 
longer than the tail. Tail large and forked. Rectrices broad, 
median shortest, lateral and outermost ones slightly and 
gradually longer. Feet small, hind toe shorter than the 
middle one, claws long, slightly curved, and sharp at the 
point. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

374. Pterophanes temmincki, Boiss., Rev. Zool., 1839, 

P- 354- 
Trochilus cyanopterus, Fras., P.Z.S., 1840, p. 17. 

Mellisuga temmincki, Gray Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Lepidoria temmincki, Muls. and Verr., Class. Troch., 1865, 
p. 61. 

Temminck' s Sapphire-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iii., 

p. 178. 

le Ptérophane de Temminck, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 291 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

Male. — Upperside shining dark green, appearing nearly 
black on neck and back, in certain lights. Tail shining bronze- 
green. A white spot behind the eye. Underside brilliant 
shining dark green. Wings metallic deep blue, each feather 
tipped with purplish-black. Bill black. Feet flesh colour. 

Total length, 6|in. Wing, 4^. Tail, 3. Culmen, \\. 

Females — Head dark brown. Upperside golden-green. Tail 
bronze-green, outermost rectrice white, margined with brownish- 
bronze. Rump and uppertail-coverts shining green. A white 
spot behind the eye. Throat, breast, and abdomen rufous. 
Flanks and sides of breast shining golden-green with base of 
feathers rufous. Undertail-coverts dark green. Greater wing 
coverts metallic blue, primaries and secondaries purplish- 
brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 6in. Wing, 4. Tail, 2%. Culmen, \\. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 263 

This species was probably discovered in Columbia, by 
Boissonneau, the author of the species. 

My specimens from Peru, and Bolivia collected by M. M. 
Whitely and Buckley, are larger, and slightly different in 
colouration. The upper and underside are of a darker green, 
the median rectrices and uppertail-coverts are not bronzy, 
but dark shining green, the lateral and outermost ones are 
dark bronzy-brown margined with brownish-black. If they 
should prove distinct, I propose the name of Pterophanes 
peruvianus, for that species, Whitely's specimens from Peru, 
having been collected first. 



FAMILY X. HELIANTHEIDAE, 

OR Family of Star-frontlet Humming Birds. 

Body large. Bill long, nearly straight. Culmen closely 
feathered at the base ; nasal covers completely hidden. Tail 
forked. Wings long, reaching the end of tail. Sexes unlike 

Type: Helianthea, Gould, Int., Troch., 1861, p. 130. 

Range. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

Genus CIII. Diphlogaena, Gould, Int. Troch, 1861, p. 133. 

Type : — D. iris, Gould. 

Bill slender, straight, very long, about twice the length of 
the head. Wings long and pointed, reaching the end of tail. 
Tail long and forked. Rectrices narrow, median long and 
shortest, lateral and outermost ones slightly and gradually 
longer. Tarsi clothed. Sexes unlike in plumage. 

Habitat. — Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 
375. Diphlogaena iris, Gould, P.Z.S., 1853, p. 61. 
Helianthea aurora, Gould, P.Z.S., 1853, P- 61. 
Hypochrisia aurora, Reich., Aufz. der Coiib., 1853, P- 9- 
Hypochrysia iris, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 185g, p. g. 

Leadbeatera warszewiczi, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, 
p. g. 

Coeligena warszewiczi, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 185g, 
P- 23- 



264 ' Genera of Humming Birds. 

Diphlognena aurora^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv, p. 248. 

Diphlogaena iris buckleyi, Berlepsch, Ibis, 1887, p. 295. 

Rainbow, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 247. 

Bolivian Rainbo7v, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 248. 

la Diplilogene iris, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. ii., 
p. 302. 

la Diphlogene anrore, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. 
ii., p. 303. 

Warzewicz's Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886, p. 21. 

Habitat. — Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

Male. — Fo'rehead brilliant metallic golden-green, changing 
to oranore-scarlet on the sides of crown. Centre of crown 
deep metallic blue. Neck and upper part -of back very dark- 
bronze-green appearing almost black in certain lights. Lower 
part of back, rump, abdomen, uppertail and undertail-coverts, 
and tail chestnut-red. Throat and breast glittering green, 
with a small spot of purplish in the centre. Wings purplish- 
brown, secondaries chestnut margined at tips with purplish- 
brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5iin. Wing, 3;r. Tail, 2\. Culmen, \\. 

Female? — Head and neck golden-green with a bright spot 
on forehead. Back bronzy-green. Rump, uppertail-coverts, 
and tail, chestnut-red, all the rectrices, excepting the outer- 
most ones, slightly tipped with bronze. Throat buff, spotted 
with green. Breast green streaked with grayish buff. Abdo- 
men and flanks chestnut. Vent white. Rest like the male. 

Total lengthy sii"- W^ing, 3. Tail, 2\. Culmen, \\. 

It is a very rare species. It was discovered in Bolivia, by 
Mr. Warszewicz. The type of the species is in the British 
Museum. " Ex. Coll. Gould." My specimens were collected 
by Buckley. 

376. DiPHLOGAENA HESPERUS, Gould, Ann., Mag. Nat. Hist., 

1865, p. 127. 

Ecuadorian Rainbow, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886, 
p. 20. 

la Diphlogene hesperus, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., 304. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 



Genera of Hnmniing Birds. 265 

Male. — Forehead metallic fiery-red on the sides of crown. 
Centre of crown brilliant metallic blue with purplish reflections. 
Lower part of head and rest of upperside bronzy-green, 
appearing nearly black, on head and upper part of back. 
Uppertail andundertail-coverts,and tail chestnut-red, margined 
with bronze at tips. Underside brilliant shining green with 
the throat of the most brilliant gold, under which is a spot of 
metallic lilac. Wings-coverts bronzy-green, secondaries 
chestnut-red with the tips margined with purplish-brown, 
primaries chestnut-red on outer shafts, inner ones purplish- 
brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 3I. Tail, 2^. Culmen, i\. 

Female ? — Head iierv-red with a blue streak in the middle. 
Underside glittering golden-green washed with grayish-buff. 
Rest like the male. 

Total length, 5iin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2|-. Culmen, \\. 

All my specimens of this extremely rare and fine species 
were collected in Uppei Amazon, by Buckley. 

I should not be surprised that D- iris and hesperus^ should 
turn out to be the same species, all the adult male specimens 
being those with the upper and underside green, and all the 
others with chestnut on back and abdomen, female or young. 

Genus CIV. Helianthea, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 130. 

Type : T. violifera, Gould. 

Bill long, straight, and cylindrical, much longer than the 
head. Wings moderately long and powerful, reaching the 
end ol tail. Tail long and slightly forked. Rectrices broad, 
median long, and shortest, the two next, very slightlv and 
gradually longer, the last lateral, and the outermost one very 
slightly longer, and of the same length. Tarsi short and 
clothed. Feet verv small, hind toe the shortest. Sexes 
unlike. 

Habitat.- — Venezuela, Peru, and Bolivia. 

377. Helianthea violifera, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, p. 87. 

A4ellisuga violifera, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Helianthea violifer, Bon. Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, p. 75. 

Calligenia violifera, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. ii., 
P-3I3- 



206 Genera of Hiimtyting Birds. 

Violet-throated Star-fro7itlet, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., 
P 239. 

la Calligénie volifère^ Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. 
ii., p. 314. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — Spot on forehead brilliant metallic green. Top of 
head dark green appearing almost black. Back and rump 
golden-green. Uppertail-coverts and tail rufous tipped with 
pale bronzy-green. Throat dark green with a broad metallic 
spot in the lower central part, violet-blue. Breast shining 
green with a very narrow white band across the middle. Abdo- 
men and flanks rufous washed with golden-green on flanks. 
Undertail-coverts light rufous. Wing-coverts golden-bronze, 
secondaries rufous at base, then bronzy-brown, primaries 
purple ; outer edge of first primary rufous for four-fifths of its 
length. Bill black. 

Total length, 5jin. Wing, 3J. Tail, 2^-^. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Like the male with the throat rufous mottled with 
green. 

This very rare species was discovered by Mr. Bridges. 

I have only one male specimen, collected in Bolivia, by 
Bucklev. 

^378 Helianthea osculans, Gould, P.Z.S., 1871, p. 503. 

Calligenia osculans, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. ii., 
p. 310. 

Buff-tailed Star frontlet, Gould, Mon. Troch, Supple., 
1886, p. 22. 

la Calligénie à gemme violette^ Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 310. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Male. — Very closely allied to H. violifera, from which it 
differs only by being destitute of the white band across the 
breast, more green on the abdomen, the apical half of the 
median rectrices, bronzy-green, and the tips of laterals have a 
large band of bronzy-green. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2%. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Has no frontal nor gular spot. Throat buff 
spotted with green, rest like the male. 

Type in British Museum. 



a 



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Notice biographique sur Francois Sumichrast, 
Naturaliste Voyageur, Brochure in 8vo., avec 
portrait. Paris, 1884 ... ... ... ... 2/- 

VlSITE aux ruines DE XOCHICALCO (MeXIQUE). 

Paris. 1887 ... .. ... ... ... i/- 

Catalogue des Objets exposés par la Rè- 
puplique de Guatemala et par M. Adolphe 
Boucard à l'FIxposition universelle de 
Paris, 1889 . . ... ... .. . . i/- 

Catalogue des Oiseaux de la Collection 
Riocour. Paris, 1889 ... .. ... i/- 

THE HUMMING BIRD. A Monthly Scien- 
tific, Artistic, and Industrial Review. 
Vol.1. London, 1891 ... ... ... .. 10/- 



Contects of Vol. I. 

Preface — What is to be seen everywhere in London — 
The MoKinley Bill — The Panama Canal — Notes on the 
Gciius PharoTiacrus — An easy way of making £100 a 
a year —Reports on Public Sales of Feathers and Bird 
Skins — Rapport sur la Vente publique, de plumes et 
d'Oiseaux à Londres, Décembre, iSgo — The Museum 
of la Plata, and my idea of a typical and practical 
Museum of Natural History — Reports on Public Sales 
of Postage Stamps — Notes on rare species of Humming 
Birds, and Descriptions of several supposed new species 
— Second International Ornithological Congress — 
Answers to Correspondents — Description of a supposed 
new species of Parrot in Boucard's Museum — Notes on 
the Crowned Superb Warbler (A/w/ïtntscoro^a/ws (Gould) 
— A Visit to the Gardens of Zoological Society of Lon- 
don — British Museum (Zoological Department)— Royal 
Aquarium — Books and Journals received — Obituary — 
Description of a supposed new species of Paradise bird 
in Boucard's Museum — The Pilgrim Locust — Descrip- 
tion of a supposed new species of Tanager — -Notes on 
the great Bower Bird {Chlamydodera nuchalis, Jard) — 
Collections made in Thibet and Central Asia — A Visit to 
the British Museum (Natural History Department) — 
The Plantain or Banana Plant — Inauguration of the 
statue of Pierre Belon, the Naturalist — A Giant 
Land Crab — Review of new Scientific Books — Report 
on the Public Sale of the celebrated Collection of Shells, 
formed by the late Sir David Barclay, and sold at 
Steven's on Monday, the 5th of July, and following days 
— Recommendations for the prevention of damage by 
some common Insects of the Farm, the Orchard, and 
the Garden — La Vie champêtre. La Destruction de la 
Larve du Hanneton (Melolontha vtdgaris) — Crocodile, 
Snake, and Fish skins for industrial purposes — World's 
Columbian Exposition, Bâtiment de I'Administation. 
The same. Vol. II. London, 1892 ... ... 10/- 

Contents of Vol. II. 

Description of a supposed new Species of Humming Birds, 
in Boucard's Museum — The World's Fair, Inter- 
national Exposition of Chicago — Review of New 
Scientific Books — Notes on the Rare Pheasant, 
Rheinardius ocellatus — Books received — Celebrated 
Gallery of Old Masters, of the late General Marquess 
de Garbarino — Customs Tariff of Great Britain and 
Ireland — Obituary — Biographical Notes on Henry 
Walter Bates, F.R.S., etc. (with portrait)— American 
Pearls — Fish from v^olcanoes — A very large Tree — A 
Curious Rat Catcher — List of Birds collected, by Mr. 
Hardy at Porto- Real, Brazil, with description of one 
supposed New Species — Description of a supposed New 
Species of the genus Manticora, " Cicindelidae," from 
Damara Land, South Africa — Description d'une espèce 
nouvelle de Diptère parasite de Costa Rica, Ornithom- 
yia geniculata — The Completion of the Panama Canal 
— A complete list, up to date, of the Humming Birds 
found in Columbia, with descriptions of several supposed 
New Species — Christopher Columbus — Festivities and 
Exhibitions, held in honour of Christopher Columbus in 
America, Spain, Italy and France — America — Le Canal 
de Panama — International Exhibition in Monaco — A 
new Emission of Postage Stamps. 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, comprising:— 
Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithso- 
nian Institution, 1890-1891 — Catalogue of Birds in the 
British Museum, Vol. XX., 1891. Vol. XVI., 1892, 
Vol. XXII., 1892— Zoolo^'ical Record, Vol. XXVIH., 
1892 — Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 
1892 — The Ibis, Vol. IV., Sixth Series, 1892 — Mémoires 
de la Société Zoologique de France, Vol. V., 1892 — 
Memorias y Revista de la Sociedad cientifica, Antonio 
Alzate, 1892— Actes de la Société scientifique du Chili. 
Vol. I., 1892— The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 
1892, etc. 

OBITUARY:— 
August von Pelzen — Dom Pedro d'Alcantara — M. 
Alphand — Monseigneur Freppel — Armand de Quatre- 
fages de Breau — Duke of Clarence — Henry Walter 
Bates - Etienne Arago — Hermann Charles Burmeister 
— Cari August Dohrn — Marshal da P'onseca — Ernest 
Renan — Alfred Tennvson — Xavier Marmier. 

GENERA OF HUMMING BIRDS, by A. Boucard, 
pages I to 56. 



THE HUMMING BIRD. A Quarterly Scien- 
tific, Artistic, and Inuustrial Review. Vol. 
III. London, 1894 ... ...10/- 

Contents of Vol. 111. 

Panama— Grover Cleveland ; the elected President of the 
United States— Dercriptions of several sjpposil New 
Spocics of Humming Birds, by A. Boucard— Visits to the 
Zoological Gardens of London, by W. Rosenberg— Paris 
International Exhibition of 1900 — World's Columbian 
E.xhibition — Chicago Exposition ; World's Fair Notes — 
Relics at the Fair — Big Prizes for Live Stock— World's 
Fair Souvenirs — Travels of a Naturalist, by A. Boucard 
— Genera of Humming Birds, by A. Boucard — The 
Imperial Institute — .\nver's International Exhibition — 
Koyal Institution — Description of one supposed New 
Species of Cetonia, from Syria, by A. Boucard — How 
Animals are Protected Against Their Enemies, by W. 
Rosenberg— Abundance of Wasps — Notes on Wasps, 
by A. Boucard — The Ways of Wasps— Les Guêpes — 
Rectification of Name for Semioptera gouldi — Alligators 
— Destructive Insects of Victoria, by French — Interna- 

. tional Exhibitions — The late World's Fair-International 
Exhibition of Lyon (France) — International Exhibition 
of Paris, 1900 — International Exhibition of Industry, 
Science and Art, in Hobart Town, (Tasmania^ -Inter- 
national Exhibition in San Francisco (California). 



GENER\ OF HUMMING BIRDS:— 

Genus Oxypogon, Gould 

,, Eupogonus, Muls. and Verr. 

,, Lampropogon, Bon. 

„ Chalcostigma, Reich. 

„ Metallura, Gould 

„ Avocettinus, Bon. 

„ Adelomyia, Bon. 

,, Urosticte, Gould 

,, Augastes, Gould 

„ Phlogophilus, Gould 

,, Ramphomicron, Bon. 

Lesbidae. 
Genus Zodalia, Muls 
„ Sappho, Reich. 
„ Lesbia, Lesson 
,, Cyanolesbia, Steg. 
,, Neolesbia, Salv. 

Thaluranidae. 
Genus Thalurania, Gould 



Aves. — Trochili. 



Metallura peruviana 
Lesbia aequatorialis 
Oreotrochilus bolivianus 
Hylocharis brasiliensis 
Amazilia forreri 
Saucerottia welisi 
Uranomitra whitelyi 
Agyrtria speciosa 
Chrysuronia buckleyi 
Phaethornis garleppi 
Hemistephania guianensis 
Patagona peruviana 
Patagona boliviana 
Cyanolesbia meridana 
Cyanolesbia Columbiana 
Thalurania valenciana 



Boucard 



Gen. H. 
Geo. H. 



Bird 
Bird 



Insecta. — Coleoptera, CkTONID/E. 
Boucard 



Cetonia delagrangei 
Cetonia syriaca ? 



Contents of Vol. IV. 

Wonderful Discovery in Colorado (Mexico) — Recent Scien- 
tific and other Publications, with Notes by the Editor — 
Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smith- 



PAGE 

63 
66 

67 
66 
70 

n 

78 

81 

83 
84 

85 

• 

87 
89 

91 

96 

99 



100 



NEW SPECIES OF BIRDS AND INSECTS— 
Described in Vol. III. of the Humming Bird. — 



PAGE 

6 
6 
7 

7 
7 

8 
8 
8 
9 
9 
10 
60 
6r I 
97' 

9S ! 

102 ! 



PAGE 

40 
40 



sonian Institution— The Hawks and Owls of the Unît 
States in their relation to Agriculture, by A. K. Fisher 
— Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum, Volume 
XXI., Columbaeor Pigeons, by T, Salvadori — Catalogne 
of Birds in the British Museum, Volume XXII., The 
Game Birds, by Olgilvie Grant — The Proceedings of the 
Zoological Society of London, Part IV., 1892, and Parts 
I., II., and III., 1893 — Zoological Record, Vol. XXIX,, 
edited bv Doctor Sharp —The Ibis, Sixth Series, Vol.V^ 
edited by Philip Lutley Sclater— The Ibis, Vol. VI., N%. 
21, edited by Philip Lutley Sclatler — Bulletin of tl*e' 
British Ornithologist's Club, 1S92-93 — Mémoires de la 
Société Zoologique de France, Tome V., 5èm partie, 
TomeVI.,1893 — Congres International de Americanist 
Compte Rendu de la Huitième Session tenue à Paris 
1890 — Socieda^e de Geographia de Lisboa; Indices 
Catalagos, A Bibliotheca, 18937— Revista Mensual de 
Sociedad Gautemalteca de Ciencias, 1893 — The En 
mologists' Monthly Magazine, 1S93 — Ornithol. 
Monat-bcrichte, edited by Dr. Ant. Reichenow, i _ ..n 
I '93 — The Canadian Entomologist, edited by Rev. C.T 
S. Bethune, t)ntano. 1893 — Twenty-third Annual Re 
of the Entomological Society of c3ntario, 1893 — Bull 
of the United States National Museum, Washing! 
i->92— North American Fauna, No. 7, Part II.,Washi; 
ton, it>q3 -. anales del Instituto fiscio- geografica 
.\luseo de" Costa Rica, Tome III., 1892 — Die Vogel 
Insel Curacao, by Hans von Berlepsch, 1892 — The Fl 
ing Man. by the Editor — Visits to the Zoologii 
Society Gardens, London, by W. H. Rosenberg — Aj 
Nursery of Insects — Description d'une nouvelle esp 
de Coquille du Japon du genre Arca, par le Doct 
Félix Joussaume — The Use of Sait for Agricultu 
Purposes, by the Editor — Are Ants of Aid to Fru 
Growers? — Banana Culture — Strange Phenomenon 
California, Formation of an Inland Sea — Waste Pi 
ducts made Useful — How to Preserve Animals — 
English Snake, by W. Rosenberg— The Great Lakes, 
G. A.— Inhabited Worlds (Jhe World)— ^\ Coco— Man] 
Eyed Monster — The Telescope and the Microscopi. 
Mistakes about Alcohol — Cotton Seed Oil — Genen* 
Avium. 



NEW GENERA and SPECIES of BIRDS and SHE! 
Described in Vol. IV. of The Humming Bird :— ' 
AvES. — Trochili. 



Boucard, Gen. H. Bird 



Thalurania boliviana, 
Gmelinius, n.g., 

Type, Gmrl. Bicolor 
Chlorostiibon wiedi, 
Chlorostilbon panamensis, 
Lawrencius, N.G., 

Type, L. cupreiceps 



Shells, 
Area boucardi, Joussaume, H. Bird 



Sauvetage du Panama, 4éme edition, Brochure 

in 8vo., 32 pages. Tours, 1892.. 
Catalogue des Collections d'historie 

naturelle récoltées au Mexique par M. 

Adolphe Boucard 
Catalogue de Mammifères, Oiseaux Reptiles, 

Poissons et Coquilles de la Californie, 

Louisiane, Mexique et Uruguay 
Catalogue de Carabiques et Colcoptèkes 

divers, 1477 espèces ... 
Catalogue d'Héteromères et de Curculio 

NIDES, 2242 espèces 
Catalogue d'Oiseaux, Reptiles et Poissons, 

1157 espèces . . 
Liste de Coléoptères exotiques, 2636 espèces 
Liste des Coléoptères en vente chez M. 

Adolphe Boucard, 79'i6 espèces 
Liste DES Oiseaux en VENTE CHEZ M. Adolphe 

Boucard, 4584 espèces 
La série complète des huit Catalogues et Listes ... 



PAC 

II 

II 

U 
U 



Printed by Pardy & Son, 8, The Triangle, Bournemouth. 



Vol. V. Part II.] 



JUNE, 1895. 



[Price 2/6. 



XLhc Ibumming 3ivb 

^^X A QUARTERLY X®^ 

SCIENTIFIC. ARTISTIC AND INDUSTRIAL REVIEW 



EDITED BY 



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OL/XA^^r\A<Xy jà^MAXi.OUuK' 



Annual Subscription: United Kingdom, Europe, N. America and Canada, 

10/- All other Countries, 12/- 

Vol. I., IL, III. and IV., complete, 10/- each. 

SCALE OF CHARGES FOR ADVERTISEMENTS: 

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Lowest charge, 2/6 up to five lines, and 6d. per line extra. 

Repeated or Continuous Advertisement per contract. 



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•a? 



Published by A. Boucard, Nevis Villa, Spring Vale, Isle of Wight ; and by Messrs. Wesley & Son 

Essex Street, Strand, London W.C. 



GENERA AVIUM. 



\4 R. BOUCARD begs to inform his scientific Friends and Correspondents, 
^^^ that he is preparing the manuscript of a GENERA AVIUiM, and being 
very anxious that the said work should be as complete and as perfect as 
possible, he will consider it a great favour, if any of his Correspondents can 
procure him, for cash or in exchange, some of the Genera mentioned in the 
adjoining list : — 



PSITTACIDAE. 

Cyanopsittacus 

Pachynus 

Geopsittacus 

Capitonidae. 
Erythrobucco 
Smilorhis 
Stactolaema 

Bucconidae. 
Micromonacha 
Hapaloptila 

CUCULIDAE. 

Pachycoccyx 

Cercococcyx 

Mesocalius 

Microdynamis 

Ramphomantis 

Hyetornis 

Rhynococcys 

Dryococcyx 

Neomorphus 

MUSOPHAGIDAE. 

Gymnoschizorhis 

Trogonidae. 
Euptilotis 

Alcedinidae. 
Ceycopsis 
Myioceyx 

Meropidae. 
Dicrocercus. 

Bucerotidae. 
Bucorax 
Dichoceros 
Aceros 
Anorrhinus 
Berenicornis 
Rhinoplax 

Picidae. 
Geocolaptes 
Xenopicus 
Dendrocoptes 






Thripias 

Sapheopipo 

Verreauxia 

COTINGIDAE. 

Chirocylla 

Doliornis 

Haematoderus 

PiTTIDAE. 

Anthocincla 
Coracopitta 

Paradiseidae. 
Prionodura 
Cnemophilus 
Loria 

Xanthochlamys 
Scaenopetes 

Tanagridae. 
Hypophaea 
Delothraupis 
Cyanicterus 
Chlorothraupis 
Creurgops 
Malacothraupis 
Cypsnagra 
Urothraupis 
Microspingus 
Nerospingns 
Conothraupis 
Lanprospiza 
Orchesticus 
Oreothraupis 

Fringillidae. 
Camarhynchus 
Cactornis 
Chaunoproctus 
Neorhynchus 
Piezorhina 
Dolospingus 
Amaurospiza 
Pyrrhuloxia 
Loximitris 
Acanthidops 
Rhynchostrutus 
Poliospiza 



Urocynchramus 

Porphyrospiza 

Haplospiza 

Saltatricula 

Coryphospiza 

Nesospiza 

Idiopsar 

Spodiornis 

Xenospingus 

Lophospingus 

Schistopiza 

Tiaris 

Rhodospingus 

Ploceidae. 
Tetraenura 
Linura 
Philacterus 
Pyrenestes 
Cryptospiza 
Ortygospiza 
Stictospiza 
Emblema 
Pytelia 
Stictoptera 
Bathilda 
Granatina 
Icteropsis 
Plocella 
Histurgops 
Textor 

Icteridae. 
Clypeicterus 
Ocyalus 
Nesopsar 

Coerebidae. 
Oreomanes 
Xenodacnis 

Alaudidae. 
Heterocorys 
Chersophilus 
Ramphocorys 
Spizocorys 
Spilocorydon 
Spizalauda 
Heliocorys 
LuUula 



Pyrrhospiza 
All Letters containing offers to be directed as under : 

Mr. a. BOUCARD, Spring Vale, Isle 



Ammonomanes 

Aetamidae. 
Preudochilldon 

Sturnidae. 
Sturnornis 
Ampeliceps 
Charitornis 
f "osmopsarus 
Cinnamopterus 
Pilorhinus 
Hagiopsar 
Pyrrhocheira 
Coccycolius 
Heteropsar 
Fregilupus 

Falconidae. 
Cariama 
Serpentarius 
Urotriorchis 
Nisoides 
Buteola 

Harpyhaliaetus 
Thrasaetus 
Lophotriorchis 
Dryotriorchis 
Helotarsus 
Gypohierax 
Nauclerus 
Lophoit:tinia 
Gypoictinia 
Henicopernis 
Machaeramphus 
Harpagus 
Poliohierax 
Spiziapteryx 
Harpa 
Polioaetus 

BUBONIDAE. 

Scotopelia 

Surnia 

Heteroglaux 

Gymnasio 

Sceloglaux 

Micrathene 

Phodilus 



OF Wight, England. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 267 

^379. HeLIANTHEA DICHROURA, Tacz., P.Z.S., 1874, p. 138. 

Calli^enia dichroura, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii.,p. 309. 

Jelsky s Star-frontlet, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886, 
P- 23. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Male. — Very closely allied to H. osculans, from which it 
differs only by the apical band of the tail feathers, which is 
more apparent in this species, and darker. 

For me, it is a doubtful species, probably the same as 
H. osculans. 

Type in the Warsaw Museum. It was collected near 
Maragnioc, Peru, by M. Jelsky. 

380. HeLIANTHEA EOS, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, p. II. 
Mellisuga eos, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. iii., p. 5. 
Hypochrysia eos, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1S53, p. 9. 

Calligenia eos, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. ii., 
p. 311. 

Golden Starfrontlet^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 237. 

La Calli^énie aurore, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 311. 

Habitat. — Venezuela. 

Male. — Forehead brilliant metallic golden-green. Rest of 
head velvety-black, with dark green reflections, when viewed 
from behind. Back shining golden-green, passing to fiery- 
gold on rump and uppertail coverts. Tail cinnamon, broadly 
tipped with golden-bronze. A white spot behind the eye. 
Throat metallic dark-green, with a broad spot in the centre 
brilliant metallic violet. Breast brilliant metallic golden-green, 
passing to gold on lower part and fiery-gold on abdomen and 
flanks. Undertail-coverts cinnamon. Wing-coverts golden, 
secondaries cinnamon, margined narrowly at tips with golden- 
bronze, primaries bronzy-purple, outer edge of first primary 
for four-fifths of its length cinnamon. Bill black. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Head dark shining green. Upperside golden- 
green passing to gold on rump and uppertail-coverts. Tail 
X 



268 Gene?' a of H n in mi n g Birds. 

cinnamon passing to golden-bronze. Throat rufous mottled 
with small green spots. Breast golden-green. Abdomen 
and flanks bright gold, the base of all the feathers of the 
underside rufous, rest like the male. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 2f. Tail, 2. Culmen, \\. 

This handsome and rare species was discovered in 
Venezuela, bv M. M. Funch and Schlim. 

I have a fine series of this species collected in Venezuela 
by Mr. Briceno. 

Genus CV. Hypochrysia, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 

1853» P- 9- 

Helianthea, Gould, P.Z.S., 1848, p. 11. 

Phemone, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- 9- 

Saturia, Muls., Cat. Ois. Mou., 1875, p. 21. 

Type : O. bonapartei, Boissonneau. 

Bill long, straight, cylindrical. Wings long, reaching the 
end of tail. Tail moderately long and slightly forked. 
Median rectrices shortest, lateral and outermost ones slightly 
and gradually longer. Tarsi clothed. Sexes unlike. Rump 
brilliant metallic. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador. 

381. Hypochrysia bonapartei, Boiss., Rev. Zool., 1840, 

p. 6. 
Trochiliis aurogaste?', Fraz., P.Z.S., 1840, p. 16. 
Mellisuga bonapartei. Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 
Helianthea bonapartei^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 236. 

Bonaparte s Star-frontlet^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 

236. 

r Helianthée de Bonaparte, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 295. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Forehead brilliant metallic green. Rest of head 
and back very dark green, appearing almost black on head in 
certain lights. Rump and uppertail coverts most brilliant 
metallic fiery-gold. Tail golden-bronze. Throat and breast 



Genera of Hufnmin^ Birds. 26g 

snetallic brilliant green, brighter on breast. Centre of throat 
jnetallic purplish-blue. Abdomen and flanks brilliant metallic 
fiery-gold. Undertail-coverts shining gold margined with 
rufous. Wings bronzy-purplish-brovv'^n. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|-in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i^. 

Female. — Upperside shining green, golden on rump. 
Uppertail-coverts fiery-gold. Tail golden-bronze. Throat 
buff. Breast shining golden-green. Abdomen and flanks 
buff, washed with brilliant gold. Undertail-coverts buff. 
Wings bronzy-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2-|. Tail, 2. Culmen, \\. 

It is probable that Mr. Boissonneau was the discoverer of 
this fine species, which he dedicated to Prince Charles L.ucien 
Bonaparte, the celebrated Ornithologist. 

It is a common species in Colombia. 

382. Hypochrysia helianthea. Less., Rev. Zool., 1838, 

P- 3H- 
Mellisuga helianthea, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Helianthea typica, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 235. 

Helianthea porphyrogaster, Muls., Hist. Nat., Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 293. 

Star-frontlet, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 235. 

r Hélianthée à ventre de porphyre, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. 
Mou., 1876, t. ii., p. 294. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Top of head and lores velvety-black. Forehead 
iDrilliant metallic green. Upperside dark green, appearing 
.almost black on head and back. Lower part of rump metallic 
red-purple. Uppertail-coverts brilliant metallic light green. 
Tail dark olive bronze-green. Chin and breast very dark 
^reen. Centre of throat metallic dark blue. Abdomen and 
flanks brilliant metallic lilac. Undertail-coverts dark reddish- 
purple. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2\. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Upperside shining green, golden on back. Rump 
..and uppertail-coverts brilliant metallic light green margined 
•with purple. Tail and wings like the male. Throat buff, 
breast golden-green washed with buff. Abdomen and flanks 



270 Genera of Humming Birds. 

buff washed with metallic lilac, especially so on flanks. Under- 
tail-coverts olive-bronze, margined with buff. Bill black. 

Total length, 4Jin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2. Culmen, \\. 

This species is abundant in Colombia. 

I have one male specimen, nearly adult, without the frontal 
spot of forehead, and the abdomen and flanks shining gold 
with a lilac tinge on flanks. It looks as if it was an hybrid of 
H. bonapartei and H. typica. I have also one specimen 
from Colombia which I described in the Humming Bird, 
1891, vol. i., p. 26, almost dark bluish-black, with the gular, 
spot and uppertail-coverts dark silvery-green. Tail purplish- 
black. \\'ings black. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour 
at base. Rest black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2f. Tail, i-J. Culmen, i^-g-. 

If it should prove a distinct species, I propose for it the 
name of Hypochrysia nigra. 

Genus CVI. Calligenia, Muls., Cat. Ois. Mou., 1875, p. 20. 

Type : T. lutetiae, Delattre and Bourcier. 

Bill straight, cylindrical, long, about twice the length of 
the head. Feathers of forehead projecting on culmen. 
Wings long, reaching the end of tail. Tail long, forked. 
Rectrices narrow. Median long and shortest, the two next, 
very slightly and gradually longer, the last lateral and outer- 
most ones, slightly longer and of the same length. Tarsi 
clothed. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

383. Calligenia lutetiae, Delatt. and Bourc, Rev. Zool., 

1846, p. 307. 

Mellisuga lutetiae, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Helianthea lutetiae, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 238. 

Comte de Paris, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 238. 

la Calligénie à gemme bleue, Muls., Hist. Nat., Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 307. 

Habitat. — Ecuador and Colombia. 

Male. — Forehead brilliant metallic green. Crown and nape 
velvety-black with dark bronze-green reflections in certain 



Genera of Humming Birds. 271 

lights. Upperside dark-green, appearing black in the centre 
of back in certain lights. Uppertail-coverts bronzy-green. 
Tail dark bronze-green. Underside brilliant shining green, 
base of feathers black. Centre of throat brilliant metallic- 
blue. Vent white. Undertail-coverts, bronze-green, margined 
with grayish-buff. Wing cov^erts dark bronzy-green, second- 
aries pale yellowish-buff, tipped with purplish-brown, primaries 
purplish. Bill black. 

Total length, S^in. Wing, 3 J. Tail, 2|-. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Upperside shining green, golden on uppertail 
coverts. Tail bronze-green. Throat buff. Underside shining 
golden-green, base of feathers grayish buff, giving a scaly 
appearance to that part. Rest like the male. 

Total length, 5iin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i^ 

This beautiful species was discovered in Ecuador, by 
Delattre, and dedicated by him and Bourcier, to Comte de 
Paris. 

My specimens w^ere collected in Ecuador, by Buckley. I 
have also one specimen received from Bogota, Colombia. 

■Genus CVII. Eudosia, Muls., Cat. Ois. Mou., 1875, p. 20. 

Type : D. traviest, Mulsant and Verreaux. 

Bill straight, long, about twice the length of the head. 
Wings long, reaching the end of tail. Tail long, slightly 
forked. Median rectrices shortest, lateral and outermost 
ones very slightly and gradually longer. Metallic frontal spot. 
Centre of throat white. No white on tail. 

Range, Colombia. 

This genus stands exactly between Homophania and 
Calligenia, having some of the characters belonging to 
these two genera. 

384. Eudosia TRAVIESI, Muls. and Verr, Ann., Soc, Linn., 

Lyon, 1866, p. 199. 

Traviès Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch. SuppL, 1886, p. 25. 

I' Eudosie de Traviès, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
vol. iii., p. 3. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 



272 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Male. — Small frontal spot brilliant metallic green vvitb 
bluish reflections. Head and back very dark bronzy-green 
appearing almost black, with a greenish gloss in centre of 
crown. Wing-coverts and rump, bronze-green. Uppertail- 
coverts shining reddish-purple. Tail dark greenish-bronze. 
Throat minutely spotted, metallic dark green with a small 
metallic violet spot in the centre beneath. A broad white 
band on breast. Abdomen and flanks dark shining green,, 
appearing almost black on lower part of breast. Undertail- 
coverts golden-green. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5Jin. Wing, 3^. Tail, 2J. Culmen, ij. 

Female. — Unknown. 

This extremely rare species came first in a lot of birds sent 
from Bogota, Colombia. It was dedicated by M. M. Mulsant 
and Verreaux to Mr. Traviés, a celebrated painter of natural 
history objects. The type remained for some time in- 
Verreaux's Collection, and finallv was sold to the late Count 
Turati of Milan, whose celebrated collection was given to the 
Natural History Museum of Milan, by his heirs. Besides the 
type, I think there are only three other specimens known, 
one " Ex. Coll. Elliot," now in the Museum of New York^ 
one in the British Museum, and one fine male specimen in mv 
collection, from which the above description was taken. 

Genus CVIIl. Homophania, Reich., Aufz. der Colib.,. 

1853, p. 10. 

Polyaena, Heine., Journ. fur Ornith., 1843, p. 215. 

Type : O. torquata, Boissonneau. 

Bill long, straight, about twice the length of the head. 
Feathers of forehead projecting on the culmen. Nostrils 
hidden. Wings broad, long, reaching the end of tail. Tail 
long, slightly forked. Median rectrices broad and longy 
remainder of rectrices very slightly and gradually longer,, 
nearly all white. Entire breast pure white. Metallic spot 
in the centre of crown. Sexes unlike in plumage. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. 

385. Homophania torquata, Boiss., Rev. Zool., 1840, p. 6. 
Mellisuga torquata, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 
Bourcieria torquata, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 251, 



Genera of Humming Birds. 273 

Collared Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 251. 

r Homophanie à collier, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 317. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Centre of crown metallic purplish-blue. Rest of 
head and back black with greenish reflections when seen from 
behind. Lower part of back, rump and undertail-coverts dark 
shining green. Median rectrices dark olive-green, rest white^ 
tipped w^th bronzy-black, outermost one w^hite for two-thirds 
of its length, rest olive-bronze. Throat black with dark green 
in centre. Breast pure white. Abdomen and flanks black 
with greenish reflections. Undertail-coverts dark shining 
green. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 



Total length, 5iin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2. Culmen, i 



2^ 

8- 



Female. — Crown bluish-green. Upperside shining green, 
with golden reflections when seen from behind, darker on 
neck. Tail bronze-green, laterals white, tipped with bronzy- 
black, outermost one margined on upper part of outer web 
and tipped with blackish-bronze. Chin white, spotted with 
green. Breast pure white. Abdomen and flanks gray, 
washed with green, especially on flanks. Undertail-co\erts 
bronze-green. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|-. Tail, if. Culmen, i|-. 

Young. — Upperside black with greenish reflections. 
Uppertail-coverts and median rectrices dark olive-green. 
Laterals white with black tips, outermost ones white at base, 
margined on outer web, and tipped with purplish-black. 
Underside black with streaks of white feathers on breast. 
Undertail-coverts dark shining green, margined with white. 
Wings purple. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|-. Tail, i-|. Culmen, |-. 

Some of my specimens of this species w^ere collected in 
Colombia by Mr. Salmon, another in Ecuador, by Buckley. 

386. HOMOPHANIA FULGIDIGULA, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. 

iv., p. 252. 

Bourcieria fulgidigula, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855, p. 7. 

Green Throated Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 252. 

r Homophanie à gorge brillante, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. 
Mou., 1876, t. ii., p. 319. 



2 74 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Exactly like the preceding species, with the ex- 
ception of the centre of crown which is metallic bluish-green 
or metallic silvery-green, and the chin and throat which are 
brilliant metallic dark green. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 3^. Tail, 2^. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Crown metallic grass-green with bluish reflection. 
Upperside dark golden-green when viewed from behind. 
Median rectrices dark bronze-green, lateral and outermost 
ones white with purplish-black tips. Throat dark shining 
green with the centre white. Breast pure white. Abdomen 
and flanks gray, washed with green, more so, on flanks. 
Undertail-coverts green, margined with white. Wings 
purplish. Bill black. 

Total length, 4y^in. W^ing, 2\. Tail, i|. Culmen, if. 

My specimens of this species were collected in Ecuador, in 
187g, by Buckley. 

^387. HOMOPHAXIA IXSECTIVORA, Tschudi, Faun., Peru, 

1844, p. 248. 

Bourcieria insectivora, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 135. 

r Homophanie insectivore. 

Tschudi Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886, p. 26. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Male. — Head and back of neck, jet black, with the centre 
of the crown metallic grass-green. Back, uppertail-coverts, 
abdomen, and undertail coverts, shining grass-green. Breast 
pure white. Wings purplish-brown, their coverts like the 
back. Median rectrices shining grass-green, remainder pure 
white, tipped with green, most extensive on the outermost 
feathers. Bill black. 

Total length, 5iin. Wing, 3J. Tail, 2\. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Entire upper parts and throat shining green. 
Median rectrices green, rest white, tipped with black and 
glossed with green. Rest like the male. " Elliot's Syn. H. 
Birds, p. 76." 

Type of species in the Museum of Neuchatel. 

Type of male, "Elliot's Coll.," now in the New York 
Museum of Natural History. 

This species is one of my desiderata. 



Genera uf Humfuing Birds. 275 

388. HOMOPHAXIA CONRADI, Bourc, P.Z.S., 1847, p. 45. 

Mellisuga conradi, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol i., p. 112. 

Bourcieria conradi. Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 253. 

Conradinia conradi^ Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^^^ 

Conrad's Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 253. 

V Homophanie de Conrad^ Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 321. 

Habitat. — Venezuela. 

Male. — Top of head and part of crown shining golden- 
green. Upperside dark green with golden reflections, when 
viewed from behind. Uppertail-coverts and median rectrices 
golden-green. Lateral and outermost ones white for two 
thirds of their length from base, rest golden-green. Chin, 
throat, abdomen, flanks and undertail-coverts brilliant metallic 
green, more so, on throat. Breast pure white. Wings 
purplish, with a bronzy-gloss. Outer shaft of first primary, 
reddish-buff for about three-thirds of its length. Bill black. 

Total length, 5oin. Wing, 3^^. Tail, 2^. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Upperside shining grass-green. Uppertail- 
coverts and median rectrices golden-green. Lateral and 
outermost ones white with golden-green tips, darker on outer- 
mosts. Throat buffy-white, with the sides metallic-green. 
Breast pure white. Abdomen, flanks and undertail-coverts 
shining green, grayish in the centre of abdomen. Wing like 
that of the male. Bill black. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 2f. Tail, i|. Culmen, \\. 

I have a fine series of this beautiful species collected in 
Merida, Venezuela, by Mr. Biiceno. 

The type is in the Loddige's Collection. 

38g. HOMOPHANIA INCA, Gould, Jard. Contr. Ornith., 1852, 

p. 136. 

Bourcieria inca, Bon., Rev. and Mag., Zool., 1854, p. 252. 

Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 254. 

r Homophanie inca, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. ii., 
p. 322. 

Habitat. — Peru and Bolivia. 

Male. — A luminous emerald-green spot on forehead. Rest 
of head jet black, with golden reflections, when viewed from 



276 Genera of Hununing Birds. 

behind, l^pperside brilliant metallic green. Uppertail- 
coverts brilliant golden-green. Median rectrices bronzy-green, 
remainder white, with their terminal third bronzy-green. 
Throat black, tips of feathers metallic golden-green. Breast 
deep reddish-buff. Abdomen and flanks glittering dark 
golden-green. Undertail-coverts shining green. Wings 
purple. Bill black. 

Total length, 5iin. Wing, 3I. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i|. 

Fe?nale. — Upperside dark golden-green, darker on head in 
consequence of the black base of feathers. Uppertail-coverts 
shining golden-green. Median rectrices bronze-green, lateral 
and outermost ones white, margined on outer webs, and tipped 
with bronze-green. Throat reddish-buff spotted with brown. 
Breast deep buff. Rest of underside metallic green washed 
sparingly with buff. Undertail-coverts green, margined with 
grayish-buff. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2|. Tail, i|. Culmen, i}. 

This rare and handsome species was discovered in Bolivia, 
by Mr. Warszewicz. 

My specimens were collected by Buckley. 

390. HOMOPHANIA LAWRENCEI, Boucard, H. Bird, 1892;. 

vol. ii., p. 87. 

Lawrence^ s Humming Bird. 

r Homophanie de Lawrence. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Crown metallic dark green. Upperside dark bronzy- 
green, black in certain lights. Uppertail-coverts shining green 
Median rectrices bronze-green, laterals pale bufif with tips- 
bronze-green. Wings purplish. Throat and sides of breast 
metallic dark green, most brilliant. Breast pure white. 
Abdomen and flanks dark bronzy-green, almost black. 
Undertail-coverts shining green, with the base of feathers pale- 
buff. Bill black. Feet flesh colour with black nails. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2f. Tail, 2. Culmen, \\. 

This species is easily distinguished from H. insectivora by 
the colour of its rectrices. 

Type unique in my collection. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 277 

Genus CIX. Urochroa, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 56. 

Type : T. bougueri, Bourcier. 

Bill straight, twice the length of the head. Nostrils ex- 
posed. Wings long, reaching the end of tail. Tail square, 
rectrices rounded at tips, all of the same length. Feet large. 
Tarsi partly clothed, hind toe of the same length as the 
middle toe. 

■ Habitat. — Ecuador. 

391. Urochroa bougueri, Bourc, Compt. Rend., 1851, t. 

xxxii., p. 186. 

Coeligena bougueri, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- 7- 

Urochroa leucura, Lawr., Ann. N.Y. Lye., Nat. Hist., 1864,. 
vol. viii., p. 43. 

Pied-tail, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 57. 

r Urochoé de Bouguer, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, t. 
i.,p. 193. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside coppery-bronze. Median rectrices very" 
dark bronze-green, the others white, margined on outer webs,, 
and tipped with blackish-brown. Spot behind the eye buff. 
Chin, throat, and upper part of breast metallic dark blue with 
greenish reflections. Rest of underside dark grayish-brown 
washed with green. Undertail-coverts bronzy-green. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 3|-. Tail, 2-|. Culmen, i-|. 

Female. — Unknown. 

This very rare species was discovered in Ecuador, by 
Bourcier. He dedicated it to Mr. Pierre Bouguer. 
I have only one specimen, '' Ex. Coll. Rucker." 

Genus CX. Bourcieria, Bon. Compt. Rend, 1850, p. 380.. 

Lampropygia, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 10. 

PiLONiA, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, vol. iii, p. 4. 

Type. — T. prunellei, Bourcier. 

Bill very long, straight, pointed at tip. Wings long, reach- 
ing the end of tail. Patch of white feathers on sides of 
breast. Tail long, broad, slightly forked, median shortest,. 



278 Genera of Humming Birds. 

lateral and outermost ones very slightly and gradually longer. 
Tarsi bare. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. 

392. BOURCIERIA PRUXELLEI, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc, 

Agr., Lyon, 1843, P- 36- 

Mellisuga prunelli, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Homophania prunelli, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^o. 

Coelicrena prunelli, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol', iv., p. 257. 

Lampropycria prunelli, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 137. 

Pilonia prunelli, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. iii., p. 4. 

Prunelle's Coeligene, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv. p. 255. 

la Pilonie de Prunelle, Vl\x\s., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 5. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 

Male. — Head black with a bronzy-greenish gloss. Neck 
black with a bluish gloss. Upperside black, but when seen from 
behind it is brilliant metallic purplish-red passing to golden on 
rump. Uppertail-coverts bluish-purple. Tail purplish black. 
Underside purplish-black. Centre of throat metallic bluish- 
green. A broad white patch on each side of breast. Shoulders 
brilliant metallic silverv-blue. Undertail-coverts bronzv-black 
fringed with white. Wings purple. Bill black. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 3^. Tail, 2^. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Coloured like the male, but not so black. Lateral 
and outermost rectrices with tips slightly margined with dark 
gray. 

This species was dedicated to Doctor Prunelle by Messrs. 
Mulsant and Bourcier. 

I have one specimen from Ecuador, collected by Buckley. 

393. BOURCIERIA ASSIMILIS, Elliott, Ibis., 1876, p. 56. 
Elliot's Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 1886, p. 26. 
Coeligène semblable. 

Male. — Exactly like the preceding species, excepting the 
colour of throat, which is metallic purple. 

I don't consider it as a species, having received in the same 
box, and from the same locality, specimens coloured like this 
mixed with the others. 



Genera of Hiimmmg Birds. 279 

394. BOURCIERIA PURPU.^vEA, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., 

p. 256. , 

Purple Coeligene, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 256. 

le Coelîgè ne pourpre. 

Male. — Exactly like the preceding species with more 
purple on back, when seen from behind. I don't consider it 
a species, but a young male of B. prunelli. 

I have received specimens from Bogota, corresponding 
exactly to the above description. 

395. BOURCIERIA WiLSONi, Delatt and Bourc, Rev. Zool.,. 

1846, p. 305. 

Mellisuga wilsoni, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Coelïgena wilsoni, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, p. 73. 

Lampropygia wilsoni, Reich., Troch. Enum., p. 7. 

Pilonia wilsoni, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. iii., 
p. 7. 

Wilson^ s Coeligene, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 258. 

la Pilonie de Wilson, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. 
iii., p. 7. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside dark bronzy-brown, coppery on neck 
more or less, according to specimens, with a bright silvery 
greenish gloss on back and rump when seen from behind, 
Uppertail-coverts bronzy-brown, reddish at lower part. Tail 
bronze-green, or reddish-bronze. Throat metallic purple. A 
broad patch of white on each side of breast. Underside 
rufous-brown, bronzy-green on flanks. Vent white. Under- 
tail-coverts bronzy-green, margined with deep buff. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, i|-. Culmen, i|-. 

Female. — Like the male, but paler in colouration, sides of 
throat blackish brown, rectrices margined with buff. Same 
" size as the male. 

I have one specimen with the throat metallic purple inter- 
mixed with green ; but I think nothing of it, these birds 
varying much in colouration according to age. 

This species was discovered at Juntas, Colombia, by 
Delattre, who dedicated it to Mr. Thomas Wilson, a liberal 



28 o Genera of Hum??iing Birds. 

patron of Natural Sciences, who gave his ornithological Col- 
lection to the Museum of the Academy of Philadelphia. 



Genus CXI. Lampropygia, Cab. and Heine., Mus. Hein., 

t. iii., p. 78. 

COELIGENA, Bon. Compt., Rend., 1850, p. 380. 

Type. — O. coeligena, Lesson. 

Bill long, straight, nearly twice the length of the head. 
Wings narrow, long, and pointed, reaching the end of 
tail. Tail long, slightly forked. Median rectrices long, 
shortest, lateral and outermost ones, slightly and gradually 
longer. Undertail-coverts very short. Sexes similar. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, and Bolivia. 

396. Lampropygia coeligena. Cab. and Heine, Mus. 

Hein., t. iii., p. 78. 

Coeligena typica, Bon. Consp., Gen., Av., 1850, p. 73. 

Ornismya coeligena, Less. Troch., 1832, p. 141. 

Mellisuga coeligena Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Coeligene, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 255. 

la Lampropygie coeligène, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou, 1876, 
t. iii., p. 1 1. 

Habitat. — Venezuela. 

Male. — Upperside shining coppery-purple, with the rump 
brilliant metallic-green, when seen from behind. Tail dark 
olive-bronze with purplish reflections. Throat grayish-white, 
with blackish-brown in centre of each feather. Lower part of 
breast, abdomen, and flanks dark gray with a rufous tinge, and 
washed with reddish-bronze on flanks. Undertail-coverts 
rufous. Wings shining purple. Bill black. 

Total length, 5iin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i\. 

Female. — Exactly like the male, but slightly paler in colour- 
ation. Tips of lateral and outermost rectrices pale buff. 

I have one specimen of this species, " Ex. Coll. Costa de 
Beauregard," which I believe to be the type of Lesson. The 
others were collected in Venezuela, by my friend, Doctor 
Carlos Rojas. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 281 

;397. Lampropygia Columbiana, Elliot, Ibis, 1876, p. 57. 

Colombian Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 1886, p. 27. 

le Coeligène de Colombie. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Upperside golden-brown. When viewed from 
behind it shines brilliantly, and the rump appears metallic 
silvery-green. Tail shining golden-bronze. Throat white, 
with the centre feathers blackish-brown. Underside smoky- 
gray, darker on the abdomen, and washed with golden-bronze 
on flanks. Undertail-coverts greenish-bronze margined with 
rufous. Wings purple. Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2 J. Culmen, i^. 

Female. — Slightly paler in colouration, lateral rectrices and 
•outermost ones margined with grayish-buff. Abdomen and 
undertail-coverts rufous. 

This species has been confused by many authors for the 
preceding one of Lesson. Mr. Elliot was the first to separate 
them, and I am of his opinion. 

The type of the male " Ex. Elliot Collection " is now in the 
New York Museum of Natural History. 

Among my specimens, the typical female from which the 
the above description was taken was collected in Colombia, by 
Mr. Salmon. 

398. Lampropygia boliviana, Gould, Int. Troch., p. 137. 

Bolivian Inca, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886, p. 27. 

la Coeligène de Bolivie. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — Exactly like the preceding species from which it 
could not be distinguished if it was not for its tail which is 
•dark olive-brown, passing to purplish-brown, the brownish 
streaks of throat are more conspicuous than in the specimens 
■of B. colombiana, and the upperside is darker. 

Total length, ^\m. Wing, 35:. Tail, 2|. Culmen, i\. 

Female. — Upperside golden-bronze. When viewed from 
'behind, the rump is metallic pale green. Uppertail-coverts 
purple, margined with rufous. Tail golden-bronze at base, 
passing to dark purple, all the tips of rectrices margined w^ith 
buff. Throat grayish-buff with olive-brown in the centre of 



282 Genera of Hiinnninff Birds. 

feathers. Breast grayish-brown. Abdomen and flanks rufous- 
gray washed with pale bronze-green on flanks. Undertail- 
coverts olive-brown margined with rufous. Wings purple. 
Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, i|^. Culmen, r. 

Type of female in my collection. 

It was collected in Bolivia, by Buckley. 

I have given the descriptions of the three species known of 
Lainpropygia, as former authors have done ; but I should not 
be surprised, when more specimens of these birds are 
collected by true Ornithologists, that it will be found that 
they are all females, or young males, of Bourcieria wilsofii, 
and probably of another or several allied species. 



FAMILY XL HELIODOXIDAE. 

OR Family of Brilliant Humming Birds. 

Size moderately large. Bill of moderate length, or long 
and straight. Sheath of box maxilla and mandible smooth. 
Nasal covers completely concealed. Wings narrow and long. 
Tail more or less forked. Males usually very brilliant. 
Brilliant gular spot, or throat brilliant, as in the genera 
Eugenes and Sternoclvta. Sexes unlike. 

Type: Heliodoxa, Gould, P.Z.S., 1849, P- 95- 

Ran^e. — United States, Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica^ 
Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador, Peru, Guiana and Brasilia. 

Genus CXll. Leadbeatera, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 

1850, p. 70. 

Trochilus, Tsch. Faun., Per., 1845-46, t. 23, p. 249. 

ASPATA, Hein., Journ. fur Ornith., 1863, p. 179. 

Hypolia, Muls., Cat. Ois., Mou., 1875, p. 17. 

Bill short, stout, and straight. Feathers of the forehead 
projecting on the maxilla, and covering the nostrils. Crown 
metallic. Wings, long, narrow and pointed, reaching the end 
of tail. Tail forked. No gular spot. Tarsi clothed. Sexes 
unlike. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 283 

Type : Leadbeatera grata, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850^ 
p. 70. 

Range : Colombia, Venezuela, Peru, and Bolivia. 

399. Leadbeatera grata, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850^ 

p. 70. 

Heliodoxa leadbeateri, Bourc, Rev. ZooL, 1843, P- ^^2- 

Trochilus otero, Tsch. Faun., Peruana, 1845-46, t. xxiii.^ 
p. 249. 

Leadbeatera otero, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- 7- 

Leadbeatera sagitta, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- 7- 

Caeligena sagitta, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 23. 

Heliodoxa otero, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 96. 

Leadbeatera splendens, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 74. 

Aspasta leadbeateri, Hein., Journ. for Ornith, 1854, p. 180. 

Hypolia leadbeateri, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou. 1876, 
vol. ii., p. 207-21 1. 

Heliodoxa parvula, Berlepsch., Col. Art., 1888, p. 8. 

Leadbeater's Brilliant, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 96. 

Otero Brilliant, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 96. 

Hy polie de Leadbeater, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876^ 
vol. ii., p. 207. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Bolivia. 

Male. — Crown of head metallic blue with purplish reflec- 
tions or metallic bluish-green. Nape and uppertail-coverts 
coppery-red. Upperside golden-green. Median rectrices 
bronze, laterals blackish-bronze with bronze tips in some 
specimens, in others, the three outermost ones are bluish- 
black. Throat and breast metallic brilliant golden-green or 
brilliant emerald green. Abdomen and flanks dark shining 
green. Undertail-coverts green, margined with gray. Vent 
w^hite. Wings purple-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 44in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, i-J. Culmen, -|. 

Female. — Forehead shining metallic green. Neck coppery- 
red. Upperside golden-green. Median rectrices bronze, 
laterals bluish-black, typed with white. Underside white, 
each feather tipped with metallic-green or golden-green. 

Y 



284 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Lower part of abdomen rufous. Undertail-coverts olive- 
green, edged with gray and rufous. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, |-. 

This species is abundant in Colombia, but rarer elsewhere. 
I am of the same opinion as Mr. Elliot about the difficulty 
of separating the specimens from Venezuela, Peru and 
Bolivia, having in my collection some specimens from 
Colombia, exactly like those from Venezuela and Bolivia, 
known as H . otero and H . splendens. They vary very much 
in colouration. 

Type of Bourcier from Colombia in my collection. It is 
labelled Leadbeatera leadbeateri. It was dedicated by him 
to Mr. John Leadbeater. 



Genus CXIII. Hylonympha, Gould, Ann. and Mag. Nat. 

Hist., 1873, p. 429. 

Type : H . macrocerca, Gould. 

Bill longer than the head, stout, and slightly curved. 
Feathers of forehead covering the nostrils. Wings long and 
narrow. Tail very long, deeply forked, the external rectrices 
are twice the length of the one next to it, very broad, and 
rounded at tip. Feet small. Tarsi partly clothed. Sexes 
unlike. 

Habitat — Brazil ? 

400. Hylonympha macrocerca, Gould, Ann. and Mag. 

Nat. Hist., 1873, p. 429. 

Great forked tailed Humming-bird, Gould, Mon. Troch. 
Suppl., 1886, p. 37. 

I' Hylonymphe à grande queue, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, vol. iii., p. 57. 

Habitat. — Brazil ? 

Male. — Forehead and crown metallic violet-blue. Nape 
and back dark bronze, nearly black. Rest of upperside dark 
green. Throat and breast metallic emerald-green. Flanks 
dark green. Abdomen black, washed with green. Undertail- 
coverts brownish-black. Tail glossy black. 

Total length, 8in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, 5^. Culmen, \. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 285 

Female. — Differs from the male by a much shorter tail and is 
very varied in colouration, the outermost feather is tipped with 
grayish-white. Laterals bluish-black with outer webs rufous. 
Medians bluish-black. Throat and breast white, spangled 
with green. Abdomen and flanks rufous. Rest like the 
male. 

Total length, 5|-in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2f. Culmen, i. 

A good number of specimens of this remarkable species 
were offered for sale in 1873 at the London Docks. Another 
lot came shortly after. Xo more has come since. The 
typical specimen was a poor skin. It was secured by Mr 
H. Whitely, and sold by him, to John Gould. I remember as 
if it was yesterday, and the excitement it caused to him. At 
that time I was living at Great Russell Street. He brought it 
to me at once, and I could scarcelv believe that it was a real 
species. We thought at first that it was a tail of something 
else stuck into the body of a Chalybura, but after a careful 
examination we agreed that it was a new and remarkable 
genus. I have never been able to know, with certainty, 
where it came from, but it is probable that the locality for this 
curious bird is North Brazil or Trinidad. 

Genus CXIV. Heliodoxa, Gould, P.Z.S., 1849, P- 95- 

Leadbeatera, Bon. Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, p. 70. 

Type : H . jacula^ Gould. 

Bill short, stout and straight, slightly longer than the head. 
Feathers of the forehead projecting on the bill and covering 
the nostrils. Wrings long, narrow and pointed, reaching the 
tips of the second lateral rectrices. Tail long, forked ; medians 
shortest, laterals gradually longer, outermost ones slightly 
longer than the last lateral. Brilliant gular spot. Tarsi 
clothed. 8exes unlike. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. 

401. Heliodoxa jacula, Gould, P.Z.S., 1849, P- 96- 

Leadbeatera jacula, Bon. Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, p. 70. 

Coeligena jacula, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855, p. 4. 

Green-crowned Brilliant, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 94. 

V Heliodoxe à fer de lance, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, vol. ii., p. 202. 



286 



Genera of Hii7nming Birds. 



Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Crown of the head and underside brilliant metallic 
emerald-green. Upperside dark green, bronzy on neck and 
uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices purplish-bronze, next 
one bluish-black margined and tipped with purplish-bronze^ 
remainder of rectrices bluish-black. In the centre of the 
throat a good spot of metallic blue. Abdomen and flanks 
dark shining golden-green. Undertail-coverts dark green, 
sometimes edged with grayish-white. Wings purple-brown. 
Bill black. Vent and line on sides of flanks white. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2^. Culmen, -|. 

Female. — Forehead metallic green. Upperside bronzy- 
green on neck. Four median rectrices bronzy-green, re- 
mainder bluish-black tipped with white. Underside white 
with the tips of all the feathers bright green. Centre of 
abdomen grayish-buff, rest like the male. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2^. Tail, 2. Culmen, |-. 

Young males have a line beneath the eyes and lores^ 
reddish-buff. 

I have a fine series of this species from Colombia. 



402. Heliodoxa JAMESONI, Bourc, Compt., Rend., 185 1, 

t. xxvii., p. 187. 

Coeligena jamesoni, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 7. 

Leadbeatera jamesoni, Bon. Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854,. 
p. 251. 

Jameson^ s Brilliant, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 95. 

l' Héliodoxe dejameson, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 205. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Closely allied to the preceding species, but has 
only the front and a narrow line on the crown metallic green, 
the tail is bluish-blue in its entirety, and the glittering part of 
the underside is not so dark. 

Total length, 5tii">- W^ing, 3^. Tail, 2|. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Exactly like that of H. jaciila. 

Total length, 4^in. Wing, 2f. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

I think that Professor Jameson, of Quito, is the discoverer 
of this species. It was dedicated to him by Bourcier. 

My specimens were collected in Ecuador, by Buckley. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 287 

403. Heliodoxa henrici, Lawr. Ann., Nat. Hist., 1866, 

p. 402. 

Heliodoxa berlepschi, Boucard, H. Bird, 1892, vol. ii., p. 75. 

Costa-Rica Brilliant. 

r Heliodoxe de Costa Rica. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica, Veragua. 

Male. — Crown of the head, throat, and breast glittering 
metallic green with golden reflections. Upperside dark green 
passing to shining-green on rump, and golden-green on 
uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices steel-blue, margined with 
greenish-bronze, laterals steel-blue. Centre of throat spotted 
with metallic blue. Abdomen, flanks and undertail-coverts, 
golden-green. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2\. Culmen, |^. 

Female. — Underside shining-green with a golden tinge on 
the head and neck. Median rectrices bronze-green passing 
to bluish-black at tips. Laterals bluish-black tipped with 
white. Underside white, each feather tipped with golden- 
green. Wings dark brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, |. 

Young Male. — Upper and underside golden-green with 
sides of throat rufous. 

This species is closely allied to H. jfamesoni, but it is much 
more bright on flanks, the crown is fully metallic, the bill 'is 
shorter, and the female has not the rufous abdomen of H. 
Jamesoni. 

I collected my specimens at Naranjo, and on the Volcano 
of Irazu, Costa Rica, in 1877, but I have also some specimens 
collected by Arcé, in Veragua. 

My friend, Count Berlepsch, to whom I communicated my 
typical specimens of H. berlepschi, informed me that it was 
identical ^^'ith H. henrici, Lawr. 

Genus CXV. Lampraster, Tacz., P.Z.S., 1874, p. 140. 

Type : L. branicki, Taczanowski. 

Bill longer than the head, straight. Tail as long as the 
body, greatly forked. Undertail coverts exceed half the length 
of the rectrices. Tarsi covered with feathers to the toes. 

Habitat. — Peru. 



288 Genera of Hiimmiji^^ Birds. 

^404. Lampraster branicki, Tacz., P.Z.S., 1874, p. 140. 

Count Branicki Hiunmin^-bird, Gould, Mon. Troch. 
Suppl., 1886, p. 18. 

le Lampraste de Branicki, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 200. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Male. — Centre of the crown occupied by a line of brilliant 
green, which commences at the base of maxilla and changes 
to blue in the centre of the head. Upper parts shining green. 
Throat metallic rose, changing to violet in certain lights. 
Chin brilliant green. Breast shining green. Lower part of 
abdomen, undertail-coverts, and tarsi white. Greater wing- 
coverts grass-green, secondaries rufous at base and blackish- 
brown on remaining parts. Median rectrices grass-green. 
Laterals black, glossed with violet. Maxilla black. Mandible 
flesh colour 

Total length, io5mill. Wing, 68. Tail, 40. Bill at gape, 26. 

Female. — Unknown. 

This unique bird is in the Warsaw Museum, and was 
discovered in Peru by Mr. Jelski. 

It was dedicated by Taczanowski to the late Count 
Constantin Branicki, the liberal patron of the Warsaw 
Museum. 

Genus CXVL Xanthogenyx, d'Hamonville, Bull., Soc. 

Zool. de France, 1883, t. viii., p. 77. 

Type. — H. xanthogenys, Sal vin. 

Bill short, straight, scarcely longer than the head. Feathers 
of forehead projecting on culmen, and covering the nostrils. 
Wings long, nearly reaching the end of tail. Tail short, 
pointed, and slightly forked. Median rectrices shortest, the 
others slightly and gradually longer. Tarsi clothed. Sexes 
unlike. 

Habitat. — Roraima, British Guiana. 

405. Xanthogenyx salvini, d'Ham., Bull., Soc. Zool. de 

France, 1883, t. 8., p. 77. 

Heliodoxa xanthogenys, Salvin. Ibis., 1881, p. 80. 

Guiana Brilliant, Gould, Mon. Troch., SuppL, 1886, p. ig. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 289 

la Xanthogenye de Salvin, d'Ham., Bull., Soc. Zool. de 

France, 1883, t. viii. p. 77. 

Habitat. — Roraima, British Guiana. 

Male. — Forehead glitterin^^ golden-green, terminating in a 
point on the crown. Rest of crown and nape dark bronzy- 
green, appearing black in certain lights. Rest of upperside 
shining green, with a bronze tinge on the back. Uppertail- 
coverts shining green. Median rectrices brownish-bronze, 
laterals brownish-black. Chin, throat, and breast glittering 
emerald-green, golden on chin. In the centre of the throat a 
spot of glittering purple-blue feathers. Abdomen and flanks 
dark bronzy-green. Spot behind the eye and vent white. 
Undertail-coverts dark green, edged with gray. Wings 
purple-brown. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour with 
black tip. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2|. Tail, i|^. Culmen, i^. 

Female. — Upperside shining green, with a bronzy tinge, 
metallic on forehead. Median rectrices bronze-green, dark 
on tips, laterals bluish-black, two of them and the outermost 
ones slightly tipped with grayish-white. Underside white, 
each feather tipped with metallic-green. Centre of abdomen 
and vent, white. Wings purple-brown, maxilla black, 
mandible flesh colour, with black tip. 

Total length, 4^in. Wing, 2\. Tail, i|-. Culmen, -|. 

This very fine species was discovered at Roraima, British 
Guiana, by Mr. Henry Whitely. My specimens of both sexes 
are from him. It is a very rare species. 

^406. XaNTHOGENIX HYPOSTICTA, Gould, P.Z.S., 1 862, 

p. 124. 

Aphantochroa hyposticta, Gould, P.Z S., 1862, p. 124. 

Spotted breasted Humming-bird , Gould, Mon. Troch., 
Suppl., 1886, p. 7. 

la Xanthogenye tachetée. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Upperparts dark green. Wings purplish-brown. Feathers 
of throat, breast, and abdomen white at base and tipped with 
green. Flanks green ; undertail-coverts green, edged with 
white. Median rectrices, green, remainder green at base, 



2go Genera of Humming Birds. 

shading into black and edged with white. Bill black, except 
base of mandible, which is flesh-colour. 

Total length, 4Jin. Wing, 2 J. Tail, \j^. Culmen, i. 

I am of opinion that the bird described by Gould as 
Aphantocliroa hyposticta , finds its proper place here. 

407. Xanthogenix ALEXANDRI, Boucard, H. Bird, 1891, 

vol. i., p. 18. 

Aphiintochroa alexandri, Boucard, H. Bird, vol. i., p. 18. 

Alexajider's Humming Bird. 

la Xanthogenye d'Alexandre. 

Habitat. — Demerara, " British Guiana." 

Female, or Young Male. — Forehead metallic golden-green. 
Upperside shining golden-green. Uppertail-coyerts shining 
green. Median rectrices dark bronze-green. Laterals bronzy 
at base passing to brownish-black with a small buffy-white 
spot on tips of the two outermost ones. Underside brilliant 
metallic golden-green with a line of pale buffy-white in the 
centre of the abdomen. Undertail-coverts dark green, edged 
with rufous. Wings very narrow, pur]:)lish-brovvn. Maxilla 
black. Mandible flesh colour with black tip. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2\. Tail, i\. Culmen, |. 

Type unique in my collection. 

It was collected at Demerara, by Mr. Alexander, from whom 
I purchased it in 1878. 

Since I described this species in 1891, I have sent my 
typical specimen to Count Berlepsch, who, after a careful 
examination, identified it as XANTHOGENIX SALVINI. As to 
the genus I quite agree with him, but not as to the species. 
My opinion is that it is a species quite distinct from X. salvini, 
and that it is better to leave it so for the present. 

Genus CXVII. lolaema, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 73. 

lONOLAlMA, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853, p. 9. 

lONOLOEMA, Gould, Mon. Troch., 1857, P^- xiii. 

Type : T. schreibersi, Bourcier. 

Bill stout, straight, longer than the head, nostrils hidden by 
frontal feathers. Wings long, reaching the tips of third lateral 



Genera of Humming Birds. 291 

rectrices. Tail long, and deeply forked. Median rectrices 
the shortest, lateral and outermost ones gradually longer. 
Tarsi clothed. Feet large, hind toe shorter than middle toe. 
Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. 

408. lOLAEMA SCHREIBERSI, Bourcier, P.Z.S., 1845, p. 43. 

Thalurania schreibersi, Bon. Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., 

P- 77- 

Calothorax schreibersi, Gray, Hand. List. Birds, vol. i., p. 
136. 

Canipylopterus schreibersi, Bon., Rev. and Mag., ZooL, 
1854, p. 250. 

Heliodoxa schreibersi, Reich., Troch., Enum., 1855, p. 6. 

lonolaima frontalis, Lawr., Ann., Lye. Nat. Hist., N.Y., 
vol. vi., p. 263. 

Schreiber^s Humming Bird, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., 

P- 93- 

Emerald fronted Humming Bird, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. 
ii., p. 92. 

r lolème de Schreiber^s, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1875, 
t. ii., p. 139. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Front brilliant metallic green, golden in some 
specimens. Rest of head and upperside golden-green passing 
to shining green on uppertail-coverts. Tail steel-blue with 
greenish reflections. Chin, upper part of throat, middle of 
breast, and abdomen black. Rest of throat metallic violet- 
blue, beneath which is a broad band of glittering golden-green. 
Flanks dark bronze green. Undertail-coverts blackish-blue. 
Wings purple-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5iin. Wing, 2^. Tail, 2\. Culmen, |-. 

Fe?nale ? — Upperside shining green, golden on lower part 
of head and neck. Median rectrices bronze-green, laterals 
steel-blue, the outermost ones tipped with white. Underside 
grayish-white passing to light buff on centre of abdomen, 
each feather tipped with metallic green. Undertail-coverts 
olive-bronze, edged with buffy-gray. Wings purplish-brown. 
Bill black. 



292 Genera of Hiunming Birds. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2|. Tail, i|-. Culmen, |-. 

This fine and rare species was discovered by Mr. Natterer, 
and sent to Mr. Loddiges, in which collection it is still. It 
was described by Bourcier, and dedicated to Mr. Schreibers, 
Director of the Vienna Museum of Natural History, at that 
time. It was a male specimen, not quite adult, without the 
metallic feathers of the forehead. 

Many years after, Mr. Lawrence, of New York, received 
some fine adult males, so different from the type, that he 
described it again as I. frontalis^ but I am quite certain that 
they all belong to one species. 

I have in my collection some very adult males, females, and 
young, exactly like the type of /. schreibersi. 

^409. I OLA EM A WHITELYANÀ. Gould, Ann. and Mag. of Nat, 

Hist., 1872, p. 4. 

Whifelv's Humming Bird. Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 
1886, p. 16. 

l'Iolème de Whitely, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1875, 
t. ii., p. 141. 

Habitat. — Peru. 

Mate. — Very closely allied to the preceding species. I 
have examined Gould's types, one male adult and one male 
junior, now in the British Museum, and the only difference 
which I have been able to see between the two are the 
following: — The lower part of the throat is not so purple, and 
it has no golden-green band beneath it, that part is black. I 
am not certain about the validity of this species. 

It was collected in Peru, by Mr. H. Whitely. 

■^4[0. lOLAEMA LUMINOSA, ElHot, Ibis, 1878, p. 188. 

Lawrence's Sapphironia, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 
1886, p. 97. 

l'Iolème brillant. 

Habitat. — ? 

Male. — Top of head and nape dull dark green. Chin and 
sides of throat black. Centre of throat most brilliant topaz, 
changing, according to the light, into a flame-colour or a 
brilliant emerald-green. Back bronzy-green, graduating into 
a rich purplish-red upon the uppertail-coverts. Breast, flanks 



Genera of Humming Birds. 293 

and abdomen brilliant metallic coppery-red. Wings dark 
purple. The tail has the median rectrices bronze. The laterals 
are dark purple tinged with green on the outer webs. Under- 
tail-coverts, reddish-bronze, margined with white. Bill black. 
Feet brownish-black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2f. Tail, 2. Bill, i. 

'' Elliot's Syn. of H. Birds, page 58." 

The type of this most beautiful species is unique in the 
British Museum. " Ex. Gould Coll.'' 

Genus CXVIII. Sternoclyta, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, 

P- 57- 
Type : S. cyanopectus, Gould. 

Bill long, stout, rather arched, and much longer than the 
head. Wings long and pointed, reaching near the end of tail. 
Tail moderate, and forked, rectrices rounded at tips, median 
shortest, lateral and outermost ones slightly and gradually 
longer. Tarsi partly clothed. Sexes unlike. Size large. 

Habitat. — Venezuela. 

411. Sternoclyta cyanipectus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, p. 88. 

Polytmus cyanopectus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Lampornis cyanopectus, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, p. 72. 

Saepiopterus cyanopectus, ^Qich.., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 
II. 

Campylopterus cyanopectus, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 
1854, p- 250. 

Blue-breast, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 58. 
la Poitrine bleue. 
Habitat. — Venezuela. 

Male. — Upperside dark grass-green, spot on forehead 
brilliant golden-green. Median rectrices dark bronze-green, 
purplish at tips, lateral and outermost ones purplish-brown, 
the two outermost ones tipped with white internally. A 
white spot behind the eye. Ear-coverts dark-green. Throat 
brilliant metallic emerald-green. Breast brilliant metallic 
blue, with purplish reflections, and encircled with dark green, 
appearing almost black in certain lights. Flanks dark green. 
Abdomen grayish-buff, washed with green. Undertail-coverts 



294 Genera of Hiunmiug Birds. 

green, margined with grayish-buff. Wings purplish, with the 
internal webs of tertiaries chestnut. Bill black. 

Total length, ^\'\n. Wing, 2|^. Tail, 2^. Culmen, i|-. 

Female. — Upperside like the male. Underside gray, the 
feathers tipped with green. 

This rare species was discovered in Venezuela, by Mr. 
David Dvson, in 1866. 

My specimens are from Porto-Cabello, Venezuela, and were 
presented to me by my friend, Mr. Eugène Simon. 

Genus CXIX. Eugenia, Gould, P.Z.S., 1855, p. 92. 

Type : E. imperatrix, Gould. 

Bill stout, straight, longer than the head. Nostrils covered 
with feathers. Wings long and pointed, reaching the end of 
second lateral. Tail lonor and much forked. Rectrices 
narrow, the median very short, next one slightly longer, the 
third twice the length of medians, the fourth two-and-a-half 
the length of medians, outermost ones three times longer than 
the medians. Feet strong. Tarsi feathered nearly to the 
toe. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

412. Eugenia imper.atrix, Gould, P.Z.S., 1855, p. 92. 

Empress Humming Bird, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., 

P- 234- 

l'Eugénie impératrice, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 198. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Spot on forehead brilliant metallic green. Upper- 
side dark shining green with golden reflections when seen 
from behind. Tail bronzy-brown. A white spot behind the 
eye. Chin and throat dark metallic green. In the centre of 
the throat a spot of metallic violet. Breast shining dark 
green. Abdomen and flanks brilliant metallic golden-green. 
Undertail-coverts shining green. Thighs white. Wings 
purple-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 3. Tail, 3. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Upperside shining green. Underside grayish- 
white spangled with green. Median rectrices olive, laterals 
dark brown. Undertail-coverts grass-green. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 295 



1 

8 



-Total length, 5-|-in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2%. Culmen, 

Young Male. — Like the male with no frontal spot. Chin 
buff. Throat dark shining green. 

This fine and rare species was discovered in Ecuador by 
Professor Jameson. It was dedicated by Gould, to Empress 
Eugénie. 

Genus CXX. Docimastes, Gould, Mon. Troch., 1849, 

pi- 233- 

Mellisuga, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 
DOCIMASTER, Bon. Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p. 74. 

Type : O. ensifera, Boissonneau. 

Bill very long, generally of the same length as the whole 
bird, inclining upwards at the tip and compressed laterally 
for nearly all its length, broader, and rounded close to the tip. 
Wings long and pointed, reaching the end of second lateral. 
Tail long and forked, medians shortest, lateral and outermost 
ones gradually longer, outermost ones twice as long as 
medians. Feet small, with the hind toe shorter than the 
middle one. Tarsi partly clothed. Sexes unlike 

Habitat. — Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Peru. 
413. Docimastes ensiferus, Boiss., Rev. Zool., 1839, p. 354. 

Trochilus derby anus ^ Eras. P.Z.S., 1840, p. 16. 

Mellisuga ensifera, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Docimaster schliephackei, Hein., Journ. fur Ornith., 1863^ 
p. 215. 

Sword-bill, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 233. 

le Docimaste porte épée, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 287. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. 

Male. — Head coppery-green. Upperside bronzy-green 
with golden reflections, when seen from behind. Tail dark 
bronze. Throat dark green-bronze, appearing almost black 
in certain lights, base of feathers black. Sides of neck, and 
upperpart of breast shining emerald-green, only to be seen 
by presenting the bird to the light. Abdomen and flanks 
bronzy-green, centre of the former dark gray. Undertail- 



2g6 Genera of Humming Birds. 

coverts green, margined with white. Wings purple. Bill 
black. 

Total length, 7^ to 8Un. Wing, 3J. Tail, 2f. Culmen, 3-4. 

Female. — Upperside like the male, but usually more golden. 
Lateral rectrices tipped with grayish-white, outermost ones 
with the outer webs and tips gray. Throat white with a 
central dark brownish-green streak. Underside shining green, 
base of feathers white giving a scaly appearance to that part, 
and more brilliant on breast. Centre of abdomen white or 
pale buff, rest like the male. 

Total length, 7.^ to 8. Jin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2\. Culmen, 3-4. 

I cannot see any difïerence between the specimens from 
Colombia and Ecuador. 

This remarkable species v/as probably discovered in 
Colombia, by Mr. Boissonneau, who described it. I have 
specimens from Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela. Those 
from Ecuador were collected by Buckley, and one specimen 
only, collected by Mr. Briceno, in Merida, Venezuela, where 
it seems to be very rare. 

Genus CXXI. Eugenes, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 57. 

Type : T. fulgens, Swainson. 

Bill straight, longer than the head. Wings long and pointed, 
reaching the end of tail. Tail moderate and slightly forked, 
rounded at tips, median rectrices shortest, lateral and outer- 
most ones slightly and gradually longer. Tarsi clothed, feet 
small, hind toe about equal in length to the middle one. 
Crown and throat luminous in male. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — United States, Mexico, Guatemala and Costa 
Rica. 

414. Eugenes fulgens, Sw., Phil. Magaz., 1827, p. 441. 
Ornismya rivoli, Less., Ois. Mou., 182g, p. 48. 
M ellisuga fulgens, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 
Delattria fulgens, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av. 1850, p. 70. 
Coeligena fulgens, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- 7- 
Eugenes viridiceps, Boucard, Ann. Soc, Linn. Lyon., 1878. 
The Rivoli, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 59. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 297 

r Eugène de Rivoli, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. ii., 
p. 213. 

Habitat. — United States, Mexico and Guatemala. 

Male. — Top of head and crown brilliant metallic violet-blue. 
Upperside shining bronze-green, appearing almost black on 
neck and upper part of back, and with golden reflections 
when seen from behind. Median rectrices bronze-green, 
remainder bronzy-brown. A white spot behind the eye. Ear- 
coverts black. Throat brilliant metallic green. Underside 
dark bronze-green appearing almost black on breast and 
upper part of abdomen. Flanks bronze-green with golden 
reflections. Vent white. Undertail-coverts pale green, mar- 
gined with white. Wings purplish. Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2J. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Upperside light golden-green, brownish on head. 
Median rectrices bronzy-green, coppery at tips, lateral and 
outermost ones bronze-green at base, with a broad subterminal 
black bar and white tips. Underside gray, washed with 
green, rest like the male. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2f. Tail, i|-. Culmen, i. 

I have collected this species in Mexico and Guatemala, 
where it is abundant in the highlands. 

I have one specimen of a young male from Guatemala 
which I have described in 1875, in the Annals of the Linnean 
Society of Lyon, under the name of E. viridiceps ; but I think 
now that it is only a curious variety of plumage of this 
species. 

It has the crown of head metallic silvery-green, the throat 
reddish-gray, and the rest of underside gray, washed with 
golden-green on sides of breast and on flanks, the lateral 
and outermost rectrices are broadly tipped with white, the bill 
is very long. 

415. Eugenes spectabilis, Lawr., Ann., N.Y., Lye, Nat. 

Hist., 1867, vol. viii., p. 472. 

Eugenes spectabilis, Boucard, P.Z.S., 1878, p. 68. 

Costa Rica Humming Bird, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 
1886, p. 17. 

r Eugène remarquable, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 215. 



298 Genera of Humming Birds. 

r Eugène de Costa Rica. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica. 

Male. — Forehead very dark green, nearly black. Top of 
head and occiput brilliant metallic dark blue, with purplish 
reflections. Neck and upper part of back dark green, appear- 
ing almost black in certain lights. Lower part of back, rump, 
and uppertail-coverts shining green. Tail bronze-green. A 
white spot behind the eye. Throat metallic dark green. 
Lores and ear-coverts dark green, appearing black. Under- 
side dull golden-green, with base of feathers gray. Vent and 
a tuft of feathers on flanks white. Undertail-coverts pale 
green, margined with grayish-buiï. Wings purplish. Bill 
black. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 3I-. Tail, i|-. Culmen, i-i. 

Feynale. — Upperside golden-green, brownish on head. 
Median rectrices bronze-green, laterals bronze-green, passing 
to brownish-black near the tips, which are white, outermost 
ones brownish-bronze, tipped with white. Underside gray. 
Throat spotted minutely with pale green, breast pale golden- 
green, abdomen and flanks washed with pale golden-green, 
rest like the male. 

Total length, 5èin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2 J. Culmen, i\. 

This is a very rare species, a young one, collected in Costa 
Rica, was sent by Mr. Garcia to Mr. Lawrence, who described 
the species. It was the only specimen known. When I went 
to Costa-Rica, in 1877, ^ collected two hne specimens, male 
and female, at Rancho redondo. I described the male in the 
P.Z.S. 1878, p. 68, and now I describe the female. The 
types of male and female are in my collection, and the type 
of a young male or female in the New York Museum of 
Natural History (Ex. Coll. Lawrence). 



FAMILY XII. FLORICOLIDAE, 

OR Family of Long-billed Star-Throat Humming 

Birds. 

Size moderately large. Bill long, nearly straight. Culmen 
closely feathered at the base. Nasal covers completely hidden. 
W^ings narrow and long. Tail short, narrow, and rounded, 
excepting in the genera Lepidolarvnx and Calliperidia 



Genera of Hutnniing Birds. 299 

in which it is forked in the males. Throat and crown, or crown 
alone metallic. Sexes unlike. 

Type: Floricola, Elliot, Syn., Troch., 1879, p. %2. 

Range. — Mexico to Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazilia,. 
Paraguay, Guiana and Trinidad. 

Genus CXXlI. Heliomaster, Bon., Compt., Rend., 1850, 

p. 382. 

Calliperidia, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 12. 

Callopistria, Reich., Bon., Ann. Sc. Nat., 1854, p. 37. 

Type. — T. furcifer, Shaw. 

Bill long, slender, straight, about twice the length of the 
head. Wings narrow, reaching the end of second median 
rectrices. Tail deeply forked, rectrices narrow, median 
shortest, lateral and outermost ones gradually longer, outer- 
most one longest. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Brazil and Paraguay. 

416. Heliomaster furcifer, Shaw., Gen. Zool., vol. viii.,. 

p. 280. 

Trochilus caudacutus, Vieill., Nouv. Diet., Hist. Nat., 1817,. 

P- 347- 

Heliomaster regis, Schreib., Naturfors., Wien., Sept., 1832. 

Ornismya angelae. Less. lUust., Zool., 1833, pi. 45. 

Heliomaster angelae, Bon., Compt. Rend., 1850, p. 382. 

Ornithomya angelae, Bon., Rev. and Mag., Zool., 1854, p. 
251. 

Campylopterus inornatus, Burm., Reise., durch. Plata., 
Staat., i86i, p. 447. 

Callipedia regis, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. ii., p. 
278. 

Angela Star-throat, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 263. 

la Callipédie d^ Angèle, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 279. 

Habitat. — Brazil and Paraguay. 

Male. — Head brilliant metallic silvery-green. Upperside 
shining golden-green, mixed with shining metallic green 
z 



300 Genera of Humming Birds. 

feathers on upper part of back. Tail glossy dark green. 
Spot behind the eye white. Throat metallic crimson. A line 
from mandible, and the elongated feathers of throat glittering 
deep blue. Underside glittering deep blue. Undertail- 
coverts dark green. Vent and spot on side of flanks white. 
Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2 J. Tail, 2|-. Culmen, i|^. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green. Lateral and outermost 
rectrices tipped with white. Underside grayish-white washed 
sparingly with green on sides of breast and flanks. 

Total length, \V\\\. Wing, 2f. Tail, if. Culmen, \\. 

The discoverer of this fine and rare species is probably Mr. 
Felix de Azara. 

Genus CXXIII. Lepidolarynx, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 

1853, P- 13- 
Orxithomva, Bon., Rev. and Mag. ZooL, 1854, p. 251. 

Type : T. 7nesoleiicus, Temminck. 

Bill straight, twice as long as the head. Feathers of fore- 
head advancing to a point on the maxilla. Tail forked. 
Rectrices narrow, median rectrices shortest, laterals slightly 
and gradually longer, outermost ones longer than the third 
lateral, and shorter than the fourth. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

417. Lepidolar\nx mesoleucus, Temm., pi. Color., pi. 317. 

Trochilus squamosum, Temm., PI. Color., pi. 203. 

Trochihis rnystacinus, Vieill., Ois. Dorés, t. iii., pi. 21. 

Mellisu^a squamosus, Steph., Gen. ZooL, vol. xiv., p. 245. 

Ornismya temmincki^ Less., Ois. Mou., 182g, p. iio. 

Mellisucra melanoleuca Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Heliomaster mesoleucus, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 262. 

Ornithomya mesoleucus^ Bon., Rev. and Mag. ZooL, 1854, 
p. 251. 

Calothorax mesoleucus, Burm., Th. Bras., 1856, vol. ii., p. 

339- 

Stripe-breasted Star-throat, Gould, Mon. Troch., voL iv., 
p. 262. 



Genera of HumjJting Birds. 301 

le Lepidolarynx médiastin, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 284. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Top of head metallic silvery-green. Upperside 
dark bronzy-green, with golden reflections when seen from 
behind. Four median rectrices bronzy-green, last lateral 
dark bronzy-green, outermost one darker. Throat metallic 
crimson with purplish reflections. Underside dark shining 
green. In the centre, a white line from the breast to the 
undertail-coverts. Vent and tuft of feathers on sides of flanks 
white. A spot behind the eye and a line under it white. 
Undertail-coverts dark green margined with white. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 44in. Wing, 2|. Tail, i^. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Upperside dull bronzy-green or golden-green. 
Median rectrices bronze-green, lateral and outermost ones 
bronze-green with a subterminal blackish bar, and with white 
tips. Underside grayish-white with brownish spots on throat 
and some few scattered green feathers on sides of breast and 
flanks. Bill black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2%. Tail, if. Culmen, \\. 

Young Male. — Upperside dull golden-green, sometimes 
with metallic green feathers on forehead, outermost rectrices 
tipped with white. Feathers of the throat dark olive-green 
margined with white. Underside dark green, with the white 
line in centre, as in adult males. Undertail-coverts olive- 
green margined with white. 

What Elliot has described as the female is certainly a young 
male. 

It is a common species in Brazil. 

In the Humming Bird, 1891, vol. i., p. 26, I have mentioned 
a specimen of my collection agreeing exactly with the 
description of the adult male ; but it has a very short bill, 
hardly ^ of an inch long. 

■Genus CXXIV. Floricola, Elliot, Syn. Troch., 1879, p. 82. 
Trochilus, Sw., Zool. Journ., 1827, p. 357. 
Trochilus, Boié, Isis, 1831, p. 547. 
Heliomastes, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, p. 251. 



302 Genera of Huviming Birds. 

Selasopherus, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855, p. 11. 

Type : T. longirostris, Vieillot. 

Bill straight, longer than half the body, hooked at tips. 
Maxilla denuded of feathers at base, nostrils exposed. Wings 
narrow, rather long, reaching the end of tail. Tail slightly 
rounded, all the rectrices nearly of the same length. Sexes 
unlike. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Trinidad, Brazil, Guiana, Colombia, 
Ecuador and Peru. 

418. Floricola longirostris, Vieill, Ois. Dor., 1802, t. i., 

p. 107. 

Trochiliis superbus, Shaw, Nat. Misc., vol. xiii., pi. 517. 

Ornismya super ba, Less, Ois. Mou., 182g, p. 40. 

Ornismya longirostris, d'Orb and Lafr., Syn. Av., 1838, 
t. ii., p. 29. 

Mellisuga longirostris, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 

Selasphorus longirostris, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, 

P- 13- 

Heliomastes longirostris, Bon., Rev. and Mag., Zool, 1854, 
p. 251. 

Heliomaster stuartae, Lawr., Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist. N.Y.,. 
i860, p. 261. 

Heliomaster albicrissa, Gould, P.Z.S., 1871, p. 504. 
Long-billed Star-throat, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 

259- 

r Héliomaste de Corinne, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 

t. ii., p. 272. 

White-vented Star-throat, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 
1886, p. 30. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Trinidad, Brazil, Guiana, Colombia, 
Ecuador and Peru. 

Male. — Forehead and crown metallic green with bluish 
reflections. Upperside dark bronzy-green. A patch of white 
feathers in the middle of the rump. Median rectrices bronze- 
green, laterals bronze-green at base, passing to black with a 
spot of white on tips on the two laterals close to outermost 
ones, and larger on these last ones. Spot behind the eye, and 



Genera of Humming Birds. 303 

line under it white. Chin black. Throat metallic crimson. 
Underside gray, washed with green on sides of breast, and 
on flanks. A line of white from the centre of breast to lower 
part of abdomen, and vent white. A tuft of white feathers 
on flanks. Undertail-coverts greenish-black, margined with 
white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Upperside bronzy-green. Throat white, mar- 
gined with black, and sometimes with metallic crimson 
feathers on lower part. Underside gray, washed sparingly 
with pale green, on sides of breast and on flanks. Centre of 
abdomen and vent white, rest like the male. 

Total length, 4èin. Wing, 2\. Tail, \\. Culmen, if. 

It is a common species. 

Excepting a little more white on the centre of the abdomen, 
I cannot see any difference between the specimens from 
Guiana, Colombia, etc., and those from Ecuador, hence my 
authority for considering H. albicrissa^ of Gould, as a 
synonym of this species. 

419. Floricola pallidiceps, Gould, P.Z.S., 1871, p. 504. 

Pale green-headed Star-throat. 

r Hélîomaste à tête d'un vert pâle^ Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. 
Mou, 1876, t. ii., p. 275. 

Habitat. — Guatemala, Costa Rica, Veragua, and Panama. 

Maie. — Forehead and «rown metallic green. Upperside 
shining golden-green. A patch of white feathers in the 
middle of the rump. Median rectrices golden-bronze, next 
one of same colour, black at tips, lateral and outermost ones 
golden-bronze from the base to half their length, then black 
with white tips. Spot behind the eye, and line under it white. 
Ear-coverts brownish-black, chin black, throat metallic- 
crimson. Underside dark golden-green. Centre of breast 
gray, passing to white in centre, and lower part of abdomen. 
Vent and patch on flanks white. Undertail-coverts black, 
margined with white. Wings purplish. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2%. Tail, if. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Upperside shining golden-green, with a white 
patch on the rump. Tail like that of the male, but the white 



304 Genera of Humming Birds. 

tips on lateral and outermost rectrices are more conspicuous. 
Throat black margined with white. Underside gray, washed 
with golden feathers on sides of breast and on flanks. Centre 
of abdomen white, rest like the male. 

Total length, 4Jin. Wing, 2|. Tail, i^. Culmen, i|-. 

This species is common in Guatemala. 

I have four specimens, three males and one female, collected 
in Veragua bv Arcé, which are very distinct in the colouration 
of the throat and the underside. The throat is metallic lilac 
with steel-blue reflections, the underside is gray or grayish- 
white, w^ashed sparingly with golden-green feathers on flanks, 
remainder of plumage like H. pallidiceps. The female is 
coloured the same, excepting the throat, which is black 
margined with white. If it should prove a distinct species, I 
propose for it the name of Heliomaster veraguensis. 

420. Floricola CONSTANTI, Delatt., Echo, du IMond. sav., 

1843, p. 1069. 

Trochilus leocardiae, Bourc, Ann. Sc. Nat. Lyon, 1852, 
t. iv., p. 141. 

Selasopherus constanti, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853, 
P- 13- 

Heliomastes constanti, Bon., Rev. and Mag., Zool., 1854, 
p. 251. 

Heliomaster pitiicola, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 261. 

Selasphoriis iongirostrisy Reicb-, Aufz. der Colib, 1853, P- 
13- 

Heliomastes leocardiae, Bon., Rev. and Mag., Zool., 1854, 
p. 251. 

Constant's Star-throat, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 260. 

Pine Star-throat, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 261. 

r Héliomaste de Constant, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou.; 
1876, t. ii., p. 270. 

r Hêlioniaste de Léocardie, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 277. 

Habitat. — Mexico, Guatemala, and Costa-Rica. 

Male. — Upperside pale bronzy-green, golden when seen 
from behind, with a patch of white feathers in the centre of 



Genera of Humming Birds. 305 

rump. Four median rectrices bronzy-green, dark at tips, 
laterals bronze-green with a broad subterminal black bar and 
white tips on inner webs. Spot behind the eye, and line from 
mandible to end of ear-coverts white. Ear-coverts brownish- 
black. Chin black. Throat metallic scarlet in some specimens, 
in others metallic rubi. Underside dark gray, washed with 
pale green on sides of breast and on flanks. Line in the 
centre of abdomen, vent, and tuft on flanks white. Under- 
tail-coverts olive-brown margined with white. Wings purplish- 
brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, i^-^. Culmen, if. 

Fetnale. — Upperside like the male, with all the lateral and 
outermost rectrices tipped with white. Chin and throat 
brownish-black, and the lower part meUiUic crimson, all the 
feathers tipped with gray. Underside like the male, but of a 
lighter gray. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2f. Tail, \\. Culmen, if. 

This rare species was probably discovered in Guatemala^ 
by Delattre. 

I have collected some specimens in Mexico, and in Costa- 
Rica, where it is rare. I have also two specimens from 
Guatemala. As it is easy to see, the description of my female 
specimen, which I collected at San José, Costa-Rica, in 1877, 
corresponds exactly to the description of H. leocardiae. 
For me, there is only one species which varies greatly in the 
colouring of throat, according to age and sex. 

FAMILY XIII. HEMISTEPHANIDAE, 

OR Family of Lance-Bill Humming Birds. 

Size small. Bill long, straight and slender, slightly upturned 
in the shape of a lance, and feebly serrated. Wing narrow 
and short. Tail short and rounded. Forehead of males 
glittering. Sexes unlike. 

Type : Hemistephania, Elliot, Syn. Troch., p. 81. 

Range. — Veragua, Colombia, Venezuela, Guiana, Ecuador^ 
and Bolivia. 

Genus CXXV. Hemistephania, Reich., Aufz. derColib., 

1859, p. 9. 



3o6 Genera of Humming Birds. 

DORYFERA, Gould, P.Z.S., 1 847, p. 95, (name previously 
employed in Entomology by Illiger). 

DORIFERA, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1849, v<^^- ^-^ P- ^^• 

DORYPHORA, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii., p. 77. 

Type : T. ludoviciae, Bourcier and Mulsant. 

Bill very long, straight, slender and sharpely pointed. 
Wings long, reaching the end of tail, outer web of first 
primary nearly obsolete. Tail rounded. Rectrices broad, 
outermost shortest, laterals and medians slightly and gradually 
longer. 

Habitat. — Veragua, Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and 
Bolivia. 

421. Hemistephania LUDOVICIAE, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. 

Soc. Agr. Lyon., 1847, P- ^3^- 
Mellisuga ludoviciae, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 112. 
Dor if era ludoviciae, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., vol. i., p. 68. 
Doryfera ludovicia, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 88. 

Doryphora ludoviciae, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 69. 

Doryfera rectirostris, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 71. 

Greenfronted Lance-bill , Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 88. 

Ecuadorean Lance-bill, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 1886, 
p. 28. 

le Doryfère de Louise, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t. i., p. 201. , 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia. 

Male. — Forehead metallic grass-green or golden-green. 
Crown and nape coppery-bronze. Back dark shining green, 
passing into bluish-silvery-green on uppertail-coverts. Tail 
dark bronze at base, passing to black, and tipped with gray. 
Underside brownish-green, the base of each feather dark gray. 
Undertail-coverts bluish-green, broadly margined with gray. 
Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2|. Tail, \\. Culmen, i^. 

Female. — Exactly like the male. Possibly it may be the 
specimens with golden forehead which are the females. 
There is scarcely any blue tinge on the undertail-coverts. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 307 

I have one specimen which I consider as an adult female 
which has the underside more grayish and no frontal spot. 

Type of Bourcier in my collection. 

This species was dedicated by M.M. Bourcier and Mulsant 
to Mrs. Louise Isidore Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire. 

I consider H. rectirostris, Gould, as a svnonym of this 
species, the only difference which I can see between them is 
the length of the bill which is one-eight of an inch longer, but 
I have some specimens from Colombia with the bill very nearly 
as long. 

My specimens were collected in Ecuador and Bolivia, by 
Buckley, in Venezuela, by Briceno, and the rest are from 
Colombia. 

422. Hemistephania veraguensis, Salv., P.Z.S., 1867, p. 

154- 

Doryfera veraguensis^ Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t. i., p. 199. 

Veraguan Lance-bill, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 1880, 
p. 29. 

le Dory f ère de Veragua, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou. 
1874, t. i., p. 199. 

Habitat. — Veragua. 

Maie. — Forehead metallic green, nape purplish-red. Back 
bronzy-green passing to pale green on rump. Uppertail- 
coverts bluish-green. Tail black, lateral and outermost ones 
tipped with gray. Underside dark grayish-bronze, nearly 
black on throat. Undertail-coverts bluish-green, margined 
with gray. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|-in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, i\. Culmen, if. 

I have only one specimen of this rare species collected by 
Arcé, in Vergua, where he discovered the species. 

423. Hemistephania johannae, Bourcier, P.Z.S., 1847, 

P- 45- 

Trochilus violifrons, Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, p. 95. 

Mellisuga johannae, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. \\2. 
Doryfera johannae, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 87. 



308 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Doryphora johannae, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., t. iii., p 

78. 

Doryfera euphrosinae, Muls. and Verr., Ann., Soc, Linn. 
Lyon, 1870-71, t. xxviii., p. 319. 

Doryphora euphrosi)iae, Sclat. and Salv., Nomenclator 
Av., p. "^2. 

Blue-fronted Lance-Bill , Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 87 

le Dory f ère de Jeanne^ Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874 
t. i., p. 197. 

Mulsant's Lance-bill^ Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886 
p. 28. 

le Doryfère d'Euphrosine, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou. 
1874. t. i., p. 198. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Forehead metallic-blue, with violet reflections. 
Nape dark bronze, almost black in certain lights. Upperside 
bronze-green. Uppertail-coverts grayish-blue. Tail black, 
glossed with dark blue. Underside dark bluish-black, with 
dark bluish-ereen on sides of breast and on flanks. Under- 
tail-coverts dark violet-blue. Wings purplish-brown, uith a 
glossy dark bluish tinge on tertiaries. Bill black. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2f. Tail, i|^. Culmen, i|-. 

Female. — Forehead metallic bluish-green. Uppersidebronze- 
green, coppery on nape. Uppertail-coverts grayish-blue. 
Tail bluish-black, with gray tips. Underside pale bluish- 
gray, with greenish reflections. Undertail-coverts pale bluish- 
purple. Wings like the male. Bill black. 

Total length, 35i"- Wing, 2|. Tail, if. Culmen, ly^-g. 

This rare species was discovered in Colombia by Mr. 
Matthews, and was dedicated by Mr. Bourcier to Miss Jane 
Loddiges, daughter of Mr. George Loddiges. The type is 
still in the Loddiges' collection. 

With the female, Messrs. Mulsant & Verreaux made a new 
species under the name of D. euphrosinae ; but I am certain 
that they are only the females of H . johannae. 

424. Hemistephania GUIAXEXSIS, Boucard, H. Bird, 1893, 

vol. iii., p. 10. 

Guiana's Lance-bill. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 309 

r Hemistéphaiiie de la Guyane. 

Habitat. — British Guiana. 

Male. — Exactly like the preceding species, with a dark 
shining bronze-green tinge on the throat and breast when 
presented flat, the bill against the light. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, i\. 

Female. — Forehead metallic green. Head purplish-bronze. 
Back golden-green. Uppertail-coverts grayish-black. Tail 
bluish-black with grayish-white tips on lateral and outermost 
rectrices. Chin rufous. Underside dark gray glossed with 
bronze. Undertail-coverts bluish margined with gray. Wings 
purplish. Bill black. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing, 2 J. Tail, if. Culmen, i^. 

This new species was discovered in British Guiana by the 
late Mr. Henry Wliitely. He collected the male on the 
Carimang River, and the female in Alerume Mountains. 

Types in Boucard's Museum. 

FAMILY XIV. PETASOPHORIDAE, 

OR Family of Violet-Ear Humming Birds. 

Size variable. The size of bill varies greatly. In the 
genera Heliothrix and Schistes it is cuneate, wide at base 
and gradually compressed towards the tip. In Petasophora 
the bill is slightly curved and feathered at the base, the nasal 
covers are also feathered, except along their lower edges. In 
the genera Schistes and Heliothrix the nasal covers are 
completely hidden. Maxilla and mandible more or less 
serrated. Wings long, reaching the end of tail. Tail 
metallic, slightly forked in Petasophora, cuneate in Heliothrix, 
and rounded in Schistes. Glittering blue or violet ear tufts. 
Sexes similar. 

Type : Petasophora, Gray, List. Gen. Birds, 1840, p. 13. 

Range. — Mexico to Bolivia, Brasilia, Venezuela, Guiana and 
Trinidad. 

Genus CXXVI. Schistes, Gould, Contr. Omit., 185 1, 

p. 140. 

Type : T. albogularis, Gould. 



3IO Genera of Humming Birds. 

Bill straight, wedge shaped at tip, shorter than the head. 
Wings long, reaching nearly the end of tail. Tail rounded, 
rectrices broad, outermost one shortest, lateral and median 
ones slightlv and gradually longer. Tarsi partially clothed. 
Feet small, hind toe and nail shorter than middle toe and 
nail. Sexes similar in plumage. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 



425. Schistes GEOFFROVI, Bourc. and AIuls., Ann. Soc. Agri. 

Lyon., 1843, t. iv., p. 37. 

Petasophora geoffroyi, Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, P- 9- 

Polytimis ^eoffroyiy Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Colibri geoffroyi, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p. 6g. 

Geoffroy^ s Wedge-bill, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 218. 

le Schiste de Geoffroy, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. iii., p. 155. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Crown, upper part of back, and wing-coverts, 
bronze-green, coppery on neck, on lower part of back, and on 
uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices bronze. Laterals bronze- 
green at base, with a broad subterminal bar dark bluish-green, 
then bronze-green margined with white at tips. Throat and 
a small spot on each side of forehead luminous green, and 
mingling with the green of the breast. A white spot behind 
the eye. Ear coverts dark brown. On each side of breast a 
tuft of metallic lilac-blue feathers, beneath which is a broad 
band of white. Underside shining green. White tuft behind 
the thighs. Undertail-coverts green, edged with gray. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 3|in. Wing, 2^. Tail, i|^. Culmen, \. 

Female^ or male junior. — Upperside like the male. Throat 
white, spotted with green. On each side of the breast a 
small spot of metallic bluish-green, and under it, a narrow 
band of white. Underside green, washed with white. Under- 
tail-coverts pale green, margined with white. The tips of 
lateral and outermost rectrices are more broadly margined 
with white than in the males. 

This species was dedicated bv Messrs. Bourcier & Mulsant 
to Mr. Isidore Geoffrov Saint Hilaire. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 3 1 1 

426. Schistes ALBOGULARIS junior, Gould, Jard. Contr. 

Ornith., 1851, p. 140. 

Schistes personatus, Gould, P.Z.S., i860, p. 311. 

Schistes geoffroyi, Selat, P.Z.S., i860, p. 70. 

Masked Wedge-bill, Gould, Mon. Troch, vol. iv. p. 219. 

White-throated Wedge-bill, Gould Mon. Troch., vol. iv.^ 
p. 220. 

le Schiste masqué, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, t. iii., 

P- 153- 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Forehead, face and throat glittering pale green, 
behind which is a patch of dark blue appearing black in 
certain lights. Upperside dark green, bronzy on back of 
forehead, on rump, and on upper part of uppertail-coverts. 
Median rectrices dark bronzy-green. Laterals light shining 
bronze-green at base, and tips crossed with a subterminal bar 
of dark bluish-green extending on inner webs, near the base. 
Spot behind the eye white. Ear coverts dark bronze-green. 
On each side of breast a tuft of metallic violet-blue feathers, 
reddish-purple in certain lights. Across the upper part of 
breast a broad crescentic white bar. Rest of underside dark 
green. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black, 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2J. Tail, i|^. Culmen, \. 

Female. — Upperside dark green, bronzy on head, rump and 
uppertail-coverts. Tail like the male, with tips of lateral and 
outermost rectrices margined with white. Throat white. 
Underside green, washed with white. 

This rare species was discovered at Pallatanga, Ecuador, by 
Mr. Fraser. 

Genus CXXVII. Heliothrix, Boié, Isis., 1831, p. 547. 

Heliothrys, Gray, List. Gen. Birds, 1840, p. 14. 

Tpye. — T. auritus, Gmelin. 

Bill slightly longer than the head, broad at base, narrowing 
rapidly towards the middle, the apical half greatly compressed 
laterally. Tips slender and sharply pointed. Feathers of 
forehead projecting on the culmen. Wings long, narrow, and 
pointed. Tail long and rounded at tips, outermost rectrices 
shortest, laterals and medians slightly and gradually longer. 



312 Genera of Humming Birds. 

In the female, the outermost rectrices are about half the length 
of the medians, the lateral next to the two medians of the 
same length as the latter. Uppertail-coverts very long in the 
male, it reaches two thirds of the length of tail. Tarsi clothed 
to the toes. Sexes similar in colour. 

Habitat. — Central America, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, 
Venezuela, Guiana, and Brazil. 

427. Heliothrix AURITUS, Gmel., Syst. Nat., 1788, vol. i., 

P- 493- 
Trochilus auritus, Vieill., Nouv. Diet. Hist. Nat., 18 17, t. 
vii., p. 368. 

Oiseau Mouche à oreilles, Vieill., Nouv. Diet. Hist. Nat., 
18 1 7, t. vil., p. 368. 

Trochilus lencocrotophus, Vieill., Nouv. Diet. Hist. Nat., 
1817, t. vii., p. 374. 

Ornismya aurita, Less., Ois. Mou., 1829, t. x.-xi., p. 63. 

Heliothrix nigrotis, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 115. 

Heliothrix longirostris, Gould, P.Z.S., 1862, p. 124. 

Cayenne Fairy, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 213. 

r Heliothrix à oreilles, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 238. 

Habitat. — Brazil, Guiana, Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador 
and Peru. 

Male. — Head shining metallic green. Upperside dark 
shining green with a golden tinge on back. Uppertail-coverts 
shining green. Four middle rectrices bluish-black, remainder 
pure white. Lores and a line below the eye black, ending in 
metallic voilet-blue. Below this line, is another extending 
from the gape which is luminous green. Entire underside 
pure white. Wings purplish black. Maxilla black. Mandible 
flesh colour at base, rest black. 

Total length, 4^in. Wing 2f. Tail, 2\. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Upperside shining green with a bronze tinge on 
back. On the lateral rectrices there is an oblique bluish-black 
bar near the base. Line from gape passing under the eye 
bluish-black. Underside all white with pale brown spots on 
throat, rest like the male. 

Total length, S-Jin. Wing, 3J. Tail, 3. Culmen, f. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 313 

Type of Vieillot ''Ex. Coll. Riocour" in my Collection. 

My specimens from Colombia and Ecuador are very distinct 
in their colouration. 

The male has the forehead luminous green, exactly of the 
same colour as the line from the gape to the ear. The neck, 
rump and undertail-coverts are shining green, golden in 
certain lights. The back and upperwing-coverts golden- 
green, luminous in certain lights. The remainder of plumage 
is like H . auritus. The female is also more golden on upper- 
side, and the throat more spotted than the specimens of 
Brazil and Guiana. If it should prove a distinct species, I 
propose the name of Heliothrix columbianus for it. 

Total length of male, 4Mn. Wing, 2\. Tail, i|-. Culmen,|-. 

Female. — Total length, 5:^in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2|-. 
Culmen, ^. 

The young male has the head rufous and no violet-blue ear. 

428. Heliothrix auriculatus, Licht.,Nordm. Erman. Reise, 

1^35. P- 5- 

Ornismya poucheti, Less, Rev. Zool., 1840, p. 72. 

Heliothrix aurita, Burm., Th. Bras., vol. ii., p. 336. 

Heliothrix phainolaema , Gould, P.Z.S., 1855, p. 87. 

Brazilian Fairy, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 214. 

Green-throated Fairy , Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 215. 

r Heliothrix de Pouchet, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 340. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Head, chin, and sides of neck luminous golden- 
green. Upperside golden-green, shining brilliantly on neck. 
Four median rectrices bluish-black, remainder pure white. 
Lores and line behind the eye black, ending in metallic violet- 
blue. Underside white. Wings purplish-black. Maxilla 
black. Mandible flesh-colour at base, rest black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2|. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Like H . auritus^ but more spotted on throat in 
my specimens. 

I have two specimens, collected in Ecuador, by Buckley, 
which differs in the colouration and are smaller. The head, 



314 Genera of H u turning Birds. 

chin and sides of neck are luminous green, not golden. The 
upperside shining green without the luminous golden tinore 
on neck. Rest like the above description. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2%. Tail, 2%. Culmen, f. 

If it should prove a distinct species, I propose the name of 
Heliothrix aequatorialis for it. 

429. Heliothrix barroti, Bourc, Rev., Zool., 1843, p. 72. 

HeliotJirix purpureiceps, Gould, P.Z.S., 1855, p. 87. 

Columbian Fairy, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 217. 

Purple Crowned Fairy, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 216. 

I' Heliothrix de Barrot, Muls.. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 243. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 

Male. — Top of head purplish-blue. Upperside shinino- 
green. Four median rectrices bluish-black, remainder pure 
white. Lores and line behind the eye black, ending with 
metallic purplish-blue. Line beneath luminous green. Under- 
side pure white. Wings purplish-black. Bill black, with 
base of mandible flesh colour. 

Total length, 4^in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2}. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Like the female of //, auritics, but of a darker 
green on the lower part of back and uppertail-coverts. 
Total length, 4Ïin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2f. Culmen, |. 

This rare species was discovered in Colombia by Mr. 
Ferdinand Barrot, French Consul at Cartagena. It was 
dedicated to him by Messrs. Bourcier and Mulsant. 

My unique specimen of this species was collected in 
Ecuador, by Buckley. 

430. Heliothrix violifroxs, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, 

p. 122. 

Heliothrix violifrons, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 217. 

Veraguan Fairy. 

r Heliothrix de Veragua. 

Habitat. — Veragua. 

Male. — Forehead beautiful violet-blue, nape, upper surface, 
uppertail-coverts, upper and underwing-coverts beautiful 



Genera of Humming Birds. 315 

golden-green ; mark below the eye and ear-coverts black, ter- 
minating in a small tuft of blue ; below the black line, a 
streak of rich luminous green. Wings purplish-black. Central 
tail feathers bluish-black. Lateral tail feathers, chin, throat, 
and under surface pure white. Bill black. Feet flesh colour. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Crown bronzy-green instead of violet-blue ; ear- 
coverts and moustache blackish, the feathers of the throat 
are slightly speckled with brown, and the lateral tail-feathers 
banded near their base with purplish-black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2\. Culmen, |-. 

My specimens of this species were collected in Panama and 
Veragua. I consider this species quite distinct from H. 
barroti. 



Genus CXXVIII. Pinarolaema, Gould, Ann. and Mag., 

Nat. Hist., 1880, p. 480. 

Type. — P. buckleyi, Gould. 

Bill moderately decurved, culmen feathered at the base^ 
nasal covers also feathered. Wings normal, no apparent 
auricular tufts. Tail forked, rectrices brown, glossed with 
purple, and with a subterminal bar of steel-blue. 

431. Pinarolaema buckleyi, Gould, Ann. and Mag. 

Nat. Hist., 1880, p. 480. 

Pinarolae?na buckleyi, Gould, Mon. Tro., Suppl., 1880, 
p. 8. 

Buckley's Humming Bird. 

Sex ? — Brown with a purplish gloss on the back, uppertail- 
coverts brown, tail feathers brown glossed wdth purple and 
with a subterminal bar of steel blue ; undersurface brown, 
apparently tinged with metallic olive-green ; undertail-coverts 
whitish, washed with brown at the base, bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2.95. Tail, 1.85. Bill, 1.2. 

Having studied carefully the type in the British Museum, I 
have come to the conclusion that it is probably only a faded 
specimen of the well known Petasophora anais. 



A2 



3i6 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Genus CXXIX. Petasophora, Gray, List., Gen. Birds, 

1840, p. 13 

Colibri, Spix., Av. Bras., 1824, p. 80. 

COELIGENA, Tschudi, Faun., Peru, 1844, p. 39. 

LOPHORNIS, Tschudi, Faun., Peru, 1844, p. 39. 

Praxilla, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 1853, p. 13. 

Colibri, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, p. 69. 

Telesiella, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^Z- 

Telesilla, Cab., Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii, p. 27. 

Delphinella, Reich., Bonn., Ann. Scien. Nat., 1854, p. 137 

Type. — T. serrirostris, Vieillot. 

Bill lono^er than the head, straight, and acutely pointed at 
tips. Feathers of forehead projecting on the culmen, and 
covering the nostrils. Wings long, pointed, reaching the end 
of tail, primaries slightly falcate. Tail broad, ample, and 
rounded, median rectrices shorter than the lateral and outer- 
most ones, which are nearly of the same length. Feet large 
and strong. Tarsi clothed. Hind toe and nail shorter than 
middle toe and nail. Sexes similar in plumage. 

Habitat. — Mexico, Central America, Venezuela, Trinidad, 
Guiana, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

432. Petasophora serrirostris, Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. Hist. 

Nat., 1817, vol. 7, p. 359. 

Colibri crispiis, Spix., Av. Bras., 1824, vol. i., p. 80. 

Grypiis vieillotti, Steph., Gen., Zool., t. xiv., p. 256. 

Trochilus petasophoriis, Pr. Max., Reis. Bras., t. ii., p. 191. 

Ornisyny a petasophora, Less., Ois. Mou., 1829, p. 37. 

Polytmus serrirostris, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Petasophora gouldi, Bon., Consp., Gen Av., 1850, vol. i., 
p. 69. 

Petasophora chalcotis, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1B53, P- ^Z- 
Petasophora crispa, Burm., Th. Bras., 1856, t. ii., p. 335, 
Brazilian Violet-ear, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 223. 

Le Pétasophore à sous caudales blanches, Muls., Hist. Nat. 
Ois. Mou., 1875, t. ii., p. 164. 

Habitat. — Brazil, Bolivia ? 



Genera of Humming Birds. 317 

Male. — Upperside shining green. Median rectrices bronze- 
green, bluish at tips. Laterals bronze-green, with a sub- 
terminal bluish-green bar. Ear-coverts purplish-amethyst. 
Chin, throat and breast bright metallic green, with bluish 
reflections near the ear-coverts, and on lower part of breast. 
Abdomen and flanks dull green, edged with grayish-white. 
Undertail coverts white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4^in. Wing, 2f. Tail, i|. Culmen, \^. 

Female. — Not quite so brilliantly coloured as the male, with 
the lower part of abdomen white, and a narrow white margin 
at tips of lateral rectrices, and white tips on outermost 
rectrices. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2f. Tail, i-|. Culmen, ^. 

This species came abundantly years ago, from Brazil, but 
now it is seldom seen. 

I have in my collection what I consider to be the type of 
Vieillot " Ex. Coll. Riocour." It is labelled Oiseau ynoiiche, 
bee en scie, Troc hi lu s serrirostris, Vieil I. 

433. Petasophora CYANOTIS, Bourc, Rev. ZooL, 1843, 

p. ICI. 

Polytmus cyanotus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Ornismya anais, Less., Troch., 1 831- 1832, p. 151. 

Colibri cyanotiSj Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p. 6g. 

Praxilla cyanotis, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 13. 

Little Violet-ear^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 228. 

le Pétasophore à oreilles d' azur, Muls., Hist., Nat. Ois. 
Mou., 1875, t. ii., p. 151. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

Male. — Upperside shining green, bronzy on rump, and 
uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices, bronzy-green at base, then 
bronzy with a dark green subterminal bar. Laterals bronzy- 
green with dark bluish-green subterminal bar. Line behind 
the eye, and ear-coverts metallic dark blue. Chin, throat, 
and breast luminous green, each feather with a dark central 
green streak, giving a scaly appearance to these parts. 
Abdomen and flanks shining green. Vent white. Undertail- 
coverts green, margined with buff. Wings purplish-brown. 
Bill black. 



3i8 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Total length, 4^11. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green, remainder of plumage 
like the male, but less brilliant, and pale golden on abdomen 
and flanks. 

Total length, 3|^in. Wing, 2|. Tail, i^. Culmen, -|. 

This species is very abundant in Colombia. My other 
specimens were collected in Venezuela, by Doctor Carlos 
Rojas, and in Ecuador and Bolivia, by Buckley. 

434. Petasophora CABANISI, Lawr., Ann. Lye, Nat. Hist., 

N.Y., t. ix., p. 126. 

Petasophora cabanidis, Heine, Journ. fur Ornith., 1863, 
p. 182. 

Cabanis little Violet-ear. 

le Pétasophore de Cabanis. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica, Veragua. 

Maie. — Exactly like the preceding species, but the feathers 
of the chin and throat are much smaller, of a darker green, 
and with scarcely any sign of the central dark green streak. 
There is a bluish tinge on the breast, on the abdomen, and on 
all the tail feathers, which do not exist in the specimens of 
P. cyanotis. Undertail-coverts shining green, with a pale 
buff margin on the lowest only. It forms the passage 
between P. cyanotis and P. thalassina. 

Total length, 4Hn. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, \. 

Female. — Like the male, but less brilliant. 

I collected this species in May, 1877, on the \^olcano of 
Irazu, Costa Rica, and I have also some specimens collected 
by Arcé, in Veragua. 

435. Petasophora thalassina, Sw. Phil. Mag., 1827, p. 441. 

Ornismya anais, Less., Colib., 1831, p. 104. 

Raniphodon anais^ Less., Troch., 1831-32, p. 148. 

Polytmus thalassinus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Colibri thalassinus, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., 
p. 69. 

Praxilla thalassina^ Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^3* 

Mexican Violet-ear, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 227, 



Genera of Humming Birds. 31g 

le Petasophore dun vert de 7ner, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. 
Mou., 1875, t. ii., p. 14g. 

Habitat. — Mexico, and Guatemala. 

Male. — Precisely like P. cabanisi, excepting that the blue 
line passing under the eyes starts from the chin, and the 
centre of abdomen which is shining dark blue, the undertail- 
coverts are margined with buff like P. cyanotis. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2^-^. Tail, 2. Culmen, |. 

Female. — Like the male, but less brilliant. 

I have collected this species in Mexico and in Guatemala. 

436. Petasophora anais, Less., Troch., 183 1, p. 146. 

Ramphodoji anais, Less., Troch., 1831, p. 146. 

Polytmus anais, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Trochilus thalassinus, Jard., Hum. Birds, vol. ii., p. 47. 

Trochilus anais, Jard., Hum. Birds, vol. ii., p. 47. 

Colibri anais, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p. 6g. 

Pr axilla anais, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 13, 

Petasophora iolata, Gould, P.Z.S, 1847, P- 9- 

Polytmus iolata. Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Colibri iolata, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p. 5g. 

Petasophora rhodotis, '' Gould," Sauc. Mus. Hein. 

P axilla iolata, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^3- 

Pinarolaema buckleyi, Ar\T\. and Mag., Nat. His., vol. x., 
p. 48g. 

Colufnbian Violet-ear, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 224. 

Bolivia?! Violet-ear, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 225. 

le Petasophore d' Anais, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1875, 
vol. ii., p. 145. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia. 

Male. — Upperside shining or golden-green. Median 
rectrices bronze-green, laterals bluish-green with a subter- 
minal dark bluish bar. Chin, line under the eye, ear coverts, 
and centre of the abdomen metallic blue. Breast luminous 
green, each feather with a dark central green streak, giving a 
scaly appearance to that part. Undertail-coverts shining 



320 Genera of Hutnming Birds. 

green margined with pale buff or grayish-white. Vent white. 
Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 3J. Tail, 2|-. Culmen, | 

Female. — Coloured precisely like the male, always golden 
on upperside, and slightly duller on underside, much smaller 
in size. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i|. Culmen, |. 

This species is very abundant in Venezuela, Colombia, and 
Ecuador. The males have been named by Gould P. iolata^ 
and the name of P. anais has always been given to the 
females, but I am certain that they all belong to this species. 

I have a very large series of both sexes from Venezuela. 
'' Rojas," Ecuador and Bolivia, " Buckley," Peru, " Whitely," 
Colombia, '* Salmon," and others. 

One of my male specimens, from Colombia, has all the 
upperside and flanks brown, with green reflections, the tail 
feathers brownish-green, with the subterminal band dark 
blue, the undertail-coverts pale green, edged with white. 
The remainder of plumage is like the ordinary male of that 
species. 

Although I consider also Petasophora corruscaus, Gould, 
and rubrigularis, Elliot, as accidental varieties of coloura- 
tion of P. anais, I give below the descriptions of the two 
specimens in my collection, agreeing with the original des- 
criptions of Messrs. Gould and Elliot. 

437. Petasophora corruscans, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, 

p. 44. 

Cheequered Violet-ear, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 226. 

Exactly like P. anais, with the centre of throat bright 
metallic rosv-bronze. Undertail-coverts buff, with bluish- 
green in centre. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2|-. Culmen, |-. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

438. Petasophora rubrigularis, Elliot, Ibis., 1876, p. 

405- 

Petasophora corruscaus, Boucard, H. Bird, 1891, vol. i., p. 

25- 

Habitat. — Colombia. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 321 

Exactly like P. anais, with the centre of throat metallic 
pink. Undertail-coverts green, edged with buff. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2^. Culmen, |-. 

■^^439. Petasophora GERMANA, Godm. and Salv., Ibis., 1884, 

P- 451- 
Guiana Violet-ear, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886, p. 

15- 

le Pétasophore de Guiane. 

Habitat. — Roraima, British Guiana. 

P. anai affinis et ejusdem staturae, sed gula multo magis 
caerulea ; gutture quoque toto caerulescentiore et fronte 
caeruleo suffusa distinguenda. 

Though the difference between the present bird and 
P. anais, of the Andes, is not great, we feel justified in separ- 
ating them, the ranges of the two being doubtless broken by 
the low-lying lands of the Orinocco Valley. *' Godm. and Salv.'' 

Discovered by Mr. H. VVhitely, in British Guiana. This 
species looks very much the same as P. anais. — (Edit). 

440. Petasophora delphinae. Less., Rev. Zool., 1839, 

p. 44. 

Polytmus delphinae, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 
Colibri delphinae, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, p. 69. 
Telesiella delphinae^ Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^3- 
Telesilla delphinae. Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., 1860^ 
t. iii., p. 27. 

Brown Violet-ear, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iv., p. 229. 

le Pétasophore de Delphine, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou, 
1875, t. ii., p. 158. 

Habitat. — Guatemala, Veragua, Trinidad, Guiana, Colombia, 
Ecuador, Peru, and Bolivia. 

Male. — Upperside dark olive-brown, greenish in specimens 
from British Guiana, and Bolivia. Uppertail-coverts dark 
purplish-bronze, margined with rufous. Tail bronzy-brown 
with a subterminal dark brown band. Ear-coverts purplish- 
blue. Throat metallic bronzy-green terminating with blue. 
Underside smoky-brown. Undertail-coverts rufous with 
bronzy-olive centre. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 



222 Genera of Hmnmiug Birds. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Like the male, but paler in colouration. The 
specimens which I have from Merume Mountains, British 
Guiana, are darker than the specimens from Guatemala, 
Veragua, Trinidad, Colombia, and Ecuador. 

FAMILY XV. LAMPORNIDAE, 

OR F'amily of Mango Humming-birds. 

Size moderately large. Bill serrated, stout, more or less 
curved, upturned in the genus Avocettula, feathered at base; 
nasal covers partially exposed. Wings long, reaching the 
end of tail. Tail rounded in the genus Sericotes, slightly 
forked in the genera Hypuroptila and Eiilampis, forked in the 
genus Lampornis. Rectrices broad, brilliant metallic in the 
genus Avocettula ; lateral rectrices metallic purple or reddish- 
purple in the other genera. Undertail-coverts normal, except 
in the genus Hypuroptila, in which they are large and full. 
Sexes unlike, except in the genera Eulampis and Sericotes. 

Type : Lampornis, Swainson, Zool. Journ., 1827, 

vol. iii., p. 358. 

Ran^e. — Mexico to Ecuador, Brasilia, Guiana, Trinidad 
and West Indies. 

Genus CXXX. Hypuroptila, Gould, Mon. Troch., 1854, 

vol. ii., pi. 89. 

Chalybura, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1854, p. 10. 

Methon, Muls., Cat. Ois. xMou., 1875, p. 7. 

Type: T. buffoni, Lesson. 

Bill stout, straight, slightly curved, and acutely pointed at 
tips, longer than the head. Wings long, reaching the end of 
tail. Tail long, slightly forked. Median rectrices shortest, 
lateral and outermost ones very slightly and gradually longer. 
Undertail-coverts greatly developed, plume like. Sexes un- 
like. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica, Veragua, Venezuela, Colombia, and 
Ecuador. 

441. Hypuroptila buffoni, Less., Trochil, i83i,p. 34. 
Poly t mus buffoni, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 323 

Lampornis buffoni, Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., p. 72. 

Agyrtria buffoni^ Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855, p. 7. 

Hypuroptila buffoni, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 8g. 

Buff on s Plumeteer, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 89. 

le Chalybure de Biff on. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Upperside shining green, bronzy on neck and 
uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices dark bronze, laterals 
bluish-black margined with bronze on outer webs, outermost 
ones bluish-black. Underside metallic emerald-green. Vent 
and undertail-coverts pure white. Wings purple. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2-|. Tail, 2. Culmen, \, 

Female. — Upperside shining green, coppery on uppertail- 
coverts. Median rectrices bronze with the tips bluish-black, 
next one, bronze at base with a broad bluish-black tip, third 
bluish-black with bronze margin on outer webs and white tips, 
the two outermost ones bluish-black with white tips. Under- 
side grayish-white, washed with green on sides of breast and 
flanks. Vent and undertail-coverts white. Wings purple. 
Bill black. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, i. 
This species was dedicated by Lesson to the eminent 
Naturalist, Buffon. 

442. Hypuroptila aeneicauda, Lawr., Proceed., Acad. 

Nat. Scien., Phil., 1865, p. 38. 

Bronzy-tailed Pliuneteer. 

le Chalybure à queue cuivrée. 

Habitat. — Venezuela and Colombia. 

Male. — This species is closely allied to the preceding one ; 
but can be easily distinguished by the colour of its tail, which 
has the median rectrices shining bronze, the laterals reddish- 
bronze on outer -web of rectrices, and the colour of the 
underside, which is more golden. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|-. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Has also the median rectrices bright green- 
bronze, rest like the female of C. buffoni. 

My specimens of this species were collected at Puerto- 
Cabello, Venezuela, and Valencia, Colombia. 



324 Genera of Hufnmin^ Birds. 

443. HVPUROPTILA MELANORRHOA, Salv., P.Z.S., 1864, 

P- 585- 
Chalybiira carrnioliy Lawr., Proceed. Acad., Nat. Scien., 
Philad. 1865, p. 39. 

Lampornis vtelanorrhoa, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t. i., p. 174. 

Black-vented Pliimeteer, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886, 
p. 14. 

le Chalybîire à région anale noire. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica, Veragua. 

Maie. — Upperside shining green, bronzy on neck and rump, 
Uppertail-coverts and lower part of rump purplish-bronze. 
Tail bronzy-purple. Underside dark shining grass-green, 
Undert ail-coverts purplish-bronze. Wings purplish-brown. 
Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour with black tip. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, 2. Culmen, \. 

This is a very rare species. I have only one male from 
Costa Rica. 

444. HVPUROPTILA ISAURAE, Gould, P.Z.S., i86i, p. igg. 

Lampornis isaiirae, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t i., p. 174. 

I saur e' s Plumeteer. 

le Clialybure d' /satire. 

Habitat. — Veragua, Costa Rica. 

Male. — Head greenish-bronze with purple reflections. 
Back shining green passing to purple on lower part of rump 
and uppertail-coverts. Tail dark bronze with purplish re- 
flections. Throat, breast, and upper part of abdomen dark 
metallic bluish-green. Lower part of abdomen, and flanks 
dark gray washed with green. Undertail-coverts white. 
Wings purple. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour with 
black tip. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2f. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

Female. Upperside shining green. Rump and tail shining 
bronze. Underside ashy. \'ent white. Outermost and two- 
of the lateral rectrices tipped with white. Wings bro^vn. 
Maxilla black. Mandible fiesh colour with black tip. 

This is a rare species. It was dedicated by Gould to Mrs, 



Genera of Humming Birds. 325- 

Isaure de Lafresnaye, wife of the well known Naturalist^ 
of that name, Collaborator of Buffon. 

445. Hypuroptila urochysea, Gould, P.Z.S., 1861, p. 198, 

Lampornis urochrysia, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
vol. i., p. 176. 

Golden-tailed Plumeteer, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. go. 

la Chalybure à queue dorée. 

Habitat. — Panama. 

Male. — Head and back dark-green, passing to a bronzy-hue 
on the wing, and uppertail-coverts. Wings purplish-brown. 
Tail rich golden-bronze, both above and beneath. Throat 
and breast grass-green. Abdomen bronzy-green. Thighs, 
vent, and undertail-coverts pure white. Upper mandible 
black. Lower mandible fleshy-red wâth black tip. Tarsi 
yellow or flesh-colour. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2J. Tail, i|. Culmen, \\. 

'' Gould, loc. cit." 

This description corresponds exactly to that of C. isaurae, 
and I really believe that it is the same species. It was col- 
lected in Veragua, by Mr. Warzewiecz. 

446. Hypuroptila intermedia, Ernst, and Hart. Novit., 

Zool., vol. i., 1894, p. 2. 

Chalybura intermedia, Ernst, and Hart. Novit., Zool., vol. 
i., 1894, p. 2. 

Intermediate Plumeteer. 

le Chalybure intermédiaire. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Chalybura supraviridis, gutture aureo-viridi, abdo- 
mine caerulescente vel beryllino, cauda chalybea, mandibula 
ad basin carnea. 

Closely allied to Chalybura caeruleiventris 

Types in Museum Rotschild. 

I have not seen this species. — Ed. 

447. Hypuroptila caeruleiventris, Reich., Aufz., der 

Colib., 1853, P- ic>. 
Trochilus caeruleogaster^ Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, p. 96. 



326 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Polytmus caeruleogaster, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Cyanocliloris caeruieiventris, Reich., Troch., Enum., 1855, 
p. 7. 

Aygrtria caeruieiventris, Reich., Troch., Enum., 1855, p. 7. 

Chalybiira caeruieiventris, Cab. and Hein., Mus., Hein., 
i860, t. iii., p. 20. 

Hypuroptila caeruleogaster^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 
91. 

Lampornis caeruieiventris, Bon., Rev. and Mag., ZooL, 
1864, p. 220. 

Blue-breasted Plumeteer, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 
91. 

le Chalybure à ventre bleu. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — Forehead metallic golden-green, passing to golden 
on neck. Upperside golden-green, very dark in certain 
lights. Uppertail-coverts golden-green or purplish-golden. 
Tail steel-blue. Chin and throat metallic-green, or golden- 
green, passing to a bright dark blue on the breast and 
abdomen. Flanks shining green. Undertail-coverts, vent, 
and spot behind the flanks, pure white. Wings purple. Bill 
black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2J. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green. Underside pale gray, 
w^ashed with green. Tips of lateral rectrices white. 

This species is rather rare. 

I have one male specimen from Colombia so distinct in its 
colouration that a new species could be made wdth it ; but I 
consider that it is only accidental. It is as follows : — Upper- 
side dark green with a bluish tinge. Rectrices of tail steel- 
blue. Underside purplish-gray, washed all over with bluish- 
green feathers. Undertail coverts white. Wings purple. 
Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

Genus CXXXI. Lampornis, Swainson, Zool. Journ., 

1827, vol. iii., p. 358. 
Anthracothorax, Boié., Isis., 1831, p. 546. 
Smaragdites, Boié., Isis., 183 1, p. 546. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 327 

Floresia, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ii- 
HypoPHAMA, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- i^- 
MargaroCHRYSIS, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ii- 
EUDOXA, Heine., Journ. fur Ornith., 1866, p. 17g. 

Type : T. mango, Linné. 

Bill longer than the head, slightly curved. Wings long, 
reaching the end of tail. Tail forked. Outermost rectrices 
slightly shorter than the others, which are alvvays metallic 
in colouration. Feet moderate, tarsi bare. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Mexico to Colombia, including the West Indies. 

448. Lamporxis MAXGO, Linné., Syst. Nat., 1766, p. igi. 
Mango Bird, Albin. Birds, vol. iii., p. 45. 
Trochilus porphyrurus, Shaw., Nat. Misc., vol. ix., pi. 333. 
Polytmiis porphyrurus. Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 
Lampornis floresi, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, p. 250. 
Floresia porphyriira, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^i- 

Anthracothorax porphyrurus, Reich., Troch., Enum., 1855, 
p. 8. 

Eudoxa porphyrura, Heine., Journ. fur Ornith., 1863, p. 
179. 

Porphyry-Tailed Mango, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 81. 

le Lampornis porphyrure, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
vol. i., p. 164. 

Habitat. — Jamaica. 

Male. — Upperside shining dark olive-brown with a reddish 
tinge all over, but more accentuated on the neck. Median 
rectrices shining purplish-black. Laterals shining reddish- 
purple margined and tipped with blue. Throat and breast 
velvety-black, passing to brownish-black on abdomen and 
flanks, and washed on these parts with dark bronzy-green 
feathers. From the bill, under and behind the eye, is a 
broad band of metallic purple passing to brilliant reddish- 
purple on sides of neck. Undertail-coverts dark greenish- 
black. Anal region and spot on each side of flanks white. 
W^ings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, \\. Culmen, i. 



328 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Female. — Exactly like the male in colouration, excepting 
the chin, and throat, which are metallic purplish-blue with a 
green tinge, and the tips of lateral rectrices which are edged 
with grayish-white. 

In this species, the female is brighter than the male. 

449. LamporniS DOMINICUS, Linné, Syst. Nat., 1766, p. 191. 

Trochilus margaritaceus, Gmel., Syst., Nat., 1788, p. 490. 

Trochiliis aurulentus, Vieill., Ois., Dorés, 1802, pi. 12. 

Poly t mus ?nargaritaceus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Lampornis margaritaceus^ Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, 
vol. i., p. 72. 

Margarochrysis aurulenta, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, 
p. II. 

Hypophania dominica, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. ^^' 

Eulampis aurulentus, Bon., Rev. and Mag., Zool., 1854, 
p. 250. 

St. Domingo Mango, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 79. 

le Lampornis à collier d'or, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, t. ii., p. 153. 

Habitat. — San Domingo, Hayti, Porto Rico. 

Male. — Upperside shining green, golden in some speci- 
mens. Undertail-coverts shining golden-green. Median 
rectrices purplish-bronze in some specimens, purplish-blue in 
others. Laterals purple-violet bordered with steel-purplish- 
blue. Throat metallic golden-green. Underside velvety- 
black. Flanks golden-green. Vent and spot on side of 
flanks white. Undertail-coverts dark purple with a bronze 
tinge. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, \. 

Fetnale. — Upperside golden-green. The median rectrices 
vary in colour as in the males. Laterals purplish-chestnut 
with a subterminal bluish-black bar and white tips. Underside 
gray. Sides of neck, breast, abdomen, and flanks bronze- 
green. 

Total length, 4§in. W^ing, 2f. Tail, i§. Culmen, i. 

I have a fine series of this species from Hayti, and Puerto 
Plata, " Santo Domingo." 



Genera of Hummùig Birds. 329 

''^450. Lamporxis ELLIOTI, Cory. Auk., vol. vii., p. 374. 

Elliot's Mango. 

le Lampornis d' Elliot. 

Habitat. — Anegada, West Indies. 

Male. — Similar to Lamporyiis dominicus, but differs from 
it in being smaller, in having the wings and tail shorter, and 
in having the belly crissum, and the undertail-coverts much 
paler. Two central tail feathers golden-green. 

Total length, 4*>20. Wing, 2-45. Tail, 1-50. Bill, 0.87. 

45 1 . Lampornis virginalis, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 80. 

St. Thomas Mango, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 80. 

le Lampornis de Saint Thomas. 

Habitat. — St. Thomas. 

Male. — Very closely allied to the preceding species, but 
more golden on upperside. Median rectrices purplish-bronze. 
Laterals purple-violet, edged and tipped with brownish-blue. 
Throat more golden than in L. dominicus. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2^. Tail, 2. Culmen, \. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green. Median rectrices 
shining reddish-bronze, next one same colour, darker near the 
tip which is white. Laterals reddish-bronze on outer webs, 
bluish-black on inner, tips white. Outermost ones brownish 
on outer web, chestnut on inner, with a shining dark blue sub- 
terminal bar and white tip. Underside grayish-white. 

It is a rare species. 

■'*'452. Lampornis calosoma, Elliot, Ibis., 1872, p. 351. 

Chlorolampis chlorolaemus, Elliot, Ann., Mag., Nat. Hist., 
1870, vol. vi., p. 346. 

Elliot' s Topaz, Gould, Mon. Troch., Suppl., 1886, p. 12. 

Le Lampornis calosome, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
vol. i., p. 177. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Top of head and neck pale metallic silvery-green, 
in some lights purplish, a black band across the back, rest of 
upper parts dark green. Tail fiery copper-colour, feathers 
margined with blackish-purple ; throat brilliant emerald- 



330 Genera of Humming Birds. 

green ; under parts purplish-black ; spot of white on the 
flanks; undertail-coverts chestnut. Bill black. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, -|. 

" Elliot's Synopsis of the Humming Birds, p. 41." 

Type " Ex. Elliot's Collection " in the American Museum of 
Natural History, New York. 

453. Lamporxis GR.Amineus, Gmel., Syst., Nat., 1788, vol. 

i., p. 488. 

Trochilus ?nncu!atus, Gmel., Syst., Nat., 1788, vol. i., p. 
488. 

Trochilus pectoralis, Lath., Ind. Ornith., 1790, vol. i., p. 
306. 

Trochilus gularis, Lath., Ind. Ornith., vol. i., p. 563. 

Trochilus marmoratus, \'ieill., Encycl., Méth., p. 567. 

Trochilus pectoralis, Vieil., Ois. Dorés, pi. g. 

Polytmns dofninicus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Green-throated Mango, Gould, Mon.Troch., vol. ii., p. 77. 

le Lampornis à cravate verte, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 149. 

Habitat. — Guiana, Trinidad, Venezuela. 

Male. — Head and neck shining green, remainder of upper 
plumage golden-green. Uppertail-coverts bright reddish 
golden-green. Median rectrices dark brown with bluish- 
black reflections. Laterals purple or purple-green, margined 
and tipped with shining steel-blue. Throat brilliant metallic 
grass-green. Centre of breast and abdomen black. Flanks 
golden-green or shining green. Undertail-coverts purplish- 
green. Vent and spot on each side of flanks white. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, i^. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green. Underside white with 
the central portion of throat and breast greenish-black. Sides 
of breast and flanks golden-green. Median rectrices bronzy- 
green. Laterals chestnut with purple gloss, a subterminal 
bluish-black bar, and white tips. 

Young Male. — Like the male with the sides of the throat 
chestnut or white with a margin of chestnut. Centre of 



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Preface — What is to be seen everywhere in London — 
The McKinley Bill— The Panama Canal — Notes on the 
Genus Pharomacrus — An easy way of making £100 a 
a year — Reports on Public Sales of Feathers and Bird 
Skins — Rapport sur la Vente publique, de plumes ft 
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formed by the late Sir David Barclay, and sold at 
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The same. Vol. II. London, 1892 ... ... 10/- 

ContentsofVol.il. 

Description of a supposed new Species of Humming Birds, 
in Boucard's Museum — The World's Fair, Inter- 
national Exposition of Chicago — Review of New 
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Rheinardius ocellatus — Books received— Celebrated 
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de Garbarino — Customs Tariff of Great Britain and 
Ireland — Obituary — Biographical Notes on Henry 
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Pearls — Fish from Volcanoes — A very large Tree — A 
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Hardy at Porto-Real, Brazil, with description of one 
supposed New Species — Description of a supposed New 
Species of the genus Manticora, " Cicindelidaî," from 
Damara Land, South Africa — Description d'une espèce 
nouvelle de Diptère parasite de Costa Rica, Ornithom- 
yia geniculata— The Completion of the Panama Canal 
— A complete list, up to date, of the Humming Birds 
found in Columbia, with descriptions of several supposed 
New Species — Christopher Columbus — P'estivities and 
Exhibitions, held in honour of Christopher Columbus in 
America, Spain, Italy and France — America — Le Canal 
de Panama — International Exhibition in Monaco — A 
new Emission of Postage Stamps. 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, comprising:— 
Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithso- 
nian Institution, 1890-1891 — Catalogue of Birds in the 
British Museum, Vol. XX., 1891, Vol. XVI.. 1892, 
Vol. XXII., 1892— Zoological Record, Vol. XXVIII., 
1892 — Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 
1892— The Ibis, Vol. IV., Sixth Series, 1892— Mémoires 
de la Société Zoologique de France, Vol. V., 1892— 
Memorias y Revista de la Sociedad cientifica, Antonio 
Alzate, 1892— Actes de la Société scientifique du Chili. 
Vol. I., 1892— The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 
1892, etc. 

OBITUARY:— 

August von Pelzen— Dom Pedro d',\lcaiitara — M. 
Alphand— Monseigneur Freppel — Armand de Quatre- 
fages de Breau— Duke of Clarence— Henry Walter 
Bates- Etienne Arago — Hermann Charles Burmcister 
— Cari August Dohrn— Marshal da Fonseca— Ernest 
Renan — Alfred Tennyson— Xavier Marmier. 

GENERA OF HUMMING BIRDS, by A. Boucard, 
pages I to 56. 



THE HUMMING BIRD. A Quarterly Scien- 
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III. London, 1894 ... .. ... ...10/- 

Contents of Vol. III. 

Panama— Grover Cleveland ; the elected President of the 
United States— Dercriptions of several supposed New 
Species of Humming Birds, by A. Boucard — Visits to the 
Zoological Gardens of London, by \V. Rosenberg — Paris 
International Exhibition of 1900— World's Columbian 
Exhibition — Chicago Exposition; World's Fair Notes — 
Relics at the Fair— Big Prizes for Live Stock— World's 
Fair Souvenirs — Travels of a Naturalist, by A. Boucard 
— Genera of Humming Birds, by A. Boucard— The 
Imperial Institute — Anver's International Exhibition — 
Royal Institution — Description of one supposed New 
Species of Cetonia, from Syria, by A. Boucard — How 
Animals are Protected Against Their Enemies, by W. 
Rosenberg — Abundance of Wasps^Notes on Wasps, 
by A. Boucard — The W^ays of Wasps-Les Guêpes — 
Rectification of Name for Semioptera gouldi — Alligators 
— Destructive Insects of Victoria, by P'rench — Interna- 
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Exhibition of Lyon (France)— International Exhibition 
of Paris, 1900 — International Exhibition of Industry, 
Science and Art, in Hobart Town, (Tasmania) — Inter 
national Exhibition in San Francisco (California). 



GENERA OF HUMMING BIRDS 

Genus Oxypogon, Gould 

,, F^upogonus, Muls. and Verr. 

„ Lampropogon, Bon. 

,, Chalcostigma, Reich. 

„ Metallura, Gould 

,, Avocettinus, Bon. 

,, Adelomyia, Bon. 

,, Urosticte, Gould 
Augastes, Gould 
Phlogophilus, Gould 

,, Ramphomicron, Bon. 

Lesbidae. 
Genus Zodalia, Muls 
,, Sappho, Reich. 
„ Lesbia, Lesson 
,, Cyanolesbia, Steg. 
„ Neolesbia, Salv. 

Thaluranidae. 
Genus Thalurania, Gould 



page 

63 
66 

67 
66 
70 

77 
78 
81 

83 
84 
85 

87 
89 

91 
96 

99 

100 



NEW SPECIES OF BIRDS AND INSECTS— 
Described in Vol. III. of the Humming Bird; — 



AvES. — Trochili. 



Metallura peruviana 
Lesbia aequatorialis 
Oreotrochilus bolivianus 
Hylocharis brasiliensis 
Amazilia forreri 
Saucerottia welisi 
Uranomitra whitelyi 
Agyrtria speciosa 
Chrysuronia buckleyi 
Phaethornis garleppi 
Hemistephania guianensis 
Patagona peruviana 
Patagona boliviana 
Cyanolesbia meridana 
Cyanolesbia columbiana 
Thalurania valenciana 



Boucard 



Gen. H. 
Gen. H. 



Bird 
Bird 



InSECTA.— COLEOPTERA, CK.TONIDyt. 



Cetonia delagrangei 
Cetonia syriaca ? 



Boucard 



PAGE 
6 
6 
7 
7 
7 
8 
8 
8 
9 
9 
10 
60 
61 

97 

98 

102 



PAGE 

40 
40 



Contentsof Vol. I\'. 

Wonderful Discovery in Colorado (Mexico) Recent Scien- 
tific and other Publications, with Notes by the Editor — 
Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smith- ; 




sonian Institution— The Hawks and Owls of the Unitnj 
States in their relation to Agriculture, by A. K. PisJ,,, 
— Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum, \ 
XXI., Columbaeor Pigeons, by T, Salvadori— Catii,,;; 
of Birds in the British Museum, Volume XXII., f 
Game Birds, by Olgilvie Grant — The Proceedings of ttt 
Zoological Society of London, Part IV., 1892, and Pj 
I., II., and III., 1893— Zoological Record, Vol. 
edited by Doctor Sharp —The ibis, Sixth Series, 
edited by Philip Lutley Sclater-The Ibis, Vol. V 
21, edited by Philip Lutley Sclatler — Bulletin 
British Ornithologist's Club, 1892-93— Mémoires 
Société Zoologique de France, Tome V., 5èm pai 
TomeVI.,1893 — Congres International de AméricL 
Compte Rendu de la Huilieme Session tenue à Pff _ _^ 
1890 — Sociedade de Geographia de Lisboa; Indicw'è 
Catalagos, A Bibliotheca, 1893 — Revista Mensualdel» 
Sociedad Gautemalteca de Ciencias, 1893 — The Ei 
mologists' Monthly Magazine, 1893 — Ornitholo| 
Monatsberichte, edited by Dr. Ant. Reichenow, I 
1893 — The Canadian Entomologist, edited by Rev 
S. Bethune, Ontario, 1893 — Twenty-third Annual 1 
of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 1893 — B 
of the United States National Museum, Washi 
i892^North American Fauna, No. 7, Part 1 1., Was' 
ton, 1893 — Anales del Instituto fiscio- geografici ' 
Museo de Costa Rica, Tome III., 1892 — Die Vog ! 
Insel Curacao, by Hans von Berlepsch, 1892— Thi 1 
ing Man, by the Editor — Visits to the Zool 
Society Gardens, London, by W. H. Rosen bei 
Nursery of Insects — Description d'une nouvelle t ■. ■ 
de Coquille du Japon du genre Arca, par le Di^i^r 
Félix joussaume — The Use of Salt for Agriculture 
Purposes, by the Editor — Are Ants of Aid to Frui, 
Growers? — Banana Culture — Strange Phenomenon! 
California, Formation of an Inland Sea — Waste Pn 
ducts made Useful— How to Preserve Animals -T! 
English Snake, by W. Rosenberg— The Great Lakes, b 
G. A.— Inhabited Worlds (The World)— E\ Coco— Mam 
Eyed Monster — The Telescope and the Microscope 
Mistakes about Alcohol — Cotton Seed Oil — Genef* 
Avium. 



NE W GENERA and SPECIES OF BIRDS AND SHELL 
Described in Vol. IV. of The Humming Bird 
AvES. — Trochili. 



Thalurania boliviana, 
Gmelinius, n.g.. 

Type, Gmel. Bicolor 
Chlorostilbon wiedi, 
Chlorostilbon panamensis, 
Lawrencius, n.g.. 

Type, L. cupreiceps 



Shells, 
Arca boucardi, Joussaume, H. Bird 



ELL 

I 



Boucard, Gen. H. Bird I»; 



10- 
i: 



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in 8vo., 32 pages. Tours, 1892.. 
Catalogue des Collections d'historie 

naturelle récoltées au Mexique par M. 

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Catalogue de Mammifères, Oiseaux Reptiles* ; 

Poissons et Coquilles de la Californie, 

Louisiane, Mexique et Uruguay 
Catalogue de Carabiques et Colcoptèkes 

DIVERS, 1477 espèces... 
Catalogue u'Héteromèkes et de Curculio 

NiDES, 2242 espèces 
Catalogue d'Oiseaux, Reptiles et Poissons, 

1157 espèces 
Liste de Coléoptères exotiques, 2636 espèces 
Liste des Coléoptères en vente chez M. 

Adolphe BoucAKO, 7956 espèces 
Liste des Oiseaux EN vente CHEZ M. Adolphe 

BoucAKi), 4584 espèces 
La série complète des huit Catalogues et Listes ... 



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Published by A. Boucard, Nevis Villa, Spring Vale, Isle of Wight ; and by Messrs. Wesley & Son 

Essex Street, Strand, London W C. 



GENERA AVIUM. 



MR. BOUCARD begs to inform his scientific Friends and Correspondents, 
that he is preparing the manuscript of a GENERA AVIUM, and being 
very anxious that the said work should be as complete and as perfect as 
possible, he will consider it a great favour, if any of his Correspondents can 
procure him, for cash or in exchange, some of the Genera mentioned in the 
adjoining list : — 



PSITTACIDAE. 

Cyanopsittacus 

Pachynus 

Geopsittacus 

Capitonidae. 
Erythrobucco 
Smilorhis 
Stactolaema 

BUCCONIDAE. 

Micromonacha 
Hapaloptila 

CUCULIDAE. 

Pachycoccyx 

Cercococcyx 

Mesocalius 

Microdynamis 

Ramphomantis 

Hyetornis 

Rhynococcys 

Dryococcyx 

Neomorphus 

MUSOPHAGIDAE. 

Gymnoschizorhis 

Trogonidae. 
Euptilotis 

Alcedinidae. 
Ceycopsis 
Myioceyx 

Meropidae. 
Dicrocercus. 

Bucerotidae. 
Bucorax 
Dichoceros 
Aceros 
Anorrhinus 
Berenicornis 
Rhinoplax 

PiCIDAE. 

Geocolaptes 

Xenopicus 

Dendrocoptes 



Thripias 

Sapheopipo 

Verreauxia 

COTINGIDAE. 

Chirocylla 

Doliornis 

Haematoderus 

PiTTIDAE. 

Anthocincla 
Coracopitta 

Paradiseidae. 
Prionodura 
Cnemophilus 
Loria 

Xanthochlamys 
Scaenopetes 

Tanagridae. 
Hypophaea 
Delothraupis 
Cyanicterus 
Chlorothraupis 
Creurgops 
Malacothraupis 
Cypsnagra 
Urothraupis 
Microspingus 
Nerospingus 
Conothraupis 
Lanprospiza 
Orchesticus 
Oreothraupis 

Fringillidae. 
Camarhynchus 
Cactornis 
Chaunoproctus 
Neorhynchus 
Piezorhina 
Dolospingus 
Amaurospiza 
Pyrrhuloxia 
Loximitris 
Acanthidops 
Rhynchostrutus 
Poliospiza 
Pyrrhospiza 



Urocynchramus 

Porphyrospiza 

Haplospiza 

Saltatricula 

Coryphospiza 

Nesospiza 

Idiopsar 

Spodiornis 

Xenospingus 

Lophospingus 

Schistopiza 

Tiaris 

Rhodospingus 

Ploceidae. 
Tetraenura 
Linura 
Philacterus 
Pyrenestes 
Cryptospiza 
Ortygospiza 
Stictospiza 
Emblema 
Pytelia 
Stictoptera 
Bathilda 
Granatina 
Icteropsis 
Plocella 
Histurgops 
Textor 

Icteridae. 
Clypeicterus 
Ocyalus 
Nesopsar 

Coerebidae. 
Oreomanes 
Xenodacnis 

Alaudidae. 
Heterocorys 
Chersophilus 
Ramphocorys 
Spizocorys 
Spilocorydon 
Spizalauda 
Heliocorys 
Lullula 



Ammonomanes 

Aetamidae. 
Preudochilldon 

Sturnidae. 
Sturnornis 
Ampeliceps 
Charitornis 
Cosmopsarus 
Cinnamopterus 
Pilorhinus 
Hagiopsar 
Pyrrhocheira 
Coccycolius 
Heteropsar 
Fregilupus 

Falconidae. 
Cariama 
Serpentarius 
Urotriorchis 
Nisoides 
Buteola 

Harpyhaliaetus 
Thrasaetus 
Lophotriorchis 
Dryotriorchis 
Helotarsus 
Gypohierax 
Nauclerus 
Lophoictinia 
Gypoictinia 
Henicopernis 
Machaeramphus 
Harpagus 
Poliohierax 
Spiziapteryx 
Harpa 
Polioaetus 

BUBONIDAE. 

Scotopelia 

Surnia 

Heteroglaux 

Gymnasio 

Sceloglaux 

Micrathene 

Phodilus 



All Letters contaifiing offers to be directed as under : — 



Mr. a. BOUCARD, Spring Vale, Isle of Wight, England. 



Genera of Hu7n?ning Birds. 331 

abdomen black, margined with white. Tail like that of the 
male.. 

This species is common in Guiana and in Trinidad. 

I have two specimens Ex. Riocour's Collection. The two 
are labelled Colibri Hausse-Col vert. One is marked 
Trochilus pectoralis Vieille and I consider it, as the type of 
that author. It is from Cayenne. I have one male specimen 
from Trinidad with the tail of a bright greenish-blue under- 
neath. 

I have also another specimen golden above, with the chin, 
the throat, the centre of breast, and the abdomen black. Sides 
of throat and breast shining green. Abdomen brown. Flanks 
golden green. Undertail-coverts olive green. 

454. Lampornis nigricollis. Vieillot, Nouv. Diet. Hist. Nat.^. 

1817, vol. vii., p. 349. 

Trochilus quadricolor and atricapillus, Vieill., EncyeL 
Method., p.p. 553-55. 

Le Plastron noir, Vieill., Oiseaux dorés, p. 20. 
Trochilus fasciatus, Shaw, Gen. Zool., vol viii., p. 303. 
Trochilus lazuliis, Less., Traité. d'Ornith., 1832, p. 290. 
Trochilus mango, d'Orb and Lafr., Syn. Av., 1838, t. ii., 
P- 32. 

Polytmus mango. Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 107. 

Anthracothorax mango, Reich., Aufz. derColib., 1853, p. 11. 

Lampornis iridescens, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 65. 

Lampornis violicauda, Elliot, Ibis., 1872, p. 351. 

Le Mango, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 74. 

Le Lampornis Mango, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874^ 
t. ii., p. 157. 

Habitat. — Brazil, Guiana, Venezuela, Panama, Colombia 
and Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside golden-green in some specimens, in 
others dark shining green. Median rectrices dark bronzy- 
green in some specimens, in others dark bluish-purple with 
part of the external webs rufous. Laterals violet-red margined 
with bluish-purple. Underside black with a dark bluish 
tinge. A dark metallic blue line, with greenish reflections 

B2 



332 Genera of H inn mi nor Birds. 

along the sides of the neck and throat, and running from the 
bill to the fianks. Undertail-coverts violet-brown or ereen. 

• • • ^ 

W'^ings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, ^\\n. Wing, 2f. Tail, i|-. Culmen, J-f. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green or dark green. Under- 
side white with a black line from the throat to lower part of 
abdomen. Flanks orolden-orreen or dark orreen. Undertail- 
coverts bronzy-green edged with white. Lateral rectrices 
tipped with white. 

Same size as the male. 

This species varies very much in its colouration, according 
to age and localities, but it is impossible to separate them, as 
these variations of plumage exist. in specimens from the same 
locality. 

I have in my collection one specimen from Brazil, which 

I have mentioned in the Proceedings of the Zoological Society, 

1879, p. 178, as a variety of ni^ricollis, 2.x\à described in 

the Humming Bird, vol. i., 1891, page 25, under the name of 

L. violicaiida. It is as follows : — 

Male. — Upperside purplish-black, lighter on the rump. 
Tail-coverts and median rectrices black. Laterals metallic 
reddish-purple with the edges and tips blackish-blue. Under- 
side black, paler on fianks. A line of lustrous dark, with 
greenish tinge, from the bill to the flanks, on sides of breast. 
Undertail coverts purplish-black. Wings brownish-black. 
Feet and bill black. 



Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2%. Tail, if. Culmen, \ 
It is probably a melanism of L. nigricollis. 



455. Lampornis prevosti. Less. Nat. Hist. Col., 183 1, p. 87. 

Polytmus prevosti, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Autracothorax prevosti, Reich. Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 11. 

Lampornis prevosti thalassinus, Ridgw. Proc. U.S. Mus,, 
t. viii., p. 573. 

Prevost's mango, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 75. 

Le Lampornis de Prévost, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, vol. i., p. 161. 

Lampornis Henderso7ii, Cory Auk., 1887, p. 336. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 333 

Habitat. — Old Providence, West Indies, Mexico, and 
Central America. 

Male. — Upperside shining golden-green. Median rectrices 
bronze-green with a reddish tinge. Laterals purplish-red or 
bright violet margined with brownish-black. Chin and throat 
black. Sides of throat, breast, and centre of abdomen shining 
bluish-green. Rest of underside golden-green. Undertail- 
coverts green with base and edges gray. Vent and spot on 
sides of fianks white. Wings purplish-brovvn. Bill black. 

Total length, 4|-in. Wing, 2f. Tail, i|-. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green. Underside white. A 
black line on chin and throat passing to green on breast and 
abdomen. Flanks golden-green. Lateral rectrices purplish- 
red at base, passing to bluish-black and broadly tipped with 
white. 

Total length, 4-|in. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, i. 

The young male of this species is like the female in 
colouration, with a rufous line on each side of chin, throat, 
and breast. 

I have one specimen sent to me by Mr. Chas. Cory, of 
Boston, as L. hendersoni. It was collected by Mr. Henderson, 
at Old Providence, West Indies, but I cannot see anv differ- 
ence between that specimen and the Mexican ones. 

I have collected this species in several parts of Mexico and 
Guatemala. Gaumer collected some for me, in Yucatan. 

456. Lampornis VERAGUENSIS, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., 

p. 76. 

Sericotes veragiiensis, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^^• 

Anthracothorax veraguensis, Reich., Troch., Enum., 1855, 
p. 9. 

Veraguan Mango, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 76. 

le Lampornis de Veragua, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 146. 

Habitat. — Veragua and Panama. 

Male. — It is closely allied to the preceding species, but can 
be easily distinguished bv the chin and throat metallic-green, 
the breast and centre of abdomen shining blue. Undertail- 
coverts dark purple. Remainder of plumage like L. prevosti. 



234 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2 f. Tail, if. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Like that of L. prevosti^ excepting the lateral 
rectrices underneath which are bluish-green at base, then 
beautiful violet-purple, with a broad subterminal bar bluish- 
green, and white tips. Same size as the male. 

I collected this species at Panama and Colon. I have also 
some specimens collected by Arcé in Veragua. 

457. Lampornis viridiS, Audub and Vieillot, Ois. Dor., 

1802, vol. i., p. 34. 

Chalybura viridis, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^^• 

Agyrtria viridis, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855, p. 7. 

Blue tailed Mango, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 78. 

le Lampornis vert, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, vol. i.,. 
p. 172. 

Habitat. — Porto Rico. 

Male. — Upperside shining bronzy-green showing a bluish 
tinge on back, rump, and uppertail-coverts. Tail steel-blue 
with greenish reflections. Underside shining green. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green, brownish on head. 
Underside ashy white, tinged with green on the sides and 
flanks. Median rectrices bronze-green. Laterals shining 
dark blue on their inner webs, and golden brown on the outer 
with white tips. It is a rare species in the Collections. 

Genus CXXXII. Avocettula, Reich., Syst. Av. Nat., 

1849, pl- 39- 
AVOCETTINUS, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., p. 75. 

Strebloramphus, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii., 
p. 76. 

Type : T. recurvirostais, Swainson. 

Bill longer than the head, turned up at the point. Nostrils 
exposed. Wings long and pointed, projecting over the tail. 
Tail slightly rounded. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 335 

458. AVOCETTULA RECURVIROSTRIS, Swains., Zool. Illus,, 

vol. ii., pi. 105. 

Mellisucra recurvirostrisj Steph. Shaw, Gen. Zool., vol. xiv., 
p. 248. 

Ornismya recurvirostris, Less., Ois. Mou., 1829, p. 36. 

Campylopterus recurvirostris^ Sw., Class, Birds, 1836, vol. 
ii., p. 330. 

Hylocharis avocetta, Gvdiyj Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 114. 

Avocettinus recurvirostris, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, 
vol. i., p. 75. 

Strebloramphus recurvirostris, Gab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., 
i860, t. iii., p. 76. 

Fiery-tailed Avocet, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. iii., p. 201. 

L Avocettule à bec recourbé, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1876, t. ii., p. 263. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 

Male. — Upperside bronze-green. Uppertail-coverts shining 
green. Median rectrices dark bronze-green, passing to bluish- 
black at tips ; laterals above, coppery-brown margined with 
bluish-black ; beneath, metallic tiery-copper-red ; outermost 
ones coppery-brown. Throat and breast shining emerald- 
green. Abdomen black. Flanks bronze-green. Undertail- 
coverts shining green. Bill black. Wings bluish-black. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing, 3I. Tail, i-|. Culmen, |. 

Female. — Not known for certain. 

It is a very rare species. 

Genus CXXXIII. Eulampis, Boié, Isis, 1831, p. 547. 
Culampis, Less., Ind. Gen. and Syn. Gen. Troch., 1832, 

P- 7- . . . , 

Type: T. jugularis,hu'\vïé. 

Bill stout, short and curved, slightly longer than the head; 
feathers of forehead projecting on the culmen, nostrils partly 
covered. Wings long, reaching the end of tail, and brilliantly 
coloured in all their length. Tail moderate, slightly forked. 
Rectrices wide, terminating with a small acute point. Median 
rectrices shorter, the others gradually and slightly longer. 
Tarsi bare. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Nevis, Martinica, Dominica, and Santa Lucia. 



33^ Genera of Huinjning Birds. 

459. EULAMPlS JUGULARIS, Linné, Syst., Nat., 1766, p. 190. 

Trochihis auratus, Gmel., Syst., Nat., 1788, vol. i., p. 487. 

Torchilus vranatinus, Lath. Ind. Ornith., 1790, vol. i., 
P- 305- 

Soui-manga prasinoptere, Vieill., Ois. Dorés, 1802, vol. ii.^ 
p. 65. 

Trochilus grammatlcus, Vieill., Ois. Dorés, 1802, vol. ii., 
p. 17. 

Ciilampis aiiratus, Less., Ind. Gen. Syn. Gen. Troch., 1834, 
p. 7. 

Polytmiis jugularis, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. iio. 

Topaza violacea, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i, p. iio. 

Pîirple-breasted Carïb, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 82. 

r Eulampe grenat, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1875, 
vol. ii., p. 132. 

Habitat. — Nevis, Martinica, Dominica, and Santa Lucia. 

Male. — Upperside velvety - black. Upper and und&rtail- 
coverts metallic brilliant bluish-green. Tail dark shining 
blackish-green. Wings and their coverts glittering metallic 
dark green. Chin, throat, and breast shining vinous-purple. 
Abdomen, glossy black. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 3. Tail, if. Culmen, J. 

Female. — Like the male. 

I have one specimen with the primaries metallic dark green, 
secondaries and tertiaries dark golden-green. 

This species is abundant in all the Lesser Antilles. It 
varies slightly in the colour of wings, upper and undertail 
coverts, as also in the form and size of bill. Some have the 
bill longer, and more or less curved than others. The female 
and young have the longer bills. It is the only species which 
has the wings and coverts so brilliantly coloured. 

Genus CXXXIV. Sericotes, Reich., Aufz. der Colib, 

1853, P- II- 
Type : T. holosericeus, Linné. 

Bill slender, longer than the head, the feathers of the fore- 
head projecting on the culmen, nostrils partly covered. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 337 

Wings long, reaching the end of tail. Tail short and cuneate, 
each rectrice pointed at tip. Outermost smaller. Laterals 
slightly and gradually longer. Tarsi bare. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — St. Thomas, Martinica, Dominica, Grenada, 
Santa Lucia, Nevis. 

460. Sericotes HOLOSERICEUS, Linné, Syst. Nat., 1766, 

vol. i., p. 191. 

Polytmus holosericeus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. ro8. 

Eula^npis holosericeus, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 83. 

Anthracothorax holosericeus, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855^ 
p. 9. 

Lampornis holosericeus, Cab. and Heine, Mus. Hein, 1860^ 
t. iii., p. 19. 

Green breasted Chrib, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 83. 

VEulampe vert et noir, Muls., Nat. Ois. Mou., 1875, t. ii., 

P- 135- 

Habitat. — St. Thomas, Martinica, Dominica, Santa Lucia, 
Nevis, St. Croix. 

Male. — Upperside shining dark green, coppery on rump. 
Uppertail-coverts glittering green with bluish reflections. 
Tail dark shining blue. Throat metallic grass-green, yellowish- 
golden in some specimens, especially in those from Martinica. 
In the middle of the breast, bordering, the green, is a small 
patch of bright blue feathers. Abdomen black. Flanks 
bronzy-green. Vent and a spot on each side of flanks white, 
Undertail-coverts glittering blue, edged with green. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, i^. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Has less blue on the breast, is not quite so bright 
in colouration, and has the bill longer. This species is rather 
abundant in all the Lesser Antilles, and I think that when full, 
series of each island will be sent to Europe, it is possible that 
it will be necessary to separate them in two or three species. 

461. Sericotes chlorolaemus, Gould, Mon. Troch., voL 

ii., p. 84. 

Antracothorax chlorolaemus, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855, 
p. 9. 



338 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Lampornis chlorolaemiis, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 19. 

Eiilampis longirostris, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 6g. 

Eulampis chlorlaemiis, Boucard, H. Bird, 1891, vol. i., p. 25. 

Grass-green and blue breasted Carib, Gould, Mon. Troch., 
vol. ii., p. 84. 

le Caribe à gorge verte. 

H a bit a t. ^Gr^n?idi3.. 

Male. — Upperside shining dark green, with a reddish tinge 
on rump. Uppertail-coverts brilliant metallic green in centre, 
with bright blue feathers on each side. Tail bright dark 
purplish-blue. Throat dark metallic grass-green, followed 
with a broad band of brilliant dark purplish-blue. Abdomen 
and flanks glossy black, tinged with dark green. Undertail- 
coverts brilliant purplish-blue. Vent and a spot on side of 
flanks pure white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, |. 

Female. — The reddish tinge on lower part of back and 
rump is more apparent than in the male, the green of the 
throat is not so bright, the band of breast is not so extensive 
and more blue, and the bill is longer. It is the E. longirostris, 
of Gould. 

I have a fine series of this rare species from Grenada, sent 
to me, by Mr. Wells. 



Genus CXXXV. Florisuga, Bon., Compt., Rend., 1850, 

p. 382. 

Orthorhynchus, 111. Prod., Syst., Mamm., p. 209. 

Lampornis, Lesson, Tab. Esp. Ois. Mou., 1829, p. 23. 

Type: T. mellivorus, Linné. 

Bill strong, nearly straight, about the length of the head. 
Wings long, reaching the end of tail. Tail ample, slightly 
forked. Median rectrices shorter, lateral and outermost ones 
slightly and gradually longer. Uppertail-coverts reaching the 
tips of median rectrices. Sexes unlike. 

Habitat. — Mexico, Guatemala, Veragua, Guiana, Venezuela, 
Trinidad, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru. 



I 



Genera of Humming Birds. 339 

462. Florisuga mellivora, L. Syst., Nat., 1766, vol. i., 

P- 193- 
Trochilus fimbriatus, L. Syst., Nat., 1766, vol. i., p. 193. 

Oiseau Mouche dit la Jacobine ou à collier, Vieill., Ois. 
Dor., p. 55. 

Mellisuga surinamensis, Steph., Gen. Zool.,vol. ix., p. 243. 

Trochilus flabellif era, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, p. 45. 

Topaza mellivora. Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. iio. 

Jacobin, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 113. 

Great Jacobin, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 114. 

la Florisuge jacobine, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876; 
t. ii., p. 179. 

Habitat. — Guatemala, Veragua, Panama, Venezuela, Colom- 
bia, Tobago, Trinidad, Guiana, Brazil, Ecuador, and Peru. 

Male. — Head, throat, and upper part of breast shining 
cobalt-blue. Across the neck, a broad cuneate-shaped white 
band ; rest of upperside, including uppertail coverts, shining 
dark green in some specimens, bright, golden-green in some 
others. Breast and flanks shining-green or golden-green. 
Abdomen pure white. Undertail-coverts w^hite. Tail pure 
white narrowly margined and tipped with purplish-brown. 
Wings purple-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2f. Tail, i-|. Culmen, -|. 

Female. — Upperside golden -green, darker on the crown. 
Tail bronzy-green, with a sub-terminal bar of deep blue, 
slightly margined on laterals with gray or white, outermost 
blackish-blue with base of external web and tip w^hite. 
Throat and upper part of breast white, spotted with dark 
brown. Sides of breast, abdomen and flanks golden-green. 
Centre of abdomen white. Undertail-coverts blackish-brown, 
tipped with white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|-. Tail, if. Culmen, |-. 

Young Male. — Coloured like the male, with a buff band on 
each side of the blue of the throat. 

This is a very common species. I have large series from 
Guatemala, Chiriqui, Guiana, Trinidad, Tobago, Brazil, and 
Colombia, which varies in colouration, but otherwise are quite 
the same ; but I have some others which varies so much in the 
colouration of the tail that I think a description is necessary. 



340 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Male. — From British Guiana. Upperside shining golden- 
green, excepting the head, which is greenish-blue with the 
centre of crown golden-bronze. White spot on neck. Median 
rectrices white at base, then greenish-bronze with bluish-black 
tips, rest white with a bluish-black spot at tip, narrowly- 
margined with white. Throat dark blue with greenish re- 
flections. Flanks golden-green, rest of underside pure white. 

I propose the name of F. guianensis for this species, if it 
should prove distinct. I have three specimens, one from 
Demerara and two from River Atapuroni, B. Guiana, collected 
by H. Whitely. 

Male. — From Ecuador and Pebas, Peru. Head, throat, 
and upperpart of breast dark greenish-blue, passing to shining 
green close to the white spot of neek. Rest of upperside 
shining green with golden reflections. Median rectrices white 
at base passing to bluish black, the next one white with bluish- 
black tip, the last three white with a very minute brown spot 
on tip of the one next to outermost one, this last one, pure 
white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2-|. Tail, i|. Culmen, -J. 

Female. — Upperside bright golden-green, brownish on 
head. Uppertail-coverts shining green. Median rectrices 
and the three next ones bronze-green with bluish- black tips, 
and slightly margined with white, outermost ones bronze-green 
at base with broad subterminal bluish-black bar, margined on 
outer web with broad white tips. Chin and abdomen pure 
white, throat and upper part of breast pure white, margined 
with black. Side of neck, lower part of breast and flanks 
white, washed with golden-green. Under-tail-coverts gray at 
base, then dark bluish-black margined with white. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2f . Tail, if. Culmen, \. 

I propose the name of F. pertiviana for this species, if it 
should prove distinct. I have four specimens of this species, 
one collected by Buckley in Ecuador, two collected by 
Garlepp in Ecuador, and one by Hauxwell, at Pebas, Peru, in 
1866. I have also one specimen exactly like the preceding 
with the bill one inch long. I believe that it is what Gould 
described as F. flabellifera. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 341 

463. Florisuga SALLEI, Boucard, Hum. Bird, 1891, vol. i., 

p. 18. 

Sailers Jacobin. 

la Jacobine de Salle. 

Habitat. — Mexico. 

Male. — Head and neck dark shining green with bluish 
reflection in the centre of throat, and passing to golden on 
nape, beneath which is a broad band pure white. Rest of 
upperside, including tail coverts, shining bronzy -gold. 
Median rectrices white at base, passing to bluish-green ; next 
one white, margined on external web with bluish-green and 
with bluish-black tip, the two next white, margined on 
external web and tipped with bluish-black, outermost one 
white with a small bluish-black spot «at tip. Lower part of 
breast and flanks golden. Rest of underside pure white. 
Wings purplish-black. Bill black. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i|. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Unknown. 

Type unique in my Collection. 



Genus CXXXVI. Melanotrochilus, Deslongchamps, 

Ann., Mus. Caen., t. i., p. 225. 

Type : T. fuscus, Vieillot. 

Bill short, stout, slightly curved, about the length of the 
head. Wings longer than the tail. Tail ample, long, and 
slightly forked; rectrices broad and rounded, median shortest, 
lateral and outermost ones slightly and gradually longer. 
Uppertail-coverts short. Feet rather large. Tarsi clothed. 
Sexes similar. 

Habitat. — Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador. 

464. Melanotrochilus euscus, Vieill., Nouv. Diet. Hist. 

Nat., 1817, vol. vii., p. 348. 

Trochilus ater, Pr., Max. Reis. Braz., vol. i., p. 366. 

Trochilus niger, Sw.,.Zool. 111., vol. ii., pi. 82. 

Ornismya lugubris, Less., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1829, t. i., 
p. 132. 



342 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Trochilus atratus, Licht., Doubl., p. 14. 

Trochiliis leiicopygiiis, Spix., Av. Bras., 1824, t. i., pi. 81. 

Mellisuga atra, Shaw, Gen. Zool., t. xiv., p. 243. 

Topaza atra, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. iio. 

Florisuga atra, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., vol. i., p. 74. 

Florisuga fusca, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 14. 

Pied Jacobin, Gould, I\Ion. Troch, vol. ii., p. 115. 

la Florisuge demi denil, Muls., Hist. Xat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii.. p. 184. 

Habitat. — Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador. 

Male. — Head, neck, and upper part of back black. 
Remainder of upperside dark bronzy-green, appearing black 
in certain lights. Uppertail-coverts dark bronzy-green, 
sometimes with reddish reflections. Median rectrices dark 
shining-green, purplish in some specimens. Laterals white 
tipped with purplish-brown. Underside black with shiny 
dark green reflections on throat in certain lights. Flanks 
white. Undertail-coverts purplish brown. Wrings purple- 
brown. Upper and under wing-coverts greenish-bronze. 
Bill black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 3|-. Tail, 2\. Culmen, |^. 

Female or Young Male. — Upperside brownish-black. 
Uppertail-coverts purplish-black margined with rufous. Tail 
purplish excepting the rectrice near the outermost one, which 
is ^^ hite on its external web, and the rest purplish, outermost 
one white. Underside sooty-brown with a dark reddish- 
rufous band on each side of throat. Undertail-coverts dark 
bronze, margined with white or rufous. Flanks white. 

Total length, 4èin. ^^'ing, 2. Tail, 2. Culmen, |-. 

My specimens of this species were collected in Brazil, 
Colombia, and Ecuador. 

My specimen from Colombia is much smaller, and has more 
white on flanks. 

Its size is as follows : — Total length, 4|in. Wing, 3. 
Tail, \\. Culmen, f. 



Genera of Humming Bii-ds. 343 

FAMILY XVI. OREOTROCHILIDAE. 

OR Family of Hill Star Humming Birds. 

Size large. Bill slender, short, and curved. Sheath of 
both maxilla and mandible smooth. Nasal covers completely 
hidden. Wings narrow and long. Rectrices very narrow. 
Throat and crown metallic in the males of the genus 
Oreotrochilus. In the new genus, Alcidius, the throat 
only is metallic. Female dull. 

Type : Oreotrochilus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, P- ^^^ 

Ran^e. — Ecuador. 

Genus CXXXVII. Oreotrochilus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, 

p. 10. 

Oreotrochilus, Gould, Int. Trochilidae, p. 62. 

Oreotrochilus, Cab. and Hein, Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii., 

p- 15- 

Type : O. chimborazo, Delattre and Bourcier. 

Bill almost cylindrical and slightly incurved, about the 
length of the head. Wings rather long and powerful. Tail 
large, the feathers narrow and rigid ; rectrices of the same 
length, excepting the outermost ones, which are slightly 
longer. Feet strong. Tarsi clothed, hind toe and nail about 
the same length as the middle toe and nail. Throat and head 
luminous in males, females unadorned. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

465. Oreotrochilus chimborazo, Delattre and Bourc, 

Rev. Zool., 1846, p. 305. 

Chi?nborazian Hill Star, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 68. 

VOrotrochile du Chimborazo, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou.^ 
1876, t. ii., p. 167. 

Habitat. — Volcano of Chimborazo, Ecuador. 

Male. — Head glittering metallic dark-blue with violet re- 
flections. Upperside olive-bronzy-green, each feather on rump 
and uppertail-coverts margined wûth gray. Median rectrices 
dark bronze-green, laterals white, margined on outer webs 
with brownish-black, outermost ones white at base, rest 



344 Genera of Humming Birds. 

greenish-black. Throat metallic violet-blue, encircled with a 
narrow band of black. A triangular large spot of brilliant 
metallic green in the centre of the lower part of throat, just 
above the black band. In one of my specimens, there is a 
narrow metallic blue band under the green, and another black 
band under the blue one. Breast, abdomen, and flanks pure 
w^hite — the latter sparingly spotted with olive-green feathers. 
In the centre of the abdomen a line of brownish-black. 
Undertail-coverts pale olive-green. Wings purplish-brown 
Bill black. 

Total length, ^\\x\. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2\. Culmen, |. 

Female. — Upperside olive-green. Median rectrices dark 
bronzy-green, next one of the same colour sometimes with 
white tips, laterals white at base, passing to greenish-brown, 
and with white tips. Throat white, minutely spotted with 
brown-olive, rest of underside pale olive-brown margined 
with white. Same size as the male. 

For a long time, this species, discovered by Delattre, on the 
Volcano of Chimborazo, has been very rare in the collections ; 
but in 1885, the well-known collector, Henry Buckley, brought 
to England a large series of this species, and of O. pichincha. 

All my specimens were collected by him. 

466. Oreotrochilus pichincha, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. 

Acad. Sc, Lyon., 1849, P- 4^7- 

Oreotrochilus jamesoni^ Jard., Contr. Ornith., 1849, P- 42- 

Pinchinchian Hill Star, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 69. 

r Orotrochile du Pichincha, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mon., 
1876, t. ii., p. 162. 

Habitat. — Volcano of Pichincha, Ecuador. 

Male. — Exactly like the preceding species, without any 
green on the throat. 

Total length, sJin. Wing, 2^. Tail, 2\. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Like that of O. Chimborazo, slightly whiter on 
throat, and more minutely spotted. Without knowing the 
exact localities where they come from, it is nearly impossible 
to distinguish the females of one species from another. 

This fine species w^as discovered in Ecuador, by the late 
Bourcier, who was then, French Consul in Quito. 

All my specimens were collected by Buckley. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 345 

Genus CXXXVIII. Alcidius, Nov. Gen. 

Oreotrochilus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, p. 10. 

Type : O. estellae, d'Orbigny. 

Bill short, slender, slightly curved, about the length of the 
head. Throat brightly coloured in males. Wings narrow, 
long, reaching nearly the end of tail. Tail pointed, feathers 
narrow and rigid, outermost shortest, laterals slightly and 
graduallv longer, medians of the same length as the laterals 
next to it, or slio-htlv lonorer. Feet strono^ the hind toe and 
nail about equal in length to the middle toe and nail. Tarsi 
clothed. Sexes unlike in plumage. 

Habitat. — Peru, Bolivia and Chili. 

467. Alcidius estellae, D'Orb and Lafr., Syn. Av., 1838, 

P- 32- 
Ortliorhynchus estella, d'Orb, Voy., Amer., Mérid., 1835-44, 
t. 4, p. 376. 

Trochilus ceciliae, Less., Rev. Zool., 1843, p. 43. 
Oreotrochilus estellae, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 70. 

Estella' s Hill Star, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 70. 

r Oreotrochile di Estelle, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii., p. 170. 

Habitat. — Bolivia and Peru. 

Male. — Upperside olive-green, passing to bronze-green on 
the uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices dark bronzy-green, 
remainder white, bordered and tipped with brown. Throat 
brilliant grass-green, bordered beneath by a line of bluish- 
black. Breast and abdomen white. In the centre of the 
later a line of deep chestnut. Undertail-coverts and flanks 
olive-brown. Wings brown, with purplish reflections. Bill 
black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, 2\. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Differs from the male in having the throat spotted 
with brown, the underside rufous-brown, and the lateral tail 
feathers white, crossed with a band of green in the centre. 

It is a very rare species. 

I have made a new genus with this species and the four 
following ones, because they are quite distinct, in generical 



346 Genera of H u mining Birds. 

forms, especially in the form of the tail, and in the metallic 
colouring of head and throat, from the two well-known species, 
O. pichincha and O. chimborazo. For these two last species, 
I have retained the generic name of Oreotrochilus, Gould 
considering that it was more proper to make a new genus, in 
honour of D'Orbigny, with the species discovered by this 
eminent Naturalist. I hope that all my scientific colleagues 
will agree with me in this, and will adopt it. 

468. Alcidius bolivianus, Boucard, H. Bird, 1893, vol. iii., 

p. 7. 

Oreotrochilus bolivianus, Boucard, H. Bird, 1893, vol. iii., 
p. 7. 

Bolivian Hill Star. 

V Alcide de Bolivie. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — Upperside olive-brown passing to shining reddish- 
bronze on uppertail-covcrts. Median rectrices dark shining 
bronze-green, laterals white edged outwardly with dark brown, 
outermost ones w'hite at base internally, and the remainder 
dark greenish-black. Throat glittering green, with an 
imperceptible dark blue margin at base. Breast and abdomen 
grayish-white passing to grayish-buff on flanks. A narrow 
line of greenish-blue in the middle of the abdomen. Undertail- 
coverts grayish-brown. Wings brown externally, and purplish 
internally. Bill black and curved. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Upperside like that of the male.. Lateral and 
outermost rectrfces with white tips. Underside grayish-brown 
with minute green spots on throat. This new species is 
closely allied to O. lencopleurus, from which it differs by the 
band of the throat which is scarcely perceptible, the line in 
the centre of abdomen which is very narrow, and greenish- 
blue, and the tail and uppertail-coverts differently coloured. 
It forms the passage between O. estellae and O. leucopleurus. 

Discovered by Buckley, in Bolivia. Types in Boucard's 
Museum. 



. Genera of Humming Birds. 347 

469. Alcidius leucopleurus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, p. 10. 

Oreotrochilus leucopleurus, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii.,. 
p. 71. 

White-Sided Hill Star, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 71.. 

rOrotrochile à flancs blancs, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou.,. 
1876, t. ii., p. 172. 

Habitat. — Chili. 

Male. — Upperside olive-brown with a bronze tinge in 
some specimens and a coppery tinge in others. Uppertail- 
coverts in some bronzy-green, in others coppery-bronze. 
Median rectrices dark green-bronze in some specimens, in 
others brownish-black with greenish reflections, laterals white 
with a slight margin on outer web and dark brown tips, 
outermost one white at base passing to purplish-black. 
Throat brilliant golden-green, beneath which is a narrow 
band of metallic bluish-black feathers. Breast, upper part of 
abdomen and flanks pure white. Centre and lower part of 
abdomen bluish-black. Undertail-coverts olive-green. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2^. Tail, 2J. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — • Like the male, but buffy- white underneath 
sparingly glossed with pale olive-green on sides of breast. 
Throat white minutely spotten with greenish-blue. Lateral 
and outermost rectrices white, crossed with a subterminal 
green band, and with white tips. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2J. Culmen, -1. 

My specimens of both sexes of this species were collected 
in Chili, by Mr. E. Reed. It wasfirst discovered in the Andes 
of Aeon. 

^470. Alcidius melanogaster, Gould, P.Z.S., 1847, P- lo- 

Oreotrochilus melanogaster, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii.,. 
p. 72. 

Black-breasted Hill Star, Gould, Mon. Troch, vol. ii.,. 
p. 72. 

r Orotrochile à ventre noir, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou.,. 
1876, t. ii, p. 176. 

Habitat. — Peru. 
C2 



34^ Genera of Humining Birds. . 

Male. — Upper-parts olive-brown, throat metallic grass- 
green, under-parts bluish-black. Uppertail-coverts shining 
green, under-coverts olive-brown, margined with buff. Tail 
steel-blue, with green reflections. Bill and feet black. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, J. 

Female. — Upper-parts light brown, with a greenish lustre. 

Uppertail-covers shining green. Throat white, unspotted. 

Under-parts brownish-white, tinged with buff. Undertail- 

<:overts bulïy-brown. Tail shining green, all the lateral 

feathers tipped w^ith white. 

" Elliot's Synopis of the Humming Birds, p. 36." 

This rare species is one of my desirata. The specimens 

from which Mr. Elliot made his descriptions were collected in 

Peru, by Mr. Jelsky. 

.471. Alcidius ADEL.AE, d'Orb. and Lafr., Syn. Av., 1838, 

P- 33- 
Orthorhynchus adda, d'Orb., Voy. Amer., Mérid., vol. iv., 

P- 377- 

Oreotrochilus adelae, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 73. 

Adela^s Hill- Star, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii, p. 73, 

I'Orotrochile d'Adèle, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1876, 
t. ii, p. 175. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — Upperside olive-brown. Tail cuneate. Median 
rectrices dark brown, remainder pale buff, margined and 
tipped with olive-brown. Throat metallic golden-green, 
beneath which is a narrow band of black. Underside deep 
chestnut with a central line, and the lowerpartof abdomen black. 
Vent buff. Undertail-coverts olive-brown, margined with 
buff. Wings brown, with a bronzy-green gloss. Bill and 
feet black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i. 

Fejnale. — Differs by having the throat white, spotted with 
olive-brown, underside wholly rufous, and the- lateral tail 
feathers buff, with a subterminal black bar, and tipped with 
white on the inner webs. 

This is a very rare species. I have only one fine male speci- 
men, collected in Bolivia, by Buckley. It was discovered in the 
neighbourhoods of Chuquisaca, Bolivia, by Mr. Alcide 
d'Orbigny. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 349 

FAMILY XVIL CAMPYLOPTERIDAE. 

OR Family of Sabre Wing Humming Birds. 

Size large. Bill stout, nearly straight or curved. Sheath 
of both maxilla and mandible smooth. Nasal covers partly 
exposed. Wings short, shafts of the outer primaries swollen. 
Tail cuneate or rounded, excepting in the Genus Eupetomena 
in which it is very developed and forked. Sexes sometimes 
alike, and at other times dissimilar. 

Type : Campylopterus, Swainson, Zool. Jburn., 1826, p. 358. 

Range. — Mexico, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Colombia, Ecuador, 
Peru, West Indies, Guiana and Brazilia. 

Genus CXXXIX. Sphenoproctus, Cab. and Heine, 

Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii., p. 11. 

Pampa, Reich., Aufz. der Col., 1853, p. 11. 

Type: O. pampa, Lesson. 

Bill nearly straight, longer than the head. Nostrils covered 
by a membrane. Wings long, shafts of three primaries in the 
male broad and flattened, the first primarv falcate. Tail 
cuneate. Outermost rectrices smaller, all the others gradually 
longer. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Mexico and Guatemala. 

472. Sphenoproctus pampa. Less., Ois. Mou. Suppl., 1829, 

p. 127. 

Polytmiis pampa, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 107. 

Pampa campyloptera, Reich., Aufz. der Col., 1853. P- ^i- 

Campylopterus pa?npa, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 43. 

Wedge-tailed Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., 
P- 43- 

Le Campyloptère pampa, Muls., Hist Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
vol. i., p. 115. 

Habitat. — Guatemala. 

Male. — Top of head and occiput metallic blue with purplish 
reflections. Upperside shining green, bluish on uppertail- 
coverts. Median rectrices bronze-green, brownish at tips, 
next one of the same colour with broad brownish-black tip, 



350 Genera of Humming Birds. 

laterals bronze at base, remainder bluish-black. Outermost 
ones brownish-black, with grayish rufous on the external web 
reaching nearly the tip. Underside pale gray, nearly white on 
lower part of abdomen. Line abov^e the eye pale rufous. Spot 
behind the eye white. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 2J. Tail, 2%. Culmen, \. 

Female. — Like the male, but smaller, the two outermost 

rectrices broadly tipped with gray, the medians not so long 

as in the male. Underside grayish-white, paler than in the 

male. » 

Total length, 4^in. W^ing, 2%. Tail, i|^. Culmen, J. 

All my specimens of this species are from Guatemala and 
Yucatan, Mexico. 

473. SphenOPROCTUS CURVIPENNIS, Licht. Preiz. Verz. Mex. 

Thier., 1830, No. 32. 

Sphenoproctus pampa, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860,, 
t. iii., p. 1 1. 

Mexican Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 1886,. 
P- 5- 

le Campyloptère du Mexique. 

Habitat. — Mexico. 

Maie. — The only differences which I can see between this 
species and the preceding one is the colour of the upperside 
which is more golden, and the underside whiter. I doubt 
that they are sufficient to consider it as a distinct species. 

I collected my specimens in Mexico. It is one of the 
species found in the forests, which I could easily recognise by 
its song. 

Genus CXL. Eupetomena, Gould, Mon. Troch., 1853, 

p. 6. 

Progxornis, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- ^i- 

Type : T. macrourus, Gould. 

Bill stout, short, slightly longer than the head and very 
slightly curved. Wings long, shaft of first and second 
primaries in the male broad and flattened. Tail very long, 
deeply forked, median rectrices broad and short, the two next 



Genera of Humming Birds. 351 

ones gradually longer, the fourth much longer than the third, 
and the outermost one much longer, turning slightly outward 
at the tip in some specimens. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Guiana, Brazil, Peru. 



474. EUPETOMENA MACROURA, Gmel., Syst., Nat., 1788, 

vol. i., p. 487. 

Trochilus forcipatus, Lath., Ind. Ornith., 1790, vol. i., 
p. 304. 

Ornismya hirundinacea, Less., Ois. Mou., p. 98. 

Polytmus macrourus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 107. 

Prognornis macroura, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- H- 

Eupetomena hirundinacea, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., 
p. 42. 

Swallow Tail, Gould, Mon., Troch., vol. ii., p. 42. 

r Eupétomène hirondelle, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
vol. i., p. 1 12. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Head and neck metallic prussian-blue. Upperside 
dark shining green passing to bronze on upper parts of upper- 
tail-coverts ; these are dark steel-blue like the tail. Chin, 
throat and breast metallic prussian-blue. Rest of underside 
dark shining green. Tufts of feathers of anal region and on 
sides of flank pure white. Undertail-coverts dark steel-blue. 
Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 7in. Wing, 3. Tail, 4. Culmen, |. 
Female. — Slightly paler in colour, and the tail shorter. 
Total length, 5-|in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, 3. Culmen, \. 
Common in Brazil. 

475. Eupetomena hirundo, Gould, Ann. and Mag. Nat. 

Hist., 1875. 

Western Swallow Tail, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 1886, 
p. 4. 

r Eupétomène hirondelle du Pérou. 

Habitat. — Peru. 



352 Genera of Humming Bij-ds. 

Male. — Exactly like the preceding species in colouration 
and size, with the lower part of breast dark shining greenish- 
blue, abdomen and flankb lighter green, and head dark green- 
ish blue. 

Total length, 6^in. Wing, 3^. Tail, 4. Culmen, \. 

This rare species was discovered by Mr. H. \\'hitely, at 
Huiro. \'alley of Santa Anna, Peru. 

Genus CXLI. Aphantochroa, Gould, :\Ion. Troch., 1852, 

vol. ii., p. 54. 
Agapeta, Heine, Journ. fur Ornith., 1863, p. 178. 

Placophorus, Muls., Cat. Ois. Mou., 1873, p. 6. 

Type : T. cirrhochloris, Meillot. 

Bill stout, about the length of the head, very slightly 
arched. Wings broad, long, reaching the end of tail. Tail 
square, the rectrices of the same length and pointed at tips. 
Tarsi clothed. Hind toe short. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Guiana, Brazil, Ecuador? 

476. Aphantochroa cirrochloris, \'ieill., Nouv. Diet., 

Hist. Xat., t. 23, p. 430. 

Ornisynyd simplex^ Less., Ois. Mou., 1829, p. 119. 

Polytyniis cirrochloris^ Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 107. 

Trochilus campy lostyhis, Licht., \^erzich Doubl., p. 14. 

Canipylopteriis cirrochloris^ Bon., Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, 
vol i, p. 71. 

Sombre Humming Bird, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 54, 

r Aphayitochroê cirrochlore^ Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874. vol. i., p. 140. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Upperside dark bronze-green. Median rectrices 
dark bronze-green, next one darker with reddish tinge at tip, 
the rest bronze at base changing to dark brown. Underside 
grayish-brown washed with pale green on throat, breast, and 
flanks. Undertail-coverts dark brown, edged with white. 
Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, \V\x\. Wing, 2^. Tail, i|^. Culmen, |. 

Female. — Exactlv like the male but slis^htlv smaller. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 355 

■^477. Aphantochroa gularis, Gould, P.Z.S., i860, p. 310. 

Puce Throated Humming Bird, Gould, Mon. Troch., voL 
ii-, p. 55- 

VAphantochroê à gorgerette, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 142. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Very much like A. cirrochloris excepting a metallic 
lilac spot on the throat and the green colour of the general 
plumage. I have examined the type of Gould, which is now 
in the British Museum, and my impression was that it is a 
poor specimen of Hypuroptila buffoni, to which the natives 
have stuck some purple feathers of Clytolaema rubinoides on 
the throat. 

Genus CXLII. Phaeochroa, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, 

P- 55- 
Type: P. cuvieri, Del. and Bourc, Rev. Zool., 1846, p. 310, 

Bill stout and straight, slightly longer than the head 
and with the tips acutely pointed. Wings long nearly 
reaching the end of tail, shafts of the two primaries broad 
and flattened in the middle. Tail rounded, outermost rectrices 
shortest, the others very slightly and gradually longer. 
Sexes alike. 

Range. — Guatemala to Colom.bia. 

478. Phaeochroa CUVIERI, Delatt. and Bourc, Rev. Zool., 

1846, p. 310. 

Aphantochroa cuvieri, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, 
p. 250. 

Phaeochroa cuvieri, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 55. 

Aphantochroa roberti, Salv., P.Z.S., 1861, p. 203. 

Campylopterus roberti, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 53. 

Phaeochroa roberti, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 55. 

Cuvier's Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 52. 

Owen^s Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 53. 

r Aphantocroé de Cuvier, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
vol. i., p. 137. 

le Campyloptère de Cuvier. 



354 Genera of Hiijnming Birds. 

Habitat. — Guatemala to Colombia. 

Male. — Upperside shining green. Four median rectrices 
shining greenish-bronze, next one shining bronze-green with 
dark brownish spot on inner web near the inner tip which is 
white, last lateral and outermost ones shining bronzy-green 
with a subterminal blackish bar and broadly tipped with white. 
Underside dull bronze-green passing to gray, with rufous tinge 
on abdomen and flanks. Undertail-coverts bronzy-green 
fringed with white. Wings purplish-brown. Maxilla black. 
Mandible flesh colour for a little more than half its length, 
rest black. 

Total length, 4^in. Wing, 2|-. Tail, ij. Culmen, -J. 

Female. — Exactly like the male. 

The differences between C. roberti, and this species are so 
slight, that I cannot see how they can be separated. 

In one specimen which I have from Guatemala, the base of 
the mandible is flesh colour, and the lateral rectrices have a 
broader blackish subterminal bar, but the base is also bronzy- 
green. 

It is a rare species. 

I have collected my specimens in Guatemala, Costa Rica, 
and Colon. I have also one specimen collected by Arcé, at 
Chiriqui. 

The type of this species was discovered by Delattre, in 
Guatemala, and it was dedicated by him and Bourcier, to the 
eminent French Naturalist, Cuvier. 

Genus CXLIII. Campylopterus, Swainson, Zool. Journ., 

1826, p. 358. 

POLYTMUS, Gray, Gen. Birds, 1848. 

Platystylopterus, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 11. 

LOXOPTERUS, Cab. and Heine, Mus. Hein., i860, t. iii., 

P- 13- 

Type : T. lar^ipennis, Bodd. 

Bill long and curved, broad and flat at base. Wings ample, 
shafts of primaries in the male broad and flat on their basal 
half. Tail ample, rounded ; rectrices broad, outermost ones 
shortest, the next one slightly longer, the rest of same length. 
Size large, female smaller. Sexes alike in plumage. 

Habitat. — Guatemala, Guiana, Ecuador, Peru. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 355 

479. Campylopterus largipennis, Bodd., PI. Enl. d'Aubent., 

1783, pi. 672. 

Trochilus cinereuSj Gmel., Syst. Nat., 1788, p. 490. 

Trochilus campylopterus, GmeL, Syst. Nat., 1788, vol. i., 
p. 499. 

Trochilus latipennis, Lath., Ind. Ornith., vol. i., p. 310. 

Ornismya latipennis, Less., Ois. Mou., 1829, p. 121. 

Polytmus largipennis, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 107. 

Broad-shafted Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., 

p. 48. 

Le Campyloptère largipenne, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 120. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 

Male. — Upperside shining grass-green. Median rectrices 
dark bronze-green, next one bronze for about half its length, 
then bluish-black and slightly margined with white at tips, 
the others bronze at base, then bluish-black to half their 
length, the rest pure white. Underside dark ashy-gray, 
sparingly washed with green on sides of neck, breast and 
flanks. Wings shining purplish-brown. Maxilla black. 
Mandible flesh-colour with black tip. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 3^. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Smaller and slightly paler in colouration, other- 
wise exactly like the male. Lateral rectrices with scarcely 
any bronze at base, but bluish-black for half their length, and 
the rest white. Only very adult males have the shafts of the 
primaries broad and flat on their basal half. I have some 
very fine males where this peculiarity is scarcely visible. 

My fine series of this species were collected by Mr. H. 
Whitely, in British Guiana. 

480. Campylopterus obscurus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1848, p. 13. 
Campylopterus aequatorialis, Gould, Int. Troch., p. 54. 
Sombre Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 49. 

le Campyloptère obscur. 

I cannot see any differences between this species and the 
preceding one, and I am of the same opinion as Messrs. 
Elliot and Mulsant that they all belong to one species. 



35^ Genera of Humming Birds. 

My specimens were collected in Ecuador, and Upper 
Amazons, by Buckley. 

481. Campvlopterus HEMILEUCURUS, Licht., Preiz. Verz. 

Mex. Thier., 1833, No. 33. 

Orismya delattrei, Less., Rev. Zool., 1839, p. 14. 

Mellisuga delattrei, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 113. 

Campylopterus delattrei, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 45. 

Delattre's Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 45. 

Le Campyloptère de Delattre, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 125. 

Habitat. — Mexico to Vera^ua. 

Male. — Top of head and lores dull greenish-black. Upper- 
side bright metallic purple-blue passing to dark shining green 
on rump. Uppertail-coverts shining dark green. Median 
rectrices dark bronzy-green, next one bluish-black, the rest 
bluish-black for half their length, remainder pure white. 
Underside bright metallic violet-blue. A small spot behind 
the eye, anal region, and line on sides of flanks white. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 3J. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i^. 

Female. — Upperside shining green, dark golden-brown on 
head. Tail like that of the male, excepting the two median 
rectrices, which are shining bronzy-green. Centre of throat 
metallic purple-blue. Rest of underside gray, sparingly washed 
with green on sides of breast and flanks. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2J. Culmen, i^^j. 

I have some specimens from Veragua with the tips of median 
rectrices brownish-black and the abdomen and flanks metallic 
greenish-blue ; but I do not think it is sufficient to make a 
species with it. 

It is a common species in Mexico and Guatemala. In 
Costa Rica and Veragua it is rarer. I have collected this 
species in different parts of Mexico, and in the semi-tropical 
forests of Costa Rica. 

482. Campvlopterus exsipexnis, Swains. Zool. Illust., vol. 

ii., pi. 107. 

Campylopterus eiisipennis. Less., Ois. Mou., 1829, p. 124. 
Polytmus ensipennis, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 107. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 357 

Blue-throated Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii.,. 
p. 46. 

Le Campyloptère ensipenne, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 122. 

Habitat. — Trinidad and Tobaofo. 

Male. — Head brilliant metallic green, golden in certain 
lights. Upperside shining green. Median rectrices dark 
bronzy-green, the next one bluish-black, the others bluish- 
black at base, rest pure white. Chin and throat dark metallic 
lazuline-blue. Remainder of underside shining metallic 
golden-green. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5èin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2\. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Differs from the male in having the centre of the 
throat lazuline-blue and a white stripe from maxilla to ear- 
coverts. Centre of breast and abdomen gray. Anal region 
white. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2. Culmen, i|-. 

A few years ago, this species was sent abundantly from 
Trinidad, but lately I have not seen any. 

Genus CXLIV. Saepiopterus, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 

1853, p. II. 

Type : T. lazulus, Vieillot. 

Bill curved, longer than the head. Nostrils covered by a 
membrane. . Wings long nearly reaching the end of tail ; 
shafts of the three primaries in the males broad and flattened. 
Tail rounded with a small pointed tip in median rectrices in 
some species. Rectrices broad of the same length. Sexes 
alike. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador, Trinidad and 
Tobago. 

483. Saepiopterus lazulus, Vieillot, Tabl. EncycL, part ii., 

P- 557- 
Trochilus lazulus, Bonnat., Encycl., Méth., 1791, vol. ii., 

P- 557- 

Trochilus falcatus, Less., Ois. Mou., 1829, p. 126. 

Campylopterus lazulus, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, 
p. 250. 



35^ Genera of Humming Birds. 

Lazulifie Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., p. 44. 

Le Campyloptère lazulite, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 132. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Colombia, Ecuador. 

Male. — Head and neck bright metallic golden-green. Rest 
of upperside shining green with golden reflections. Median 
rectrices deep chestnut, tipped with shining green, the next 
one of the same colour with one side of tip shining green, 
the next one bluish-black, last lateral and outermost ones deep 
chestnut, slightly tipped with bluish-black. Throat, breast, 
and upper part of abdomen dark metallic blue with a purple 
lustre, passing to glittering green on flanks and lower part of 
abdomen. Undertail-coverts chestnut with green edges on 
the upper feathers. Wings purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 2f. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Like the male, but smaller and not quite so 
brilliant. 

Young Male. — Upperside shining green. Outermost rec- 
trices chestnut, the others like that of the male. Centre of 
throat shining blue. Rest of underside gray washed with 
shining green feathers on sides of breast, and on flanks. 
Under-tail coverts rufous, edged with gray. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2f. Tail, if. Culmen, i. 

In my opinion all former authors have described young 
birds as females. 

It is a common species in Colombia. 

I have specimens of both sexes from that country, and 
others collected at Merida (Venezuela). 

One fine male collected by Goering, at Merida, has the 
throat and breast of a lighter blue, and the median rectrices 
with bluish-black tips. If it should prove a distinct species, I 
propose the name of Saepiopterus goeringi for it. 

484. Saepiopterus plainopeplus, Salv. and Godm., Ibis., 

1879, p. 202. 

Simons' s Sabre-wing. 

le Campyloptère de Simons. 

Habitat. — Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta, Colombia. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 359 

Male. — Top of head dark shining green. Head and neck 
glittering metallic green. Rest of upperside glittering green, 
darker on the uppertail-coverts. Tail shining dark purplish- 
blue with some greenish-bronze along the inner web of 
median rectrices ; this bronzy part does not reach the tips. 
Throat and breast dark metallic blue passing to glittering 
dark green with blue reflections in certain lights on the lower 
part of breast, abdomen and flanks. Undertail-coverts shining 
green passing to greenish-blue on lower part. Wings 
purplish-brown. Bill black. 

Total length, 5Jin. Wing, 2f. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

The above description was taken from a splendid specimen 
in my collection. 

Female ? — Upperside shining green. Tail steel-blue. 
Underside gray. 

This splendid and very rare species was discovered by Mr.^ 
Simons in the Sierra Nevada of Santa Marta, in 1879, at 
an altitude, between 4,000 and 15,000 feet. 

•^485. Saepiopterus villavicenciO, Bourc, Compt. Rend.,, 

vol. xxxii, p. 187. 

Heliomaster villavicencio , Reich., Aufz.derColib.,i853,p. 13. 

Campylopterus splendens, Lawr., Ann., N.Y., Lye. Nat. 
Hist., 1858, vol. vi., p. 262. 

Villavicencid' s Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol.ii., p. 47. 

Le Campyloptère de Villavicencio, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. 
Mou., 1874, vol. i., p. 130. 

Habitat. — Rio Napo (Ecuador). 

Male. — Top of head metallic golden-green. Upper parts 
and flanks dark green. Wings purplish-brown. Throat deep 
metallic purplish-blue. Under surface dark greenish-gray. 
Median rectrices dark green, remainder steel-blue. Bill black. 

Total length, 5iin. Wing, 2%. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i. 

Female ? — Top of head metallic golden-green. Upper 
parts golden-green. Under surface ashy-white. Tail like that 
of the male but with the lateral feathers tipped with grayish- 
white. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour. ''Elliot's 
H. Syn. Birds, p. 270." 

It is one of my desiderata. 



'^6o Genera of Humming Birds, 



o 



486. Saepiopterus rufus, Less., Rev. Zool., 1840, p. 73. 

Polytmns rufus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 107. 

Platystyloptcrus rufus, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., p. 11. 

Fawn-breasted Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., 
p. 50. 

Le Campyloptère roux, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t. i., p. 134. 

Habitat. — Guatemala. 

Maie. — Upperside golden-green. Median rectrices shining 
golden-green passing to reddish-gold on tips, next one more 
brilliant with a darkish brown subterminal bar near the tip which 
is rufous, remainder rufous for half their length passing to 
golden-green, less apparent on the outermost rectrices, then 
bluish-black with pale rufous tips ; the outermost rectrices 
have all the external web rufous. Underside bufï. Wings 
purplish-brown. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour with 
black tip. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 3. Tail, 2|-. Culmen, i. 

Female. — Slightly smaller than the male. 

It is a rare species. 

487. Saepiopterus hyperythrus. Cab., Schomb. Reise., 

Brit. Guiana, 1848, vol. iii., p. 709. 

Platystylopterus hyperythrus, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 
1853, p. II. 

Loxopterus , hyperythrus, Cab. and Heine, Mus. Hein., 
i860, t. iii., p. 13. 

Rufous-breasted Sabre-wing, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. ii., 
P- 51- 

Le Campyloptère rougeâtre, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 135. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 

Male. — Upperside shining golden-green, darker and greener 
on head. Four central rectrices shining metallic golden- 
bronze. Laterals and outermost ones rufous. Underside dark 
rufous. Wings purplish-brown. Maxilla black. Mandible 
flesh-colour at base, remainder brownish-black. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2|. Culmen, W. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 361 

Female. — Exactly like the male, but slightly smaller. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2. Culmen, J-|. 

This extremely rare species was discovered by the well- 
known explorer,Mr. Schombourg, at Roraima (British Guiana), 
The type remained unique from 1843 to 1883, when the active 
collector, Mr. H. Whitely, Junior, re-discovered the bird at 
the same place. 

My specimens, male and female, were collected by him. 

It is a very good species, quite distinct from C. rufiis. 

FAMILY XVIII. PHAETHORNIIDAE, 

OR Family of Hermit Humming-Birds. 

Size from very small to large. Bill long, more or less 
curved. Sheath of both maxilla and mandible smooth ; nasal 
covers partially exposed. Wings narrow and short. Tail 
rounded, cuneate, or with the median rectrices much elongated. 
Sexes alike. In the Genus Euxtoxeres the bill is curved to 
the third of a circle. 

Type : Phaethornis, Swainson, Zool. Journ., 1827, p. 357. 
Range. — Mexico to Bolivia, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, 

Guiana, Trinidad and West Indies. 

'Genus CXLV. Glaucis, Boié. Isis, p. 545. 

Type : T. hir situs, Gmelin. 

Bill long, much curved, stout and high at base. Wings 
long and narrow. Tail short, rounded. Rectrices narrower 
and pointed in females or young. Outermost one shortest, 
the other rectrices gradually longer. Median shorter than the 
lateral, close to it, and of the same length as the next one. 
Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Venezuela, Guiana, Trinidad, Grenada, Brazil, 
Colombia, and Ecuador. 

488. Gl.\ucis hirsuta, Gmel., Syst. Nat., 1788, t. i., p. 490. 

Trochilus braziliensis, Lath., Ind. Ornith., 1790, vol. i., 
p. 308. 

Trochilus ferrugineus, Wied. Beiltr, vol. iv., p. 120. 



362 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Trochilus dominiciis, Licht. Doublt., p. 10. 

Polytmus hirsutus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i, p. 108. 

Hairy Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 5. 

Le Glands hirsute, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, vol. i.^ 
p. 40. 

Habitat. — Brazil, Trinidad, Grenada. 

Male. — Upperside shining green, darker on head, upper- 
tail coverts, margined with buff and tipped with gray. 
Median rectrices shining greenish-bronze, darker near the 
tips, which are white. Laterals deep chestnut, passing to 
bluish-black near the tips, which are white ; the outermost 
ones of the same colour margined on outer web, and tipped with 
bluish-black. Chin pale buff, passing to dark rufous on 
throat. Auriculars blackish-brown. Breast and flanks buff. 
Abdomen light rufous. Undertail-coverts light rufous, mar- 
gined and edged with grayish-white. Wings purplish-brown. 
Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour with brown tip. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 2^. Tail, 2. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Upperside like that of the male ; median rectrices 
pointed with their tips white, next one dark chestnut at base 
bronzy on outer web and near the tip which is white, the rest 
brohzy on outer webs and passing to dark bluish-brown near 
the tips which are white. Underside bright buff excepting 
the centre of lower part of abdomen and anal region which 
are white. Undertail-coverts pale buff, edged with grayish-' 
white. Wings purplish-brown. Maxilla black. Mandible 
flesh-colour with black tip. Size smaller than the male. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2^. Tail, i^. Culmen, i|-. 

I have a fine series of this species from Trinidad and 
Grenada. The last ones were sent to me in 1891. They 
were collected by Mr. Wells, and the sexes are carefully 
recorded. 

■^489. GlauciS DORHNI, Bourc, Ann. Soc, Sci., Lyon., 1852. 

Grypus spixi, Gould, P.Z.S., i860, p. 304. 

Spix's Saw Bill, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 2. 

Dohrn's Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 10. 

le Glaucis de Dohrn, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, 
vol. i., p. 45. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 363 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Resembles very much G. hirsuta, but the females have all 
the rectrices reddish-bronze tipped with white, most extensively 
so on the outermost ones. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2|. Tail, ij. Culmen, i\. 



490. Glaucis mazeppa, Less., Troch., 1831, p. 18. 
Trochiius superciliosus, Less., Col., 1831, t. vi. 
Glaucis lanceolata, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 8. 
Mazeppa Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 6. 
le Glaucis de Mazeppa. 

Habitat. — Tobago, Guiana, Brazil. 

Crown of the head dull brown ; all the upper surface, wing^ 
and tail-coverts bronzy-green, the latter fringed with gray ; 
wings purplish-brown ; under surface deep fawn colour, fading 
into buffy-white on the chin ; a small mark behind, and a 
stripe below each eye buffy-white ; two centre tail-feathers 
green at base, the remainder rich deep cinnamon-red, crossed 
by a band of black near the extremity, and tipped with white ; 
upper mandible black ; lower mandible yellow at the base, 
black at tip ; feet yellow or flesh colour. 

491. Glaucis lanceolata, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. I, p. 8. 
Lanceolate Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 8. 

le Glaucis à queue en forme de lance. 

Habitat. — Para. 

Closely allied to G. mazeppa, but the tail feathers are 
narrower, and much more pointed or lance-shaped. 

492. Glaucis melanura, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 9, 

P.Z.S., i860, p. 364. 

Black-tailed Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 9. 
le Glaucis à queue noire. 
Habitat. — Napo and Rio Negro. 

Much smaller than all the other species, and a greater 
amount of black colouring in its tail, the extreme base, and 
only that of the inner webs of the feathers being marked w^ith 

D2 



364 Genera of H k mining Bîj-ds. 

chestnut ; in fact, when the tail is closed and viewed from 
beneath, it appears to be entirely black, the under-coverts 
concealing the buff colouring. 

493. Glaucis ROJASI, n.sp. 
Rojas Hermit. 

le Glaucis de Rojas. 

Habitat. — Caracas, Venezuela. 

This species is very closely allied to the preceding one, 
but has the abdomen buffv-g^rav, and the bill shorter. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, \\. 

Type in my collection. 

It was sent to me by my friend Doctor Carlos Rojas, an 
■enthusiastic naturalist, who collected the specimens sent to 
me, in Caracas. I have much pleasure in dedicating this 
species to him. 

494. Glaucis roraimae, n.sp. 

Roraima's Hermit. 

Glaucis de Roraima. 

Habitat. — Roraima Mountains, British Guiana. 

Male. — Upperside shining green, darker on head, and 
golden on lower part of back, rump, and uppertail-coverts, 
each feather on these last parts being margined with blackish- 
brown, giving them a scaly appearance. Median rectrices 
shining bronzy -green, with scarcely-visible brownish band 
near the tips, which are white. Laterals red chestnut at base, 
with a broad sub-terminal bronzv-black bar and broad white 
tips, outermost rectrice margined with brownish-black on 
outer web. All the rectrices pointed. Chin grayish-buff, 
passing to dark buff on throat, breast, and flanks. Lower 
part of breast and abdomen dark sooty-gray. Sides of throat 
washed with shining green feathers. Undertail-coverts buff, 
margined with grayish - white. Wings purplish - brown. 
Secondaries and tertiaries tipped or margined with buffy- 
w'hite. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour with tip. 

Total length, 5^in. Wing, 2\. Tail, i |-. Culmen, i|-. 

Fejnale. — Exactly coloured like the male but the colour of 
the throat and flanks is of a paler buff and the abdomen and 



Genera of Humming Birds. 365 

anal region are grayish-white. Rectrices narrow and pointed, 
as in the male. 

This new species was discovered in the Roraima Mountains, 
British Guiana, by the late Mr. H. Whitely, the well known 
Collector. 

495. Glaucis AENEA, Lawr., Proceed. Acad. Nat. Scien. 

Phil., 1867, p. 232. 

Glaucis affinis, Lawr., Ann. Lye, N.Y., t iv., p. 261. 

Golden Hermit. 

le Glaucis doré. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica, Panama, Upper Amazons, Colombia, 
and Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside shining green, golden in certain lights. 
Uppertail-coverts shining green edged with gray. Median 
rectrices shining green, edged with bluish-black near the tips 
which are white. Laterals reddish-chestnut slightly margined 
near the tips with bronzy-black, tips white. Outermost ones 
brownish on outer web and near the tip which is white. Chin 
dark gray, passing to dark rufous-gray on all the under parts, 
and washed with dark shining green feathers on the throat, 
the sides of the neck, and breast, centre of abdomen, and 
flanks gray, Undertail-coverts pale gray or pale rufous with 
white edges. Wings purple-brown. Maxilla black. Mandible 
flesh colour wâth black tip. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 2\. Tail, i|-. Culmen, i|-. 

Female. — Upperside like the male. Tips on median rec- 
trices broad and white. Laterals from base to half their 
length red-chestnut, remainder brownish-black with white tips. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2|-. Tail, i|-. Culmen, i|-. 

I have a fine series of this species which cannot be confused 
with any of the others in consequence of the dark colouration 
of its underparts. 

Genus CXLVL Ramphodon, Lesson, Ind., Gen., Ois. 

Genr. Troch, 1832, p. 8. 

Grypus, Spix. Av. Sp., Nov., 1824, p. 79., (name already 
employed in 1817 for a genus of Colcoptera). 

Type : T. naevius, Dumont. 



366 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Bill nearly twice as lonc^ as the head, curved, edges of 
mandible in the male serrated near the tip, which is hooked, 
culmen compressed at base. Mandible of female curving- 
slightlv upwards near the tip, leaving an open space between 
it and the maxilla. Wrings long and ample. Outermost 
rectrice the shortest, the next one gradually longer, the others 
includinij the medians of same leno-th. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

496. R.\MPHODON NAEVIUS, Dumont, Diet. Sc. Nat., t. xvii, 

P- 432. 
Grypiis ruficollis, Spix, Av. Bras., 1824, vol. i., p. 79. 

Ramphodon maculatum, Less., Colib., 183 1, p. 18. 

Sazu Bill, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. i. 

Le Grype tacheté, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, vol. i.^ 

P- 34- 

le Ramphodon tacheté. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Head dark brownish-green. Upperside dark golden- 
green, each feather margined with dark brown, giving a scaly 
appearance to all that part. Uppertail reddish-bronze, mar- 
gined with blackish-brown, and edged with rufous. Median 
rectrices reddish-bronze, darkest at the tip, next one also 
bronze tipped with buff. Lateral and outermost ones purplish- 
black at base and largely tipped with buff. These buff tips 
run in an oblique direction, and are more extensive on the 
outer webs. Chin and a line in the centre of throat black. 
Sides of throat reddish-buff. Line behind the eye buff. Ear 
coverts black. Underside black on the breast conspicu- 
ously edged with white. Abdomen and flanks blackish-brown, 
edged with buff. Undertail-coverts brownish-black in centre, 
broadlv edged with buff. Wings purplish. Maxilla black. 
Mandible flesh colour with brownish tip. 

Total length, 6|in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i^. 

Female. — The black line of chin and throat is very narrow^ 
remainder of throat and breast reddish-buff. Rest of plumage 
like that of the male. Size smaller. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2. Culmen, if. 

It is a rare species in the Collections. 



Genera oj Humming Birds. 367 

Genus CXLVII. Androdon, Gould, Ann., Mag. Nat. 

Hist., 1863, p. 247. 

Type: A. aequatorialis, Gould. 

Bill twice as long as the head, straight, broad at base and 
tapering to a point. Cutting edges serrated and tip hooked. 
Wings long, reaching nearly the end of the tail, which is 
rather short, bro-id, and rounded. Feet moderate, tarsi naked. 
Size laro^e. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

^497. Androdon aequatorialis, Gould, Ann., Mag. Nat. 

Hist., 1863, p. 247. 

Grypus aequatorialis, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, 
t. i., p. 32. 

Ecuadorian Tooth-Bill, Gould, Mon. Troch. Suppl., 1886, 
p. 2. 

Le Grype de V Equateur , Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, 
t. i., p. 32. 

r Androdon de V Equateur. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Maie. — Bill long, straight, hooked at point, serrated on the 
edges of both maxilla and mandibles. Forehead dark gray, 
feathers tipped with metallic grass-green, occiput and nape 
metallic dark blue. Back bright metallic light grass-green. 
Rump white, a few dark blue feathers on the edge of the 
green of the back. Underparts white, edges of feathers 
blackish-brown. Undertail-coverts olive-green, central part 
and tips of feathers white. Wings dark purple. Median 
feathers of tail greenish-gray, tipped with dark green ; 
lateral feathers greenish-gray, with a subterminal bar of dark 
green, tips white. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour. 

Total length, 5J. Wing, 2J. Tail, ij. Culmen, if. 

The female differs by the colouration of the head, which 
has the forehead dark purplish-brown, the top of the head 
bronze, and the occiput dark metallic green. 

" Elliot's Syn. of the H. Birds, page 5." 

It is a very rare species, and one of my desiderata. 



368 Genera of Hu7n?ning Birds. 

Genus CXLVIII. Eutoxeres, Reich., Syst. Av. Nat.r 

1849, t- xi. 

Myiaetina, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, p. 249. 

Type : T. aquila, Bourcier. 

Bill greatly curved, forming nearly one third of a circle^ 
wide at base, narrowing suddenly and becoming compressed 
laterally, mandible entirely hidden in maxilla except at the 
point. Cutting edges of bill not serrated. Tail cuneate, 
feathers pointed, long, of same length, except the two outer- 
most ones which are gradually and slightly smaller. Feet 
large. Tarsi bare. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica, Veragua, Colombia and Ecuador. 
498. Eutoxeres aouila, Bourc, P.Z.S., 1847, p. 42. 

Polytmus aqtiila, Gray, Gen. Birds, 1844-49, vol. i, p. 108. 

Myiaetina aquila, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, p. 249. 

Eutoxeres salvini, Gould, Ann. Mag., Nat. Hist., 1868, vol. 
i., p. 458. 

Eutoxeres heteriira, Gould, Ann. Mag., Nat. Hist., 1868, 
vol. i., p. 455. 

Sickle Bill , Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 3. 

r Eutoxère aigle, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, vol. i.; 
p. 28. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica, Veragua, Columbia and Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside dark shining green, dark brown on head. 
Uppertail-coverts shining green, margined with rufous. 
Median rectrices shining dark green, tipped with white. 
Laterals dark green on outer webs, brownish-green on inner, 
and broadly tipped with white. Underside blackish-brown, 
striated with bufïy white on throat and breast. On the ab- 
domen the striated feathers are white in centre, and margined 
with grayish-black, sometimes intermixed with buff. Sides 
of breast and abdomen washed with shining green. Under- 
tail coverts buff in centre, margined with black, and edged 
with buff. Wings purplish. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh 
colour. 

Total length, 5in. Wing, 3. Tail, 2f. Culmen, i. 

The small differences in the colour of the striated feathers 
of the underside between the specimens from Central America 



Genera of Humming Birds. 369 

and Ecuador are not sufficient to separate these birds. I have 
some specimens from Colombia which are exactly like those 
from Central America and Ecuador. It is a remarkable bird. 
It was discovered in Veragua by Mr. Warszewicz. 

499. EUTOXERES BARONI, Ernst, and Hart., Novit. Zool. 

vol. i., 1894, p. 12. 

Habitat. — Rio Penado, Ecuador. 

Closely allied to E. heterura and aquila, from which species 
it may be distinguished by its olive-gray tail with a faint 
metallic hue only, if any, and with small white tips to the 
rectrices, sometimes restricted to the central pair, and some- 
times altogether absent. 

"Ernst, and Hartert, Novit. Zool., p. 12." 

Type in Museum Rotschild. 

I have not seen this species, but I am of opinion that it is 
not valid. It must be the well known E. aquila. 

500. EuTOXERES CONDAMINEI, Bourcier, Compt., Rend., 

1851, t. xxxii., p. 186. 

Myioetina condaminei, Bon. Rev. and Mag., Zool. 1854, 
p. 249. 

Condamine' s Sickle Bill, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 4. 

r Eiitoxere de la Condamine, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1873, t. i., p. 30. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

This species is easily distinguished from the preceding one 
by the shining metallic green spot on each side of upperpart 
of breast and neck, and the three outermost rectrices which are 
buff with white tips. 

It is a rare species. My specimens were collected in 1877, 
at Napo, by Buckley. It was discovered by Bourcier, and 
dedicated by him to Mr. Charles de la Condamine, the 
celebrated French Astronomer. 

Genus CXLIX. Threnetes, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, 

p. 40. 

Type : T. leucurus, Linné. 
Bill twice as long as the head, straight, sharply pointed, and 



370 Genera of Hutmning Birds. 

slightly curved at tip. Wings long, nearly reaching the end 
of tail. Tail short, rectrices broad, pointed at tips, of the 
same length, excepting the outermost ones which are 
slightly shorter. Feathers of forehead projecting on culmen. 
Nostrils partially hidden. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Guatemala, Central America, Panama, Colombia, 
Ecuador, and Guiana. 

501. Threnetes LEUCURUS, Linné, Syst. Nat., 1766, vol. i., 

p. 190. 

White-tailed Humming Bird, Lath., Gen. Syn., vol. ii., 
P- 757- 

Polytmus leucurus. Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Glands lencurus, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, p. 67. 

White-tailed Barbed throat, Gould, Mon. Troch, vol. i., 
p. 14. 

Le Glands à queue blanche, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1873, vol. i., p. 50. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 

Male. — Upperside bronze-green, darker on the head. 
Uppertail-coverts bronze-green, edged with gray. Median 
rectrices bronze-green, slightly margined at tips with white, 
laterals white, outermost ones margined and tipped more or 
less with brownish-black. Chin and throat deep buff with the 
centre of chin black. Lores and auriculars brown. A band 
of black on breast just under the buff. Breast and flanks 
shining dark green. Abdomen grayish-buff. Undertail- 
coverts shining green, edged with gray. Wings purple. 
Maxilla black. Manbible flesh colour with black tip. 

Total length, 4iin. Wing, 2^. Tail, ij. Culmen, i^. 

It is a very rare species. 

502. Threnetes cervinicauda, Gould, P.Z.S., 1854, p. log. 

Fawn-tailed Barbed-throat, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., 

P- 15- 

le Glands à queue fauve. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. 

Male. — Upperside shining green, passing to bronzy on the 
uppertail-coverts. Median rectrices bronze-green, slightly 



Genera of Humming Birds. 371 

margined at tips with pale buff. Lateral and outermost ones 
pale buff. Chin and ear-coverts black. Throat buff; just 
under it, in the centre, is a large spot of dark green feathers 
appearing quite black. Breast shining bronzy-green. 

Abdomen and flanks pale buff. Undertail-coverts shining 
green, edged with buff. Wings purple. Maxilla black. 
Mandible flesh-colour for a little more than half its length, 
the rest black. 

Total length, 4^in Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Upperside like the male. Chin brownish-black. 
A band of pale buff on the upper part of breast. Sides of 
breast and flanks shining green with rufous edges. Rest of 
underside grayish-brown, white in the centre of abdomen. 
Lateral rectrices purplish with buffy-white tips. Outermost 
ones pale buff with a broad purplish tip. 

Slightly smaller than the male. 

I have also two specimens, one from Pebas, collected by 
Hauxwell, and one from Napo, collected by Buckley. They 
differ in having a white band on each side of the black of the 
chin, the band of the throat is buff but narrower, the black 
band under it is also narrower, the abdomen is grayish with a 
rufous tinge, and the two outermost rectrices are largely 
margined on outer webs and with blackish-purple tips. 

If it should prove a distinct species, I propose the name of 
T. haiixwelli for it, as he collected it before Buckley. On 
the label it has the date of 26/6/67. 

503. Threnetes ruckeri, Bourcier, P.Z.S., 1847, p. 46. 
Polytmus ruckeri, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 
Glaucis ruckeri^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i,, p. 11. 
Rucker's Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 11. 

Le Glaucis de Rucker, Muls., His. des Ois Mou., 1873, t. i., 
p. 48. 

Habitat. — Veragua, Ecuador. 

Maie. — Upperside shining green, darker on the head. 
Median rectrices shining green, darker near the tips which 
are white. Lateral and outermost ones white at base, then 
bluish-black with white tips. Auriculars, chin, and upper 
part of breast black, lower part of breast rufous, a buffy stripe 
behind the eye. Abdomen and flanks brownish-gray washed 



372 Genera of Humming Bii-ds. 

with green feathers on the sides. Anal region pale rufous. 
Undertail-coverts shining green, margined with rufous. 
Wings purplish-brown. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh 
colour with black tip. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2 J. Tail, \\. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Slightly paler in colouration. 

It is a rare species. It was discovered in Veragua by Mr. 
Warezewicz, and dedicated by Bourcier to the late Mr. 
Sigimond Rucker, a city merchant, who formed a very fine 
collection of Humming Birds during his lifetime. 

504. Threnetes FRASERI, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 12. 
Eraser's Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 12. 

le Glaucis de Fraser. 
Habitat. — Guatemala. 

Male. — Upperside shining golden-green. Median rectrices 
bronzy-green with white tips. Lateral and outermost ones 
white at base, then black with white tips. Underside like 
T. ruckeri, excepting the undertail-coverts which are bronzy- 
green broadly margined with buff. 

Total length, ^\'\n. Wing, 2\. Tail, if. Culmen, J. 

It was dedicated to Mr. Fraser, who, I believe, was the 
discoverer of the species. 

It is very rare in the collections. 

Genus CL. Dnophera, Heine., Journ. fur Ornith., 1863, 

P- 175- 
Type : T. antoniae, Bourcier and Mulsant. 

Bill twice as long as the head, slightly curved. Wings 
long and narrow, nearly reaching the end of tail. Rectrices 
of tail narrow and short, without any white on tips. Outer- 
most shortest, the next one slightly longer, the others slightly 
longer and of the same length. Feet small. Sexes alike. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 

505. Dnophera antoniae, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc. 

Agr., Lyon., 1846, p. 329. 

Lampornis antoniae, Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., 
p. 72. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 373 

Aphantochroa antoniae, Reich., Aufz. der Col., 1853, p. 15. 

Polytmus antoniae, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 108. 

Threnetes antoniae, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 15. 

Glaucis antoniae, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, vol. i., 
p. 46. 

Sooty Barbed-throat, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 15. 

Le Glaucis d'Antonie, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, 
vol i., p. 46. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 

Male. — Upperside shining greenish-bronze. Tail dark 
shining green-bronze, darker at tips. Chin and upperpart of 
throat black. Rest of throat and breast dark shining bronzy- 
green, passing to brown on flanks, abdomen, and undertail- 
coverts. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour with black tips. 

Total length, 4fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, i^. Culmen, ij. 

Female. — Upperside bronzy-reddish-green. Rectrices of 
tail wider than in the male and very slightly margined with 
buffy-gray. Chin brownish-black in the centre, pale brown 
on the sides. A small buffy-bronze spot in the centre of 
throat, just under the black of the chin. Underside bronzy- 
green, with lower parts of flanks and abdomen pale brown. 

Same size as the male. 

This very rare species was dedicated by Messrs. Bourcier 
and Mulsant to Mrs. Antonie Perroud, whose husband was a 
liberal patron of Science. 

Genus CLI. Toxateuches, Cab. and Heine, Mus. Hein, 

i860, t. iii., p. 1 1. 

TOXOTEUCHES, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, t. i., 

P- 55- 

Type : T. guyi. Lesson. 

Bill much longer than the head, curved, and acutely pointed. 
Wings long, reaching the end of the third lateral rectrices. 
Median rectrices in males wide and longest, with a very short 
narrow tip. In the females this narrow tip is about three 
times longer. Lateral rectrices gradually longer, the fourth 
reaching nearly the elongated tip of the median rectrice. 
Outermost ones shortest. Nostrils exposed. Feet small. 
Sexes unlike. 



374 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica, Veragua, Colombia, Ecuador and 
Trinidad. 

506. TOXATEUCHES EMILIAE, Bourc. and Muls., Ann Soc, 

Agr. Lyon., 1846, p. 17. 

Trochilus apicaiis, Tschudi, Faun. Peruana, 1844, p. 243. 

Trochilus yaruqui, Bourc, Compt. Rend., 1851, t. xxii, 

p. 187. 

Guyornis yaruqui, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, p. 249. 

Toxateuches yaruqui, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 2. 

Yaruquian Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 27. 

Le Phaethornis d^ Emilie. 

Habitat. — Costa Rica, Veragua, Colombia, and Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside dark shining green. Superciliary stripe 
and one at base of mandible buff. Uppertail-coverts shining 
blue. Tail shining blue at base, then black. Central feathers 
tipped with white. Underside dark shining green all over in 
very old males, in others dark slaty-gray on breast, abdomen, 
and flanks. Undertail-coverts shining bronzy -blue, edged 
with white. Wings purplish-black. Maxilla black. Mandible 
flesh-colour with black tip. 

Total length, s^in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2\. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Upperside dark shining-green, brown on head. 
Uppertail-coverts shining blue, edged with white. Centre of 
throat, stripe behind the eye, and one from maxilla running 
under the ear-coverts, buff. Rest of underside slaty-gray, 
passing to buff on the abdomen. Lateral rectrices wdth tips 
margined with white, as are also the long tips of central 
feathers. Size and rest of plumage like the male. 

I have collected both sexes of this species in Costa Rica, 
in 1877. I have also some specimens collected by Arcé, in 
Veragua, by Buckley, in Ecuador, one specimen collected by 
W^hitely, at Huiro, Peru, and others from Colombia. To me 
there is no doubt whatever that P. yaruqui, is identical with 
this species, and I believe that P guyi will probably turn out 
to belong also to the same species. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 375 

507. TOXATEUCHES GUYI, Less., Hist. Troch., 1831, t. xliv., 

p. 119. • 

Guyornis typus, Bon., Rev. and Mag., Zool., 1854, p. 24g. 

Guy's Her?nit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 26. 

Le Phaethornis de Guy, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873^ 
t. i., p. 58. 

Habitat. — Trinidad. 

Male and Female. — Exactly the same as the preceding 
species, from which it differs only by the green of the upper- 
tail-coverts, and base of rectrices. 

Genus CLII. Phaethornis, Swainson, Zool., Journ., 1827, 

P- 357- 

Phrethorxis, Boiè, Isis, 1831, p. 548. 

Phaethornis, Less., Ind. Gen. and Syn., 1832, p. 14. 

Ptyonornis, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, P- H- 

Type : T. superciliosus, Linné. 

Bill curved, much longer than the head, slender and ter- 
minating with a sharp point. Wings long and pointed. Tail 
cuneate or rounded. Median pair of rectrices twice longer 
than the longest lateral, and always tipped with white in both 
sexes. Nostrils exposed. Feet small. Tarsi bare. Sexes 
similar. 

Habitat. — Mexico to Bolivia on the Pacific, and to South 
Brazil on the Atlantic. 

508. Phaethornis superciliosus, Linné, Syst. Nat., 1766, 

t. 1., p. 189. 

Brin blanc, Vieill., Ois. Dor., 1802, t. i., p. 37. 
Trochilus malaris, Norden., Erm. Reise. Alt., 1835, pi. 2. 
Cayenne Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 17. 

Le Phaethornis à bande sourcillère, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. 
Mou., 1873, t. i., p. 62. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 

Male. — Upperside dark shining greenish bronze, all the 
feathers of the rump and uppertail-coverts bronze, then black 
edged with rufous, the base of feathers pale gray. Tail 



376 Genera of Humming Birds. 

shining bronze at base, followed by bronzy-black, and tipped 
with pale buff. Central rectrices, twice as long as the longest 
of lateral, bronze at base, then black, the remaining part 
beyond the lateral white, and rounded at tips. Chin dark 
bronze, black in certain lights. Rest of underside brown 
changing to pale buff on the abdomen. Undertail-coverts 
pale bronze in the centre, and margined with pale buff. Stripe 
over the eye, spot behind, and one from the maxilla running 
under the eye pale buff. Ear coverts brownish-black. Wings 
purplish-brown. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour, 
probably red in life, with black tip. 

Total length, 6^in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 3|. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Similar to the male but slightly paler and smaller. 

All the specimens of this species that I have seen were 
from Guiana. It is the largest species of the genus. 

509. Phaethornis EURYNOME, Lesson, Troch, 1831, t. xxxi., 

p. 91. 

Phaethornis melanotis, Reich., Troch. Enum., 1855. p. 12. 

Eurynome Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 16. 

Le Phaethornis d' Eurynome, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1873, t. i., p. 81. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Head blackish-brown, each feather margined with 
rufous. Upperside, including uppertail-coverts, shining bronze- 
green, then black, edged with pale rufous, and giving to that 
part a scaly appearance. Tail bronze at base, then black 
with white tips. Centre of throat black, margined with 
rufous. A buff line behind the eye and under the cheeks 
and ear coverts black. Breast grayish-brown, rest of under- 
side pale buff. Wings purplish-brown. Maxilla black. Man- 
dible flesh colour with black tip. 

Total length, 6in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i^. 

Female. — Upperside like the male, but greener on back and 
wing-coverts. Chin rufous with black or brown in the centre 
of feather. Slightly smaller than the male. 

Dedicated by Lesson to Eurynome, mother of the three 
Graces. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 211 

510. Phaethornis LONGIROSTRIS, Less, and Delatt., Echo 

du Monde, Savant, 1843, p. 1070. 

Trochilus cephalus, Bourc. and Muls., Rev. Zool., 1848, 
p. 26g. 

Ptyonornis cephala, Reich., Aufz. derCol., 1853, p. 14. 

Phaethornis cassini, Lawr., Ann., N.Y. Lye, Nat. Hist., 
vol. viii., p. 347. 

Mexican Hermit , Gould, Mon. Troch., v. i., p. 19. 

Le Phaethornis cêphale, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, 
t. i., p. 65. 

Habitat. — Mexico, Guatemala and Costa Rica. 

Maie. — Head brownish-black. Upperside golden-green, 
passing to golden-rufous on rump and uppertail-coverts, each 
feather margined with brownish-black, the rufous of the under- 
tail-coverts very apparent. Tail bronze at base, then black 
tipped with pale buff. Median rectrices bronze at base, then 
brownish-black, with tips pure white for nearly their entire 
length beyond the laterals. Wings purplish-brown. Gular 
stripe buff, passing to grayish-white on breast. Stripe over 
the eye and one from the maxilla going under the eye and 
ear-coverts pale buff. Ear-coverts black. Rest of underside 
pale buiïy-brown, paler on breast and pale buff on vent and 
flanks. Near the gular stripe of chin the pale buff feathers 
are washed with black. Undertail-coverts pale buff. Maxilla 
black. Mandible flesh colour, with black tip. 

Total length, 6in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2\. Culmen, i^. 

Female. — Underside lighter in colour than the male, and 
slightly smaller. 

This species was probably discovered in Guatemala, by 
Delattre. I am surprised that Elliot, in his Synopsis of the 
Humming Birds, says that it is hardly separable from P. 
superciliosus. They are quite distinct and impossible to 
confuse. 

511. Phaethornis panamensis, Boucard, Hum. Bird, 1892, 

p. 83. 
Panama^ s Hermit. 

Le Phaethornis de Panama. 

Habitat. — Panama and Veragua. 



378 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Male. — Very closely allied to the precedinpr species, from 
which it is only to be distinguished by the darker colour of 
the underside, the gular stripe and the tips of rectrices, which 
are deep bufï. 

I discovered this species in Panama, in January, 1877. I 
have also some specimens collected at Agua Dulce, V'eragua. 

512. Phaethornis CONSOBRINUS, Bourcier, M.S., Reich., 

Aufz. der Colib., 1853. 

Phaethornis ynoorei, Lawr., Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist., N.Y., 
vol. iv., p. 25g. 

Columbian Hermit. 

le Phaethornis de Colombie. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside bronzy-^reen, darker on the head, the 
undertail-coverts margined with rufous. Tail bronze at base, 
then brownish-black with white tips. Gular strike, one from 
the maxilla o^oino; under the ear-coverts and line behind the 
eye pale rufous. Ear-coverts brownish-black. Underside 
grayish-brown with bronzy tinge passing to pale rufous on 
the abdomen. Undertail-coverts grayish-white. Maxilla 
black. Mandible flesh colour with black tip. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 2.V. Tail, 3. Culmen, \\\. 

Female. — Like the male but sliijhtlv smaller. 

513. Ph.aethORNIS GUI.WEXSIS, Boucard, H. Bird, 189 1, vol. i., 

p. 17. 

Guiana Hermit. 

Le Phaethornis de la Guyane. 

Habitat. — Guiana and Trinidad. 

Male. — Upper surface golden with purple reflections. These 
purple reflections exist only in the type of the species, others 
which I have received since are golden, then bordered with 
black, and with rufous edges. Wings purple. Tail bronze at 
base, then purplish-black, edged with white ; the lateral 
rectrices are very pointed. Median rectrices bronze at base, 
then black, passing to brown and tipped with white or pale 
rufous. Gular strike, one from the maxilla going under the 
ear-coverts, line behind the eye, breast and abdomen pale bufï, 



Genera of Humming Birds. 379 

darker on sides of the gular strike. Undertail - coverts 
whitish-gray. Maxilla black. Mandible coral colour, with 
black tip. 

Total length, 6^in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 3. Culmen, i^. 

Female. — Coloured like the male, but paler. 

Types in Boucard's Museum. 

I have some specimens of this species from Trinidad, 
Demerara, Bartica Grove, Meriame Mountains, and Quoya, 
collected by Mr. H. Whitely and others. 

By the colour of the underside, which approaches that of 
P . syrmatophorus, this species is easily recognisable. 

514. Phaethornis BOLIVIANA, Gould, Int. Troch., p. 42. 
Bolivian Hermit. 

Le Phaethornis de la Bolivie. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — This species is closely allied to the preceding one 
in the colouration of the upperside and underside ; but can 
be easily distinguished by the following characters : — Median 
rectrices bronzed at base, then brown with white tips. Lateral 
and outermost rectrices bronze at base, then brownish-black, 
margined and tipped with rufous. Undertail-coverts rufous, 

1 have only one specimen of this rare species. It was col- 
lected, in Bolivia, by Buckley. 

515. Phaethornis syrmatophorus, Gould, Contr. Ornith.. 

1851, p. 139. 

Phaethornis columbianus, Boucard, H. Bird, 1891, vol. i., 
p. 17. 

Train-bearing Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 20. 

Le Phaethornis syrmatophore, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1873, t. i., p. 68. 

Habitat. — Peru, Ecuador and Colombia. 

Male. — Head brownish-black. Upperside shining golden- 
green, edged with buff, especially on the rump. Uppertail-coverts 
deep buff. Median rectrices greenish-bronze at base, passing 
to brownish-black, with the elongated tips white. Gular stripe 
white, margined wdth blackish-brown. Stripe over the eye, 

E2 



380 Genera of Humming Birds. 

and one from the maxilla going under the cheeks and ear- 
coverts, buff. Auriculars black. Underside buff, with the 
central lower part of abdomen and vent white. Lateral 
rectrices greenish-bronze at base, passing to bluish-black and 
largely tipped with deep buff. Wings purplish-brown. Maxilla 
black. Mandible orange red, with black tip. 

Total length, 6in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2^. Culmen, \\\. 

This rare species was discovered near Quito, by Professor 
Jameson. 

After a careful comparison between the specimen, which I 
described in the Humming Bird under the name of P. colujn- 
bianiis, I have come to the conclusion that my typical speci- 
men is probably a young male of P. syrmatophorus. 

516. Phaethornis BERLEPSCHI, Ernst, and Hart., Novit. 

ZooL, vol. i., 1894, p. 14. 

, Berlepsch's Hermit. 

le Phaethornis de Berlepsch. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Slightly smaller than P . syrmatophorus, the middle of the 
abdomen not distinctly white, the rump like the back and the 
uppertail-coverts of a rich ochraceous-buff, the feathers of the 
upper parts are much more distinctly margined with buff than 
is the case in P. syrmatophorus. 

Length of Wing 22 to 24 in. Tail 27 to 2-8. Culmen 1-5 
to 1-6. 

Type in Museum Rotschild. 

Although I have not seen the bird, it seems to me that it 
is a very doubtful species. 

517. Phaethornis anthofhilus, Bourc, Rev. ZooL, 1843, 

p. 71. 

Pallid Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 24. 

Le Phaethornis antophile, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1873, t. i., p. 83. 

Habitat. — Colom.bia and Venezuela. 

Maie. — Upperside shining green in some specimens, 
golden-green in others, darker on the head. Uppertail-coverts 
bronzy-green, margined with buff. Tail pale shining green at 



Genera of Humming Birds. 381 

base, passing to dark brown near the tip which is white. In 
the outermost rectrices there is a subterminal black bar near 
the tip. Chin white spotted with black, rest of underside 
grayish-white tinged with very pale buff on sides of breast, 
flanks and on the abdomen. Stripe over and behind the eye 
buffy-white. Auriculars black. Wings purplish-brown. 
Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour with black tip. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2|-. Culmen, i^. 

In some of my specimens, the chin is of the same colour 
as the rest of the underside, without any black spots. Perhaps 
they are females ? 

518. Phaethornis hispidus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1846, p. 90. 

Trochilus oseryi, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc. Agri., Lyon, 
1852, vol. iv., p. 139. 

Ptyonornis hispida, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 14. 

Ametrornis oseryi, Reich., Aufz. der Colib., 1853, p. 14. 

Orthornis oseryi, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, p. 249. 

Phaethornis villosus, Lawr., Ann. N.Y. Lye, Nat. Hist., 
vol. vi., p. 259. 

Hairy Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 22. 

D'Osery s Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 23. 

le Phaethornis hispide, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1873, 
t. i., p. 71. 

Habitat. — Colombia to Bolivia. 

Male. — Upperside shining dark green. Uppertail-coverts 
bronzy-green with a black or gray bar and margined with 
white or pale rufous. Tail silvery green at base, passing to 
bronzy-brown and tipped with white. Above and behind the 
eye a line of white. Underside brownish-gray passing to white 
on abdomen and flanks. In the centre of throat a white line 
nearly reaching the abdomen. Undertail-coverts white with 
the centre brownish-green. Wings purple-brown. Maxilla 
black. Mandible flesh-colour with black tip. 

Total length, 54in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2\. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Coloured like the male but the underside paler 
gray with a yellowish tinge on sides of neck and breast. 

I have one fine specimen from Peru, which has the upper- 
parts bronzy-green, the bill more curved, smaller, and thinner 



382 Genera of Hinnming Birds. 

and the win^^s shorter. That is the bird named P. oseryi by 
Bourcier and Mulsant. This species was first collected by 
d'Orbigny, but remained undescribed until 1852. Gould 
described the species in 1841, from specimens collected by 
Bridges, in Peru and Colombia. 



GenusCLIII. Ametrornis, Reich., Aufz.derCol., 1853, p. 14. 

AmetrORNIS, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, t. i., p. 85. 

Type : T. bourcieri, Lesson. 

Bill straight, acutely pointed, much longer than the head. 
Wings long and pointed, reaching the tips of lateral rectrices. 
Median rectrices wide at base, with elongated narrow tips, 
wider and rounded at the end. Lateral rectrices wide, 
gradually longer from the outermost to the last, and pointed 
at tips. Nostrils exposed. Feet small. Sexes similar. 

Habitat. — Guiana, Peru and Bolivia. 

519. Ametrornis bourcieri. Less. Troch., 1832, p. 62. 

Ametrornis abnorniis, Reich., Journ. fur Ornith., 1853, 
p. 14. 

Orthornis bourcieri, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, 
p. 249. 

Phaethornis whitelyi, Boucard, H. Bird, 1891, vol. i., p. 18. 

Bourcier^ s Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 25. 

Le Phaethornis de Bourcier, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou.^ 
1874, vol. i., p." 86. 

Habitat. — Peru, Guiana. 

Male. — Upperside bronze-green, the feathers on the rump and 
uppertail-coverts with a sub-terminal blackish bar, and edged 
with rufous. Tail bronze-green at base, passing to black 
upwards and tinged with bufï. The elongated tips of median 
rectrices white. Throat pure white. Rest of underside grayish 
buff. Wings purplish. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour, 
with black tip. Bill straight. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2|. Culmen, if. 

Female. — Slightly paler underside. 

Having acquired some more specimens from British Guiana 
since I described P. whitelyi in the Humming Bird, I have 



Genera of Humming Birds. 383 

come to the conclusion that it is only a darker variety of 
P. bourcieri: It is also the opinion of Count Berlepsch. 
This rare species was dedicated by Lesson to the late Jules 
Bourcier, a celebrated collector of Humming Birds in Ecuador, 
where he resided many years as French Consul, and a well 
known author on Trochilidae. 



^520. Ametrornis philippi, Bourcier, Ann. Soc. Agr. Lyon., 

1847, P- ^'^Z- 
Trochilus filippi, Bourc, Rev. ZooL, 1847, P- 4^^- 

Orthornis de filippii, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, 
p. 249. 

Ametrornis de filippi ^ Reich., Aufz. der Col., 1853, p. 14. 

De Philippics Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 21. 

Le Phaethornis de Filippi, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, t. i., p. 88. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Head and back bronzy-green. Uppertail-coverts shining 
green with a subterminal dark brown bar and largely tipped 
with dark rufous, this last colour giving the prédominent hue 
to this part. Wings purplish-brown. Entire under parts rich 
dark buff. The median rectrices have the base bronzy-green, 
graduating into brownish-black with their elongated tips 
white. Lateral and outermost ones shining bronze-green at 
base followed with a broad black bar, and tipped with rufous. 
Bill straight. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour tip 
brown. 

Total length, 5|in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 2|. Culmen, \\. 

" Elliot's Syn. of the H. Birds, page 12." 

I believe it is still unique in Elliot's Museum, now in the 
American Museum of Natural History of New York. 

Genus CLIV. Milornis, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 

1873, t. i., p. 77. 

Type : T. squalidus, Temminck. 

Bill longer than the head, slightly curved, and acutely 
pointed. Wings long and narrow, reaching nearly the tips 
of the fourth lateral rectrice. Outermost rectrice shortest, 
laterals gradually longer. Medians pointed with elongated 



384 Genera of Hiunming Birds. 

tip nearly twice the length ol the longest lateral. Feet small. 
Sexes similar. 

Habitat. — Brasilia and Guiana. 

521. MiLORNiS SQUALIDUS, Temm., PI. Col., 1823. 120 fig. I, 
Phaethornis leucophrys, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 104. 

Phaethornis brasiliensis, Gray, Gen. Birds, 1844-49, vol. ^-r 
p. 104. 

Trochilus leucophrys, Licht., Nordm., Reis. Att., p. 2. 

Phaethornis intermedius, Gould, i\Ion. Troch., vol. i., p. 30, 

Ptyonornis intermedia, Reich., Aufz. der Col., p. 14. 

Middle-sized Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch. vol. i., p. 30. 

Le Phaethornis sqiialide, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1873, t. i., p. 78. 

Le Milornis sqiialide. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Upperside bronze with the base of feathers brown, 
slightly darker on head. Median rectrices shining bronze- 
green passing into brownish-black close to the elongated tip, 
which is white. Lateral and outermost ones bronze-green at 
base, passing to brownish-black and tipped with buff. The 
lateral rectrice next to the median has generally a white tip. 
Underside dark grey-buff, darker on breast and flanks. 
Throat striated with brownish-black. Line over and behind 
the eye, and another under the ear-coverts buff. Auriculars 
black. Wings purple. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour 
with black tip. 

Total length, 4^in. Wing, \\. Tail, 2\. Culmen, |. 

Female. — Like the male with the uppertail-coverts bronzy- 
green, and broadly margined with rufous. Underside buff, 
slightly lighter than in the male. 

This species was discovered in Brazil, by Natterer. 
522. Milornis rupununii, Boucard. 

Phaethornis riipurumii, Boucard, H. Bird, vol. ii., p. i. 

Rupununf s Hermit. 

le Milornis de Rupunini, 

Habitat. — Rupunini River (British Guiana.) 



Genera of Humming Birds. 385 

Male. — Upperside pale golden-green, brownish on head. 
Uppertail-coverts golden-green, with rufous edges. Throat 
black. Lines under and above the eyes, pale rufous. Ear 
coverts black. Breast, abdomen, and flanks rufous-gray. 
Undertail- coverts white. Median rectrices bronze - green, 
paler near the tips, which are white, the next one of the same 
colour with the edges near the tip, and the tip white. Rest 
of lateral and outermost ones bronze at base, then purplish- 
black with white tips. Wings purplish-brown. Maxilla black. 
Mandible flesh colour for two-thirds of its length, the rest 
black. 

Total length, 4|in. Wing, i|^. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

Type in my collection. 

This pretty species was discovered by Mr. H. Whitely on 
the river Rupununi, not Rupurumi, as formerly stated ; hence 
the change of orthography in the name of this species. 

•^523. MiLORNiS NATTERERI, Berlepsch, Ibis, 1887, p. 290. 

Phaethornis nattereri, Berlepsch, Ibis, 1887, P- 290. 

Phaethornis longuemareus, Pelz., Orn. Bras., p. 27. 

Natterer's Her?nit. 

le Milornis de N altérer. 

Habitat. — Matogrosso, Brazil. 

Ph. longue?narei affinis, difïert rectricibus omnibus imprimis 
externis multo angustioribus intermediis inter apicem album 
et basin pallidius bronzinum griseo-brunneis (nee nigre- 
scentibus) submediis ante apicem album laete rufis, externis 
apice et extus latissime rufis, corpore subtus pallidiore, 
nigredine gulae vel nulla vel inconspicua ; tectricibus sub- 
caudalibus fulvis, nee albis, supracaudalibus fere unicoloribus 
badio rufis. 

Long tot. circ, 100, al., 48-45I, rect. intermed., 47-44, sub- 
med., 34^-34, extern., 2oi-i8f, rostr., 24I-22Î m.m. 

This species was discovered by Natterer, and confused with 
P. longuernarei. The most important point of distinction 
seems to consist in the form of the tail feathers, which in 
Ph. nattereri are rather narrow, while they are usually broad 
in P. longuernarei. The colouration of the tail is also 
different, the two middle feathers being pale brownish-gray 



386 Genera of Humming Birds. 

in their middle portion, not blackish as in P. longuemarei 
and presenting a paler bronze tint to their bases. The next 
following pair of rectrices possess a great amount of rufous 
on the outer webs, and a slight suffusion on the inner web, 
before the white tips. In P. longuemarei \\-\ç.xç. is none or but 
little rufous tint on the submedian tail feathers. 

The outer tail feathers in P. nattereri, possess very long 
rufous tips ; in P. longuemarei, there is a narrow white or 
rufous border to the tip. The middle portion of these 
rectrices in P. nattereri, is only slightly tinged with viol- 
aceous on the inner web, while they are altogether blacker for 
a long distance on both webs in P. lo?iguemarei. Besides, 
the underparts of the body ane of a paler fulvous, the jugulum 
only being slightly sufïused with rufous. The throat does not 
show the large black spots so conspicuous in P. longuemarei. 
In P. nattereri, they are either completely wanting or 
invisible except at the extreme bases when the feathers are 
raised. The top of the head is a paler sandy rufous-brown 
The uppertail-coverts are nearly uniform dark rufous with no 
trace of the green spots to be seen there in the other species. 
The black tip of the mandible is reduced to a minimum, being 
much shorter than in P. longuemarei. P. apheles Heine 
comes very close, this species differing only by the pure black 
and broad sub-apical band to the outer tail feathers and in its 
shorter wings. 

"^^524. MiLORNiS APHELES, Cab. and Heine, Mus. Hein., i860, 

t. iii., p. 8. 

Phaethornis apheles, Cab. and Heine, Mus. Hein , i860, 
t. iii., p. 8. 

Habitat. — Brasilia ? 

Adult. — Very similar to AJ . nattereri, from which it differs 
only by the pure black and broad sub-apical band to the outer 
tail feathers, and its shorter wings. 

Very doubtful species. 

525. MiLORNiS LONGUEMAREI, Less. Troch., 1831, p. 15, 

Phaethornis longuemareus, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 104. 

Phaethornis intermedius, Bon.,Consp. Gen. Av., 1850, p. 67. 

Pygmornis longuemareus, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein, i860, 
t. iii., p. 7. 



• Genera of Humming Birds. 387 

Longuemare' s Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 31. 

Le Phaethornis de Longuemare, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 100. 

Le Milornis de Longuemare. 

Habitat. — Guiana and Trinidad. 

Male. — Head dark-brown. Upperside bronzy-brown, mar- 
gined with buff on lower part of uppertail-coverts. Median 
rectrices bronze, passing into brown near the tips, which are 
white. Lateral and outermost ones, bronzy at base, passing 
into blackish-brown, slightly margined at tip with buffy-white. 
Superciliary stripe, and one from the base of maxilla buff. 
Lores and ear-coverts black. Chin and upper part of throat 
black. Underside buff, lighter on the abodmen, and flanks. 
Undertail-coverts buff in some specimens, nearly white in 
others. Wings purple. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour 
for two-thirds of its length, rest black. 

Total length, 3|in. Wing, i|-. Tail, if. Culmen, ^. 

Female. — Differs from the male in not having scarcely 
any black on the chin and on the upper part of breast. 
Median rectrices longer than in the male, and broadly tipped 
with white. 

Dedicated to Mr. Longuemare, by Lesson. 

^526. Milornis chapadensis, Allen, Bull, Amer., Mus., Nat. 

Hist., 1893, p. 122. 

Pygmornis chapadensis, Allen, Bull, Amer., Mus., Nat. 
Hist., 1893, p. 122. 

Chap ad a Hermit. 

Le Milornis de Chapada. 

Similar to P. longtiemareus, but much paler in all parts. 
The bronzy-green of the back is much paler ; the rump and 
uppertail-coverts are rusty-buff instead of rufous ; the middle 
tail feathers are more attenuated, their basal portion lighter 
bronze-green and less dusky and the light apical portion 
longer and whiter ; the lower parts are strong buff rather than 
rufous ; the chin is only slightly dusky instead of blackish ; 
the lowertail -coverts are buff instead of white, and the outer 
vanes of the outer tail feathers are strong rusty-buff, which 
colour also occupies the apical portions of the inner vanes. 



388 Genera of Humming Birds. 

Bill dusky, the lower mandible whitish for the greater part of 
its length. 

Wing, 1-20 in. Tail, 1.75. Bill, i-io. 

Type, and only specimen, male adult, collected at Chapada, 
Matto Grosso, Brazil, by Mr. H. H. Smith. 

^527. MiLORNiS IDALIAE, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc. Linn. 

Lyon., 1856, vol. iii., p. 187. 

Phaethornis obscura, Gould, P.Z.S., 1857, P- ^4- 

Pygniornis obscura, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., 1860; 
t. iii., p. 7. 

Phaethornis viridicaudata, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., 
P- 33- 

Pygmornis aspasiae, Gould, Int. Troch., 1861, p. 47. 

Obscure Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 38. 

Le Pygmornis d Idalie, Muls. Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
t. i., p. 91. 

Le M il or ni s d* Idalie. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Head dark brown above ; upper surface shining green. 
Wings purple Bulï stripe behind the eye ; ear-coverts black. 
Buffy-white stripe along the side of the throat. This last is 
black becoming chestnut on the breast, dark gray on the 
abdomen, and white on the vent. Undertail-coverts grayish- 
white. Tail dark bronze tipped with white. Maxilla black. 
Mandible flesh-colour, tip brownish-black. 

Total length, 3|in. Wing, if. Tail, \\. Culmen, f. 

Female. — Throat and underparts buff, palest on abdomen. 
Tail bronze-green passing into blackish-brown with white tips. 

" Elliot's Synopsis of H. Birds, page 19." 

According to Mulsant, this species was discovered by Mr. 
Chabrillac. 

Genus CLV. Eremita, Reich., Aufz. der Col., 1853, p. 14. 

Pygmornis, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, p. 250. 
MOMUS, Muls. and Verr., Class. Troch., 1865, p. 18. 
PygorniS, Muls. and Verr., Class. Troch., 1865, p. 17. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 389 

Type : T. pygmacus, Spix. 

Bill much longer than the head, slender, slightly curved, 
and accutely pointed ; mandible flesh colour or red at base 
for half its length, remainder black. Wings short, reaching 
the end of second lateral rectrice. Outermost one the 
shortest, the others gradually lengthening, median rectrice 
not much longer than the last lateral. Nostrils exposed. 
Sexes similar. 

Habitat. — Mexico, Central America, Colombia, Venezuela, 
Guiana, Brazil, Eucador, and Peru. 

528. Eremita PYGMAEA, Spix., Av. Bras., 1824, p. 78. 

Phaethornis rufigaster, Less., Colibris. 1831, p. 43. 

Trochilus davidianus, Less., Troch., 1832, p. 50. 

Trochilus brasiliensis, d'Orb and Lafr., Syn. Av., 1828, 
t. ii., p. 32. 

Phaethornis davidianus, Gray, Gen. Birds, 1848, vol. i., 
p. 108. 

Phaethornis eremita j Bon., Consp., Gen. Av., 1850, vol. i., 
p. 68. 

Pygmornis davidianus, Bon., Rev., and Mag. Zool., 1854, 
p. 250. 

Pygmornis rufiventris, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, 
p. 250. 

Pygmy Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 41. 

Le Pygmornis pygfnée, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 1874, 
vol. i., p. 106. 

r Hermite pygmée. 

Habitat. — Brazil, Guiana ? 

Male. — Upperside bronzy-brown, darker on head. Lower 
parts of rump and uppertail-coverts deep bnfl. Tail bronzy- 
brown tipped with buff. Chin white. Ear-coverts black. A 
buff stripe over and behind the eye. Rest of underside deep 
buff. In the middle of the lower part of breast a line, 
or a black spot. Wings purplish-brown. Maxilla black. 
Mandible flesh colour for half its length, rest black. 

Total length, 3iin. Wing, \\. Tail, if. Culmen, |. 
Female. — Slightly paler in colouration. 



390 Genera of Hiimmiyiff Birds. 

529. Eremita NIGROCINCTA Lawr., Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist., 

N.Y., 1858, vol. vi., p. 260. 

Pygmornis iiigrocincta, Cab. and Hein., Mus., Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 7. 

Belted Hermit^ Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 39. 

r Hermite à ceinture noire. 

Habitat. — Pebas, Upper Amazons. 

Probably the same as Eremita pygmaea. According to 
modern authors, Elliot, Salvin, Mulsant and others, the only 
difference is in the colour of the mandible which is flesh 
colour for nearly all its length with the tip black. 

530. Eremita efiscopus, Gould, P.Z.S., 1857, P- H- 
Pygmornis episcopus, Gould, Int. Troch., p. 48. 
Bishop's Her?nit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 40. 
r Hermite évêque. 

Habitat. — Guiana. 

Precisely like E. pygmaea, but the bill is slightly longer, and 
the tail feathers are reddish-bronze with brown edges and tips. 

531. Eremita whitelyi, n. sp. 
Whitely's Hermit. 

r Hermite de Whitely. 

Habitat. — British Guiana. 

Female. — Head brownish-black, margined with rufous. 
Upperside bronzy-green. Lower part of rump and uppertail- 
coverts deep buff. Median rectrices shining reddish-bronze 
at base, passing to purplish-black, then buff with pale yellowish 
white tips. Lateral and outermost ones reddish-bronze at 
base, passing to reddish-purple with broad buff tips. Line in 
the centre of chin and ear-coverts black. Spot over and 
behind the eye pale buff. Throat pale buff. Rest of under- 
side buff, deeper on breast. Wings purple. Maxilla and 
apical half of mandible black, the rest flesh colour. 

Total length, 3|in. Wing, \\. Tail, i|. Culmen, W. 

Type in my collection. 

This new species was discovered by the late Mr. H. Whitely 



Genera of Humming Birds. 391 

in Canela Mountains, British Guiana, and I dedicate it to his 
memory. 

532. Eremita griseigularis, Gould, P.Z.S., 1851, p. 115. 

Pygmornis griseigularis, Bon., Rev. and Mag. Zool., 1854, 
p. 250. 

Trochilus aspasiae, Bourc. and Muls., Ann. Soc. Lynn., 
Lyon, vol. iii., p. 188. 

Phaethornis zonura, Gould, P.Z.S., i860, p. 305. 

Gray Throated Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 36. 

Le Pygmornis à gorge grise, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 96. 

V Hermite à gorge grise. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

Male. — The only differences between this species and E. 
pygmaea are : the grayish colour of the chin, and the colour of 
the median and lateral rectrices which are bronze at base, 
passing to brownish-black ; the medians are tipped with white, the 
lateral and outermost ones with rufous. What Gould des- 
cribed as a black crescent across the breast must have been a 
place without feathers, showing the black base of the feathers. 
Many specimens from Bogota, in consequence of their bad 
skinning, show that black crescent. 

533. Eremita striigularis, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 37. 

Pygmornis amaura, Bourcier, Rev. Zool., 1856, p. 522. 

Phaethornis atrimentalis, Lawr., Ann. Lye. Nat. Hist., 
N.Y., vol. vi., p. 260. 

Stripe-throated Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 37. 

Le Pygmornis à gorge striée, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 97. 

V Hermite à gorge striée. 

Habitat. — Colombia and Ecuador. 

Male. — Upperside bronze, darker on head. Rump and 
uppertail-coverts rufous. Median rectrices shining greenish- 
bronze passing to gray near the tips which are white. Lateral 
and outermost ones greenish-bronze slightly margined with 
white on tips, the two outermost ones with tips slightly 
margined with pale buff. Above and behind the eye and a line 



392 Genera of Humming Birds. 

from maxilla passing under the ear-coverts pale buff. Ear- 
coverts black. Throat and breast gray, striated with brownish- 
black on chin and throat. Abdomen and flanks deep buff. 
Undertail-coverts pale buff, nearly white in some specimens. 
Wings purple. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour at base, 
rest black. 

Total length, 3|in. Wing, \\. Tail, if. Culmen, \. 

Female. — Underside paler gray on breast, and paler buff on 
abdomen and flanks. 

■^534. Eeremita riojae, Berlepsch, Ibis., 1889, p. 182. 

Peruvian Hermit. 

r H ermite péruvien. 

Habitat. — Rioja, Peru, septentr. 

Male. — P. striigulari affinis, sed major ; differt etiam 
corpore subtus rufescentiore, et gula superiore nigrescentiore ; 
rectricum externarum apicibus subtilissime albo marginatis 
(nee late fulvo apicatis), tectricibus subcandalibus pure albis 
nee fulvescentibus ; macula pectorali fere ut in P pygmaeo e 
plumis latis nigro-viridibus (in P. striigulari omnino ab- 
sentibus.) 

Long, tota, no; al, 442; rectr intermed, 41 J, submed, 
36^, extern, 22\, rost culm, 234 mm. 

Type of species, Museum Berlepsch. 

Discovered in May, 1887, by Mr. Gustav Garlepp. This is 
evidently a new species of Phaethornis, nearly allied to, but 
easily distinguishable from P. striigularis by its larger size, 
blacker throat, deeper fulvous abdomen, pure white (not 
fulvous) undertail-coverts, and narrow white borders instead 
of broad fulvous tips to the outer tail-feathers. The feathers 
in the middle of the breast are broad and greenish black, they 
form a tuft somewhat as in the male of P. pygmaeus and its 
allies, while such a tuft is altogether wanting in P. striigularis. 

535. Eremita ADOLPHI, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 35. 

Pygmornis adolphi, Cab. and Hein., Mus. Hein., i860, 
t. iii., p. 7. 

Adolphe'' s Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 35. 

Le Pygmornis d'Adolphe, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1874, vol. i., p. 102. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 393 

Habitat. — Mexico, Guatemala, and Costa Rica. 

Male. — Upperside bronzy-green, darker on head, and with 
a rufous tinge all over. Uppertail-coverts bronze, broadly 
edged with rufous. Tail bronze, medians tipped with white, 
lateral and outermost ones narrowly tipped with buff. Line 
over and behind the eye, and one from maxilla passing under 
the eye pale bufï. Auriculars black. Throat and breast 
grayish-buff, paler in the middle of breast, dark buff on 
abdomen and flanks. Undertail-coverts buff. Wings purplish- 
brown. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh-colour from base to 
half its length, rest black. 

Total length, 3fin. Wing, \\. Tail, if. Culmen, |-. 

Female. — Slightly paler in colouration. 

This species was discovered at Tospam, near Cordoba, by 
myself and Salle during our joint voyage in Mexico, and was 
dedicated to me by Gould. 

It is this species which is abundant in the forests near 
Tospam and elsewhere, and which perch on the low branches 
of bushes near the ground. In the breading season the male 
is perched near the nest of its mate and sings to her during 
the best part of the day. 

Genus CLVI. Anisoterus, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 

1873, t. i., p. 72. 

I Type : T. pretrei, Less, and Delattre, Rev. Zool., 1839, p. 20, 

Bill much longer than the head, slightly curved, broad at 
base and rather stout, terminating in a sharp point. Wings 
moderately long reaching between the second and third lateral 
rectrices. Outermost rectrice very short, the next slightly 
longer, the third longer, the fourth six-eighths of an inch 
longer with elongated round tips, the medians also six-eighths 
of an inch longer than the fourth. The length of the third, 
fourth and median rectrices distinguishes this genus from the 
preceding ones. Nostrils exposed. 

Habitat. — Brazil, Venezuela and Columbia. 

536. Anisoterus gounellii, Boucard, H. Bird, 1891, vol. i., 

p. 17. 

\ Phaetornis gounellei, Boucard, H. Bird, 1891, vol. i., p. 17. 

Gounelle's Hermit. 



394 Genera of Humming Birds. 

r Hermite de Gounelle, 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Head dark bronzy-green encircled by a rufous bar, 
Upperside bronze-green with the base of feathers buffy-gray, 
Uppertail-coverts bronzy-green margined with buff. Median 
rectrices bronze-green for nearly the whole of their length, 
with a narrow brownish-black subterminal bar and white tips, 
lateral and outermost ones green at base with a broad sub- 
terminal black bar and largely tipped with white. Line over 
and behind the eye pale bulï, joining the rufous bar of neck. 
Ear-coverts black. From the maxilla a pale buff line passing 
into buff under the. ear-coverts. A blackish line in the centre 
of throat. Rest of underside buff passing to buffy-white on 
flanks and abdomen. Undertail-coverts buff paler than that 
of the breast. Wings purple. Maxilla black. Mandible 
flesh-colour for a little over half its size, the rest black. 

Total length, 44in. Wing, 2. Tail, 2. Culmen, i. 

This species has nothing to do with P. nattereri, as 
suggested by Mr. Salvin in the Catalogue of Birds of the 
British Museum, vol. xvi. I sent the type to Count Berlepsch, 
who had the type of P. nattereri at the time, and, after 
comparison, he wrote saying that there was not the least 
resemblance between the two species. 

537. Anisoterus pretrii. Less, and Delattre, Rev. Zool., 

1839, p. 20. 

Trochilus superciliosus, Max. Beitr., vol. iv., p. 116. 

Phaethornis pretrei, Gray, Gen. Birds, vol. i., p. 104. 

Pretre's Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i, p. 28. 

Le Phaethornis de Prêtre, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1873, t. i., p. 73. 

Habitat. — Brazil. 

Male. — Upperside bronzy-green. Uppertail coverts buff. 
Median rectrices bronzy-green for two-thirds of their length, 
remainder white. Lateral and outermost ones shining bronzy- 
green at base, succeeded by a broad black bar and tipped 
with pure white. Throat light buff in the centre. Entire 
underside deep buff. Wrings purple. Lines under and behind 
the eye buff. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour (coral in 
life) with black tip. 



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Contents of Vol. I. 

Preface — What is to be seen everywhere in London — 
The McKinley Bill -The Panama Canal — Notes on the 
Genus Pharomacrus — An easy way of making £'100 a 
a year— Reports on Public Sales of Feathers and Bird 
Skins — Rapport sur la Vente publique, de plumes et 
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of la Plata, and my idea of a typical and practical 
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— Second International Ornithological Congress — 
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in Boucard's Museum — The Pilgrim Locust — ^Descrip- 
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Collections made in Thibet and C'-ntral Asia — A Visit to 
the British Museum (Natural History Department) — 
The Plantain or Banana Plant — Inauguration of the 
statue of Pierre Belon, the Naturalist — A Giant 
Land Crab — Review of new Scientific Books — Report 
on the Public Sale of the celebrated Collection of Shells, 
formed by the late Sir David Barclay, and sold at 
Steven's on Monday, the Gth of July, and following days 

— Recommendations for the prevention of damage by 
some common Insects of the Farm, the Orchard, and 
the Garden — La Vie champêtre. La Destruction de la 
Larve du Hanneton (Melolontha vulgaris) — Crocodile, 
Snake, and Fish skins for industrial purposes — World's 
Columbian Exposition, Bâtiment de I'Administation. 
The same, Vol. II. London, 1892 ... ... 10/- 

ContentsofVol.il. 

Description of a supposed new Species of Humming Birds, 
in Boucard's Museum — The World's Fair, Inter- 
national Exposition of Chicago — Review of New 
Scientific Books — Notes on the Rare Pheasant, 
Rheinardius ocellatus — Books received — Celebrated 
Gallery of Old Masters, of the late General Marquess 
de Garbarino — Customs Tariff of Great Britain and 
Ireland — Obituary — Biographical Notes on Henry 
Walter Bates, F.R.S., etc. (with portrait) — American 
Pearls — Fish from Volcanoes — A very large Tree — A 
Curious Rat Catcher — List of Birds collected, by Mr. 
Hardy at Porto- Real, Brazil, with description of one 
supposed New Species — Description of a supposed New 
Species of the genus Manticora, " Cicindelidas," from 
Damara Land, South Africa — Description d'une espèce 
nouvelle de Diptère parasite de Costa Rica, Ornithom- 
yia geniculata — The Completion of the Panama Canal 
— A complete list, up to date, of the Humming Birds 
found in Columbia, with descriptions of several supposed 
New Species — Christopher Columbus — F'estivities and 
Exhibitions, held in honour of Christopher Columbus in 
America, Spain, Italy and France — America — Le Canal 
de Panama — International Exhibition in Monaco — A 
new Emission of Postage Stamps. 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, comprising:— 
Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithso- 
nian Institution, 1890-1891 — Catalogue of Birds in the 
British Museum, Vol. XX., 1891, Vol. XVI., 1892, 
Vol. XXII., 1892— Zoological Record, Vol. XXVIII., 
1892 — Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 
1892 — The Ibis, Vol. IV., Sixth Series, 1892 — Mémoires 
de la Société Zoologique de France, Vol. V., 1892 — 
Memorias y Revista de la Sociedad cientifica, Antonio 
Alzate, 1892— Actes de la Société scientifique du Chili. 
Vol. I., 1892— The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 
1892, etc. 

OBITUARY:— 
August von Pelzen — Dom Pedro d'Alcantara — M. 
Alphand — Monseigneur Freppel — Armand de Quatre- 
fages de Breau — Duke of Clarence — Henry Walter 
Bates — Etienne Arago — Hermann Charles Burmeister 
— Cari August Dohrn — Marshal da Fonseca — Ernest 
Renan — Alfred Tennyson — Xavier Marmier. 

GENERA OF HUMMING BIRDS, by A. Boucard, 
pages I to 56. 



THE HUMMING BIRD. A Quarterly Scien- 
Tiric, Artistic, and Isdustrial Review. Vol. 
III. London, 1894 ... ...10'- 

Contents of Vol. III. 

Panama— Grover Cleveland; the elected President of the 
L'nited Slates— Dercriptions of several supposed New 
Species of Humming Birds, by A. Boucard— Visits to the 
Zoological Gardens of London, by W. Rosenberg— Paris 
International Exhibition of 1900 — World's Columbian 
Exhibition— Chicago Exposition; World's Fair Notes — 
Relics at the Fair— Big Prizes for Live Stock— World's 
Fair Souvenirs — Travels of a Naturalist, by A. Boucard 
— Genera of Humming Birds, by A. Boucard — The 
Imperial Institute— .Anver's International Exhibition- 
Royal Institution — Description of one supposed New 
Species of Cetonia, from Syria, by A. Boucarci— How 
Animals are Protected Against Their Enemies, ly W. 
Rosenberg — Abundance of Wasps — Notes on Wasps, 
by A. Bouc.ird — The Ways of Wasps — Les Guêpes — 
Rectification of Name for Semioptera gouldi — Alligators 
— Destructive Insects of Victoria, by French — Interna- 
tional Exhibitions— The late World's Fair— International 
Exhibition of Lyon (France) — International Exhibition 
of Paris, 1900 — International Exhibition of Industry, 
Science and Art, in Hobart Town, (Tasmaniai — Inter 
national Exhibition in San Francisco (California). 



GENERA OF HUMMING BIRDS 

Genus Oxypogon, Gould 

„ Eupogonus, Muls. and Verr. 

,, Lampropogon, Bon. 

„ Chalcostigma, Reich. 

„ Metallura, Gould 

„ Avocettinus, Bon. . . 

„ Adelomyia, Bon. 

„ Urosticte, Gould 

,, Augastes, Gould 

„ Phlogophilus, Gould 

,, Ramphomicron, Bon. 

LfcSBIDAE. 

Genus Zodalia, Muls 

,, Sappho, Reich. ... . 

„ Lesbia, Lesson 
„ Cyanolesbia, Steg. 
„ Neolesbia, Salv. 

Thaluranidae. 
Genus Thalurania, Gould 



PAGE 

63 
66 

67 
66 
70 

n 
78 
81 

83 
84 
85 

87 
89 

91 
96 

99 

IOC 



NEW SPECIES OF BIRDS AND INSECTS— 
Described in Vol. III. of the Humming Bird;— 



AvES. — Trochili. 



Metallura peruviana 
Lesbia aequatorialis 
Oreotrochilus bolivianus 
Hylocharis brasiliensis 
Amazilia forreri 
Saucerottia wellsi 
Uranomitra whitelyi 
Agyrtria speciosa 
Chrysuronia buckleyi 
Phaethornis garlcppi 
Hemistephania guianensis 
Patagona peruviana 
Patagona boliviana 
Cyanolesbia meridana 
Cyanolesbia columbiana 
Thalurania valenciana 



Boucard 



«I 
ti 



Gen. H. 
Gen. H. 



Bird 
Bird 



InSECTA. — COLEOPTERA, CeTONID;E. 

Boucard 



Cetonia delagrangei 
Cetonia syriaca ? 



PAGE 

6 
6 
7 
7 
7 
8 
8 
8 
9 
9 
10 
60 
61 

K ' 
98 I 

I02 



PAGE 
40 
40 



Contents of Vol. IV. 

Wonderful Discovery in Colorado (Mexico) — Recent Scien- 
tific and other Publications, wit*' Notes by the Editor — 
Annual Report of the Board ol Regents of the Smith- 



sonian Institution— The Hawks and Owls of the United 
States in their relation to Agriculture, by A. K. Fisher 
—Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum, Volume 
XXI., Columbaeor Pigeons, by T, Salvadori — Catalogue 
of Birds in the British Museum, Volume XXII., The 
Game Birds, by Olgilvie Grant— The Proceedings of the 
Zoological Society of London, Part IV., 1892, and Parts 
I., II., and III., 1893— Zoological Record, Vol. XXlX., 
edited bv Doctor Sharp —The Ibis, Sixth Series, Vol.V.| 
edited by Philip Lutley Sclater— The Ibis, Vol. VI., No! 
21, edited by Philip Lutley Sclatler — Bulletin of the 
British Ornithologist's Club, 1892-93— Mémoires de la 
Société Zoologique de France, Tome V., 5èm partie, et 
TomeVI.,1893 — Congres International de Américanistes 
Compte Rendu de la Huilieme Session tenue à Paris en 
1S90 — Sociedade de Geographia de Lisboa; Indices e 
Catalagos, A Bibliotheca, 1S93 — Revista Mensual de la 
Sociedad Gautemalteca de Ciencias, 1893 — The Ento- 
mologists' Monthly Magazine, 1893 — Ornithologische 
Monatsberichte, edited by Dr. Ant. Reichenow, Berlin, 
1893 — The Canadian Entomologist, edited by Rev. C. T. 
S. Bethune, Ontario, 1893 — Twenty-third Annual Report 
of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 1893 — Bulletin 
of the United States National Museum, Washington, 
1892— North American Fauna, No. 7, Part II., Washing- 
ton, 1893 — Anales del Instituto fiscio- geografica del 
Museo de Costa Rica, Tome III., 1892 — Die Vogel der 
Insel Curacao, by Hans von Berlepsch, 1892 — The Fly- 
ing Man, by the Editor — Visits to the Zoological 
Society Gardens, London, by W. H. Rosenberg — A 
Nursery of Insects — Description d'une nouvelle espèce 
de Coquille du Japon du genre Arca, par le Docteur 
Félix Joussaume — The Use of Salt for Agricultural 
Purposes, by the Editor — Are Ants of Aid to Fruit- 
Growers? — Banana Culture — Strange Phenomenon in 
California, Formation of an Inland Sea — Waste Pro- 
f'uvts made Useful — How to Preserve Animals — The 
English Snake, by W. Rosenberg — The Great Lakes, by 
G. A.— Inhabited Worlds {Jhe World)— ^\ Coco— Many- 
Eyed Monster — The Telescope and the Microscope — 
Mistakes about Alcohol — Cotton Seed Oil — Genera 
Avium. 

NEW GENERA and SPECIES of BIRDS and SHELL 

Described in Vol. IV. of The Humming Bird :— 

Ayes. — Trochili. 



Thalurania boliviana, 
Gmelinius, n.g.. 

Type, Gmel. Bicolor 
Chlorostilbon wiedi, 
Chlorostilbon panamensis, 
Lawrencius, n.g.. 

Type, L. cupreiceps 



Shells, 
Area boucardi, Joussaume, H. Bird 



Boucard, Gen. H. Bird 



page 

107 
108 

120 
124 

173 
41 



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BOUCARD, A., Works by :— 
Guide pour récolter préparer et 

DES Objets d'Histoire Naturelle, 

in 8vo., 32 pages, Rennes, 1871 
The same in Spanish 

Notes sur quelques Trochilidés, 

grand, in 8vo., 16 pages, Lyon, 1873 

Hand-book of Natural History, 2nd Edition, 
Vol. in 8vo., 234 pages, profusely illustrated 
with Woodcuts, Loudon, 1874 

Coloured Diagrams of Natural History, 2nd 
Edition, 20 sheets, i8in. by 24in., comprising 166 
Diagrams of typical animals and plants, natural 
size, and 37 natural typical specimens of woods, 
and minerals, all neatly mounted on strong card- 
board ... 

The same, varnished 

Notes sur les Trochilidés du Mexique, 
Brochure grand in 8vo., 16 pages, Lyon, 1875 ... 

Monographic List of the Coleoptera of the 
genus PLUSIOTIS, with descriptions of 
SEVERAL new SPECIES. Pamphlet, in 8vo, with 
coloured plate, illustrating five new species 

The same, with black plate ... ••• 

Catalogues Avium hucusque descriptorum, i 
Vol. in 8vo., cloth, 352 pages, 2546 genera, and 
11,031 species recorded. London, 1876. A useful 
book for Museums and Ornithologists. Price 
reduced to 

The same, with French preface ... 

The same, interleaved with blank sheets of paper, 
French or English preface 

Notes ON Pharomacruscostaricensis. Pamphlet 
4to, 8 pages. Brighton, 1877 ... 

On Birds collected in Costa Rica, by Mr. 
Adolphe Boucard. Pamphlet in 8vo, 72 pages, 
with coloured plate of Zonotrichia Volcani. 
Boucard, London. 1878 

The same, with black plate 

Notes on some Coleoptera of the genus 
PLUSIOTIS, WITH descriptions of three 

NEW SPECIES from MeXICO AND CENTRAL 

America. Pamphlet in 8vo, 4 pages, with 
coloured plates, illustrating fine species, P. 

RODRIGUEZI, BADENI, BOUCARDI, MNISZECKI, 

and PRASINA ... 
The same, with black plate 

Notes sur les objets exposés par la Ré- 
publique DE Guatemala et par M. Adolphe 
Boucard à l'Exposition universelle de 
Paris, i878,Brochuf-e in 8vo, 32 pages. Paris, 1878 

Liste des Oireaux récottés au Guatemala en 
1877, PAR M. Adolphe Boucard, Brochure 
grand, in 8vo, 48 pages. Lyon, 1878 

Descriptions of two supposed new species 
OF South American Birds. Pamphlet, in 8vo., 
with coloured plate, figuring Chiromachacris 
coronata. Boucard, London, 1879 

The same, with black^late 

Description d'une espèce nouvelle de Pseu- 

doeolaptes de Costa Rica. Paris, 1880 
Descriptions de deux espèces nouvelles de 

Cicindélides de Panama. Paris, 1880 
On a Collection of Birds from Yucatan 

(Mexico), with notes by Mr. Osbert Salvin, 

f.r.s. Pamphlet, in 8vo., 30 pages. London, 1883 
Notice biographique sur Francois Sumichrast, 

Naturaliste Voyageur, Brochure in 8vo., avec 

portrait. Paris, 1884 ... 
Visite aux ruines de Xochicalco (Mexique). 

Paris. 1887 
Catalogue des Objets exposés par la Rè- 

PUPLIQUE DE Guatemala et par M. Adolphe 

Boucard à l'Exposition universelle de 

Paris, 1889 .. 
Catalogue des Oiseaux de la Collection 

Riocour. Paris, 1889 

THE HUMMING BIRD. A Monthly Scien- 
tific, Artistic, and Industrial Review. 
Vol. L London, 189 1 ... 



i/- 

i/- 

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4/- 



40/- 
45/- 

1/6 



4/- 
2/6 



10/- 
10/- 

12/- 
4/- 



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Conterts of Vol. L 

Preface — What is to be seen everywhere in London — 
The McKinley Rill -The Panama Canal — Notes on the 
Genus Pharomacrus — An easy way of making £100 a 
a year — Reports on Public Sales of Feathers and Bird 
Skins — Rapport sur la Ven^e publique, de plumes et 
d'Oiseaux à Londres, Décembre, i8go — The Museum 
of la Plata, and my idea of a typical and practical 
Museum of Natural History — Reports on Public Sales 
of Postage Stamps — Notes on rate species of Humming 
Birds, and Descriptions of several supposed new species 
— Second International Ornithological Congress — 
Answers to Correspondents — Description of a supposed 
new species of Parrot in Boucard's Museum — Notes on 
the Crowned Superb Warbler ( M alunis coioiiatus (Gould) 
— A Visit to the Gardens of Zoological Society of Lon- 
don — British Museum (Zoological Department) — Royal 
Aquarium — Books and Journals received — Obituary — 
Description of a supposed new species of Paradise bird 
in Boucard's Museum — The Pilgrim Locust — Descrip- 
tion of a supposed new species of Tanajjer— Notes on 
the great Bower Bird (Chla7nydodera tiuchalis. Jard) — 
Collections made in Thibet and Crntral Asia — A Visit to 
the British Museum (Natural History Department) — 
The Plantain or Banana Plant — Inauguration of the 
statue of Pierre Belon, the Naturalist — A Giant 
Land Crab — Review of new Scientific Books — Report 
on the Public Sale of the celebrated Collection of Shells, 
formed by the late Sir David Barclay, and sold at 
Steven's on Monday, the Gth of July, and following days 
— Recommendations for the prevention of damage by 
some common Insects of the Farm, the Orchard, and 
the Garden — La Vie champêtre. La Destruction de la 
Larve du Hanneton (Melolontha vulgaris) — Crocodile, 
Snake, and Fish skins for industrial purposes — World's 
Columbian Exposition, Bâtiment de I'Administation. 
The same, Vol. II. London, 1892 ... ... 10/- 

Contents of Vol. II. 
Description of a supposed new Species of Humming Birds, 
in Boucard's Museum — The World's Fair, Inter- 
national Exposition of Chicago — Review of New 
Scientific Books — Notes on the Rare Pheasant, 
Rheinardius ocellatus — Books received — Celebrated 
Gallery of Old Masters, of the late General Marquess 
de Garbarino — Customs Tariff of Great Britain and 
Ireland — Obituary — Biographical Notes on Henry 
Walter Bates, F.R.S., etc. (with portrait) — American 
Pearls — Fish from Volcanoes — A very large Tree — A 
Curious Rat Catcher — List of Birds collected, by Mr. 
Hardy at Porto-Real, Brazil, with description of one 
supposed New Species — Description of a .supposed New 
Species of the genus Manticora, " Cicindelida;," from 
Damara Land, South Africa — Description d'une espèce 
nouvelle de Diptère parasite de Costa Rica, Ornithom- 
yia geniculata — The Completion of the Panama Canal 
— A complete list, up to date, of the Humming Birds 
found in Columbia, with descriptions of several supposed 
New Species — Christopher Columbus — Festivities and 
Exhibitions, held in honour of Christopher Columbus in 
America, Spain, Italy and France — America — Le Canar 
de Panama — International Exhibition in Monaco — A 
new Emission of Postage Stamps. 

REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS, comprising:— 
Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithso- 
nian Institution, 1890-1891 — Catalogue of Birds in the 
British Museum, Vol. XX., 1891, Vol. XVI., 1892, 
Vol. XXII., 1892— Zoological Record, Vol. XXVIII., 
1892 — Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 
1892 — The Ibis, Vol. IV., Sixth Series, 1892 — Mémoires 
de la Société Zoologique de France, Vol. V., 1892 — 
Memorias y Revista de la Sociedad cientifica, Antonio 
Alzate, 1892— Actes de la Société scientifique du Chili. 
Vol. I., 1892— The Entomologist's Monthly Magazine, 
1892, etc. 

OBITUARY:— 
August von Pelzen — Dom Pedro d'Alcantara — M. 
Alphand — Monseigneur Freppel — Armand de Quatre- 
fages de Breau — Duke of Clarence — Henry Walter 
Bates- Etienne Arago — Hermann Charles Burmeister 
— Cari August Dohrn — Marshal da Fonseca — Ernest 
Renan — Alfred Tennyson — Xavier Marmier. 

GENERA OF HUMMING BIRDS, by A. Boucard, 
pages I to 56. 



Genera of Huynming Birds. 395 



2 

8"' 



Total length, 6in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 3-|-. Culmen, i 

Female. — Upperside like the male. Underside paler buff, 
showing more the central line of throat. Lines behind and 
under the eye pale bufï. Ear-coverts brownish-black. Both 
sexes have a white tuft on each side of anal region. 

This species was dedicated by Messrs. Lesson and Delattre, 
to Prêtre, the artist, who did all the plates, for the Trochil- 
IDAE, of Lesson. 

538. Anisoterus GARLEPPI, Boucard, Hum. Bird, vol. iii., 

P- 9- 
Phaetliornis garleppi, Boucard, Hum. Bird, vol. iii, p. 9. 

Garlepp^ s Hermit. 

r H ermite de Garlepp. 

Habitat. — Bolivia. 

Male. — This species is closely allied to the preceding one, 
but is smaller. The colouration of the upperside is exactly 
the same, excepting the uppertail-coverts, which are shining 
bronze-green margined with bufï. The entire underside is 
not so deep buff as y4. pretrii, the undertail-coverts are pale 
bronze margined with white, the lateral rectrices are much 
wider, shorter, and nearly rounded, but the same characters 
of the genus exist in this species as in the preceding ones. 

Total length, 5fin. Wing, 2\. Tail, 2|. Culmen, \\. 

It was discovered in 1890, at Bueyes (Bolivia), by Mr. 
Gustav Garlepp. 

Type in Boucard's Museum. 

539. Anisoterus Augustii, Bourc, Ann, Sc. Phys., Lyon, 

_.^i847, vol. i., p. 623. 

Phaetliornis aiigusti. Bon, Consp. Gen. Av., vol. i., p, 68. 

Salle's Hermit, Gould, Mon. Troch., vol. i., p. 29. 

Le Phaetliornis d' Auguste, Muls., Hist. Nat. Ois. Mou., 
1873, t. i., p. 75. 

r H ermite d^ Aucruste. 

Habitat: — Venezuela, Colombia and Guiana. 

Male. — Upperside grayish-bronze, brown on head. Upper- 
tail-coverts shining green in the centre of the feathers and 
F2 



396 Genera of Hn?nming Birds. 

broadly margined with fulvous, this being the predominant 
colour of this part of the body in the specimens from Colombia 
and Venezuela, but much less in those from Guiana. Line 
above and behind the eye, and one beneath, pure white. Ear 
coverts black. Median rectrices, bronzy at base, succeeded 
by a brownish-black bar, and tipped for one-third of their 
length with white. Lateral and outermost ones bronze at 
base, then black tipped with white. Underside ashy-gray 
with a central stripe on throat white, and brownish-black on 
each side. Wings purplish. Maxilla black. Mandible, red 
with black tip. 

Total length, ô^in. Wing, 2|. Tail, 3^. Culmen, i|-. 

Female. — Slightly paler on underside, especially near the 
gular stripe, which is of a slightly darker gray than the rest. 

I have a fine series of this species from Caracas and Merida, 
Venezuela, from British Guiana, and from Colombia. There 
are small differences in the colouration according to localities, 
but not enough, I think, to separate them. I believe that the 
well-known Collector, Mr. Auguste Salle, was the first who 
brought the species to Europe. If was dedicated to him, by 
Mr. Bourcier. 



«rx^XK^ 



Genera of Humming Birds. 397 



ADDENDA. 



C INCE the publication of the GENERA OF Humming Birds, 
*^ 1893-1895, the following species have been described. 
Others are described or recognised as good. Here they are : — 

Cephalolepedidae. 

Anthocephala berlepschi, Salv., B.O.C. 3, p. 8. Ibis, 1894, 

p. 120. 

Berlepsch's Blossom Crown. 

r Antocephale de Berlepsch. 

Habitat. — Colombia. 

A. floricipiti sim'iWs, sed apicibus rectricum lateralium late 
albis nee cervinis, abdoniine et tectricibus subcaudalibus 
grisescentibus nee rufescentibus distinguenda. 

Type in Museum Berlepsch. 

Metalluridae. 

Metallura atrigularis, Salv., B.O.C. i, p. 49, also Ibis, 

1893, p. 449. 

Black Throated Metallura. 

la M étal lure à gorge noire. 

Habitat. — Ecuador. 

Male. — Similis M. primolinae, sed gula media intense 
nigra, plumis ad basin castaneis et medialiter fascia transverso 
angusta amethystina notatis. Aliter ferè ut in sp, cit. 

Female. — Gula inornata rectricibus lateralibus albido termi- 
natis. 

Long, alae 2.2 poll, candae 1.5, rostri a ricta 0.65. 

The discoverer of this fine new species is Mr. O. T. Baron. 

Types in British Museum 

Metallura baroni, Salv., Ibis, 1893, p. 449. 
Metallura baroni, Salv., B.O.C. i, p. 49. 



39 s Genera of Humming Birds. 

Baro7{ s Metallura. 

la M et allure de Baron. 

Habitat. — Hills, near Cuenca, Ecuador. 

Male. — Supra saturate cupreo-viridis, capite. obscuriore, 
subtus cum tectricibus subcaudalibus ejusdem coloris, gula 
tota saturate amethystina micante ; canda saturate viridi 
infra nitentiore. 

Long, alae 2.2 poll, candae 1.4, rostri a ricta 0.65. 

Female. — Mari similis, sed subtus plumis omnibus ad basin 
cervinis, abdomine toto maculis discalibus obscure viridibus ; 
gula maculis saturate amethystinis notata, rectricibus externis 
vix sordide albo terminata. 

The discoverer of this species is Mr. O. T. Baron. 

Types in British Museum. 

Chlorolampidae. 

Chlorostilbon PUMILUS, Gould, Ann. and Mag., N.H., 1872, 

P- 195- 
Small Emerald. 

le Chlorostilbon plus petit. 

Habitat. — Colombia, Ecuador. 

Male. — Closely allied to C. angustipennis, but smaller, 
throat not so golden and with a bluish tinge, bill shorter. 

Total length, 3in. Wing, 1.7. Tail, 105. Bill, 0.65. 

Female. — Upperside golden-green, passing to bluish-green 
on rump and uppertail-coverts. Underside whitish-gray 
washed with green on flanks. Rectrices steel-blue, tipped 
with gray. Maxilla and mandible black. Same size as the 
male. 

I have only two specimens, male and female, of this rare 
species, from which the above descriptions are taken. They 
were collected at Medellin, Colombia, by Mr. Salmon. 

Type of female in my collection. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 399 

Amaziliidae. 

POLYERATA DECORA, Salv., Cat. of Birds, vol. xxi., p. 238, 

Damophila amabilis, Salv., P.Z.S., 1870, p. 211. 

Polyerata amabilis, Boucard, Gen. H.B., p. 142. 

Ve ragu a n Po lye rat a. 

la Poly e rate de Veragua. 

Habitat. — Chiriqui, Veragua. 

Male. — Very closely alike that of P. amabilis, but the bill 
much longer and the glittering feather of the crown extended 
to the nape. 

After a careful study of my specimen, collected in Chiriqui 
by Mr. Arcé, I have come to the same conclusion as Mr, 
Salvin, that it is a valid species. 

Polyerata rosenbergi, n.sp. 

Rosenberg's Polyerata. 

la Polyérate de Rosenberg. 

Habitat. — Rio Dagua, Colombia. 

Male. — Upperparts dark bronze-green. Median rectrices 
bronze-green, laterals bronze-green at base, then bluish-black, 
outermost one bluish-black. Chin and throat metallic emerald- 
green. Breast metallic blue with a purplish tinge. Abdomen 
dark sooty gray with a bar of metallic green feathers, separa- 
ting the blue of the breast from the gray of the abdomen. 
Undertail-coverts pure white. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh 
colour with black tip. 

Total length, 3y^q-. Wing, 2\. Tail, i}. Culmen, |-. 

Female. {}) — Upperside coloured as the male ; but all the 
rectrices, excepting the middle ones, are tipped with white. 
Underside white, speckled with metallic green feathers on the 
breast and abdomen. Undertail-coverts white. Maxilla and. 
mandible black. Same size as the male. 

This fine new species, which cannot be confused witb 
P. ambilis or P. decora, having no metallic forehead, and 
being much more brilliantly decorated on the underside than 
any of the other two species, was discovered this year in 
Colombia by Mr. H. W. Rosenberg, to whom I have the 
pleasure of dedicating it. 



400 Genera of HummiJi^^ Birds. 

Types in my Collection, to be forwarded shortly to the Paris 
Museum, with all my other types of birds, and where they 
can be seen by applying to Mr. Oustalet, Assistant Curator 
of the Ornithological Department. 

HVLOCHARIS ROSTRATA, Berlp. (Htt.) 
HyLOCHARIS CYANKA ROSTRATA, Berlp. (Htt.) 

Garlepp's Sapphire. 

r Hylochare de Garîepp. 

Habitat. — Rioja, Peru. 

Male. — This species is very closely allied to H . cyanea, 
but the bill is much larger. It was discovered in Peru by 
Mr. Garlepp. 

Hylocharis SPECIOSA, Boucard, H.B., 1893, vol. ii., p. 8. 

Agyrtria speciosa, Boucard, Hum. Bird, 1893, vol, ii., p. 8. 

Specious Sapphire. 

I' Hylochare spécieux. 

Habitat. — Brasilia. 

Male. — Upperparts dark bronzy-green, a very slight coppery 
tinge on the uppertail-coverts, but none at all on the crown 
which is of the same dark hue as the back. Throat and breast 
glittering blue with greenish reflections on sides of neck and 
breast. Flanks gray, washed with bluish-green. Middle of 
the abdomen, vent, and undertail coverts pure white. Median 
rectrices bronze ; lateral and outermost ones bluish-black with 
gray tips. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour with black 

tip. 

Total length, 3^in. Wing, 2|. Tail, if. Culmen, -{-J-. 

It it possible that although there are great differences of 
colouration between my unique specimen of H. lactea and 
these, that it may turn out to be only the same species. 

Uranomitra SALVINI, Brewst., Auk. X., 1893, p.p. 214, 215. 
Cyanomyia salvini, Brewster, Auk. x., 1893, p.p. 214, 215. 
Salvin's Humming Bird. 
la Leucolie de Salvin. 
Habitat. — Sonora, Mexico. 



Genera of Humming Birds. 401 

Male. — Top and sides of head, with sides of neck, glittering 
blue ; remainder of upperparts rather dull, dark, but shining 
green, somewhat obscured by drab on the rump and uppertail- 
coverts. Shoulders and wing-coverts green, like the back, 
but all the quills dark hair brown with a faint gloss of purplish. 
Tail dark glossy green ; the outer pair of feathers broadly 
tipped with drab. Underparts soiled white, the middle of the 
throat tinged with clayey buff (a strain, probably), the feathers 
along its sides with large, crescent shaped, subterminal spots 
of blue. Sides of breast greenish-blue. Sides of body brilliant 
green. Bill (in the dried specimen) dull reddish-brown or 
brownish-orange, lightest at the base, deepening to horn 
colour at the tip. 

Wing, 2"07in. Tail, V2^. Length of culmen from base, 
i'02; from feathers, o-88. Width of bill at base, 0'i3. 

Similar to C. cyaneicollis, but smaller, with shorter wings, 
shorter and squarertail, but longer and slender bill ; iridescent 
colours on sides of neck bordering the throat, blue like the 
crown instead of greenish ; very much more green on sides of 
breast and body, the white of the underparts, especially of the 
throat and jugulum, being confined to a narrow central space ; 
upper mandible light reddish at the base instead of black 
as in cyaneicollis. 

Type, male adult (Nos. 24, 125, Collection of William 
Brewster). 

Lelxippus VIRIDICAUDA, Berlp., Ibis, 1883, p. 493. 

Leucippîis chionogaster, Sclat. and Salv., P.Z.S., 1876. 

Green tailed Leucippus. 

Le Leiicippe de Berlepsch. 

Habitat. — Huiro, Peru. 

Male? — Suprea aureo-viridis, subtus sericeo albus, gulae et 
colli lateribus maculis parvis, lateribus pectoris hypochon- 
driisque aureo viridibus; sub candalibus albis,mânoribus macula 
centrali viridi-aurea; rectricibus glauco viridibus unicoloribus. 
''Berlepsch in Orn. Per."" 

This rare species was discovered at Huiro, Peru, by 
Mr. Whitely. 



402 Genera of Huinming Birds. 

AlTHURUS TAYLORI, Rotsch., Ibis, 1894, p. 547-548. 

Taylor's Black Capped Hn?n?)ii}ig Bird. 

l'Ait hit re de Taylor. 

Male. — Exactly like A. poly t mus, but with a large ruby 
coloured spot on the throat. 

/labitat. — Jamaica. 

Collector, Mr. C. B. Tavlor. 

Type in Rostchild's Museum. 

It is quite extraordinary that among the many thousand 
skins of Ait hums sent from Jamaica to England in the last 
years, I never saw a specimen like this. I think it may be 
an accidental discolouring, as those mentioned in the GENERA 
OF Humming Birds, page 320, for Petasophora corruscans 
and rubrigularis. — (EDITOR). 

Phaethorniidae. 

GlAUCIS COLUMBIANA, n.sp. 

Colotnbian Her?nit. 

le Glaucis de la Colombie. 

Habitat. — Rio Dagua, Colombia. 

Male. — Forehead blackish, rest of underparts rich golden- 
bronze. Central rectrices bronze-green, edged with black near 
the tips, which are white ; lateral and outermost ones reddish- 
chestnut at base, then black with white tips. Underparts, 
including the tail-coverts, rich cinnamon. Wings purplish- 
brown. Maxilla black. Mandible flesh colour with black tip. 

Total length, 4in. Wing, 2. Tail, if. Culmen, \\. 

Female. — Exactly like the male, excepting the mandible, 
which is all black. 

Types in Boucard's Museum. 

This new species, the smallest of all, was collected this year 
by Mr. H. W. Rosenberg. 



End. 



Errata. 403 



ERRATA. 



In ail places where it occurs read colour instead of color» 
Page 2, line 7, read huff instead of Puff, 

3 >> 35> >> median instead of medium. 



3 


>j 


14» 


5» 


j> >> 


>> 


5 


?> 


17. 


add the before flajtks. 




9 


5> 


3> 


reac 


[ ardent instead of o> 


'if^n^. 


9 


>5 


16, 


add 


z^77A before rufous. 




17 


»> 


23, 


>j 


to it before filiform. 




19 


»5 


30. 


read rectrice instead of rectrix. 


27 


5> 


15. 




Paso instead of Pasos. 


39 


>J 


26, 




The young instead of young. 


62 








Oreonympha „ 


Oreonlympha. 


107 


>> 


23. 




H aux well ,, 


Hanswell. 


115 


J> 


15» 




Chlorolampe ,, 


Chloralampe. 


120 


J J 


6, 




Emeraude ,, 


Emerande. 


122 


JJ 


14» 




inexpectata „ 


inespectata. 


143 


>» 


26, 




fulvifrons ,, 


fulrifrous. 


167 


>» 


7. 




Leucochloris ,, 


Lencochloris. 


194 


>> 


23» 


add ^/i^ before ^a;2^5. 




207 


>> 


29, 


read aurescens instead of laurescens. 


218 


>> 


16, 


>» 


henrici ,, 


henrica. 


223 


»» 


12, 


add Costa Rica after Veragua. 


224 


»> 


23, 


read Parzudakia instead of Parzuduchia. 


237 


»J 


17» 




i/î^îV length ■ „ 


its length. 


319 


>> 


22, 




Praxilla „ 


P axilla. 


320 


>> 


35> 




corruscans „ 


corruscaus. 


358 


J» 


33. 




phainopeplus „ 


plainopeplus. 


372 


n 


9. 




Sigisntond „ 


Stgimond. 



G2 



404 



Alphabetical Index. 



ALPHABETICAL INDEX 



PAGE 

abeillei .. .. • • 55 

Abeillia, Bon. . . • • 55 

ACESTRURA, Gould . . . . I5 

addae, Bourc. . . . . 247 

adelae, d'Orb and Lafr. . . 348 

Adelisca, Cab. and Heine . . 78 

Adelomyia, Bp. . . . . 78 

adolphi, Gould . . . . 392 

adorabilis, Salv. . . . . 34 

aenea, Lawr. . . . . 365 

aeneicauda, Gould . . . . 75 

aeneicauda, Lawr., Hypuroptila 323 

aenone, Less. . . . . 137 
aequatorialis, Boucard, 

Hcliothrix 314 

aequatorialis, Boucard . . 95 
aequatorialis, Gould 

(Clytolaema) 210 

aequatorialis, Gould, Androdun 367 



Androdon, Gould 

angelae, Less. 

angustipennis, Fraz. 
Anisoterus, Muls. 



Agaclyta, Cab. and Heine 




91 


Aglaeactis, Gould .. 




235 


aglaiae 






Agyrtria, Reich. 




146 


AiTHURUS, Cab. and Heine 




168 


albicollis, Vieill. 




167 


albocoronata, Lawr. 




51 


albicrissa, Gould 




302 


albogularis, Boucard 




257 


albogularis, Gould, Schistes 




311 


Alcidius, Boucard 




345 


alexandri, Bour. and Muls. 




3 


alexandri, Boucard, 






Xanthogeny 


'X 


290 


aliciae, Bourc. and Muls. 




12g 


alinae, Bourc. 




243 


alleni, Elliot 




148 


Alosia, Muls. 




211 


alticola, Gould 




194 


amabilis, Gould 




142 


Amalusia, Muls. 




25 


amaryllis . . 




94 


AMAZILIJDAE, Boucard 




132 


Amazilia, Reich. 




192 


atnazili, Less. 




192 


Amazilis, Less. 




192 


amethysticollis, d'Orb and La 


fr. 


233 


amethystina, Gmcl... 




29 


Ametrornis, Reich. . . 




3«2 


Anac roRiA, Reich. 




22g 


anais, Less. 




319 



annae, Berl. & Stolz., Spathiira 248 

annae. Less. . . . . 5 

Anthocephala, Cab. . . .. 50 

anthophilus, Bourc... .. 380 

Anthracothorax, Boié. . . 326 

antoniae, Bourc. and Muls. . . 372 

Aphantochroa, Gould . . 352 

apheles, Cab. and Heine . . 386 

apicalis, Gould . . . . 150 

aquila, Bourc. . . . . 368 

Archilochus, Reich. . . . . 2 

ardens, Salv. . . . . 9 

Arenia, Muls. .. .. 136 

Arinia, Muls. .. .. 136 

arsinoe. Less. . . . . 204 

AsPATA, Heine . . . . 282 

assimilis, Elliot, Threptria . . 250 

assimilis, Lawr. .. .. 124 

assimilis, Elliot (Bourcieria) . . 278 

atacamensis, Leyb. . . . . 23 

atala, Less. . . . . 124 

Atthis, Reich. .. ..12 

atrigularis Salv. . . . . 397 

Augastes. Gould . . • . 83 

augusti, Bourc. . . . . 395 

aurea, Me\er .. .. 254 

aureliae, Bourc. and Muls. . . 250 

aurescens, Gould . . . . 208 

auriceps, Gould .. ..113 

auriculatus, Licht. .. .. 313 

AURINIA, Muls. .. • ' 3^ 

auritus, Gmel. .. ..312 

aurora, Gould . . . . 264 

aurulentus, Vieill. .. .. 318 

AvocETTiNUS, Bp. . . 77-334 

avocettula, Reich. . . . . 334 

baroni, Ernst, and Hart .. 369 

baroni, Mctallura, Salv. . . 397 

barrali, Muls. and Verr. . . 227 

barroti, Bourc. .. ..314 

bartletti, Gould . . . . 145 

Basilinna, Cab. and Heine . . 49 

Basilinna, Boié. . . . . 177 

Bellona, Muls. and Ver. . . 52 

benjamini, Bourc. . . . . 81 
berlepschi, E. and Hart, 

Phaethornis 380 



PAGE 

367 

299 
123 

393 



Alphabetical Index. 



405 



PAGE 

berlepschi, Simon .. ..18 

berlepschi, Salv., Anthocephala 397 
beryllina, Licht. . . . . 204 

bicolor, Gmel. .. .. 108 

BoissoNEAUA, Reich. .. .. 211 

bolivianus. Boucard, Alcidius 346 
boliviana, Gould (Lampropygia) 281 
boliviana, Boucard (Thalurania) 107 
boliviana, Gould, Phaeiliornis 379 
boliviana, Boucard .. ..61 

boliviana, Boucard (Lesbia) .. 92 
boliviana, Gould . . . . 98 

bombus, Gould .. ..19 

bonapartii, Bois. .. .. 268 

boucardi, Muls. .. .. 136 

bougueri, Bourc. . . . . 277 

bourcieri. Less. . . . . 382 

BouRCiERiA, Bp. . . . . 277 

branicki, Tacz. .. .. 288 

brasiliensis, Boucard . . 144 

brevirostris. Less. .. .. 154 

bryanthae, Lawr. . . . . 27 

buckleyi, Boucard . . . . 140 

buckle%i, Gould, Pinoralacma 315 
buffoni. Less. .. .. 322 

burmeisteri, Selat. .. ..19 

burtoni, Boucard .. ..58 

cabanisi, Lawr. .. .. 318 

caelestis, Gould . . • • 97 

caerulea, Vieill. . . . . 182 

caeruleigularis, Gould . . 134 

caeruleiventris, Reich. . . 325 

caeruleo-Iavata, Gould .. 183 

Callidice, Muls. and Verr. .. 211 
Calligenia, Muls. .. .. 270 

calliope, Gould . . • • 13 

Calliperidia, Reich. . . . . 299 

Callipharus, Elliot .. .. 171 

Calliphlox, Boié. . . . . 29 

calolaema, Salv. .. .. 223 

calosoma, Elliot . . . . 329 

Calothorax, Gray .. 14, 23g 

calypte, Gould . . . . 4 



CAMPYLOPTERIDAE, Boucard 349 



Campylopterus. Sw. .. 

Candida, Bourc. and Muls. 

caniveti. Less. 

caroli, Bourc. 

castaneiventris, Gould 

castelnaudi, Bourc. and Muls 
Catharma, Elliot 

caumatonota, Gould 



354 

155 
114 

88 

198 

237 
II 

236 



Bourc. 



CEPHALOLEPIDAE, 
Cephalolepis, Lodd. 

cervinicauda, Gould 

cervinigularis, Salv. 

cerviniventris, Gould 
Chaetocercus, Gray. 
Chalcostigma, Reich. 

chalybea, Vieill. 
Chalybura, Reich. 

cbapadensis, Allen . 

chimborazo, Del. and 

chionogaster, Tsch. 

chionurus, Gould 
Chlorestes, Reich. 

chlorocephala, Bourc 

chlorocercus, Gould . 

chlorolaemus, Gould 



CHLOROLAMPIDAE, Boucard 
Chlorolampis, Cab. and Heine 

chloropogon. Cab. and Heine 

chlorospila, Gould . . 
Chi^grostilbon, Gould 

chlorura, Gould 
Chlotho, Muls. 
Chrysobronchus, Bp 

chrysogaster, Bourc 
Chrysolampis, Boié. 

chrysorama, Elliot 

chrysura. Less. 
Chrysuronia, Bon. 
Chrvsurisca. Cab. an 
Chrysurus, Bp. 

cinereicauda, Lawr. 

cinereorufa, Boucard 

cinnanmomea. Less 
Circe, Gould. . 

cirrochloris, Vieill. 

cissiura, Gould 

clarissae, Long 

clemenciae, Less. 
Clytolaema, Gould 

coelestis, Gould 
C0ELIGENA, Less. 
C0ELIGENIA, Bp. 

coeligena, Cab. and 
Colibri, Spix. 
CoLUBRis, Reich. 

colubris, L. 

Columbiana, Boucard, Glaucis 

Columbiana, Boucard 

Columbiana, Boucard 

(Uranomitra) 

Columbiana, Elliot 

(Lamyropygia) 

Columbiana, Bourc. and Muls. 



d Heine 



PAGE 

Boucard 45 

45 

370 
211 

197 

17 
68 

37 
322 

387 
343 
166 
172 
181 
182 
166 

337 

112 

113 
72 

80 
119 

94 
171 

174 

121 

56 

255 
141 

137 

137 

137 
222 

240 

196 

no 

352 
249 
229 
217 
208 

97 
217 

280 

280 

316 
2 

2 

402 
98 

160 

281 

lOI 



Heine 



4o6 



Alphabetical Index. 







PAGE 


Comètes, Gould 




. 89 


compsa, Heine 




. 148 


condaminii, Bourc. 




• 369 


conradi, Bourc. 




• 275 


consobrinus, Bourc 




. 378 


constanti, Delattre 




• 304 


conversi, Bourc. an 


d Muls. 


. 42 


Cora, Reich. 


■ • 


• 23 


corae, Less, and Gam. 


• 23 


cornuta, Max. 




. 24 


corruscans, Gould 




• • 320 


costae, Bourc. 




4 


cristata, L. 




• 52 


CuLAMPis, Less. 




• 335 


cupreicauda, Salv. and Godm 


203 


cupreiceps, Lawr. 


• • 


• 173 


cupripennis, Bourc. 


and Muls 


• 236 


cupreiventris, Fras. 


• • 


.. 256 


curvipennis, Licht. 


• • 


•• 350 


cuvieri, Del. and Bourc. 


•• 353 


cyanea, Vieill. 




. 144 


cyanicollis, Gould 




-. 157 


cyanifrons, Bourc. 




. . igo 


cyanipectus, Gould 




. . 293 


cyanocephala, Less 


• 


.. 163 


cyanogenys, Wied. 




.. 181 


cyanolaemus, Salv. 


and Godr 


a. 65 


Cyanolesbia, Stej. 




.. 96 


Cyanolesbia, Berlp. 




.. 99 


Cyanomyia, Bon. 




. . 162 


Cyanomyia, Bp. 




.. 156 


Cyanophaia, Reich. 




•• 134 


Cyanopogon, Reich. 




. . 14 


cyanopogon, Less. 




.. 14 


cyanotis, Bourc. 




•• 317 


cyanura, Gould 




. . 206 


Cynanthus, Bp. 




.. 91 


Cynanthus, Less. 




.. 60 


cynanthus, Sw. 




.. 96 


Damophila, Reich. 




•• 133 


daphne, Bon. 




.. 128 


det-ora, Salv. 




•• 399 


decorata, Gould 




. 16 


delalandii, Vieill. 




. 46 


Delattria, Bp. 




. 218 


delattrii, Less. 




• 39 


delphinae, Less. 




. 321 


Delphinella, Reich. 




. 316 


derbiana, Del. and Bourc. 


. 242 


derbyi, Gould 




. 242 


devilii, Bourc. 




• 205 


Dialia, Muls. 




• 31 


dichroura, Tacz. 




. 267 


Diphlogaena, Gould 




• 263 


DiSCOSURA, Bp. 




• 44 


Discura, Reich. 




. 44 


Distimia, Reich. 




. 229 



PAGE 

Dnophera, Heine .. .. 372 

DociMASTES, Gould .. .. 295 

DOCIMASTER, Bp. .. .. 295 

dohrni, Bourc. ., .. 362 

DoLERiscA, Cab. and Heine .. 176 

DOLEROMYIA, Muls. .. .. I09 

DoLERO.MviA, Bon. .. .. 176 

DoLicHA, Heine .. ..25 

dominicus, L. . . . . 328 

dorbignyi, Bourc. . . . . 259 

DoRvcHA, Reich. .. ..25 

DORYFERA, Gould .. .. 306 

dorsale, Salv. and Godm. . . 86 

DoRYPHORA, Cab. and Heine .. 306 

doubledayi, Bourc. .. .. m 

dumerili, Less. . . . . 194 

duponti. Less. . . . . 20 

dybovvskii, Tacz. . . . . 244 

DvRiNiA, Muls. . . . . 6 

dyselius, Elliot . . . . 257 

edwardsi, Del. . . . . 202 

egregia, Sclat. and Salv. .. 170 

egregius, Heine .. .. 120 

elegans, Vieill. .. .. 117 

eliciae, Bourc. and Muls. . . 140 

Elisa. Reich. . . . . 25 

elizae. Less, and Del. . . 26 

ellioti, Ridgw. . . . . 12 

ellioti Cory, Lampornis . . 329 

Elvira, Muls. and Verr. .. 172 

emigrans, Lawr. . . . . 54 

Emilia, Muls. . . . . 134 

emiliae, Bourc. and Muls. .. 374 

Engyete, Reich. .. .. 243 

enicura, Vieill. . . . . 25 

ensiferus, Boiss. . . . . 295 

ensipennis, Sw. .. .. 336 

Entima, Cab. and Heine .. 23g 

eos, Gould. . . . . . 267 

episcopus, Gould . . . . 390 

Eranna, Heine . . . . 192 

Erasmia, Heine .. .. 116 

Eratopis, Heine . . . . 186 

Erebenna, Muls. and Verr. .. 242 

Eremita, Reich. .. .. 388 

Eriocnemis, Reich. .. .. 252 

Eriona, Muls. .. .. 252 

eriphile. Less. . . . . 103 

Erythronota, Gould .. 186 

erythronota, Less. .. .. 186 

estellae, d'Orb and Lafr. . . 345 

EucEPHALA, Reich. . . . . 180 

eucharis, Bourc. . . . . 92 

euchloris, Reich. .. .. 130 

EucLosiA, Muls. and Verr. .. 239 

EuDOSiA, Muls. .. .. 271 

EuDuxA, Heine ., .. 327 



Alphabetical Index. 



407 



Eugenes, Gould 
Eugenia, Gould 
EuLAMPis, Boié. 
EuLiDiA, Muls. 

EUPETOMENA. Gould . . 

EuPHERUSA, Gould 

euphrosinae, Muls. and Verr. . . 

eupogon. Cab. 
EupoGONUS, Muls. and Verr. 

eurynome, Less. 

eurypterus, Lodd. 
EusTEPHANUS, Reich... 
EuTOXERES, Reich. 

evelinae, Ernst, and Hart. 

evelynae, Bourc. 

exilis, Gmel. 

eximia, Del. 

exortis. Fraser 

fallax, Bourc. 

fanniae, Bourc. and Del. 

fannyi, Less. 

feliciae, Less. 

fernandensis, King . . 

flammula, Salv. 

flavescens, Lodd. 

flavicaudata. Eras, . . 
Floresia, Reich. 

floresii, Gould 

fioriceps, Gould 

floricola, Elliot 

FLORICOLIDAE, Boucard .. 

florisuga, Bp. 

fluviatilis, Gould 

forficata, Ridgvv. 

forreri, Boucard 

franciae, Bourc. and Muls. 

fraseri, Gould 

frontalis, Lawr. 

fulgens, Sw. 

fulgidigula, Gould 

furcata, Gmel. 

furcifer, Shaw 

fuscus, Vieill. 

fuscicaudata. Eras. . . 
Galenia, Muls. and Verr. 

galeritus, Mol. 

garleppi, Boucard 

gayi, Bourc. and Muls. 

geoffroyi, Bourc. and Muls. . , 

germana, Godm. and Salv. 

gigas, Vieill. 

glaucis, Boiê 
Glaucopis, Burm. 

glaucopis, Gmel. 

glaucopoides, d'Orle and Lafr 

glyceria, Bon, 



PAGE 




PAGH 


296 


Gmelinius, Boucard . . 


. 108 


294 


godini, Bourc. 


• 255 


335 


gorgo, Reich. 


. 96 


21 


goudoti, Bourc. 


• 133 


350 


gouldi, Less. 


• 32 


169 


gouldi, Lodd. (Lesbia) 


• 93 


308 


GouLDiA, Bon. 


. 40 


72 


GOULDOMYIA. Bp. 


. 40 


65 


gounellii, Boucard . . 


• 393 


376 


gracilis, Gould 


. 94 


78 


gramineus, Gmel. 


• 330 


57 


grata, Bp. . . 


. 283 


368 


grayi, Del. and Bourc. 


. 180 


256 


graysoni, Lawr. 


• 195 


28 


griseigularis, Gould.. 


• 391 


53 


griseocyanea, Boucard 


• 75 


169 


griseiventris, Tacz. . . 


• 99 


225 


Grypus, Spix. 


• 365 


177 


guerini, Boiss. 


• 63 


104 


guerrerensis, Salv. and Godm. 165 


21 


guianensis, Boucard, 




187 


Phaethornis 378 


58 


guianensis, Boucard 


• 144 


10 


guianensis, Boucard, 




212 


Hemistephania 308 


239 


guianensis, Boucard, Florisuga 340 


327 


guimeti, Bourc. 


. 49 


5 


GUIMETIA, Bp. 


• 49 


51 


gularis, Gould 


• 353 


301 


guyi. Less.. . 


• 375 




hauxwelli, Boucard . . 


• 37 


298 


helenae, Lemb. 


. 6 


338 


helenae, Del., Lophornis 


• 34 


152 


Heliactin, Boié. 


. 24 


113 






193 


HELIANGELIDAE, Boucard 


. . 207 


156 


Heliangelus, Gould . . 


. . 229 


372 


helianthea. Less. 


. . 269 


191 


Helianthea, Gould . . 


. . 265 


296 






273 


HELIANTHEIDAE, Boucard 


263 


105 


heliodori, Bourc. 


. . 16 


299 


Heliodoxa, Reich. 


. . 208 


• 341 


Heliodoxa, Gould 


.. 285 


198 






211 


HELIODOXIDAE, Boucard 


.. 282 


• 57 


Heliomaster, Bp. 


. . 299 


• 395 


Heliomaster, Bp. 


. . 301 


241 


Heliopedica, Gould .. 


.. 177 


■ 310 


Heliothrix, Boié. 


.. 311 


321 


Heliothrys, Gray 


.. 311 


. eo 


Heliotrypha, Gould . . 


. . 225 


. 361 


Heliotryphon, Cab. and Hein 


e 225 


, 100 


heloisae. Less, and Del. 


. . 12 


. 100 


Helymus, Muls. 


. . 225 


• 259 


hemileuca, Salv. 


. . 222 


. 88 


hemileucurus, Gould 


, . 84 



4o8 



Alphabetical Index. 



PAGE 



hemileucurus, Gould, 

Campylopterus 336 
Hemistephania, Reich. .. 305 



HEMISTEPHANIDAE, Boucard305 

Hemistilbon, Gould .. .. 192 

Hf.myihilaca, Cab. and Heine 192 

hendersoni, Cory . . . . 332 

henrici, Less and Del. .. 218 

henrici, Lawr., HcHauf^clns .. 230 

henrici, Lawr. (Heliodoxa) .. 287 

henshawi . . . . . . — 

herrani, Bon. . . . . 66 

hesperus, Gould . . . . 264 

heteropogon, Boiss... .. 68 

HiMELiA, Muls. .. .. 2l8 

hirsuta, Gmel. . . . . 361 

hirundo, Gould .. .. 351 

hispidus, Gould .. .. 3S1 

hoffmanni, Cab. and Heine . . 188 

holoserieus, L. . . . . 337 

HoMOPHANiA, Reich. .. .. 272 

humboldti, Bourc. and Muls.. . 138 

Hylocharis, Bp. .. .. 134 

Hylocharis, Foie. .. .. 143 

Hylocharis, Gray .. ..60 

Hylonympha, Gould . . . . 284 

Hypermetra, Cab. and Heine . . 60 

hyperythrus. Cab. . . . . 360 

Hypochrysia, Reich. .. .. 268 

hypochlora, Gould . . . . 104 

hypocyanea, Gould . . . . 184 

Hypolia, Muls. .. ., 282 

Hypophama, Reich. .. .. 327 

hyposticta, Gould . . . . 289 

Hypuroptila, Gould .. .. 322 

Iache, Elliot . . . . no 

idaliae, Bourc. and Muls. . . 388 

Idas, Muls. . . . . • • 31 

imperatrix, Gould . . . . 294 

inca, Gould . . . . 275 

incultus, Elliot . . . . 258 

inexpectata, Berl. .. .. 122 

inornata, Gould . . . . 80 

insectivora, Tsch. . . . . 274 

insignis. Cab. and Heine . . 235 

intermedia, Tacz. . . . . 82 

intermedia, E. and Hart, 

Hypuroptila 325 

iodura, Saucerotte .. .. 201 

I0LAEMA, Gould . . . . 290 

iolaema, Reich. .. .. 126 

loNOLAiMA, Reich. . . . . 2go 

iolata, Gould .. .. 319 

iridescens, Gould .. .. 125 

iris, Gould . . . , . . 263 



isaacsoni, Parz. 

isaurae, Gould 

jacula, Gould 

jamesoni, Bourc. 

jardinii, Bourc. 

jelskyi, Cab. 

johannae, Bourc. 

josephinae, Bourc. and Muls 

jourdani, Bourc. 

jugularis, L. 

juliae, Bourc. 
JUI.IAMYIA, Bp. 

kingi, Less. 
Klais, Reich. 

lactea, Less. 
Lafresnaya, Bp. 



LAMPORNIDAE, Boucard 
Lampornis, Sw. 
Lampornis, Reich. 
Lampornis, Less. 
Lampraster, Tacz. 
Lamprolaema, Reich 
Lampropogon, Bon. 
Lampropygia, Reich. 
Lampropygia. Cab. and Heme 
Lamprurus, Reich. 

lanceolata, Gould 

langsdorffi, Bon. and Vieill. 

largipennis, Bodd. 

laticlavius, Salv. 

latirostris, Sw. 
Lavania, Muls. 

lawrencii, Elliot (Amazilia) 

lawrencii, Ridgw. 

lawrencii, Boucard 

(Homophania) 
Lawrekcius, Boucard 

lazulus, Vieill 
Leadbeatera, Bp. . . 282 

leocardiae, Bp. 
Lepidoalrynx, Reich 
Lepidopyga, Reich. 
Lepidoria, Muls. and Verr 

lerchi, Muls. and Verr. 



LESBIDAE, Boucard .. 86 

Lesbia, Less. . . . . gi 

Lesbia, Cab. and Heine .. 96 

letitiae, Bourc. . . . . 43 

leucaspis, Gould .. .. 221 

Leucippus, Bon. . . . . 165 

Leucochloris, Reich. . . 167 

leucogaïter, Gmel. .. .. 147 

Leucolia, Muls. . . 156, 162 

leucophaça, Reich. . . . . 194 



PAGE 

261 

324 
285 

286 

213 

71 
307 
139 

17 
336 

133 

133 
96 

49 
146 

239 



322 
326 
214 

338 
287 
216 

67 
277 
280 

83 

363 
40 

355 

231 
no 
70 
199 
112 

276 
173 
357 
285 

304 
300 

134 
262 

179 



Alphabetical Index. 



409 







PAGE 




PAGE 


leucopleurus, Gould 


347 


Melanotrochilus, Desl. 


• 341 


leucorrhous, Sclat. and Salv... 


176 


melanura, Gould 


. 363 


lencotis, Vieill. 




177 


Mellisuga, Gray 


. 295 


leucurus, L. 




370 


Mellisuga, Briss. 


6 


leyboldi, Gould 




60 


Mellisuga, Boié. 


. 100 


lindeni, Parz. 




65 


mellivora, L. 


• 339 


linnaei, Gould 




150 


meridana, Boucard . . 


• 97 


LisoRiA, Muls. 




186 


meritti, Lawr. 


• 50 


loddigesi, Gould 




46 


Merion, Muls. 


. 119 


LODDIGESIA, Gould 




47 


mesoleucus, Tern. 


. 300 


LODDIGIORNIS, Bp. 




47 






longicauda, Gmel. . 




44 


METALLURIDAE, Boucard . 


. 62 


longirostns, Berl. 




138 


Metallura, Gould . . 


. 70 


longirostris, Vieill., Floricola. . 


302 


Methon, Muls. 


. 322 


longirostris, Less, and Del. 




micans, Salv, 


. 130 


Phaethorni 


^377 


micrastur, Gould 


. 226 


longuemarei 


386 


M1CROCHERA, Gould .. 


• 51 






microhryncha, Elliot 


. 165 






microhrynchum, Boiss. 


. 85 


LOPHORNIDAE, Boucard 


• 31 


nilcrura, Gould 


• 17 


LoPHORNis, Less. 


• 31 


milleri, Bourc. 


. 161 


LOPHORINUS, Bp. 


• 31 


Milornis, Muls, 


. 383 


LoxoPTERUS, Cab. and Hein. . 


354 


minima, L.. . 


. 6 


luciae, La\vr. 


• 153 


mirabilis, Bourc. 


. 48 


luciani, Bourc. 


260 


mitchelli, Bourc. 


. 30 


lucida, Elliot 


201 


mocoa, Del. and Bourc. 


• 97 


Lucifer, Reich. 


. 14 


MoMus, Muls. and Verr, 


. 388 


lucifer, S\v. . . 


14 


moschitus, L. 


• 57 


ludoviciae, Bourc. and Muls. . 


• 306 


mosquerae, Bourc. and Del, . 


. 260 


lugens, Gould 


251 


mulsanti, Bourc. 


• 15 


lumachellus. Less. . . 


84 


MuLSANTiA, Reich. 


• 47 


luminosa, Elliot 


292 


Myiabeillia, Bp. 


• 55 


lutetiae, Del. and Bourc. 


270 


Myaetina, Bp. 


. 368 


1} rura, Gould 


. 28 


Myletes, Muls. 


. 192 


macrocerca, Gould . . 


284 


Myrmia, Muls. 


• 15 


macroura, Gmel. 


• 351 


Myrtis, Reich. 


. 21 


maculicauda, Gould.. 


151 


Myrtis, Cab. and Heine 


• 25 


magica, Muls. and Verr. 


. no 


Mythinia, Muls. 


. 40 


magniiicus, Vieill. . . 


• 33 


naevius, Dumont 


. 366 


malaris, Nord. 


• 375 


Nania, Muls. 


. 252 


mango, L. . . 


• 327 


napensis, Gould 


. 128 


Manilla, Muls. and Verr. 


• 14 


nattereri, Berlp. 


. 385 


margaritae, Salv. and Godm. 


219 


neera. Less, and Del. 


• 139 


Margarochrysis, Reich. 207 


, 327 


neglecta, Elliot 


. 158 


mariae, Bourc. 


205 


nerkhorni, Berl. 


• 99 


Marsyas, Muls. 


116 


Neolesbia, Salv. 


• 99 


matthewsi, Bourc. . . 


212 


nigra, Boucsri 


. 270 


maugei, Vieill. 


118 


nigricauda, Elliot 


• 151 


mavors, Gould 


233 


nigrocincta, Lawr. . . 


• 390 


mazeppa, Less. 


363 


nigricoUis, Vieill. 


• 331 


melananthera, Jard. . . 


246 


nigriventris, Lawr. . . 


. 171 


melanogaster, Gould 


347 


nigrivestis, Bourc. and Muls, 


252 


melanogenys, Fras. . . 


79 


nigrofasciata, Gould 


. 106 


melanorhynchus, Gould 


123 


niteus, Lawr. 


. 121 


melanorrhoa 


324 


nitida, Salv. and Godm. 


. Ill 


melanosternum, Gould 


41 


niticauda, Elliot 


• 152 


melanotis, Sw. 


« • 


> 177 


nitidifrons, Gould 


. 149 



410 



Alphabetical Index^ 



niveipectus, Cab. and Heine . . 
niveiventris, Gould . . 
nobilis, Gould 
NoDALiA, Muls. 
norrisi, Bourc. 
nuna, Less, 
nunezi, Boucard 
obscurus, Gould 
ocai, Gould 

OCHREATUS, Gould .* 44, 

oenone, Less. 

olivacea, Lawr. 

opaca, Licht. 
Opisthoprora, Cab. and H. 
OreOiNYMpha, Gould .. 
Oreopyra. Gould 



OREOTROCHILIDAE, Boucard 
Oreotrochilus, Gould 

ornatus, Bodd. 
Ornismyia, Less. 
Orthorhynchus, Burm. 
Orthorhynchus, H. .. 

orthura, Less. 

ortoni, Lawr. 
OsALiA, Muls. and Verr. 

osberti, Gould 

osculans, Gould 

oseryi, Bourc. and Muls. 

Otero, Tsch. 
OxYPOGON, Gould 

pallidiceps, Gould 

pamela, d'Orb and Lafr. 
Pampa, Reich. 

pampa, Less. 

panamensis, Boucard 

panamensis, Berl. (Damophila) 

panamensis, Boucard, 

Phaethornis 
Panoplites, Gould 
Panterpe, Cab. and Heine 
Panychlora, Cab. and Heine. 
Paphiosa, Muls. and Verr. 

parvirostris, Lawr. 
Parzudakia, Reich. 

parzudakii, Long 
Patagona, Gray 

pavoninus, Salv. and Godm. 

pectoralis, Salv. 

pella, L. 

pel'eni, Tacz. 
Pekatus, Muls. 

personatus, Gould 

peruana, Gould 

peruviana, Boucard 

peruvianus, Boucard, Florisuga 



AGE 




PAGE 


162 


peruvianus, Boucard, 




202 


(Metallura) 73 


62 


peruviana, Boucard, 




225 


Pterophanes 263 


f^ T 


Petasophora, Gray . . 


. 316 


91 
191 


PETASOPHORIDAE, Boucard 


309 


355 


Phaeochroa, Gould .. 


• 353 


204 


Phaeolaema, Gould . . 


. 209 


204 


Phaeoptila, Gould .. 


. 109 


137 






69 






70 


PHAETHORNliDAE, Boucard 


I 361 


77 


Phaethornis, Sw. 


• 375 


62 


Phaetornis, Tsch. 


• 23 


221 


Phaethornis, Less. .. 


. 168 




phaeton, Bourc. 


. 121 




phainopeplus, Salv. and G. . 


. 358 


343 


Phaiolaima, Reich. . . 


. 208 


343 


phaon, Gould 


. 90 


32 


Phemonoe, Reich. 


. 252 


108 


philippi, Bourc. 


. 383 


45 


Philouice, Muls. and Verr. 


. 29 


338 


Phlogophilus, Gould 


. 84 


11 


pichincha, Bourc. and Muls. . 


• 344 


87 


PiLONiA, Muls. 


• 277 


17 


Pinarolaema, Gould . . 


• 315 


115 


Placophorus, Muls. . . 


. 352 


266 


Platurus, Less. 


. 44 


381 


platycercus, Sw. 


• 9 


283 


Platystylopterus, Reich. 


• 354 


63 


Polemistria, Cab. and Heine . 


• 31 


303 


poliocerca, Elliot 


. 170 


238 


PoLYAENA, Heine 


. 272 


349 


PoLYERATA, Heine 


. 142 


349 


PoLYMNiA, Muls. and Verr. 


• 15 


124 


PoLYTMUs, Brisson 


. 174 


134 


PoLYTMUS, Gray 


• 354 




polytmus, L. 


. 168 


377 


PoLYPLANETA, Heine . . 


. 207 


211 


POLYXEMUS, Muls. 


• 7 


234 


poortmani, Bourc. . . 


. 130 


129 


popelairii, Dubus 


. 41 


31 


PoPELARiA, Reich. 


. 40 


51 


porphyrurus, Shaw . . 


• 327 


225 


prasina, Less. 


. 127 


225 


Prasitis, Cab. and Heine 


. 127 


60 


Praxilla, Reich. 


. 316 


35 


pretrii, Less, and Del. 


• 394 


223 


prevosti, Less. 


. 332 


214 


primolina, Bourc. 


. 76 


158 


Prognornis, Reich. 


. 350 


229 


prunelli, Bourc. and Muls. 


. 278 


3" 


Pkymnacantha, Cab. and Hein 


e 40 


248 


Psalidoprymna, Cab. and Hein 


e 91 


61 


Pterophanes, Gould .. 


. 262 


340 


Ptochoptera, Elliot . . 


. 126 



Alphabetical Index. 



411 





PAGE 






PAGB 


Ptyonornis, Reich. . . 


• 375 


Saturia, Muls. 




, 268 


pucherani, Bourc. and Muls. . 


. 119 


Saucerottia, Bon. 




. i85 


pulchra, Gould 


. 14 


saucerottii, Del. 




. 190 


pumilus, Gould 


. 398 


scapulata, Gould 




, 185 


purpurea, Gould 


• 27g 


Schistes, Gould 




• 309 


pygmaea, Spix. 


• 389 


schreibersi, Bourc. . 




. 291 


Pygmofnis, Bp. 


. 388 


scintilla, Gould 




. 8 


Pygornis, Muls. and Verr. 


• 388 


Selasphorus, Reich. . 




, 302 


pyra, Gould 


. 215 


Selasphorus, Sw. 




• 7 


pyropygia, Salv. and Golm. . 


. 184 


Sephianoides, Bp. 




. 57 


Pyrrhophaena, Cab. and H. . 


. 192 


Sericotes, Reich. 




. 336 


quadricolor, Vieill. . . 


. 163 


serrirostris, Vieill. . 




, 316 


quitensis, Gould 


• 75 


simoni, Boucard 




. 228 


Ramphodon, Less. 


. 365 


simplex, Boucard, Adelomyia. 


. 80 


rectirostris, Gould . . 


. 306 


simplex, Gould, Eriocnemis . 


. 258 


recurvirostris, Sw. . . 


• 335 


smaragdinicoUis, Gray 


. 73 


refulgens, Gould 


. 106 


smaragdites, Boié. . . 


. 326 


regulus, Gould 


• 39 


Smaragdites, Reich. . . 


• 45 


rhami, Less. 


. 216 


smaragdo-caerulea, Gould 


. 183 


Rhamphomicron, Bon. 


. 85 


Smaragdochysis, Gould 


. 125 


Rhodopis, Reich, 


. 22 


solstitialis, Gould 


. 247 


ricordi, Gerv. 


. 116 


sophiae, Bourc. and Muls. 


. 189 


Ricordia, Reich. 


. 116 


sordida, Gould 


. 109 


riefferi, Bourc. 


. 198 


Sparganura, Cab. and Heine . 


. 89 


riojae, Berlp. 


• 392 


sparganura, Shaw . . 


. 89 


rivolii, Less. 


. 296 


Spathura, Could 


. 244 


rojasi, Boucard 


. 364 


sp. (Loddigesia) 


. 49 


rorainiae, Boucard . . 


• 30 


speciosa, Salv. 


. 228 


roraimae, Boucard, Glaiic'is . 


• 364 


speciosa, Boucard . . 


. 400 


rosae, Bourc. and Muls. 


. 18 


speciosus, Boucard . . 


. 122 


rosenbergi, Boucard.. 


• 399 


spectabilis, Lawr. 


• 297 


rostrata, Berlp. 


. 400 


spencii, Bourc. 


. 232 


rotschildi, Boucard .. 


. 234 


Sphenoproctus, Cab. and Heir 


'e 349 


ruber, L. . . 


• 7 


splendidus, Vieill. . . 


. 121 


rubinea, Gmel. 


. 209 


Sporadicus, Cab. and Heine . 


. 106 


rubinoides, Bourc. and Muls.. 


. 210 


Sporadinus, Bon. 


. 116 


rubrigularis, Elliot . . 


. 320 


squalidus, Tern. 


. 384 


ruckeri, Bourc. 


• 371 


squamata, Gould 


. 251 


ruficeps, Gould 


• 67 


stanleyi, Bourc, and Muls. 


. 69 


ruficollis, Vieill. 


. 141 


Steganurus, Reich. - . 


. 244 


ruficrissa, Lawr. 


. 82 


Stellula, Gould 


• 13 


rufus, Less., Saepiopteriis 


• 360 


Stellura, Muls. and Verr. 


• 13 


rufus, Sw. . . 


• 7 


stenura. Cab. and Heine 


. 131 


rupuninii, Boucard . . 


. 384 


Sternoclyta, Gould . . 


• 293 


russata, Gould. Thrcptria 


• 250 


stictolophus, Salv. and Elliot. 


. 38 


russata, Salv. and Godm. 


• 131 


stokesi, King 


. 58 


sabinae, Bourc. and Muls. 


• 79 


Stokosiella, Reich. . . 


• 57 


Saepiopterus, Reich... 


• 357 


Strebloramphus, Cab. and H. 


334 


sallei, Boucard 


• 341 


striigularis, Gould . . 


• 391 


salvini, Brewst., Uranomitra . 




strophianus, Gould . . 


. 230 


salvini. Cab. and Heine 


. 115 


stuebeh, Meg. 


. 64 


salvini, d'Ham, Xanthogenyx 


288 


stuebeli, Meg. (Prasitis) 


. 128 


salvini, Brewst., Cyanomyia . 


. 400 


subcaerulea, Elliot . . 


. 185 


sapphirina, Gmel. 


• 143 


sumichrasti, Salv. . . 


. 205 


Sapphironia, Bp. 


• 143 


superba, Boucard 


. 53 


sapphiropygia, Tacz. 


. 258 


superbus, Vieill. 


. 83 


Sappho, Reich. 


. 89 


superciliosus, L. . . 


• 375 


sappho, Less. . , 


. 89 


sybille, Salv. and Godm, 


. 22Q 



412 



Alphabetical Index. 



syrmatophorus, Gould 

taczanowskii, Sclat. . . 

taylori, Kotsch. 
Telamon. Muls. and Verr. 
Tklesiella, Reich. 

temmincki, Boiss. 

tephrocephala, Vieill. 

terpna, Heine 

thalassina, S\v. 
Thalurania, Gould .. 

THALURANIDAE, Boucard 
Thaumantias, Bp. 

thaumantias, L. 
Thaumastura, Bon. . . 
Thaumatias, Gould . . 
Thaumatias, Bp. 
Thaumantoessa, Heine 
Threnetes, Gould 
Threptria, Reich. 
TiLMATURA, Reich. 
Timolia, Muls. 

tobaci, Gmel. 
ToPAZA, Gray 

torquata, Boiss. 

torridus, Salv. 

townsendi, Ridgw. . . 
ToxATEUCHES, Cab. and Heine 

ToXOTEUCHES, Muls. . . 

traviesi, Muls. and Verr. 
Tricolopha, Heine 
tricolor, Less. 

TROCHILIDAE, Vig. 
Trochilus, L. 
Trochilus, Tsch. 
Tryphaena, Gould 

typica, Bon. 

typica, Bon. (Damophila) 

tyrianthina, Lodd. . . 
Ulysses, Muls. 

underwoodi, Less. . . 
Uralia, Muls. and Verr. 
Uranomitra, Reich. .. 
Urochroa, Gould 

urochrysea, Gould . . 
Urolampra, Cab. and H. 
Urosticte, Gould 

valenciana, Boucard. . 

ventralis, Salv. 



PAGE 




•• 379 


venusta, Gould 


• . 159 


veraguensis, Salv. . , 


. . 402 


veraguensis, Gould, 


• • 31 


Lamporni 


.. 316 


verreauxi, Bourc. 


. . 262 


versicolor, Nordm. . . 


.. 149 


verticeps, Gould 


.. 150 


vesper. Less. 


.. 318 


vestita, Longuem. . . 


. . 100 


victoriae, Bourc. and Muls. . 




vieilloii. Less. 


. . 100 


villavicencio, Bourc. . . 


. . 146 


viola, Gould 


.. 174 


violajugulum, Jeff. .. 


.. 23 


violicauda, Elliot 


.. 147 


violiceps, Gould 


.. 174 


violicoUis, Salv, 


•• 47 


violifera, Gould 


•• 369 


violifrons, Gould 


.. 249 


virescens, Dum. 


20 


virginalis, Gould 


. . 176 


viridicauda, Berl. 


.. 150 


viridicauda, Berlp., Leticippus 


.. 2T4 


viridiceps, Gould 


. . 272 


viridiceps, Boucard, Eugenes. 


10 


viridifrons, Elliot 


. . 102 


viridigaster, Bourc. . . 


•• 373 


viridipallens, Bourc. and Muls 


•• 373 


viridis, Aud. and Vieill. 


.. 271 


viridissimus, Vieill. . . 


.. 40 


viridiventris, Berl. . . 


9 


vulcani, Gould 




wagleri. Less. 


2 


Warszewiczia, Boucard 


2 


warszewiezi, Cab. and Heine. 


.. 282 


watertoni, Bourc. 


. . 20 


wellsi, Boucard 


.. 55 


whitelyana, Gould . . 


•• 133 


whitelyi, Boucard 


.. 74 


whitelyi, Boucard, Eremita . 


.. 180 


wiedi, Boucard 


•• 245 


williami, Bourc. and Del. 


.. 244 


wilsoni, Del. and Bourc. 


.. 156 


Xanthogenyx, d'Ham 


.. 277 


xanthusi, Lawr. 


•• 325 


yarrelli, Bourc. 


.. 70 


yaruqui, Bourc. 


.. 81 


yucatanensis, Cab. . . 


.. 102 


Zephyritis, Muls. and Verr. . 


•• 253 


ZoDALiA, Muls. 



PAGE 
ICI 

307 

• 333 
36 

155 
104 

22 

253 

94 

37 

359 

224 

3 

331 
164 

231 

265 

314 

174 

329 

147 
401 

159 
296 

164 

200 

219 

334 

175 

145 
69 

108 

224 

189 

105 
188 
292 
161 

390 
120 

77 
279 
288 

178 
21 

374 
196 

21 

87 



GENERA 



OF 



HUMMING BIRDS. 



Dedicated to the Memory of 



m 




J^ 4s^ 




The Father of Systematical Classification, and 



Binominal Nomenclature. 



London, 1894-1895. 



JSourncmoutb: 
Pardy & Son, General Printers. 



GENERA 



OF 



HUMMING BIRDS. 



BEING ALSO 



A Complete Monograph of these Birds. 



BY 

Corresponding Member of the French Scientific Commission to 

Mexico and Central America, of the Paris and Madrid Museums, 

OF THE Zoological Society of London, of the Royal 

Geographical Society of Lisboa, Member of the 

Société Zoologique de France, Author of 

Catalogus Avium, and Travels of a 

Naturalist, Editor and Proprietor 

of " The Humming Bird," 

&c., &c., &c. 



London, 1893-1895. 



PREFACE. 



N preparing this volume I have done my best ; but I do not 
presume that it is without fault or errors, and it is probable 
that in the next twenty years or so, many new forms will be 
discovered, and will enable other authors to make a better classifi- 
cation of these Birds : but nevertheless, I think that this work, like 
those of my predecessors, from Linne, Vieillot, Gmelin, Lesson, 
Jardine, &c., to Gould, Mulsant, Bourcier, Elliot, Salvin, 
Berlepsch, Lawrence, Ridgway, Reichenbach, Heine, and others, 
will help greatly to attain that end. Each author must be satisfied 
in adding a stone to the edifice until its perfect completion. 

I am more convinced than ever that these beautiful birds stand 
quite alone by themselves. They can be considered as the hand- 
somest and most perfect, and are fully entitled to be classified 
separately under the name of TROC H I LI, as I have proposed for 
them in my Catalogus Avium, London, 1876. 

In this volume, I have distributed all the species known into 
eighteen families, believing that in doing so, it will facilitate their 
study. 



VI. PREFACE. 

The author begs to acknowledge the assistance he has received 
in the preparation of this vohime, from the British Museum, the 
United States National Museum, the London Zoological Society, 
Graf von Berlepsch, Robert Ridgway, Osbert Salvin, Auguste Salle, 
Eugène Simon, Chas, Cory, Salles, Lawrence, and many others, to 
all of whom he offers his best thanks. He has been also very 
much helped in his task by perusing the excellent works on 
Trochilidae, of Vieillot, Lesson, Jardine, Gould, Gray, Sclater, 
Salvin, Mulsant, Elliot, Berlepsch, Lawrence, Ridgway, Sharpe, 
Taczanowski, Cabanis, Reichenbach, Heine, and others. 

In the future, the author hopes to be able to issue a certain 

number of plates figuring the heads of all the genera recognised in 

this volume. The drawings are ready, but he has not been able 

yet to find a suitable engraver. 

A. B. 



Spring Vale, 

Isle of Wight, 

December, 1895. 



SYSTEMATIC INDEX. 



ORDER TROCHILI. 



1. FAM. TROCHILIDAE. 

1. Trochilus, Linné 

1. colubiis, Linné 

2. alexandri, Bourc. and Mul 

3. violajugulum, Jeff, 

2. Calypyte, Gould 

1. costae, Bourc. 

2. floresi, Gould 

3. annae, Less. 

4. helenae, Lemb. 

3. Mellisuga, Briss. 
I. minima, Lin. 

4. Selasphorus, Sw. 

1. rufus, Sw. 

2. scintilla, Gould 

3. ardens, Salv. 

4. platycercus, Sw. 

5. flammula, Salv. 

6. torridus, Salv. 

5. Catharma, Elliot 
I. ortura, Less. 

6. Atthis, Reich. 

1. heloisae. Less, and Del. 

2. ellioti, Ridgw. 

7. Stellula, Gould 
I. calliope, Gould 

8. Calothorax, Gray 

1. lucifer, Sw. 

2. pulchra, Gould 

9. Acestrura, Gould 

1. mulsanti, Bourc. 

2. heliodori, Bourc. 

3. decorata, Gould 

4. micrura, Gould 

10. Chaetocercus, Gray 

1. jburdani. Bourc. . . 

2. rosae, Bourc. and Muls. 

3. berlepschi, Simon 

4. bombus, Gould . . 

5. burmeisteri, Sclat. 

11. TiLMATURA, Reich. 
I. duponti, Less. 

12. Myrtis, Reich. .. 

1. fannyi, Less. 

2. yarelli, Bourc. 



PAGE 



VGE 
2 


13. Rhodopis, Reich. . . 


. 22 


2 


I. vesper. Less. 


. 22 


3 


2. atacamensis, Leyb. 


• 23 


3 


14. Thaumastura, Bon. 


• 23 


4 


I. corae. Less, and Garn. 


• 23 


4 


15. Heliactin, Boié. . . 


. 24 


5 


I. cornuta, Max. 


. 24. 


5 


16. DoRYCHA, Reich. 


• 25 


6 


I. enicura, Vieill. 


• 25 


6 


2. elizae. Less, and Del. 


. 26 


6 


3. bryanthae, Lawr. . . 


• 27 


7 


4. evelynae, Bourc. . . 


. 28 


7 


5. lyrura, Gould 


. 28 


8 


17. Calliphlox, Boié. 


. 29 


9 


I. amethystina, Gmel. 


. 29 


9 


2. roraimae, Boucard 


• 30 


10 


3. mitchelli, Bourc... 


• 30 


ID 






II 






II 






12 


2. LOPHORNIDAE .. 


• 31 


12 






12 






13 


18. LoPHORNis, Less... 


• 31 


13 


I. ornatus, Bodd. 


• 32 


14 


2. gouldi, Less. 


• 32 


14 


3. magnificus, Vieill. 


• 33 


14 


4. helenae, Del. 


• 34 


15 


5. adorabilis, Salv. . . 


• 34 


15 


6. pavoninus, Salv. and Godrr 


»• 35 


16 


7. verreauxi, Bourc. . 


. 3& 


16 


8. hauxwelli, Boucard 


• 37 


17 


9. chalybea, Vieill. . . 


• 37 


17 


10. stictolophus, Salv. and Ellio 


t 38 


17 


II. delattrei, Less. .. 


• 39 


18 


12. regulus, Gould 


. 39 


18 


19. G0ULDIA, Bon. 


40 


19 


I. langsdorffi, Bon. and Vieil 


'.. 40 


19 


2. melanosternum, Gould 


. 41 


20 


3. popelairei, Dubus 


• 41 


20 


4. conversi, Bourc. and Muls 


>. 42 


21 


5. loetitiae, Bourc. .. 


• 43 


21 


20. DiscuRA, Reich. . . 


. 44 


21 


I. longicauda, Gmel. 


• 44 



vin. 



Systefnatic Judex. 



PAGE 



PAQB 



3. CEPHALOLEPIDAE 

21. Cephai.olepis, Lodd. 

1. delalandei. Vieill. 

2. loddigesi, Gould .. 

22. LoDnIG^SIA, Gould 

1. mirabilis, Bourc. .. 

2. sp. Boucard 

23. Klais, Reich. 

1. guimcti, Bourc. . . 

2. merriti, Lawr. 

24. An rHOLEPHALA, Cab. 

1. floriceps, Gould .. 

2. berlepschi, Salv. . . 

25. MiCROCHERA, Gould 

1. albocoronata, Gould 

2. parvirostris, Lawr. 

26. Bellona, Muls. and Verr. 

1. cristata, L. 

2. superba, Boucard 

3. exilis, Gmel. 

4. emigrans, Lawr. . . 

27. Abeillia, Bon. 
I. typica, Bon. 

28. Chrysolampis, Boié. 
I. moschitus, L. 

29. EusTEPHANUS, Rcich. 

1. galeritus, Mol. 

2. burtoni, Boucard.. 

3. fernandensis, King 

4. leyboldi, Gould . . 

30. Patagona, Gray .. 

1. gigas, Vieill. 

2. peruviana, Boucard 

3. boliviana, Boucard 



45 


36. 


Metallura, Gould 


• 70 




I. 


opaca, Licht. 


• 70 


45 


2. 


jelskyi, Cab. 


• 71 


46 


3- 


chloropogon, Cab. and He 


ne 72 


46 


4- 


eupogon, Cab. 


.. 72 


47 


5- 


smaragdinicollis, Gray 


•• 73 


48 


6. 


peruviana, Boucard 


•• 73 


49 


7- 


tyrianthina, Lodd 


. . 74 


49 


8. 


griscocyanea, Boucard 


•• 75 


49 


9- 


quitensis, Gould 


■• 75 


50 


10. 


aeneicauda, Gould 


•• 75 


50 


II. 


baroni, Salv. 


•• 397 


51 


12. 


atrigularis, Salv. . . 


•• 397 


397 


13- 


priniolina, Bourc. 


.. 76 


51 


14. 


williami, Bourc. and Del. 


•• 77 


51 


37- 


AvocETTiNUS, Bon. 


■• 77 


51 


I. 


eur\ pterus, Lodd. 


.. 78 


52 


38. 


Adelomvia, Bp. . . 


.. 78 


52 


I. 


melanogen> s, Eras. 


. . 79 


53 


2. 


simplex, Boucard 


.. 80 


53 


3- 


inornata, Gould . . 


.. 80 


54 


4- 


chlorospila, Gould 


.. 80 


55 


39- 


Urosticte, Gould 


.. 81 


55 


I. 


benjamini, Bourcier 


.. 81 


56 


2. 


intermedia, Tacz. 


.. 82 


56 


3- 


ruficrissa, Lawr. . . 


.. 82 


57 


40. 


AuGASTES, Gould 


.. 83 


57 


I. 


superbus, Vieill. . . 


.. 83 


5« 


2. 


lumachellus, Less. 


.. 84 


58 


41. 


Phlogophilus, Gould 


.. 84 


60 


I. 


hemileucurus, Gould 


.. 84 


60 


42. 


Ramphomicron, Bon. 


.. 85 


60 


I. 


microrhynchum, Boiss. 


.. 85 


61 


2. 


dorsale, Salv. and Godm. 


.. 86 


61 









5. LESBIDAE 



86 



4. METALLURIDAE. 

31. Oreonvmpha, Gould 
I. nobilis, Gould 

32. OxYPOGON, Gould.. 

1. guerini, Boiss, 

2. stuebeli, Meg. 

3. cyanolaemus, Salv. and Godm. 65 

4. lindeni, Parz. 

33. EupoGONUS, Muls. and Verr. 
I. herrani, Bon. 

34. Lampropogon, Bon. 
I. ruficeps, Gould .. 

35. Chalcostigma, Reich. 

1. heteropogon, Boiss. 

2. olivacca, Lawr. . . 

3. stanleyi, Bourc. and Muls.. . 





43. ZODALIA, Aluls. 


. 87 


62 


I. ortoni, Lawr. 


. 87 


62 


2. glyceria, Bon. 


. 88 


63 


3. caroli, Bourc. 


. 88 


63 


44. Sappho, Reich. 


. 89 


64 


I. sparganura, Shaw 


. 89 


65 


2. phaon, Gould 


. 90 


65 


45. Lesbia, Lesson 


. 91 


66 


I. nuna. Less. 


. 91 


66 


2. eucharis, Bourc. . . 


. 92 


67 


3. boliviana, Boucard 


. 92 


67 


4. gouldi, Lodd. 


• 93 


68 


5. gracilis, Gould 


• 94 


68 


6. chlorura, Gould . . 


. 94 


69 


7. victoriae, Bourc. and Mulî 


!. 94 


69 


8. aequatorialis, Boucard 


• 95 



Systematic Index. 



IX. 



46 



47 







PAGE 


. 


Cyanolesbia, Stej. 


. 96 


I. 


gorgo, Reich. 


. 96 


2. 


meridana, Boucard 


• 97 


3- 


coelestis, Gould . . 


• 97 


4- 


mocoa, Del. and Bourc. 


• 97 


5- 


Columbiana, Boucard 


. 98 


6. 


boliviana, Gould . . 


. 98 


7- 


griseiventris, Tacz 


. 99 


• 


Neolesbia, Salv. .. 


. 99 


I. 


nerkhorni, Berl. . . 


• 99 



s. 



6. THALURANIDAE 

48. Thalurania, Gould 

1. glaucopis, Gmel... 

2. columbica, Bourc. and Mul 

3. valenciana, Boucard 

4. townsendi, Ridgw. 

5. eryphile, Less. 

6. fanniae, Bourc. and Del 

7. hypochlora, Gould 

8. watertoni, Bourc. . 

9. furcata, Gmel. 

10. refulgens, Gould . . 

11. nigrofasciata, Gould 

12. boliviana, Boucard 

49. Gmelinius, Boucard 
I. bicolor, Gmel. 

50. Phaeoptila, Gould 
I. sordida, Gould 

51. Iache, Elliot 

1. latirostris, Sw. 

2. magica, Muls. and Verr. 

3. doubledayi, Bourcier 

4. nitida, Salv. and Godm. 

5. lawrencei, Ridgw. 



7. CHLOROLAMPIDAE 

52. Chlorolampis, Cab. and 

Heine 

1. auriceps, Gould .. 

2. forficata, Ridgw. . . 

3. caniveti, Less. 

4. osberti, Gould 

5. salvini, Cab. and Heine 

53. Sporadinus, Bon... 

1. ricordi, Gerv. 

2. elegans, Vieill. 

3. maugei, Vieill. 

54. Chlorostilbon, Gould 

1. pucherani, Bourc. and Muls. 

2. wiedi, Boucard 

3. egregius, Heine. . . 



100 

100 

100 

lOI 

102 
102 
103 
104 
104 

105 
105 
106 
io5 
107 
108 
108 
109 
109 
no 
no 
no 
III 
III 
112 



112 



113 

113 

113 
114 

115 

115 
116 

116 

117 

118 

119 

119 

120 

120 



PAGE 

4. splendidus, Vieill. .. 121 

5. chrysogaster, Bourc. . . 121 

6. inexpectata, Berlp. .. 122 

7. speciosus, Boucard .. 122 

8. angustipennis, Fras. . . 123 

9. pumilus, Gould .. .. 398 

10. melanorhynchus, Gould . . 123 

11. assimilis, Lawr. .. .. 124 

12. panamensis, Boucard .. 124 

13. atala. Less. .. .. 124 

55. Smaragdochrysis, Gould .. 125 
I. iridescens, Gould. . .. 125 

56. Ptochoptera, Elliot .. 126 
I. iolaema, Reich. .. .. 126 

57. Prasitis, Cab. and Heine .. 127 

1. prasina, Less. .. .. 127 

2. stuebeli, Meg. .. .. 128 

3. daphne, Bon. .. .. 128 

58. Panychlora, Cab. and Heine 129 

1. aliciae, Bourc. and Muls. .. 129 

2. micans, Salv. . . . . 130 

3. euchloris, Reich. .. .. 130 

4. poortmani, Bourc. . . 130 

5. russata, Salv. and Godm. .. 131 

6. stenura, Cab. and Heine .. 131 



8. AMAZILHDAE .. ..132 

59. Damophila, Reich. .. 133 

1. typica, BoTi. .. .. 133 

2. panamensis, Berl. . . 134 

60. Cyanophaia, Reich. .. 134 

1. caeruleigularis, Gould .. 134 

2. goudoti, Bourc. . . . . 135 

61. Arinia, Muls. . . . 136 
I. boucardi, Muls. .. .. 136 

62. Chrysuronia, Bon. . . 137 

1. aenone. Less. . . . . 137 

2. longirostris, Berl.. . .. 138 

3. humboldti, Bourc. and Muls. 138 

4. neera, Less, and Del. . . 139 

5. buckleyi, Boucard .. 140 

6. eliciae, Bourc. and Muls. . . 140 

7. chrysura, Less. . . . . 141 

8. ruficollis, Vieill. . . . . 141 

63. Polyerata, Heine .. 142 

1. amabilis, Gould .. .. 142 

2. decora, Salv. . . . . 39g 

3. rosenbergi, Boucard . . 39g 

64. Hylocharis, Boié. . . 143 

1. sapphirina, Gmel. . . 143 

2. guianensis, Boucard . . 144 

3. brasiliensis, Boucard .. 144 

4. cyanea, Vieill. . . . . 144 

5. rostrata, Berlp. .. .. 400 



Systematic Index. 



6. viridiventris, Bed. 

7. bartletti, Gould . . 

8. lactea, Less, 
g. speciosa, Boucard 

65. Agyrtria, Reich... 

1. leucogaster, Gmel. 

2. viridicauda, Berl. 

3. alleni, Elliot 

4. compsa, Heine . . 

5. nitidifrons, Gould 

6. tephrocephala, Vieil!. 

7. tobaci, Gmel. 

8. apicalis, Gould . . 
g. maculicauda, Gould 

10. nigricauda, Rlliot 

11. niticauda, Elliot .. 

12. fluviatilis, Gould .. 

13. luciae, Lawr. 

14. norrisi, Bourc. 

15. brevirostris, Less. 

16. versicolor, Nordm. 

17. Candida, Bourc. and Muls 

66. Uranomitra, Reich. 

1. franciae, Bourc. and Muls 

2. cyanicollis, Gould 

3. salvini, Brewster.. 

4. pelzeni, Tacz. 

5. neglecta, Elliot . . 

6. viridiceps, Gould.. 

7. taczanowskii, Sclat. 

8. Columbiana, Boucard 
g. milleri, Bourc. 

10. whitelyi, Boucard 

11. niveipectus, Cab. and Heine 

67. Cyanomyia, Bon. . . 

1. cyanocephala, Less. 

2. quadricolor, Vieill. 

3. violiceps, Gould . . 

4. viridifrons, Elliot.. 

5. salvini, Brewster.. 

6. guerrerensis,Salv.andGodm 

7. microrhyncha, Elliot. 

68. Leucippus, Bon. . . 

1. chionogaster, Tsch. 

2. chlorocercus, Gould 

3. viridicauda, Berlp. 
6g. Leucochloris, Reich. 

I. albicollis, Vieill. . . 

70. AiTHURUs, Cab. and Hein 

1. polytmus, L. 

2. taylori, Rotsch. . . 

71. EUFHERUSA, Gould 

1. eximia, Del. 

2. poliocerca, Elliot.. 

3. egregia, Sclat. and Salv. 

72. Callipharus, Elliot 
I. nigriventris, Lawr. 



PAGE 






PAGE 


145 


73- 


Elvira, Muls. and Verr. 


. 172 


145 


I. 


chionura, Gould . . 


. 172 


146 


74- 


Lawrencius, Boucard 


• 173 


400 


I. 


cupreiceps, Lawr. 


• 173 


146 


75- 


Polytmus, Brisson 


• 174 


H7 


I. 


thaumantias, L. 


. 174 


147 


2. 


viridissimus, Vieill. 


• 175 


148 


3- 


leucorhous, Sclat. and Salv 


\ 176 


148 


76. 


DOLEROMYIA, Bon. 


. 176 


149 


I. 


fallax, Bourc. 


• 177 


14g 


77- 


Basilinna, Boié . . 


• 177 


150 


I. 


leucotis, Vieill. . . 


. 177 


150 


2. 


xanthusi, Lawr. . . 


. 178 


151 


78. 


TiMOLiA, Muls. 


. 17g 


151 


I. 


lerchi, Muls. and Verr. 


. 17g 


152 


79- 


EucEPHALA, Reich. 


. 180 


152 


I. 


grayi, Del. and Bourc. 


. 180 


153 


80. 


Chlorestes, Reich. 


. 181 


153 


I. 


cyanogenys, Wied. 


. 181 


154 


2. 


caerulea, Vieill. . . 


. 182 


155 


3- 


chlorocephala, Bourc. 


. 182 


155 


4- 


smaragdo-caerulca, Gould. 


. 183 


156 


5- 


caeruleo-lavata, Gould 


. 183 


156 


6. 


hypocyanea, Gould 


. 184 


157 


7- 


pyropygia, Salv. and Godrr 


1. 184 


400 


8. 


subcaerulea, Elliot 


. 185 


158 


9- 


scapulata, Gould. . 


. 185 


158 


81. 


Saucerottia, Bon. 


. i85 


159 


I. 


erythronota. Less. 


. 186 


159 


2. 


feliciae. Less. 


. 187 


160 


3- 


wellsi, Boucard . . 


. 188 


161 


4- 


hoffmanni. Cab. and Heine 


188 


161 


5- 


sophiae, Bourc. and Muls.. 


. i8g 


162 


6. 


saucerottei, Del. 


. igo 


162 


7- 


cyanifrons, Bourc. 


. igo 


163 


8. 


nunezi, Boucard 


. igi 


163 


82. 


Amazilia, Reich. . . 


. ig2 


164 


I. 


amazili, Less. 


. ig2 


164 


2. 


forrcri, Boucard . . 


• 193 




3- 


leucophaea, Reich. 


. ig4 


165 


4- 


alticola, Gould 


. ig4 


165 


5- 


dumerili. Less. 


• 194 


165 


6. 


graysoni, Lawr. . . 


• 195 


166 


7- 


cinnamomea. Less. 


. ig6 


166 


8. 


yucatanensis, Cab. 


. ig6 


401 


9- 


cerviniventris, Gould 


. ig7 


167 


10. 


castaneiventris, Gould 


. ig8 


167 


II. 


fuscicaudata. Eras. 


. ig8 


168 


12. 


lawrencii, Elliot . . 


. igg 


i68 


13- 


viridigaster, Bourc. 


. 200 


402 


14. 


iodura, Saucerotte 


. 201 


i6g 


15- 


lucida, Elliot 


. 201 


i6g 


16. 


edvvardi, Del. 


. 202 


170 


17- 


niveiventris, Gould 


. 202 


170 


18. 


cupreicauda, Salv. and Godn 


1. 203 


171 


ig. 


beryllina, Licht. . . 


. 204 


171 


20. 


ocai, Gould 


. 204 



Systematic Index. 



XI. 



21. sumichrasti, Salv. 

22. mariae, Bourc. 

23. cyanura, Gould . 



PAGE 

205 
205 
206 



I 
2 
3 
4 
»• 
I 
2 

3 
86. 



85. 



9. HELIANGELIDAE .. 207 

83. Margarochrysis, Reich. . . 207 
I. aurescens, Gray . . . . 208 

84. Clytolaema, Gould . . 208 
rubinea, Gmel. . . . . 209 
rubinoides, Bourc. and Muls. 210 
aequatorialis, Gould .. 210 
cervinigularis, Salv. .. 211 

Panoplites, Gould .. 211 

flavescens, Lodd.. . .. 212 

matthewsi, Bourc. .. 212 

jardinei, Bourc. .. .. 213 

Topaza, Gray .. .. 214 

1. pella, L. . . . . . . 214 

2. pyra, Gould .. .. 215 

87. Lamprolaema, Reich. .. 216 
I. rhami, Less. .. .. 216 

88. CoELiGENA, Less... .. 217 
I. clemenciae, Less. .. 217 

89. Delattria, Bp. .. .. 218 

1. henrici, Less, and Del. .. 218 

2. margaritae, Salv. and Godm. 21g 

3. viridipallens,Bourc.and Muls. 219 

4. sybille, Salv. and Godm. . . 220 
go. Oreopyra, Gould .. 221 

1. leucaspis, Gould . . .. 221 

2. cinereicauda, Lawr. .. 222 

3. hcmileuca, Salv. . . . . 222 

4. calolaema, Salv. . . . . 223 

5. pectoralis. Salv. . . . . 223 
Warszewiczia, Boucard . . 224 

viola, Gould . . . . 224 

Heliotrypha, Gould . . 225 

1. exortis, Fraser .. .. 225 

2. micrastur, Gould. . .. 226 

3. barrali, Muls. and Verr. .. 227 

4. speciosa, Salv. . . . . 228 

5. simoni, Boucard . . . . 228 
Heliangelus, Gould .. 229 

1. clarissae, Long . . . . 229 

2. henrici, Boucard .. .. 230 

3. strophianus, Gould . . 230 

4. violicoUis, Salv. .. .. 231 

5. laticlavius, Salv. .. .. 231 

6. spencei, Bourc. . . . . 232 

7. amethysticollis, d'Orb and 

Lafr. . . . . . . 233 

8. mavors, Gould . . . . 233 

9. rotschildi, Boucard .. 234 
94. Panterpe, Cab. . . . . 234 

. . I. insignis, Cab. and Heine . . 235 



91. 



92. 



93- 



95- 
I. 

2. 
3- 

4- 
96. 

I. 

2. 

3- 

97- 
I. 

98. 

I. 

2. 
99. 

I. 

2. 

3- 

4- 

5- 
6. 

7- 
100. 

I. 

2. 

3- 

4- 
5- 

lOI. 

I. 

2. 

3- 

4- 

5- 
6. 

7- 
8. 

9- 
10. 
II. 
12. 

13- 

14. 

15. 
16. 

17- 
102. 

I. 

2. 



Aglaeactis, Gould 

cupripennis, Bourc. and Mul 

caumatonota, Gould 

castelnaudi, Bourc. andMu 

pamela, d'Orb and Lafr. 
Lafresnaya, Bp... 

flavicaudata, Fraser 

cinereorufa, Boucard 

gayi, Bourc. and Muls. 
Erebenna, Muls. and Verr 

derbiana, Del. and Bourc. 
Engyete, Reich. . . 

alinae, Bourc. 

dyboskii, Tacz. . . 
Spathura, Gould.. 

underwoodi. Less. 

melananthera, Jard. 

solstitialis, Gould 

addae, Bourc. 

annae, Berl. and Stolz. 

peruana, Gould . . 

cissiura, Gould 

Threptria, Reich. 

aureliae, Bourc. and Mu 

russata, Gould 

assimilis, Elliot . . 

lugens, Gould 

squamata, Gould.. 

Eriocnemis, Reich. 

nigrivestis, Bourc. and Mu 

ventralis, Salv. 

vestita, Longuem. 

aurea, Meyer 

chrysorama, Elliot 

godini, Bourc. 

evelinae, Ernst, and Hart 

cupreiventris, Fras. 

albogulaiis, Boucard 

dyselius, Elliot. . . 

incultus, Elliot 

simplex, Gould . . 

sapphiropygia, Tacz. 

glaucopoides, d'Orb and Lufr 

luciani, Bourc. 

mosquerae, Gray.. 

isaacsoni, Parz. . . 

Pterophanes, Gould 
temmincki, Boiss. 

peruvianus, Boucard 



10. HELIANTHEIDAE 

103. Diphlogaena, Gould 

1. iris, Gould 

2. hesperus, Gould . . 



PAGE 

235 
236 

236 

■ 237 
238 

239 

239 
240 

241 

242 

242 

243 
243 
244 
244 
245 
246 

247 

247 
248 

248 

249 

249 
250 
250 
250 

251 

251 
252 

252 

253 

253 

254 

255 

255 
256 

256 

257 

257 
258 

258 

258 

259 
260 

260 

261 

262 

262 

263 



263 

263 
263 
264 



xu. 



SysteiJiatic Index. 



104. Helianthea, Gould 

1. violifera, Gould .. 

2. osculans, Gould . . 

3. dichroura, Tacz. . . 

4. eos, Gould 

105. Hypochrysia, Reich. 

1. bonapartii, Boiss. 

2. helianthea, Less... 

3. nigra, Boucaid 

106. Calligenia, Muls. 
I, lutetiae, Del. and Bourc. 

107. EuDOSiA, Muls. .. 
I. traviesi, Muls. and Verr. 

108. HoMOi'HANiA, Reich. 

1. torquata, Boiss. . . 

2. fulgidij^ula, Gould 

3. insectivora, Tsch. 

4. conradi, Bourc. . . 

5. inca, Gould 

6. lawrencii, Boucard 

109. Urochroa, Gould 
I. bougueri, Bourc. . . 

no. BOURCIERIA, Bp. . . 

1. prunellii, Bourc. and Mul 

2. assimilis, Elliot . . 

3. purpurea, Gould . . 

4. wilsoni, Del. and Bourc. 
III. Lampropygia, Cab. and H 

1. coeligena. Cab. . . 

2. Columbiana, Elliot 

3. boliviana, Gould . . 



PAGE 

265 
265 
266 
267 
267 
268 
268 
269 
270 
270 
270 
271 
271 
272 
272 

273 
274 

275 

275 
276 

277 

277 

277 

. 278 
278 
279 
279 

. 280 
280 
281 

, 281 



119. Eugenia, Gould .. 
I. imperatrix, Gould 

120. DociMASTES, Gould 
I. ensiferus, Boiss. .. 

121. Eugenes, Gould.. 

1. fulgens, Sw. 

2. spectabilis, Lawr. 



12. FLORICOLIDAE 

122. Heliomaster, Bp. 
I. furcifer, Shaw 

123. Lepidolarynx, Reich. 
I. mesoleucus, Tern. 

124. Floricola, Elliot 

1. longirostris, Vieill. 

2. pallidiceps, Gould 

3. constanti, Del. 



13. HEMISTEPHANIDAE 



PAGE 

• 294 

• 294 

• 295 
. 295 
. 296 
. 296 

• 297 



. 298 

• 299 

• 299 
. 300 
. 300 

. 301 

• 302 

• 303 

• 304 



305 



125. Hemistephania, Reich. .. 305 

1. ludoviciae, Bourc. and Muls. 306 

2. veraguensis, Salv. . . 307 

3. johannae, Bourc. . . . . 307 

4. gnianensis, Boucard . . 308 



11. HELIODOXIDAE 

112. Leadbeatera, Bp. 
I. grata, Bp. 

113. Hylonympha, Gould 
I. macrocerca, Gould 

114. Heliodoxa, Gould 

1. jacula, Gould 

2. jamesoni, Bourc. . . 

3. henrici, Lawr. 

115. Lampraster, Tacz. 
I. branicki, Tacz. 

116. Xanthogenyx, d'Ham 

1. salvini, d'Ham 

2. hyposticta, Gould 

3. alexandri, Boucard 

117. I0LAEMA, Gould .. 

1. schreibersi, Bourc. 

2. whitelyana, Gould 

3. luminosa, Elliot . . 

118. Sternoclyta, Gould 
I. cyanipectus, Gould 



282 14. PETASOPHORIDAE 

282 126. Schistes, Gould. . 

283 I. geoffroyi, Bourc. and Muls 

284 2. albogularis, Gould 

284 127. Heliothrix, Boié 

285 I. auritus, Gmel. 

285 2. auriculatus, Licht. 

286 3. barroti, Bourc. 

287 4. violifrons, Gould . . 

287 128. PiNAROLAEMA, Gould 

288 I. buckleyi, Gould . . 
288 129. Petasophora, Gray 

288 I. serrirostris, Vieill. 

289 2. cyanotis, Bourc. . . 

290 3. cabanisi, Lawr. . . 

290 4. thalassina, Sw. . . 

291 5. anais, Less 

292 6. corruscans, Gould 

292 7. rubrigularis, Elliot 

293 8. germana, Godm. and Salv 
293 9. delphinae, Less... 



309 

309 
310 

311 
311 
312 

313 

314 

314 

315 

315 
316 

316 

317 
318 
318 

319 
320 

320 

321 

321 



Systematic Index. 



Xlll. 



PAGE 

15. LAMPORNIDAE .. 322 

130. Hypuroptila, Gould .. 322 

1. buffoni, Less. .. .. 322 

2. aeneicauda, Lawr. .. 323 

3. melanorrhoa, Salv. .. 324 

4. isaurae, Gould . . . . 324 

5. urochrysea, Gould . . 325 

6. intermedia, Ernst, and Hart. 325 

7. caeruleiventris, Reich. . . 325 

131. Lampornis, Sw. .. .. 326 

1. mango, L. . . . . 327 

2. dominicus, L. . . . . 328 

3. ellioti, Cory . . . . 329 

4. virginalis, Gould . . . . 329 

5. calosoma, Elliot . . . . 329 

6. gramineus, Gmel. . . 330 

7. nigricollis, Vieill. .. 331 

8. prevosti, Less. .. .. 332 
g. veraguensis, Gould . . 333 

10. viridis, Aud. and Vieill. . . 334 

132. AvocETTULA, Reich. . . 334 
I. recurvirostris, Sw. . . 335 

133. EuLAMPis, Boié .. .. 335 
I. jugularis, L. . . . . 336 

134. Sericotes, Reich. . . 336 

1. holosericeus, L. . . . . 337 

2. chlorolaemus, Gould . . 337 

135. Florisuga, Bp. . . . . 338 

1. mellivora, L. .. .. 339 

2. sallei, Boucard . . . . 341 

136. Melanotrochilus, Desl.. . 341 
I. fuscus, Vieill. .. .. 341 



16. OREOTROCHILIDAE .. 343 

137. Oreotrochilus, Gould . . 343 

1. chimborazo, Del. and Bourc. 343 

2. pichinchae, Bourc. and Muls. 344 

138. Alcidius, Boucard . . 345 

1. estellae, d'Orb. and Laf. .. 345 

2. bolivianus, Boucard . . 346 

3. leucopleurus, Gould . . 347 

4. melanogaster, Gould . . 347 

5. adelae, d'Orb. and Laf. . . 348 



17. CAMPYLOPTERIDAE 



349 



13g. Sphenoproctus, Cab. and 

Heine . . . . . . 349 

1. pampa, Less. . . . . 349 

2. curvipennis, Licht. . . 350 

140. EUPETOMENA, Gould .. 35O 

I. macroura, Gmel... .. 351 

Z. hirundo, Gould , . . . 351 



141. Aphantochroa, Gould 

1. cirrochloris, Vieill. 

2. gularis, Gould 

142. Phaeochroa, Gould 
I. cuvieri, Del. and Bourc. 

143. Campylopterus, Sw. 

1. largipennis, Bodd. 

2. obscurus, Gould . . 

3. hemileucurus, Licht. 

4. ensipennis, Sw. . . 

144. Saepiopterus, Reich. 

1. lazulus, Vieill. 

2. phainopeplus, Salv. and G 

3. villavicencio, Bourc. 

4. rufus, Less. 

5. hyperythrus, Cab. 



18. PHAETHORNHDAE 

145. Glaucis, Boié .. 

1. hirsuta, Gmel. 

2. dohrni, Bourc. 

3. mazeppa. Less. .. 

4. lanceolata, Gould 

5. melanura, Gould 

6. rojasi, Boucard . . 

7. roraimae, Boucard 

8. aenea, Lawr. 

9. Columbiana, Boucard 

146. Ramphodon, Less. 
I. naevius, Dum. 

147. Androdon, Gould 
I. aequatorialis, Gould 

148. EuToxERES, Reich. 

1. aquila, Bourc. 

2. baroni, Ernst, and Hart. 

3. condaminii, Bourc. 
14g. Threnetes, Gould 

1. leucurus, L. 

2. cervinicauda, Gould 

3. ruckeri, Bourc. 

4. fraseri, Gould 

150. Dnophera, Heine 
I. antoniae, Bourc. and Muls 

151. ToxATEucHES, Cab. and H 

1. emiliae, Bourc. and Muls.. 

2. guyi. Less, 

152. Phaethornis, Sw. 

1. superciliosus, L. . . 

2. eurynome. Less. . . 

3. longirostris. Less, and Del 

4. panamensis, Boucard 

5. consobrinus, Bourc. 

6. guianensis, Boucard 

7. boliviana, Gould.. 



PAGE 

352 
352 
353 
353 
353 
354 
355 
355 
356 
356 
357 
357 
358 

359 
360 
360 



361 

361 
361 
362 

363 
363 
363 
364 
364 
365 
402 

365 
366 

367 
367 
368 
368 
369 
369 
369 
370 
370 
371 
372 
372 
372 
373 
374 
375 
375 
375 
376 
377 
377 
378 
378 
379 



XIV. 



Systematic Index. 



8. syrmatophorus, Gould 

9. berlepschi, Ernst, and H. 

10. anthophilus, Bourc. 

11. hispidus, Gould .. 

153. Ametrornis, Reich. 

1. bourcieri, Less. . . 

2. philippii, Bourc. . . 

154. MiLOKNis, Muls. 

1. squalidus, Tern.. . 

2. rupuninii, Boucard 

3. nattereri, Berlp. . . 

4. apheles, Cab and Heine. 

5. longuemarii, Less. 

6. chapadensis, Allen 

7. idaliae, Bourc. and Muls. 



PAGE 






PAGB 


•• 379 


155- 


Eremita, Reich. 


. 388 


. . 380 


I. 


pygmaea, Spix.. . 


• 389 


• • 380 


2. 


nigrocincta, Lavvr. 


. 390 


. . 381 


3- 


episcopus, Gould. . 


• 390 


.. 382 


4- 


whitelyi, Boucard 


• 390 


.. 382 


5- 


griseigularis, Gould 


• 391 


•• 383 


6. 


striigularis, Gould 


• 391 


.. 383 


7- 


riojae, Berlp. 


• 392 


.. 384 


8. 


adolphi, Gould . . 


• 392 


.. 384 


156. 


Anisoterus, Muls. 


• 393 


•• 385 


I. 


gounellii, Boucard 


• 393 


.. 386 


2. 


pretrii, Less, and Del. 


• 394 


.. 386 


3- 


garleppi, Boucard 


• 395 


.. 387 


4- 


augustii, Bourc. . . 


. 395 


.. 388 









-x^xK^r^ 



THE HUMMING BIRD. A Quarterly Scien- 
tific, Artistic, and Industrial Review. Vol. 
III. London, 1894 ... .. ... ...10/- 

Contents of Vol. III. 

Panama— Grover Cleveland; the elected President of the 
United States — Dercriptions of several supposed New 
Species of Humming Birds, by A. Boucard^Visits to the 
Zoological Gardens of London, by W. Rosenberg — Paris 
International Exhibition of 1900 — World's Columbian 
Exhibition — Chicago Exposition ; World's Fair Notes — 
Relics at the Fair — Big Frizes for Live Stock — World's 
Fair Souvenirs — Travels of a Naturalist, by A. Boucard 
— Genera of Humming Birds, by A. Boucard — The 
Imperial Institute — Anver's International Exhibition — 
Royal Institution — Description of'one supposed New 
Species of Cetonia, from Syria, by A. Boucard— How 
Animals are Protected Against Their Enemies, ty W. 

, Rosenberg — Abundance of Wasps — Notes on Wasps, 
by A. Boucard — The Ways of Wasps — Les Guêpes — 
Rectification of Name for Semioptera gouldi — Alligators 
— Destructive Insects of Victoria, by French — Interna- 
tional Exhibitions — The late World's Fair— International . 
Exhibition of Lyon (France) — International Exhibition 
of Paris, 1900— International Exhibition of Industry, 
Science and Art, in Hobart Town, (Tasmania)— Inter- 
national Exhibition in San Francisco (California). 



GENERA OF HUMMING BIRDS 

Genus Oxypogon, Gould 

,, Eupogonus, Muls. and Verr. 

,, Lampropogon, Bon. 

,, Chalcostigma, Reich. 

,, Metallura, Gould 

,, Avocettinus, Bon. . . 

,, Adelomyia, Bon. 

,, Urosticte, Gould 

,, Augastes, Gould 

,, Phlogophilus, Gould 

,, Ramphomicron, Bon. 

Lesbidae. 
Genus Zodalia, Muls 
,, Sappho, Reich. 
„ Lesbia, Lesson 
„ Cyanolesbia, Steg. 
,, Neolesbia, Salv. 

Thaluranidae. 
Genus Thalurania, Gould 



PAGE 

63 
66 
67 
6b 
70 

81 

83 
84 

85 

87 
89 

91 
96 

99 
100 



NEW SPECIES OF BIRDS AND INSECTS— 
Described in Vol. III. of the Humming Bird; — 
AvES. — Trochili. 



' 






PAGE 


Metallura peruviana 


Boucard 




6 


Lesbia aequatorialis 






6 


Oreotrochilus bolivianos 






7 


Hylocharis brasiliensis 






7 


Amazilia forreri 






7 


Saucerottia wellsi 






8 


Uranomitra whitelyi 






8 


Agyrtria speciosa 






8 


Chrysuronia buckleyi 






9 


Phaethornis garleppi 






9 


Hemistephania guianensis 






10 


Patagona peruviana 




Gen. 


H. Bird 60 


Patagona boliviana 




Gen. 


H. Bird 61 


Cyanolesbia meridana 






97 


Cyanolesbia Columbiana 






98 


Thalurania valenciana 






102 


InSECTA.— COLEOPTERA, CeTONID^. 








PAGE 


Cetonia delagrangei 


Boucard 




40 


Cetonia syriaca ? 


)> 




40 



sonian Institution— The Hawks and Owls of the United 
States in their relation to Agriculture, by A. K. Fisher 
— Catalogue of Birds in the British Museum, Volume 
XXL, Columbaeor Pigeons, by T, Salvadori— Catalogue 
of Birds in the British Museum, Volume XXII., The 
Game Birds, by Olgilvie Grant— The Proceedings of the 
Zoological Society of London, Part IV., 1892, and Parts 
I., II., and III., 1893— Zoological Record, Vol. XXIX., 
edited by Doctor Sharp -The Ibis, Sixth Series, Vol.V., 
edited by Philip Lutley Sclater— The Ibis, Vol. VI., No. 
21, edited by Philip Lutley Sclatler— Bulletin of the 
British Ornithologist's Club, 1892-93— Mémoires de la 
Société Zoologique de France, Tome V., sèm partie, et 
Tome VI., 1893 — Congres International de Américanistes 
Compte Rendu de la Huilieme Session tenue à Paris en 
1890 — Sociedade de Geographia de Lisboa; Indices e 
Catalagos, A Bibliotheca, 1893— Revista Mensual de la 
Sociedad Gautemalteca de Ciencias, 1893 — The Ento- 
mologists' Monthly Magazine, 1893 — Ornithologische 
Monatbberichte, edited by Dr. Ant. Reichenow, Berlin, 
i'393 — The Canadian Entomologist, edited by Rev. C. T. 
S. Bethune, Ontario, 1893— Twenty-third Annual Report 
of the Entomological Society of Ontario, 1893 — Bulletin 
of the United States National Museum, Washington, 
1892 — North American Fauna, No. 7, Part II., Washing- 
ton, 1893 — Anales del Instituto fiscio - geografica del 
Museo de Costa Rica, Tome III., 1892 — Die Vogel der 
Insel Curacao, by Hans von Eerlepsch, 1892 — The Fly- 
ing Man, by the Editor — Visits to the Zoological 
Society Gardens, London, by W. H. Rosenberg — A 
Nursery of Insects — Description d'une nouvelle espèce 
de Coquille du Japon du genre Arca, par le Docteur 
Félix Joussaume — The Use of Salt for Agricultural 
Purposes, by the Editor^Are Ants of Aid to Fruit- 
Growers?— Banana Culture — Strange Phenomenon in 
California, Formation of an Inland Sea — Waste Pro- 
t^ucts made Useful — How to Preserve Animals — The 
English Snake, by W. Rosenberg — The Great Lakes, by 
G. A.— Inhabited Worlds (The World)— El Coco— Many- 
E3'ed Monster — The Telescope and the Microscope — 
Mistakes about Alcohol — Cotton Seed Oil — Genera 
Avium. 

NEW GENERA AND SPECIES OF BIRDS and SHELL 

Described in Vol. IV. of The Humming Bird :— 

AvES. — Trochili. 



Boucard, Gen. H. Bird 



PAGE 

107 

108 
120 
124 

173 



Contents of Vol. IV. 

Wonderful Discovery in Colorado (Mexico) — Recent Scien- 
tific and other Publications, wit^« Notes by the Editor — 
Annual Report of the Board ol Regents of the Smith- 



Thalurania boliviana, 
Gmelinius, n.g., „ 

Type, Gntel. Bicolor 
Chlorostilbon wiedi, „ 

Chlorostilbon panamensis, ,, 
Lawrencius, n.g., „ 

Type, L. cupreiceps 

Shells, 
Arca boucardi, Joussaume, H. Bird .. 41 



Sauvetage du Panama, 4éme edition. Brochure 

in 8vo., 32 pages. Tours, 1892.. .. .. 6d. 

Catalogue des Collections d'historie 

naturelle récoltées au Mexique par M. 

Adolphe Boucard ... ... .. .. i/- 

Catalogue de Mammifères, Oiseaux Reptiles, 

Poissons et Coquilles de la Californie, 

Louisiane, Mexique et Uruguay ... ... i/- 

Catalogue de Carabiques et Colcoptères 
divers, 1477 espèces... .. .. ... i/- 

Catalogue d'Héteromères et de Curculio 

NiDES, 2242 espèces ... .. .. .. i/- 

Catalogue d'Oiseaux, Reptiles et Poissons, 

1157 espèces .. .. .... . . i/- 

Liste de Coléoptères exotiques, 2636 espèces 1/6 
Liste des Coléoptères en vente chez M. 

Adolphe Boucard, 7956 espèces ... ... 4/- 

LiSTE DES Oiseaux en vente chez M. Adolphe 

Boucard, 4584 espèces ... .. .. 4/- 

La série complète des huit Catalogues et Listes ... 12/- 










:=^<;^-~' -^^"^ %£^j ^.«.^.s 



Printed by Pardy & Son, 8, The Triangle, Bournemouth. 



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